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lEN SQUARE: FOUR YEARS AFTER THE MASSACRE. HAS ANYTHING CHANGED? FEATURES PAGE NINE 



THE VARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 1 



U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 



No extensions for 
Ciassof'96 

Just 13 weeks into its frosh year, 
Class of '96 has flunked out 

The American TV series, which 
was filmed at several U of T locations 
between August and December of 
last year, has officially been cancelled 
by the Fox network 

During its first season. Class of '96 
- a series revolving around a group of 
"Havenhurst College" frosh - gener 
ated over $40 000 for the university, 
according toSchuyler Jones, U of T's 
director of space management. 

Jones said part of the money went 
to U of T while the rest went to the 
colleges. Trinity, University and 
Knox, which alternately portrayed 
Havenhurst College. 

Laurie Meretsky, film liaison of 
ficer for U of T, said U of T students 
benefited from the series. 

"We tried hard to use our own 
people if we could. We went through 
SAC to find extras who were U of T 
students." 

Although Meretsky said the can 
cellation was a disappointment, U of 
T will be playing the part of surrogate 
university again. Meretsky said she 
has already been approached by a 
California company to host a new 
production, entitled PCU (Politically 
Correct University). Shooting will 
Stan this July and August. 

Elissa Landsell 



Exams stolen 

Over a hundred first-year astronomy 
students had their final exams stolen 
last month. 

Papers written by students in Sam 
Lilly's AST121S class went missing 
from an office on the thirteenth floor 
of the McLennan Physical labs shortly 
after the Apr. 30 exam. 

The exams were reported missing 
at 1 1:45 a.m., about 45 minutes after 
the exam ended. All 1 09 exam papers 
had been stored in a plastic bag in a 
box in the office. According to cam 
pus police, the office door was closed, 
but unlocked, at the time. 

Lilly said each student affected 
could choose between averaging term 
work, and writing a deferred exam 
during the summer. 

Campus police are investigating. 

Aaron Paulson 



Talking about 
Nothing 

There's this old joke. A Hollywood 
agent and producer are having lunch. 
They lament the dearth of high-con 
cept product. The kind of film that 
plays in Peoria and yet gets a weighty 
review in The New Yorker. "There's 
nothing out there.. .nothing," says the 
agent. "Have you heard of this Shake 
speare guy?" the producer says. "He 
wrote tons. ..serious, romantic, funny 
stuff. He's British, so the Oscar thing 
is a given." "Is it doable?" the agent 
asks. "Yeah. Besides, he's long dead, 
so there's no chance he'll demand a 
percentage." 

Like Shakespeare, Kenneth 
Branagh, although not yet dead, has 
become somewhat of a high-concept 
deity in Hollywood. His first film 
HenryV, was considered the second 
coming of Orson Welles. 

Much Ado About Nothing Varsity 
Film Forum, see Review p. 11 




(Mimi ChoiA/S) 



Protestors outside Princess of Wales Theatre: see story p. 2 

Cont ract causes con flict 

Faculty, SAC fall out over wage cuts 



BY Tanya K. Talaga 



S AC'S support for the province's Social 
Contract talks has angered U of T fac- 
ulty. 

The Students' Administrative Coun- 
cil (SAC) supports the provincial gov- 
ernment's drive to reduce the salaries of 
its 900 000 Ontario public employees. 
That position is shared by the Ontario 
Undergraduate Student Alliance 
(OUSA), of which SAC is a member. 

The so-called Social Contract talks 
fell apart on June 3, when representa- 
tives of public employees, including U 
of T faculty, walked out. 

Bill Graham, university faculty asso- 
ciation president, represented all the 
province's faculties at the Social Con- 
tract bargaining table. He said SAC's 
stand on the issue is not only naive but 
also damages student/faculty relations. 

"The fact that our students would say 
to the faculty, staff, and librarians, that 
they should give up their salaries - that 
would have meant a terrible loss of mo- 
rale," he said. 

Edward deGale, president of SAC, 
said without salary cuts, students will 
continue to shoulder the burden of pro- 
vincial cutbacks to universities. 

"When we're closing faculties, such 



as forestry, and we have no shuttle serv- 
ice to Scarborough and students are be- 
ing asked to pay $200 more with no 
increase in services — we're all taking 
our cuts. The faculty has to acknowl- 
edge their part in this as well." 

"Any new revenues to the university 
have led to a salary increase for its staff," 
he added. 

Graham said the failed talks threat- 



ened the province's traditional arms- 
length approach to university adminis- 
tration. 

'The stale has no business in our 
classrooms or our research labs," he 
said. "They have to let us manage our 
own university and collective bargain- 
ing processes." 

Michael Finlayson, U of T's vice- 
Please see "Conflict", p. 8 



Unions walk out of talks 



BY Tanya Lena 



Faculty at Ontario's colleges and universities were the first public employees to 
abandon the Social Contract talks on June 3. 

Later in the day the rest of the public sector unions joined them, voting 
unanimously to reject the province's final proposal. 

The so-called Social Contract included negotiations on the province's proposal to 
cut payroll costs by $2 million. 

If it had been approved, the proposal would have cut salaries at Ontario univer- 
sities by $118 million over the next three years. 

Bill Graham, president of U of T's faculty association, and John Malcolm, 
president of the staff association, represented U of T employees at the negotiations. 

Malcolm said the university employees walked out in reaction to the govern- 
ment's proposals, which they saw as unworkable. Employees rejected the govern- 
ment's plan, which called for some lay-offs, a salary-freeze, and mandatory unpaid 
leaves. 

Please see "Walk-out", p. 8 



THE TUESDAY ISSUE, 8 JUNE 1993 



Court upholds 
student rights 

Responsibility to 
human rights code 
reaffirmed 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

A recent Supreme Court of Canada deci- 
sion redefining the scope of human rights 
legislation entrenches the rights of uni- 
versity students. 

At issue in the case was whether pro- 
vincial human rights codes apply to all 
university services. 

Alan Shefman, director of communi- 
cation and education at the Ontario Hu- 
man Rights Commission, said the deci- 
sion expands the range of services cov- 
ered by human rights legislation in a 
variety of private and public services, 
including universities. 

"Before services were defined at the 
front door. Now cases of arbitrary dis- 
crimination within an institution may 
also be covered. The university has to 
realize its responsibility not to discrimi-- 
nate." 

The May 19 ruling states the Univer- 
sity of British Columbia (UBC) violated 
the British Columbia Human Rights 
Q)de when, in 1 982, the faculty of nutri- 
tional sciences refused to provide an 
evaluation sheet to graduate student 
Janice Berg. 

Berg needed the evaluation for ad- 
mission to an internship program. UBC 
also denied Berg's request for a key to 
enter laboratories and computer rooms 
after regular university hours. 

The B.C. Council of Human Rights 
had ruled against the university in 1985, 
ordering UBC to pay Berg $2,000 for 
indignity and humiliation. The council's 
decision, however, was successfully 
appealed by the university in the B.C. 
Supreme Court, a decision later affirmed 
by the B.C. Court of Appeal. 

Sheila Day, vice-president of the Na- 
tional Action Committee on the Status 
of Women, said if UBC had won the 
case, students seeking redress in cases of 
discrimination would be limited to uni- 
versity codes. 

"If internal university codes of sexual 
harassment, for example, failed.awoman 
could have potentially been left with no 
rights outside the university." 

Berg had filed a complaint with the 
B.C. Council of Human Rights in 1985 
Please see "Court decision", p. 3 



Education: sold to the highest bidder 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

"The government came up with this arbitrary proposal and the banks were told to 
take it or leave it. The federal government is expecting private business to accept the 
losses associated with the Canada Student Loan Program. No private business 
should have to accept that. You have no idea what you are going to lose. Students 
are graduating and cannot find jobs and face a debt load they may not be able to pay 
back. Who in their right mind would get into a business to lose money?", Ron 
Galium, manager of personal loans forthe Toronto Dominion Bank, one of the banks 
that bid for the right toadminister Canada 
Student Loans — and lost. 



NEWS /eature 



Ron Galium is not pleased. And in an 
unlikely meeting of the minds, his opin- 
ion is shared not only by the country's biggest banking association — but also 
student advocacy groups. What is at issue is the federal government's proposal to 
turn the running of the rapidly increasing business of the Canada Student Loan 
Program (CSL) over to commercial banks. One of the proposal's key elements is the 



elimination of the student loan guarantee in favour of a "risk premium" of five per 
cent of the value of all loans held by full time students leaving school, and five 
percent of all part time loans borrowed in that year. If the negotiations prove 
successful , authorizing legislation would be tabled in the fall with the changes to take 
effect for the 1994-5 year. 

Student groups, however, question the philosophy of a proposal they say would 
see banks' profits rise at the expense of students' financial needs and educational 
rights. Combined with the elimination of the six month interest-free period and the 
demise of grants, they say the proposal is one more step in the government's 
privatization of higher education — a step which could further erode the accessibil- 
ity of post secondary education. 

"Banks should not be able to profit from students having to borrow money to pay 
for their education. The banks are not going to take this on unless they can make 
money from it. Does this government believe in having a subsidized loan program 
or not? " says Carl Gillis, chair of the Canadian Federation of Students. 

Even some in the banking community, which normally applauds the efforts of the 
federal government to privatize formerly public institutions, are criticizing the 
proposal for its lack of consultation with the financial sector and for not addressing 
the program's fundamental problems: high debt loans and the consequent defaults. 

Please see "Student poverty", p. 10 



2 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



Med students grapple with new proposal 



BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

Medical students graduating and planning to go into practice this year 
will face a 25 per cent pay cut as part of the provincial government's 
efforts to reduce health care spending. 

The Ministry of Health gave the go-ahead this week to the new 
proposal, which replaces an earlier, controversial plan that would 
have left the majority of new doctors in certain specialties, jobless. 

Under the first proposal, new family doctors, pediatricians and 
psychiatrists would have seen their billing fees slashed by 75 percent 

Refund time cut back 



BY Sean Tai 
Varsity Staff 

Students will have one month to 
decide whether or not to drop 
full-year courses if they want their 
refund. 

According to the new refund 
schedule, approved by Govern- 
ing Council on Apr. 29, Arts and 
Science students who drop 
courses after Oct. 8 will not get 
any money back. Full tuition will 
be refunded on courses dropped 
by Sept. 24, and 50 per cent will 
be refunded until Oct. 8. 

Andrew Dundass, a 
StMichael ' s College student, told 
the Governing Council meeting 
that, while in principle he sup- 
ported the idea of having an ear- 
lier refund date, the new sched- 
ule ignores students' needs. 

"Four weeks is not ample time 



for a student to judge whether or 
not they are up to the challenge of 
a class," said Dundass. 

Previously, students could 
drop full-year courses as late as 
Jan. 15 and still get half of their 
course fee back. A full refund 
was available until Sept. 25, and 
75 per cent until Oct. 9. 

Half-year courses have also 
been affected, with fall courses 
having the same refund dates as 
full-year courses. Students will 
have to drop spring half-courses 
by Jan . 14 to receive a full refund 
and Jan.28 to get 50 per cent 
back. 

The new refund schedule is 
expected to increase U of T's 
revenue by almost $500,000. 

In the same meeting. Govern- 
ing Council also approved a seven 
percent tuition hike for next year, 
raising the tuition fee for five 
courses to $2,025. 



if they decided to work in areas deemed to have a surplus of doctors. 
As the cost of office overhead is 40 per cent, these doctors would have 
been effectively barred from practice in Ontario. 

Controversy erupted when graduating doctors discovered there 
would not be enough positions in the so-called underserivced areas 
and that hundreds would be left unemployed. 

The new proposal, which now targets all rookie doctors regardless 
of specialty, includes a 25 per cent reduction in billing fees starting 
Oct 1. 

Many students, however, are not pacified by the new offer. 

"It's viewed as an ominous forewarning of what could potentially 
come," said Vera Tarman, resident in family practice at Wellesley 
Hospital. 

"There is a very strong mistrust of the government. No one believes 
it will end here." 

Tarman said many of her colleagues who considered leaving for 
other provinces and the U.S. because of the first proposal still intend 
to go. 

Walter Rosser, chair of the Department of Family and Community 



Medicine, agreed that the damage had already been done. 

"Graduates are now having second thoughts about going into 
family medicine, pediatrics and psychiatry. They're saying 'Do we 
really want to go into a field where the government is hostile?'" 

According to Health Ministry spokesperson Layne Verbeek, the 
issue is overpopulation of doctors in certain specialties. 

"The goal is to get doctors into underserviced areas. The new 
proposal is an alternative way of monitoring physician control and 
monitoring spending," he said. 

But the Professional Association of Interns and Residents of 
Ontario (PAIRO) said that far from having a surplus of doctors, many 
communities besides those acknowledged by the government are 
underserviced. 

"According to the government's own statistics, Sudbury (alone] 
needs 1 36 physicians," said PAIRO president Lisa Moore at a press 
conference last month. 

PAIRO sat on the committee that created the new proposal but 
abstained from voting on it. 

Nicholas Lamb, PAIRO executive member, said the new proposal 



Rev ising M/ss Sai gon 

Btoup challenges mega-muslcal's opening 



BY Sean Tai 
Varsity Staff 



About 1 00 people, including sev- 
eral U of T students, gathered 
outside the Princess of Wales 
Theatre on May 26 to protest the 
opening of the Toronto produc- 
tion of Miss Saigon. 

Organized by a group called 
Asian Revisions: Beyond Miss 



Saigon, the protestors criticized 
the way Asians are portrayed in 
the musical, calling it sexist and 
racist. The group is calling for a 
boycott. 

In its statement, the group 
states that "productions like Miss 
Saigon do nothing but reinforce 
negative stereotypes. ..affecting 
how Asians view themselves, 
each other, and the world around 
them." 



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However, David Karastamatis, 
publicity director for Mirvish 
Productions, said the protestors 
had not seen the show or read the 
script. He added that unlike the 
controversial production of Miss 
Saigon in New York (where white 
actors were cast in Asian roles), 
Mirvish Productions had engaged 
in a long search for actors of- 
colour. 

"We're very proud that we're 
the first production to put non- 
white actors in major roles," he 
said. 

However, Glenn Sumi, spokes- 
person for Asian Revisions chal- 
lenged Karastamatis's com- 



ments. Sumi said group mem- 
bers had read the script and some 
had seen the show. 

Sumi added casting actors of 
color is not enough. 

"We want to encourage better 
roles for people of colour - not 
roles written by white Europe- 
ans." 

Karastamatis called (he 
protestors "opportunistic", add- 
ing that unlike local protests 
against Show Boat, Asian Revi- 
sions had not engaged in discus- 
sion with the producers of the 
show prior to the protest. 

"No one has come forth to 
debate with us," he said. 



U of T breaks even... almost 

If it weren't for provincial cutbacks, new taxes, and the social 
contract, U of T wouldn't be in bad financial shape. 

That was what president Rob Prichard told the Governing Council 
when presenting them the 1993-4 budget on May 27. 

Prichard admitted that recent government cutbacks had made the 
budget out-of-date even as it was being presented. A supplementary 
budget will be presented later in the summer. 

The budget as presented predicted a $1.5 million deficit in the 
university's operating fund in 1993-4. Prichard called this a signifi- 
cant improvement in the university's financial picture. Last year the 
deficit was $9.2 million. 

The university benefited from yet another substantial surplus from 
the employees' pension fund. The $ 1 3.7 million surplus is being used 
to reduce the university's accumulated deficit, which stood at $20 
million at the end of last year. 

In previous years, pension surpluses have been added to the 
university's endowment fund. 

U of T projects income next year of $592 million, and expenditures 
of $593.5 million. 

G. Bruce Rolston 




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TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 3 



Admin, stic ks students w ith fee hike 

Absenteeism a factor in Prichartl's $185 victory 



BY GiNNA Watts 
Varsity Staff 

U of T's three major student 
groups joined together to fight 
the $185 student services fee in- 
crease, but their efforts were in 
vain. 

In a vote held Apr. 27, the 
University Affairs Board (U AB) 
approved the fee increase by a 
two-vote margin. 

Deanne Fisher, liaison officer 
for the Association of Part-time 
Undergraduate Students ( APUS), 
said the failure to get the fee 
stopped was depressing. 

"It's pretty rare that we all 
agreed to work together on this 
issue, but the administration 
seems to think that we're all just 
irresponsible students who just 
want a free ride," said Fisher. 

The fee, to be phased in over 
three years, amounts to $ 1 85 for 
full-time students on the St. 
George campus. It is key to the 
administration's plan to t^e most 
non-academic student services 
out of the university's base oper- 
ating budget, and have students 
pay 100 per cent of their costs. 

The plan was opposed by SAC 
and the Graduate Students' Un- 
ion (GSU) as well as APUS. The 
student groups said the cost was 
too much on top of the universi- 
ty's recent seven per cent tuition 
increase, and raises in the Hart 
House and Athletics and Recrea- 
tion student levies. 

Together the groups represent 
nearly all of the student body at U 



ofT. 

SAC president Edward deGale 
said students lost because many 
university employees on the U AB 
automatically voted with presi- 
dent Rob Prichard. 

"The chair may as well just 
accept that the administrative 
members themselves don't even 
need to show up, and just recog- 
nize five votes whenever Presi- 
dent Rob Prichard raises his 
hand," deGale said. 

Fisher agreed. 

'There certainly are an inordi- 
nate amount of administrators on 
the UAB," she said. 

Of the 28 UAB members, only 
seven are students. 

Three student board members 

- Stacey Papernick, Pelino 
Colaiacovo, and Meredith Lordan 

- missed the meeting and the vote. 

Fisher, however, declined to 
blame the defeat on the absentee- 
ism of the student reps. 

"Certainly we failed because 
three students didn't show up" 
said Fisher, "but they all had 
pretty good reasons. When im- 
portant votes fall at the end of the 
year, there's going to be a con- 
flict with the student members." 

DeGale agreed. 

"The vote passed because the 
university deals with its most 
important issues at the end of the 
year. Students are too busy with 
exams and essays and finding 
jobs." 

"For the university to put its 
student members in this position 
is unfair," added deGale. 

Papernick, Colaiacovo, and 



Lordan could not be reached for 
comment. 

Governing Council secretary 
Jack Dimond said the adminis- 
tration had no choice in bringing 
the matter to a vote when it did. 

"Generally speaking, the pro- 
posals are brought forward as 
soon as they're ready. As for at- 
tendance, members know a year 
in advance when the meetings 
will be. There's no way we can 
change the meetings around 
someone's exam. It would create 
a conflict with someone else" he 
said. 

Members of UAB cannot vote 
by proxy. 

Fisher and deGale both thought 
that, even if the UAB had sup- 
ported the students, it wouldn't 
have guaranteed that the fee 
would be stopped. 

"It was pretty much a done 
deal anyway. If the fee hadn't 
passed at UAB it might have been 
passed anyway at Governing 
Council, although it would have 
had a better chance (of not pass- 
ing)," said Fisher. 

David Neelands, assistant vice- 
president for student affairs, said 
debate over whether or not the 
fee could have been voted down 
was pointless. 

"If all the students had been 
there maybe they could have 
voted the fee down. But there 
were some members absent who 
were likely to vote for the fee. If 
everybody had been there, the 
fee would still probably have been 
voted in," he said. 



Court supports rights codes 



Continued from p. 1 

alleging the university had dis- 
criminated against her based on a 
history of depression. In the fall 
of 1981, Berg wrote "I am dead" 
on a washroom mirror and later 
that day attempted to jump 
through a plate-glass window. 

Albert McLean, UBC vice- 
president, said the university de- 
nied Berg the key out of concern 
for her safety, but as the B.C. 
Human Rights Code did not have 
any safety provisions, the uni- 
versity could not argue it dis- 
criminated based on valid con- 
cerns about Berg's safety. 

A provision allowing discrimi- 
nation due to safety reasons was 
added last year. 

Instead, UBC argued the serv- 
ices denied to Berg were not those 
normally available to the public. 




and thus exempt from B.C. hu- 
man rights legislation. 

The B.C. Human Rights Code 
prohibits discrimination against 
people receiving services "cus- 
tomarily available to the public." 

Paddy Stamp, sexual harass- 
ment officer at U of T, said she 
understands UBC's position 
based on the facts of the case, but 
views the legal argument ad- 
vanced by the university as ille- 
gitimate. 

' "I have no sympathy for the 
argument that people in univer- 
sity are an elite (outside the reach 
of human rights legislation)," said 
Stamp. 

Stamp said members of the U 
of T community have gone to the 
Ontario Human Rights Conrmiis- 
sion before, but the university 
never advanced arguments simi- 



lar to UBC's. 

"We have never made the ar- 
gument that by taking advantage 
of what we offer, people are re- 
linquishing their rights." 

Other students find the Su- 
preme Court decision encourag- 
ing. 

Angelina Vaz, a programmer 
with the University of Western 
Ontario's radio station, CHRW, 
plans to lobby the Canadian Ra- 
dio and Telecommunications 
Conmiission (CRTC) to suspend 
the station's license after the sta- 
tion manager cancelled environ- 
mental and feminist shows. 

"If we can't find recourse 
through the CRTC or the univer- 
sity, we plan to go to an agency 
outside the university, and that 
could include the Ontario Hu- 
man Rights Commission." 



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Students protest fee hike, Apr. 27: taxation without representation. 

Students denied control 



Students will be paying $185 
more for ancillary services next 
year, but they will not have a 
voice in how the money is spent. 

In an Apr. 27 meeting, John 
Nestor, vice-chair of the Univer- 
sity Affairs Board (UAB), had 
asked the UAB to strike a com- 
mittee, largely made up of stu- 
dent members, which would over- 
see how the fee is spent. 

But Nestor's proposal was de- 
feated on May 1 3, in favour of an 
advisory group, which would 
meet weekly and make sugges- 
tions to the administrators, a struc- 
ture favoured by U of T's presi- 
dent, Rob Prichard. 



The advisory group has been 
denounced by student leaders 
who say the group has no real 
authority. 

"This is taxation without rep- 
resentation," said SAC president 
Edward deGale. 

DeGale added he wanted to 
see students get a real voice in 
how their money is spent. 

"Where else in the world can 
an organization realize $7 or $8 
million in new dollars without 
giving something up? Even a 
corporation would have to give 
up shares." 

Deanne Fisher, liaison officer 
for ihc Association of Part Time 



Students, agreed. 

'The direction they are taking 
is wrong" said Fisher. "We need 
something more than just an ad- 
visory group." 

SAC, APUS, and GSU have since 
announced that they will not send 
representatives to the advisory 
group in protest. 

As with the Apr.27 vote ap- 
proving the ancillary fee increase, 
absenteeism of student reps was 
again a problem. The May 13 
vote was also close, seven votes 
to six with Stacey Papernick and 
Pelino Colaiacovo not attending. 

GiNNA Watts 



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U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

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Quote of the Month: "77?^ guy just hit him with a tennis racket aaoss the 
head, " Erindale police sergeant Tom Kent arguing for the right of campus cops 
to compete at Wimbledon. 

All Against 
Bob 



For the past month, SAC claims to have been 
fighting fortherightsof students. Together with 
the Association of Part Time Undergraduate 
Students and the Graduate Students' Union they 
attempted to stop the $185 ancillary fee hike. 
This effort was unsuccessful, largely because 
this university's governing bodies have too few 
spaces for student voices. Of the 28 positions on 
the University Affairs Board (UAB), which 
approved the increase, only seven are students. 
So while the quality of education is vigorously 
debated, when vote-time comes the only con- 
sideration is 'how to save money'. 

SAC, however, seems to have a limited un- 
derstanding of students' rights. If the university 
experience is diminished by limiting student 
services, then it is also diminished by cutbacks 
to faculty. The rationale present in the fight 
against ancillary fees was shockingly absent 
from SAC's position on faculty wage rollbacks. 

Students should not be the only ones bearing 
the brunt of provincial and federal government 
cutbacks to university funding. Yet, as much as 
the answer to those cuts does not lie in higher 
tuition and ancillary fees, neither does it lie in 
advocating cuts to faculty salaries. 

In adopting the position of the Ontario Un- 
dergraduate Student Alliance (OUS A), of which 
SAC is a member, SAC president Edward deGale 
promises that if students had access to the ad- 
ministrative bodies of the university, they would 
choose salary cutbacks for the faculty rather 
than higher fees. 

But that is not a choice university students 
should have to make. It is not a choice any 
organization which argues it represents the rights 
of students should fight for. And despite OUS A's 
position, it is not a choice students had in the 
social contract talks. 

OUSA's partially recognized this in their 
letter to the provincial government, (remember, 
the same government which denied students a 
voice at the social contract table because they 
are an "advocacy group"). OUSA stated they 
"cannot support any settlement that will make it 
necessary for universities to cut faculty posi- 
tions." 

The social contract, however, was a package, 
though admittedly a negotiable one. By advo- 



cating faculty salary rollbacks, SAC mistakenly 
seems to believe it could give its approval to 
only part of the package. But the other parts of 
the package, include cuts to transfer payments 
which would have resulted in faculty layoffs. 

According to Bill Graham, faculty associa- 
tion president, 1 200 faculty, library and admin- 
istrative jobs would have been lost had the 
unions not walked out of the social contract 
negotiations. 

The professors spared would most likely have 
been those tenured positions not reflective of 
this campus' diversity. Newly hired professors, 
like women or those from di fferent backgrounds, 
would have been most expendable under Bob 
Rae's social contract. 

SAC seems to believe that the savings 
achieved through wage rollbacks would have 
been applied towards student fees. What else 
can deGale mean when he refers to the Faculty 
of Forestry being cut and the absence of shuttle 
services, if not that student services would stand 
to benefit financially from any cuts to the fac- 
ulty? 

Surely, SAC cannot simply be advocating 
that faculty shoulder their share of cutbacks 
simply because they, like students, should suf- 
fer as well. 

This is a false division, one set up as much by 
the provincial government's funding practices 
as by U of T's administration: faculty members 
on UAB vote against students' interests, and 
students vote against faculty. 

While the spectacle of tenured professors 
singing Solidarity Forever, arm in arm with the 
teachers' union, strikes one as some kind of 
appropriation, pitting students against faculty 
works against the fight for students' rights. 

Then again, as a member of OUSA, SAC 
supports a 30 percent fee hike, a position warmly 
embraced by the Globe and Mail as one step 
towards their own advocacy of a 500 percent fee 
hike. 

One would think SAC and OUSA would 
have learned basic negotiating skills by now; 
they should not resort to pitting students against 
faculty, who are both really fighting the same 
battle. 



Contributors: Elissa Landsell, Tanya K. Talaga, Steven Leung, Asiya Khalid, Dan 
Lang, Jane Martin, Mike Cayed, Aaron Paulson, Tanya Lena, Julie Park, Arabella 
Bowen, Ingrid Ancevich, Ian Jack, Anne Casteltino, Andrew Dundass, Daniela C. 
Paolone, Jaggi Singh (2), Philip Carek (2), Andrew Male (2), Steve Gravestock (3), 
Larry Koch (5), Ginna Watts (3), Dario P. Del Degan (2), Brian Di Leandro (2). 



Extra Special Thanks To: John Hodgins 



The Varsity Is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to incite violence or haired towards particular 

Individuals or an Identifiable group, particularly on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, 

gender, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 

Second Class mall registration number 5102. 



S^miiT^ SAU-/ IV elf I f/\ri.rr 




BACKTALK ^^^^^^^ the editor 



Even The Varsity 
makes mistakes 

In the March 29 issue, an article 
by Nicole Nolan (Board nixes 
academic freedom officer) was 
accompanied by a photograph of 
Professor John Furedy, with a 
caption which (with quotation 
marks) quoted him as saying "If 
I concentrate hard enough, I can 
bend this spoon with my mind." 

I can only surmise that the 
quote functioned as a cartoon- 
like caption to suggest that Pro- 
fessor Furedy is some kind of 
crackpot. But the use of quota- 
tion marks in this case explicitly 
refers to something Professor 
Furedy purported to have said. 
Professor Furedy has never ut- 
tered such a comment; nor was 
he even interviewed for this arti- 
cle. The false quote is insulting to 
Professor Furedy and to the de- 
partment as well, which has been 
the recipient of phone calls re- 
questing clarification and elabo- 
ration of this quote. 

The publication of such a pho- 
tograph and quotation is mali- 
cious, misleading and damaging. 
It would appear clearly to be vio- 
lating journalistic standards of 
reportage one would expect from 
a campus newspaper. 

A.Martin Wall 
Chair 

The Varsity regrets attributing 
a March 29 photo caption to 
Prof. John Furedy. Prof. 
Furedy was not Interviewed for 
the article. 



Lit on Campus 

The reviewer of campus literary 
reviews (Varsity, April 13) is 
under the misapprehension that 
poets and writers of fiction learn 
their arts in the classroom. But 
where evidence of anything "new 
or sophisticated ...happening in 
English classrooms on campus" 



should be showing up is, of 
course, in reviews in "Literary 
Supplements" that the Varsity 
occasionally prints. It is in class- 
rooms, if one is paying any atten- 
tion, where one might learn that 
"the Rationalist" is not a "classi- 
cal reference". 

English classes don't teach 
people to write poetry, they teach 
people to read poetry and fiction 
and to write about them with some 
kind of coherence and intelli- 
gence. 

The weakness of the review- 
er'scritical underpinnings shows 
most glaringly in her "review" of 
the ESU Literary Journal. What 
does a "contemporary edge" look 
like? How does a person obtain 
one? When my TracII razor 
blades are new, do they have a 
"contemporary edge"? And if a 
story is "genuine and skillful," 
what does that mean? Wayne 
Gret7Jcy, in his day, might have 
been said to be "genuine and skil- 
ful," but is he like a short story? 

Also this goofy thing — "un- 
dergraduate poetry." Why does 
the largest campus in the country 
have the largest inferiority com- 
plex about its own abilities? 
Somethingelse the attentive Eng- 
lish student might have picked 
up in class are the ages at which 
many great poets wrote their im- 
portant works (Keats — Odes; 
Eliot — Prufrock; look it up.) If 
we cast aspersions at "under- 
graduate poetry," where is the 
better stuff supposed to be com- 
ing from? Graduate poetry? 
(Yikes!) 

Tim Prior 
SGS, English 



Front Responds 

As one who would be considered 
an "out-of-towner" in Toronto, 
(hell I'm an ALIEN in Toronto!) 
the April fool's day issue of your 
newspaper really does bring 
home the depth of the struggle 
now spreading across Canada, or 



for that matter the entire Western 
world. 

Take note, your entire first page 
and third page of that issue was 
nothing more than a tirade of 
wild accusations and blatant ha- 
tred towards HERITAGE 
FRONT and C.O.T.C.. If you 
deny that you're just a liar, if you 
don't, what makes your hatred 
more palatable than someone 
else? 

Why were the outraged A.R.A. 
protestors not questioned about 
their violent performance in the 
famous courthouse incident? 

One can only come to the con- 
clusion you arc reacting out of 
fear, not of HERITAGE FRONT 
or C.O.T.C but the other side, 
fear of the school, fear of the 
system, fear of the advertisers, 
fear of the minorities themselves, 
"don't question", "copy down,", 
say the "right thing," "don' t make 
waves." 

Well, kids this is the REAL 
world and you're going to have 
to live in it, right along with us 
and until these issues are ad- 
dressed in a truthful fashion all 
the negative propaganda in the 
world won' t change a damn thing ! 

You're not going to be able to 
hide behind those "ivory towers" 
forever. 

W.Livingston 
Heritage Front Niagara 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 words and must 
be accompanied by the 
author's name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request 
Letters will be published at 
the discretion ol the editor 
and may be edited for 
length Letters that altempl 
to incite violence or hatred 
against an identifiable group 
will not be published 
We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members 
Prionty will be given to new 
writers and timely topics 




New refund schedule is 
in students' best interest 



DAN LANG 



Two quite separate concerns ex- 
plain the revisions that have been 
made in the schedule for refund- 
ing tuition fees. 

One concern has to do with 
costs, not revenue. Faculties, col- 
leges and departments must com- 
mit resources — instructors, 
teaching assistants, supplies, 
classroom and laboratory space 
— to courses and section of 
course at the start of each ses- 
sion. They must out of necessity 
make those commitments in light 
of registrations — in other words, 
what they expect students do as 
opposed to what they actually 
do. With reasonably early notice, 
some of those resources can be 
redeployed. But as one gets fur- 
ther along in the session, the re- 
sources cannot be redirected . The 
result is a commitment of re- 
sources which cannot be recov- 
ered to make places in courses 
available to other students, or to 
meet the recoverable costs them- 
selves. The situation becomes 
"lose, lose": students are not 
served as ftilly as they might have 
been in terms of access to courses 
and sections, and academic pro- 
grams use resources with little or 



no final benefit. A late date for 
withdrawal with a significant re- 
fund made this problem worse. 

The other concern has to do 
with education. A number of fac- 
ulties and colleges observed that 
the refund schedule as it was con- 
structed, encouraged students to 
delay making commitments to a 
course and, if they were having 
difficulty in a course, to drop it, 
probably to take it again, thus 
creating more problems of cost. 
For a large number of students, 
the dropping of courses seems to 
be planned at the time of registra- 
tion. For example, in 1992-1993, 
nearly 2,000 students in Arts and 
Science initially registered in 
more than five courses (the nor- 
mal course load). Many of those 
courses were later dropped as 
students evidently decided which 
five courses they really wanted 
to take. 

The originally proposed strat- 
egy to deal with these concerns 
was to return to program fees and 
abandon course fees altogether. 
For most faculties in the Univer- 
sity, program fees are already 
the rule, not the exception. That 
is even more so at other universi- 
ties. 

In public meetings across the 
campuses in the fall, strong ar- 



guments were advanced to retain 
course fees. Other alternatives 
were sought. One was to increase 
the $100 deduction that is made 
for all refunds. That, however, 
would have affected part-time 
students disproportionately. The 
other was revision of the refund 
schedule, as was finally done. 

Of the options considered, re- 
vision of the tuition fee refund 
schedule had the least effect on 
University income. Moving from 
course fees to program fees would 
have increased income by about 
$1.5 million, which of course 
students would have paid. The 
final plan for revising the tuition 
fee schedule will probably pro- 
duce about $400,000, perhaps a 
bit more. 

There were various options in 
between. Some students might 
say that either figure is too high. 
The fact will remain, however, 
that the course of action finally 
followed was one which balanced 
several concerns and did not nec- 
essarily place the raising of addi- 
tional revenue first. 

Dan Lang is the Assistant Vice- 
President of Planning and Uni- 
versity Registrar. 







to 






J sJ 



Students are not a herd of cattle 



ANDREW 
DUNDASS 



With all the clamour over fee 
increases, coupled with the an- 
nual freak out over exams, it 
appears the administration of 
this university has slipped 
through a piece of legislation. 
The new refund schedule 
changes the date that a student 
can receive a refund when drop- 
ping a course from January 15 
to October 8. 

In principle, it is not a bad 
idea. No one would suggest that 
a student needs half an aca- 
demic year to determine their 
status in a course. At that point, 
quite a considerable amount of 
money has been invested by the 
faculty on the assumption that 
he or she will complete the 
course. However, the members 
of the business board have gone 
too far in the other direction. If 
half a year is too long, one month 
is certainly not long enough for 
students to judge whether they 
are up to the challenge of a 
course, or if they have a con- 
flict with their professor. 

The new drop date removes 
a great deal of accountability 
from the faculty. The most ef- 
fective way for students to voice 
their displeasure with a profes- 
sor and/or the course is to drop 
the course, withdrawing a rea- 
sonable amount of their money 
as well. With the earlier drop 
date, the professor and the fac- 
ulty will already have the stu- 
dents' money after only a hand- 
ful of classes. 

This policy insinuates that 
students alone are to blame 
when a course is dropped. Such 
an assertion is ridiculous. As 
many students can attest to, it is 



not unheard of for a professor to 
be difficult to work with. 

I was stunned when a member 
of Governing Council suggested 
to me that students should not 
enter into a course unless they 
feel they can perform up to par. 

Well, thank you very much. 
No student ever enters a course 
with the intention of faihng. Some 
students, however, try to chal- 
lenge themselves. It happens that 
sometimes the student is not up 
to that challenge and must drop 
the course to save his or her grade 
point average, which is an abso- 
lutely critical determinant in how 
far a student progresses at this 
university. 

I was told, by another Council 
member, that academic reasons 
for dropping a course should not 
be tied to financial compensa- 
tion. I disagree. Should students 
lose all of their investment sim- 
ply because they are not able to 
meet the academic challenges of 
a particular course? 

Does the administration be- 
lieve that students should take 
the dreaded "bird courses" to in- 
sure they receive maximum util- 
ity for their dollar? If a univer- 
sity exists to challenge a student, 
to dare them to stretch their aca- 
demic boundaries, then this new 
policy acts contrary to that pur- 
pose. 

I realize that the faculties would 
like a more solid estimate of the 
funds they will receive from the 
students. While this new policy 
is great for the faculties in that 
respect, the goal is accomplished 
at the great expense of cash 
strapped students. Why should 
the faculties receive all the money 
when only one month of services 
has been rendered? The ar- 
gument that this new policy would 
"weed-out" students who do not 
really want to be in the course to 



clear spaces for students on wait- 
ing lists does not wash. The em- 
phasis should be on the students 
in the course to begin with. They 
are the primary customers, and 
have shown their desire to com- 
plete the course simply by enroll- 
ing. 

On top of all this, it is my 
understanding that the Faculty of 
Arts and Science has an en- 
trenched policy that at least one 
piece of work must be returned 
by the last refund date. 

What will likely occur under 
this new policy is that a perfectly 
superfluous paper or quiz will 
have to be written by students 
based on the most rudimentary 
elements of that course simply to 
satisfy the new guidelines. 

It is unfortunate that this piece 
of legislation was apparently a 
fait accompli from the moment iT 
left the chamber of the business 
board. The proposal did not have 
to be ratified by any council ac- 
countable to the students. 

I would like to think that this 
measure is not a cash grab. But 
the timing for this legislation, 
when the student press was sus- 
pended, and students were strug- 
gling with exams, does not bol- 
ster my confidence. Students are 
not cattle, and cannot be ex- 
pected to be herded into a course 
and forced to like it or leave it 
without any compensation. As 
individuals, students should, 
within reason, be given time to 
judge and evaluate their situa- 
tion, and make a decision with- 
out fear of losing all of their pre- 
cious investment in this institu- 
tion. 

Andrew Dundass spoke against 
the new refund schedule at a 
Governing Council meeting on 
April 29. 



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6 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



Province hacks at university budget 

BY M IIOE: GayED and G. Bruce ^ increases will make it harder for the university been counting on to reduce its cumulative defi- gram, which encourages research $500,000. 

' to function, president Rob Prichard told the Gov- cit $3.4 million. *other cuts between $0.4 and $1 .1 million. 

ROLSTON eming Council on May 27. *the elimination ofnew grants for the University In addition to cutbacks, the provincial budget 

Marty England, a research and planning officer Restructuring Initiatives Fund (URIF) which spon- also announced tax increases. The University is not 

Thanks to the provincial government, U of T has for the university, agreed. sors corporate involvement in universi- immune to such measures. New taxation of the 

$14 million less to play with. "$23 million has to be cut through Social Con- ties $600,000. university's insurance policies will cost $1.4 mil- 

In its May 19 budget, premier Bob Rae's NDP tract talks as does $1 1.5 million as part of the *a 0.8 per cent reduction in the university's lion, 

government announced new taxes and spending expenditure control plan." operating grant, which had previously been frozen One ofthe new taxes will directly hit members of 

cuts that will cut U of T's budget drastically. "The University will have to deal with this short- for a year $3 million. the community, not the university. The broadening 

The $14 million shortfall does not include the fall as part ofthe supplementary September budget," *the elimination ofsupport for Advanced Quali- of the retail tax will affect students who park on 

termination of funding for the University of To- England said. fications courses. The courses' funding, which re- campus. As of July 1 , parking rates will be adjusted 

ronto Schools (UTS), or the so-called Social Con- The cuts include: train teachers in the workforce, will be phased out to incorporate the eight per cent Provincial Sales 

tract scheme to rein in public sector salaries. *the elimination of the University Restructuring over four years. This year's cut $800,000. Tax. This is true for both reserved spaces and 

The $ 1 1 .5 million in cutbacks and $ 1 .4 million in Efficiency Fund (UREF), which the university had *a reduction to the Centres of Excellence pro- parking meters. 

Mark fi xing or hate crime? 

Exam tlieft may liave racist impiications 




Career Centre: more students this year than last. 



(Sean Tai/VS) 



Hunting tlie elusive 
student summer job 



BY GiNNA Watts 
Varsity Staff 

The picture looks bleak for unemployed 
students this summer. For those still 
looking, it may be a matter of luck and 
some hard work, according to Kaye 
Francis. 

Francis, placement assistant for U of 
T's Career Center, says that although 
student unemployment is high, diligence 
can be rewarding. 

"Students should come down here 
(the Center] every morning to check the 
board. New positions come up every 
day, but they usually get taken down 
quickly as well" said Francis. 

Some positions stay longer on the 
Career Center boards, but most of those 
are commission sales jobs. Francis said 
many students are simply not interested 
in them. 

"Salary positions go very quickly, and 
most students need the reassurance of a 
guaranteed income. Commission sales 
only appeal to students who are a bit 
more enterprising" she said. 

Although the Career Center does not 
have statistics available, Francis said 
she believes more students are using the 
Center this year. 

'The volume is slightly higher than 
last year. They started coming in earlier. 



around January, and it really picked up 
after exams" she said. 

If daily visits to the Career Centre are 
not helping you, there are some other 
options. 

Tom Allen, a program assistant with 
the Management Board secretariat, says 
Summer Experience Program (SEP) jobs 
are still available from various govern- 
ment ministries. 

"We won't have exact numbers until 
July" he said, "but there are certainly 
still openings. It's just a matter of going 
through the application process". 

Application forms for SEP are avail- 
able from the Career Center, but each 
ministry must be applied to separately, 
and there's no real way of knowing if a 
certain office still has a job available. 

Students can also try the various 
Canada Student Unemployment Centers, 
including the Front Street branch, which 
is located near Union Station. As at the 
Career Center, jobs go up and down 
every day, making it a matter of dili- 
gence. 

But since most jobs are never adver- 
tised, the best recourse may still be to 
just let people know you are available, 
Francis says. 

'Tell everyone you know, friends, 
relatives, neighbours, that you are look- 
ing. Its a question of malcing connec- 
tions" she said. 



Events Calendar 



• Anti-Racist Action march on a white supremacist centre • 
\ of operation. Friday, 1 1 June. Meet 7:00 pm, John Innes * 

• Centre, Queen & Sherbourne. • 



By Brian DiLeandro 
Varsity Staff 

An apparent attempt to steal exam papers from a professor's 
office has been complicated by the discovery of Nazi graffiti at 
the site of the break-in. 

A sixth-floor office in Sidney Smith Hall was broken into 
sometime during the night of Apr. 21, after the exam for 
Statistics 242Y. A filing cabinet containing the completed 
exams was damaged, but had not been opened. Campus police 
discovered two swastikas and the phrase "Deutschland Uber 
Alles" written on the chalkboard in the office. 

"We're working on the assumption that the incident is 
related to other attempted examination thefts, and wasn't 
racially motivated," said Sgt. Len Paris of the campus police. 

"1 believe this was simply an attempt to steal examination 
material." 

But Kathleen Gallivan, U of T personal safety awareness 



officer, said with hale groups active on campus, "these types 
of recurring racist incidents become more alarming." 

"Although the incident may not be connected to any 
specific hate group, attacks of this kind are vicious. The 
university certainly needs to begin to change its perceptions 
of what consituies personal safety ." 

Bui professor Muni Srivastava, whose office was broken 
into, said he doesn't feel threatened by the racist implications 
of the crime. 

"I think the racist slogans were merely meant to deflea 
attention away from the sole purpose, which was to steal the 
exams," said Srivastava. 

"I believe it was simply an event where a student, frustrated 
from having done poorly on an exam, attempted to steal the 
exams. He or she would presumably have the chance to write 
the exam over." 

Paris said the Metro Toronto Police were investigating, and 
that there is a suspect in the case. 



Professors emeriti denied voice on council 



BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

U of T's highest decision-making body 
has barred professors emeriti from serv- 
ing on its Academic Board. 

Governing Council rejected a motion 
that would add a seat for an elected 
representative of professors emeriti to 
the board's membership. 

Professors emeriti are normally re- 
tired and have acquired the title after a 
career spanning decades. 

The board passed the motion at its 
Mar. 25 meeting, only to have it rejected 
almost unanimously at the Apr. 29 meet- 
ing of Governing Council. 

Those opposing emeriti representa- 
tion predicted a complicated and expen- 
sive elective process, involving constitu- 
ents from many countries. 

Michael Mamis, chair of the Aca- 
demic Board, said the Board wanted to 
hear the opinions of professors with a 
long history at U of T. 

"We realized that professors emeriti 
have something to say and represent a 
body of opinion we should consult." 

But Alex Waugh, Woodsworth Col- 
lege vice-president and registrar, disa- 
greed. He called the proposal a form of 
well-meaning tokenism. 

"It is a way to pour salve on our 
consciences, to make us feel better," 
said Waugh, referring to the continuing 
debate over whether retired professors 
should have a vote on any of U of T's 
governing bodies. 

The controversy began last Decem- 
ber, when the Council ruled that, under 
the U of T Act, professors emeriti were 
not eligible for membership. As a result, 
professors emeriti Bemhard Cinader and 
Kenneth McNeill were kicked off the 
council. 

In his defense, Cinader said that re- 
tired professors still have something 
valuable to offer. 

"Professors who have served the uni- 
versity for 30 years and still have their 
marbles, ought to contribute in decisions 
about a variety of issues that are before 
the university," he said. 




Governing Council: a big room with lotsa chairs. 

Senior citizens iose waivers 

By Sean Tai 
Varsity Staff 

Senior citizens wanting to take courses at U of T next year will no longer be granted 
automatic fee waivers. 

In an Apr. 29 meeting. Governing Council voted to replace the fee waivers with 
a bursary system available to all seniors. 

Rick Martin, liaison officer for the Association of Part-time Undergraduate 
Students (APUS), expressed concern that the change could result in fewer senior 
citizens having access to the university. 

"It's part of a trend that will reduce accessibility," Martin said. 

'The tuition fee waiver was something that made the campus more welcome (to 
seniors]." 

But Noah Meltz, principal of Woodsworth College, said the change was imple- 
mented after extensive consultation with seniors. He said he had not yet received any 
complaints. 

"We spent ayear-and-a-half consulting with senior citizens," he said. "We wanted 
to minimize the impact - we hope it will be small." 

University registrar Dan Lang said even though all seniors will be eligible to 
receive full tuition bursaries, the university will save money in the long run. Some 
seniors had said they did not need the fee waiver and so would not be applying for 
bursaries. Lang said. 

"In the future it may be a lot more costly to provide waivers than bursaries." 



TUESDAY 8 JUNE 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 



Opposition to SSHRC merger grows 



BY Julie Park 



Critics of the federal government's plan to merge the Social 
Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and the 
Canada Council, have taken their fight to the floor of the 
Senate. 

Along the way, they enlisted Senator Finlay Macdonald, 
who along with a few other Tories has been trying to delay the 
bill put forward by his own party's government. 

MacDonald and other Tory senators are crossing party 
lines to criticize the bill on the Senate floor. 

If passed, the bill would merge the SSHRC with the Canada 
Council. Critics say the move makes little sense financially or 
philosophically. 

Tim Stutt is one of those opposed to the bill. Stutt, govern- 
ment relations officer for the Canadian Association of Uni- 
versity Teachers (CAUT), said merging the main funding 
organizations for liberal arts research and for Canadian cul- 
ture could mean one side will lose out. 

Stutt said CAUT's fear is the arts sector will have a much 
higher profile, meaning a loss of visibility and independence 
for the social sciences and humanities. 

"We have been insistent that if this goes through there 
should be distinct budgets," he said. 

'There should be separate budgets in Parliament." 

Stutt said CAUT is also doubtful of the financial rationali- 
zation for the deal. 



In his address to the Senate commine on May 19, John 
McDermid, minister of state for finance and privatization, said 
the merger would save $5 million in administrative costs over 
five years. 

But Treasury Board official Douglas Patriquin told a Com- 
mons committee in February that the figure was more like $ 1 .5 
million. 

"That is not enough of a savings for a merger," said Stutt. 
SSHRC funding for the U of T alone last year was over $3 
million. 

At U of T, researchers are pessimistic about the merger. They 
said humanities and social science research will receive less 
attention. 

"SSHRC will be less effective in reaching its case for 
funding than it would be under a separate agency," said Peter 
Munsche, U of T's assistant vice-president of research serv- 
ices. 

Several U of T research projects, including the Dictionary of 
Canadian Biography, are funded by the SSHRC. 

Munsche said he fears for the future of research funding for 
the liberal arts. "It is less prominent than arts funding and has 
danger of being swallowed up under a new agency." 

"SSHRC is already underfunded," said Munsche. 

"When the government doesn't ftmd enough into SSHRC, it 
is like cutting off knowledge into society." 

Funding for the SSHRC was frozen in the last federal budget, 
prior to the merger. 




(Sean TaiNS) 

Friday, the first day of ClUT's fundraising drive, was marked 
with protest. Half-a-dozen demonstrators called for the return 
of suspended programmer Ras Rico (left). 



Studen t groups raise fees 
SAC liires former prez as lobbyist '^vlLT*'" 



BY Dario p. Del Degan 



SAC has hired an old friend, fired a 
new employee, and appointed three new 
faces to its executive. 

Former Students' Administrative 
Council (SAC) president Charles 
Blattberg was recently hired as SAC's 
liaison officer. His new responsibilities 
include lobbying the government and 
administration, and researching current 
issues for SAC. 

Blattberg was SAC president in 1989- 
90. 

"We're exu-emely lucky to have him," 
said SAC president Edward deGale. 

"Compared to the other candidates, 
he was exactly what we're looking for," 
said Anna Vlitas, SAC's university af- 
fairs commissioner. 

But some who have worked with 
Blattberg in the past say he is not the best 
man for the job. 

Stacey Papemick,aNewCollegeSAC 



director in 1989-90, criticized deGale 
and Vlitas for not scrutinizing Blattberg's 
history at SAC. 

"SAC can't be so narrowly focused. 
They have to look at [Blattberg's] stand 
on campus issues," she said. "He was 
weak on relations with campus groups." 

Blattberg has been criticized for the 
1989 eviction of the African-Carribean 
Students' Association (ACSA), an at- 
tempt to reallocate SAC office space 
under new SAC guidelines. 

According to Sophia Ruddock, ex- 
ecutive member of ACSA in 1989-90, 
Blattberg did not allow ACSA to have a 
voice. 

"He wasn't sensitive to any of our 
concerns," said Ruddock. "Blattberg and 
his administration judged ACSA with- 
out giving us a chance to defend our- 
selves." 

But Charles Levi, a University Col- 
lege SAC director in 1989-90, said 
Blattberg was not solely responsible for 
confrontations with ACSA. 



Guilty pleas in MedSci case 



BY Kate Manning 
VarsUy Staff 

Two U of T students pleaded guilty on 
June 3 to attempting to obstruct justice in 
connection with the 1991 MedSci stab- 
bing. 

Amit Anand, 23 and Sapna Seth, 22, 
both of Mississauga, were charged last 
November as accessories-after-the-fact 
to attempted murder, as well as attempt- 
ing to obstruct justice. 

According to Metro Police Detective 
Al Comeau, the accessory charge in each 
case was dropped after the two men 
pleaded guilty to obstruction. 

On Dec. 5, 1991, a22 year-old female 
U of T student was brutally slabbed by a 
man in the Medical Sciences Building. 

After the attack, a Canada-wide war- 
rant was issued for the arrest of U of T 



student Peter Mann. He was arrested in 
England by Scotland Yard and then ex- 
tradited to Canada in March 1992. 

Anand and Seth are alleged to have 
helped Mann escape from the country, 
and to have deliberately misled police 
investigators as to Mann's whereabouts 
for a three-month period from Decem- 
ber 1991 to March 1992. 

They are also alleged to have kept 
Mann appraised of the victim's 
activities and schedule and to have mailed 
a threatening letter from Mann to the 
victim in January 1992. 

Mann himself faces charges of at- 
tempted murder, assault, uttering threats 
of severe bodily harm, and uttering death 
threats. 

Mann's next court appearance is 
scheduled for June 15. He remains in 
custody. 

Anand and Seth will be sentenced in 
August. 



"Other people did not feel that ACSA 
deserved the space," he said. 

According to Vlitas, Blattberg will 
not have to work with student societies. 

"ACSA is a club. He will not be deal- 
ing with clubs." 

Vlitas said Blattberg has proven him- 
self an effective lobbyist. 

"He lobbied Governing Council and 
Metro Traffic Council for the last 
two months and accomplished a lot which 
is very difficult," she said. 

Critics have also questioned the former 
president's handling of financial mat- 
ters. During Blattberg's year as presi- 
dent, SAC overspent its budget by $225 
000. 

Blattberg declined comment. 

Having hired a liaison officer, SAC is 
now looking for a business manager. 
President Edward deGale fired the one 
hired for him by last-year's council. 

"There wasn't a perfect match," said 
deGale. 

Also on the payroll are SAC's three 
new studentcommissioners: Anna Vlitas 
(University Affairs), Merry-LN Unan 
(External) , and Georgina Blanas (Serv- 
ices), who join deGale and vice-presi- 
dent Marc Tremblay on the SAC execu- 
tive. 



Varsity Staff 

Several student societies will receive higher fee levies next year, including SAC, 
GSU, and the education, medical, and nursing student unions. 

All the increases are the result of referenda held last year. 

But a proposal of the University College Literary and Athletic Society (UC Lit) 
for a $2 fee increase was turned down by the University Affairs Board. The fee 
increase would have funded a safety program. 

The board rejected the proposed fee on Apr. 27, after receiving complaints from 
about 30 University College students about the running of the fee referendum. 

David Neelands, assistant vice-president for student affairs, said that the UC Lit 
had not followed its own referendum rules. 

"The Lit had a referendum which wasn't advertised," Neelands said. 

Joe Wong, last year's UC Lit president, took personal responsibility for the 
failed referendum. 

'The entire blame is mine," he said. "The moron here is Joe Wong." 

A second referendum on the fee increase will be held in September. Neelands said 
he is exploring ways to fund the safety program in the meantime. 

"I've offered them [the UC Lit] the opportunity to put together a package 
for one year," he said. 

Although a $ 1 .35 increase (a cost of living increase plus $ I for Downtown Legal 
Services) in incidental fees was approved for the Students' Administrative 
Council (SAC), students will actually be paying less to SAC after a $30 wheelchair 
access fee ends this year. 

The fee was established three years ago to pay for improved wheelchair accessi- 
bility on campus. Funds were used to fund several accessibility projects on campus, 
including the wheelchair ramp at Robarts Library. 

The fee increase for the Graduate Students' Union (GSU) includes a $4 
increase in combined fees for membership in the Canadian Federation of Students 
and the Canadian Federation of Students-Ontario. The increase was approved in a 
March referendum. 



Campus cop beaten on court 

A U of T police officer at the Erindale campus was assaulted on May 16. 

Const. Jack Pienczykowski was heavily beaten with a tennis racket in the incident. 

Pienczykowski had asked a man and his companion to leave an Erindale College 
tennis court. 

'The court attendant was trying to get the people to leave," said Erindale police 
sergeant Tom Kent. 

Pienczykowski was assaulted when he attempted to enforce the attendant's 
request. 

'The guy just hit him with atennis racket across the head," Kent said. The assailant 
then escaped in a car. 

The constable was briefly hospitalized, but returned to work the next day. 

Pienczykowski, like all campus police officers, was unarmed. 

Peel Regional Police are looking for a young white male, 5*8", muscular, 
unshaven, with short, wavy black hair, driving a 4-door Honda Accord. 

G. Bruce Rolston 



U of T astronomer views birth of galaxy 



BY Kim Burtnyk 



A University of Toronto researcher 
has shed new light on an old problem. 
Steve Eales believes he has found a 
galaxy in its early stages of formation. 
The discovery will give astronmers 
clues to the evolution of galaxies and 
of the universe at large. 

Using an Infra-red Spectrograph to 
examine the light from a distant, red 
galaxy, Eales was surprised to find gas 
emission lines instead of dark absorp- 
tion lines characteristic of the stars in 
the galaxy. Further investigation re- 
vealed that the gas producing the lines 
was oxygen. 

Eales believes the red colour of this 
galaxy is caused by the oxygen gas 
emitting a red glow in the midst of 



Science 



young blue stars, instead of old red 
stars. This information changes the 
age estimate of the galaxy. 

"This galaxy is so distant that it 
takes light 1 2 billion years to get to us. 
This means that we are seeing the 
galaxy as it was when the universe 
was one tenth its present age" said 
Eales. 



Eales believes that his infant galaxy is 
still old enough for at least one genera- 
tion of stars to have lived and died to 
produce the amount of oxygen gas 
present. Massive blue stars use up their 
fuel quickly so at least one generation of 
stars could have lived out their lives in 
the early stages of the galaxy's forma- 
tion. 



Eales and his colleagues used the 
United Kingdom Infra-red Telescope 
on Mauna Kea in Hawaii to survey 
strong radio source galaxies. These dis- 
tant galaxies, which are usually opti- 
cally bright and red in colour, may be 
strong candidates for the first genera- 
tion of galaxies. 



Fields Institute Moves to U of T 



BY Gordon Squires 
Varsity Staff 

An international panel has recommended 
U of T as the new home of the Fields 
Institute for Research in Mathematical 
Sciences. 

The institute, with no permanent re- 
search staff, will serve as a centre for 
visiting academics offering research and 
teaching programmes. Its formal man- 
date will be to foster links among re- 
search institutions and enhance gradu- 
ate student training. 

Stephen Halperin, chair of the Math- 
ematics Department at U of T, is excited 
about the decision. 

'This is going to be wonderful. It puts 
Toronto on the map internationally," 
said Halperin. 

The Fields Institute has a temporary 
home at the University of Waterloo. 



When the search began last year for a 
permanent location, U of T competed 
with seven other proposals from 
Carleton, McMaster, Queen's, Water- 
loo, and York. The panel was unani- 
mous in its recommendation, citing U 
of T's excellent infrastructure, research 
breadth, accessibility and the ability to 
attract outstanding researchers. 

Funding for the institute will come 
from the provincial government and 
the Natural Science and Engineering 
Research Council. 

"This is going to bring mathemati- 
cians from not only in Canada, but 
from around the world. It is going to be 
a great resource and we don't have to 
pay for it," Halperin mused. 

Upon ratification by the Fields Insti- 
tute Council members, preparation will 
begin to move the Institute to the old 
Boys and Girls House prior to Septem- 
ber 1996. 



8 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 




Walk-out justified, unions say 



(Mimi Choi/VS) 

Social Contract protestors: were unions threatened? 

Conflict over salary cuts 
alienates faculty, students 



Continued fom p. 1 

president of human resources, agreed 
government should leave universities 
alone. 

He said students' interests are better 
represented in the univereity's adminis- 
trative bodies, not through the interven- 
tion of the provincial government. He 
said the university's highest decision- 
making body. Governing Council, com- 
prises representatives from faculty, staff, 
students, alumni, and the government. 

"We have not got a bad system of 
governance here. All of the interested 
groups of society arc represented." 

But deCale said U of T and its faculty 
should be more accountable to the larg- 
est part of the community - the students. 

"I have a problem with the degree of 
influence the faculty has on university 
governance," deGale said. ' On one end, 
unions approve salaries, they seek in- 
creases, and on the other end. Governing 
Council approves them." 

'To me, a degree of conflict is there if 



they're approving their own pay raises." 

Faculty have 1 2 reps on the 50-mem- 
ber council. Students have eight. 

U of T administrators point out that is 
significantly more representation than 
students had at the Social ConU'act table. 
Provincial negotiators, considering the 
students to be an "advocacy group," 
declined to allow their participation. 

Not all students share the views of 
SAC and OUSA. Jason Ziedcnberg, an 
outspoken critic of OUSA, said faculty- 
bashing is not in the interest of students. 

"I don't think they [OUSA] realize 
how much this will hurt post-secondary 
education in Ontario. They're dealing 
with it in a Neanderthal mentality." 

"Because of affirmative action poli- 
cies, more higher-paid women and mi- 
norities are in the public service. By 
supporting these cutbacks, |OUSA] is 
suppressing those communities." 

A referendum will be held on U ofT's 
membership in OUSA in the fall. 



students fight to keep 
schoors funding 



BY G. Bruce Roi^ton 
Varsity Staff 



Continued from p. 1 

"It was not a political decision. We had good, honest, 
practical, reasons." 

The government also suggested unspecified changes in the 
terms and conditions of employment. Existent agreements 
pertaining to workload, equitable distribution of tasks and 
faculty-student ratios would be re-opened. 

Staff and faculty reps said the talks had presented a threat to 
traditional collective bargaining. 

Normally, the Ministry of Colleges and Universities only 
gives a lump sum to each university, with universities working 
out wage agreements with its unions. 

The Social Contract proposed opening up all these agree- 
ments simultaneously and modifying them as a group, gener- 
ally to the employees' disadvantage. 

Malcolm said administrators had been too willing to cave in. 

"We (the stafO have a collective agreement with the admin- 
istration. We do not expect them to arbitrarily abrogate it," said 
Malcolm. 

Graham agreed, adding that the talks undermined university 
autonomy. 

"When the government simply controls transfer payments 
the institution has to deal directly with its employees." 

U of T vice-president for labour relations Michael Finlayson 
and president Rob Prichard represented the administration at 
the talks. 

Malcolm also expressed skepticism about government prom- 
ises of alternate employment for laid-off staff. 

"You tell me where 'suitable vacancies' exist if you're 
already laying off thousands of people." 

Nor did Malcolm see any hope for achieving any compro- 



mise on his union's main demand, job security. 

"With job security guaranteed we would have looked for 
ways to reduce costs," said Malcolm. 

He said a proposal put forward by administrators to give 
preference in hiring to previously laid off workers was unsat- 
isfactory. 

"Neither redeployment nor hiring was guaranteed." 

Employees had also demanded a greater role in university 
budgeting. Their written demands stated that, "Employee 
associations and unions must have full disclosure of financial 
information related to the drafting of university budgets and 
full partnership in financial planning." 

Claire Lettemendia, a U of T political science professor, 
said she favoured this part of the union proposals. 

"This would allow the people who most understand what is 
going on, to make the decisions." 

Lettemendia said she personally was worried about what 
the government would do next. 

"The possibility of just more insecurity is very daunting," 
she said. 

Employees and administrators are both waiting for the 
government's next move. The province faces the option of 
cutting the $1 18 million directly from university payrolls, or 
legislating a wage rollback. 

U of T's Finlayson says either decision would be disas- 
trous. 

"I have little doubt that they'll reduce our grants by a 
significant amount," he said. "I've heard a figure of 12 per 
cent. The question is now, 'How do we respond to that?'" 

With files fi-om Tanya Talaga. 



Residences tired of Co-op 



BY G. Bruce Roi>ston 
Varsity Staff 

Some university administrators are not 
happy with this year's Arts and Science 
course calendar. But Ian McMillan 
doesn't see what all the fuss is about. 

McMillan is the co-ordinator of Cam- 
pus Co-op. Co-op houses students that 
wish to live cheaply off-campus. He 
placed an advertisement in the calendar 
that has many university residence man- 
agers upset. 

Saying 'Tired of Residence T' the full- 
page ad encourages students to try off- 
campus living. McMillan said adminis- 
trators were miffed that a faculty calen- 
dar would advertise a housing alterna- 
tive, in a time when many university 
residences arc filling up slowly, if at all. 

McMillan said he had attended a lunch- 
eon, shortly after the ad appeared, but 
received a frosty reception from the resi- 
dence managers. 

"Apparently they were incredibly 
upset. They were seriously considering 




Ellen Giles. 

recalling the calendar." 

The faculty prints over 30,000 calen- 
dars free to students every year. Darlene 
Frampton, public relations director for 
Arts and Science, said this was the first 
year they had attempted to reduce costs 
through selling space. 

Frampton admitted that the calendar 
editors had failed to consider residence 



managers concerns. 

"We didn't think there'd be such con- 
cerns and we did not edit the headline," 
she said. 

Frampton said the faculty had nothing 
to be sorry for. "It's a paid advertise- 
ment." She said if Co-op could advertise 
in student newspapers, it should be able 
to buy space in the Arts and Science 
calendar. 

U of T Housing Service director Ellen 
Giles sent a letter to the faculty, staling 
her dissatisfaction with a university pub- 
lication that ran ads luring students away 
from student residence. 

Giles said her service wasn't worried 
about competition, but the principle. 

"We get plenty of publicity. That isn't 
a concern. There is a concern students 
may read that and possibly go there." 

Giles said she understood other resi- 
dence managers who feel the faculty is 
working at cross-purposes to them. She 
said there was heavy pressure to fill 
residence spaces. 

'There's a real concern about resi- 
dences not being filled." 



"Hell, no, we won't go! Hell, yes, UTS!" 

That was the cry of over 400 students, teachers, alumni, and parents who marched 
on Queen's Park yesterday, to protest the removal of government funding from the 
University of Toronto Schools (UTS). 

UTS principal Al Fleming addressed the crowd from the steps of the Ontario 
legislature. He said UTS had been wrongly perceived as an elitist institution. 

"I'm sorry. That's not true. I'm upset and angry that's how my work and that of 
my colleagues is viewed at present," he said. 

Reming called on premier Bob Rae to save the school. He said the decision to save 
$1.3 million by slashing the schools's subsidy was the wrong decision at the wrong 
time. 

"We need more UTSs rather than getting rid of the only one in the province," he 
said. 

Students at the protest carried sheets of black poster paper instead of signs. UTS 
senior Dave Levine said it represented the students' lack of understanding of the 
reasons behind the government's decision. 

"We're completely in the dark as to why the government would cut our funding. 
It makes no sense," Levine said. 

On May 19, the province announced the end to all direct financial support for 
UTS, starting in the 1994-5 year, as part of its cutbacks to public expenditures. 

The government has said UTS must raise tuition to private school levels. Parents 
and alumni said this would undermine the school's reputation for egalitarianism. 

UTS admits students based on their academic credentials. The 450 students pay 
$3,500 in tuition, out of a total cost per student of $9,500. The province supplies the 
rest. 

An extensive bursary program allows any student who can succeed at the rigorous 
entrance exams to attend. 

Due to a relationship that extends back to the school's founding in 1910, UTS's 
is subsidized through the university's operating budget. 



Metro rejects SAC's free traffic light idea 

City ignores students' safety concerns about Hart House crossing 



By Dario p. Del Degan 



SAC has failed in its attempt to get a 
stoplight at the Hart House crossing. 

On June 3, Metro Toronto's traffic 
council ruled against the Students' Ad- 
ministrative Council (SAC), which had 
asked Metro to install a light on Queen's 
Park Crescent near Hart House. An offer 
from the University of Toronto to pay 
the whole cost of installation - some- 
thing over $60,000 - did not affect the 
decision.. 

The light was meant to reduce the risk 
to the thousands of students who use the 
crossing daily while traversing campus. 

SAC president Edward deGale said 
SAC and U of T's Office of Student 
Affairs were to share the cost of the light. 



DeGale said the traffic council' s deci- 
sion showed scant concern for pedes- 
trian safety. "It views cars with greater 
importance than people." 

Dave Neelands, U of T's assistant 
vice-president for student affairs, agreed 
with deGale. 

"I think that we made a good case that 
it would not delay traffic too much and 
that it would be a good benefit to the 
pedestrians," he said. "I think that [the 
council] was convinced by its staff that 
it wasn't a good idea." 

But deGale said the decision may 
have been influenced by another factor. 

"There is presently a case in litigation 
against the city where an individual was 
struck there, and there is some question 
as to whether putting a light at this time 
would be an admission of guilt. 




Ed De Gale. 



Look out for our next issue: 14 July. Featuring a first-fiand look at the PC 
Convention. PLUS all the summer festivals you've ever wanted to attend. 



TUESDAY 8 JUNE 1993 VARSITY FEATURES 



IKADIIfti mm FOR PROFII 



June 4th marked the fourth anni- 
versary of the Beijing Massacre, 
when between two to three thou- 
sand unarmed and non-violent 
demonstrators were unceremo- 
niously killed by the People's 
Liberation Army (PLA) of China 
at Tiananmen Square. 

Tiananmen has joined Soweto 
and Jallianwala Bagh as notable 
twentieth-century examples of 
mass murder used as an instru- 
ment of state domestic policy. 
The massacre has swiftly entered 
popular consciousness as some- 
thing to be unequivocally con- 
demned, an event that is both 
"historically and morally unam- 
biguous," as expressed in Timo- 
thy Brook's Quelling the Peo- 
ple: The Military Suppression of 
the Beijing Democracy Move- 
ment (Lester Publishing Ltd. 
1 992). Brook, a professor of Chi- 
nese history at the University of 
Toronto, reiterated that point in 
an interview with The Varsity 
last week: "There's no ambigu- 
ity about [Tiananmen] being 
something that shouldn't have 
happened." 

Still, the Chinese government 
has yet to admit to what actually 
occurred at Tiananmen, prefer- 
ring instead to conceal its bloody 
hands with crude propaganda: 
describing the actions of the PLA 
as "heroic", falsifying casualty 
and death tolls and portraying the 
demonstrators as "rioters". To the 
Chinese government, the PLA 
was simply "quelling turmoil". 
In the honoured tradition of mor- 
ally bankrupt regimes, the Chi- 
nese government blames the vic- 
tims. 

In a particularly incisive pas- 
sage from his book. Brook sug- 
gests the Chinese government's 
desperate stratagem: "The Chi- 
nese government's sole hope is 
amnesia. It particularly wants the 
outside world, with its coveted 
technology and capital, to forget 
the past and join in the illusion of 
normalcy. It asks that we succumb to its logic 
happened. That nothing has changed." 

It may be cynical, but only four years after the Beijing Massacre, 
the critical questions must be asked: Has amnesia seeped in? Has 
Canada and the West joined the illusion of normalcy? Have we 
succumbed to the Chinese government's logic? Did nothing happen? 
Has nothing changed? 

Certainly, the mainstream media's recent portrayal of China has 
been celebratory, especially with the International Monetary Fund's 
ranking of China as the world's third largest economy. TIME Maga- 
zine proclaims China "the next superpower" while Maclean 's, barely 
able to contain its glee, asks on its May 10th cover, "China: will they 
be capitalists?" Of course, the business press reports almost daily 
about economic prospects in 
China. 

Governments, too, have caught 
the "China fever". In the United 
States, President Bill Clinton has 
renewed China's "most favored 
nation" trade status for another 
year. Meanwhile, in Canada, re- 
lations with China have normal- 
ized de facto with Vice-Premier 
Zhu Rongi's recent visit. The 

Toronto Star, in describing the visit, mentioned Trade Minister 
Michael Wilson who "spoke glowingly of opportunities for Canadian 
business" while Vice-Premier "Zhu made it clear that China would 
welcome more Canadian investment." 

Indeed, there is a remarkable consensus among the media and 
Western governments about China: quite simply, the West should 
retain its economic ties (and profits) with China while using the shifty 
and subtle channels of diplomacy to pressure the Chinese govern- 
ment. 

A May 26th Toronto Star editorial neatly summarizes this view, 
showing clearly what passes for enlightened opinion in the West. To 
quote, "It is easy to moralize about doing business with a regime that 
at some fundamental level is absolutely lawless. But that does little 
more than make us feel good.'' Instead, the Star urges "constructive 
engagement," meaning "encouraging trade, investment and exchanges, 
while holding China to international standards for human rights." 

In other words, to argue that any economic engagement with China 
be wholly contingent upon marked improvements in human rights is 
to "moralize". The emphasis upon "unpleasant subjects" like China' s 



Four years after the massacre at Tiananmen 
Square, the West still drums up business with 

China's oppressive regime. 




. That nothing really 



gulag, near genocide in Tibet, repression of Muslims in Xinjiang 
province or other continued violations of basic human rights over 
hard-iiosed economic concerns is not to be "constructive". Any 
attempt to isolate China like South Africa (or Cuba in the eyes of the 
US) is not realistic. 

Dick Chan, Chairperson of the Toronto Association for Democracy 
in China (TADC), does not completely subscribe to the West's 
consensus view. 

"Government to government we must be firm, or else we will be 
seen as hypocrites." 

China, unfortunately, has called our bluff and together we arc 
willing to wallow in collective hypocrisy. All, as Brook says, for the 
"great lure of the China market, this great belief that there's a whole 



Has amnesia seeped in? Have Canada and the West 
joined the illusion of normalcy? Have we succumbed 
to the Chinese government's logic? Did nothing happen? 
Has nothing changed? 

bunchof money to be made, that if you just push the right set of buttons 
you can make a million." 

Brook goes on to point out that the idea that by engaging in trade 
human rights will eventually improve is "wishful thinking". As he 
says, "it also covers over the fact that by developing trade we're also 
making money. And it seems to be that often the argument about 
engaging in trade for the sake of promoting democracy is a self- 
serving one for those who are most concerned about making money." 

"To get rich is glorious" is how paramount leader Deng Xiaoping 
expresses it and, if the media and Western governments are to be 
believed, "getting rich" has captured the imagination of the Chinese 
wholesale. It's a prospect that distresses Brook. 

"I'm afraid that we're dealing with short or medium-term benefits 
here, we're not dealing with [China's] long-term problems." Chan 
concurs with Brook, drawing a connection between Canada's mo- 
tives with regards to NAFTA and China, "People wish to go to China 
to exploit the cheap labour there." 

Underlying the West's characterization of a China itching to join 
the capitalist game is a popular and racist stereotype of Asians as 



obedient, manageable and easily 
charmed by the West. The stu- 
dent demonstrators at Tiananmen 
certainly challenged that myth, 
and their subversive slogans of 
"oppose privileges", "media must 
tell the truth" and "down with 
Deng" do not indicate an uncriti- 
cal acceptance of China' s chosen 
path. 

But, in the repressive crack- 
down after the massacre, these 
dissidents have been silenced. As 
Chan states, "China's greatest 
asset is her people, especially her 
young people, and most of them 
are either in prison or in foreign 
counuies. The dissidents in prison 
are not the ones out to make a 
buck on the street, but those who 
think about the long-term future 
of China." 

It is the perverse logic of our 
global economic system that the 
silencing of those dissident voices 
has served Western interests quite 
well. As Brook stales, "'making 
a million' generally relies on po- 
litical stability, you don't want 
things in political flux. So a lot of 
the arguments about fostering the 
progressive elements of the 
economy in order to improve the 
political environment in China is 
wishful thinking ... [China] as- 
sumes that the restriction of hu- 
man rights has to be part of its 
program for economic moderni- 
zation." 

And why not? The West extols 
South Korea, Taiwan and Thai- 
land as models forChina. Chronic 
human rights abuses and poor 
working conditions are conven- 
iently ignored. As Brook outlines, 
in these nations "huge corpora- 
tions ... have made an enormous 
amount of money [while] work- 
ers' wages have come up very 
slowly over time. Factory labor 
in those countries in not in a very 
good position. And yes, human 
rights violations have been se- 
vere." 

It seems China is to be re- 
signed to this uninviting fate, much like "restless natives" of the 
Imperial Age were obliged with the bludgeon to remain submissive. 
It was racism and greed that were the hallmarks of thai age and the 
international reaction to Tiananmen reeks of that same twin dragon. 

Brook explains, "it's the 'life is cheap' argument, that is [the 
massacre] happened in China, China is a difficult, developing, over- 
populated country, there's so many of them anyway, so let's just put 
it behind us. But I think if a European or North American government 
had acted like the Chinese government has acted for the last four 
years, it would be completely unacceptable ... I think we tend to use 
two standards. Whether it's racism or whether it's simple greed, 
somehow a combination of the two has stopped the international 
community from dealing with Tiananmen." 

And so, four years after the 
Beijing massacre, has the Chi- 
nese government's stratagem suc- 
ceeded? What of amnesia? Cer- 
tainly, the incredible Western 
consensus in China's favour is 
not a good sign. Indeed, anecdo- 
tal evidence is especially grim: 
Beijing stands a good chance of 
winning the year 2000 Olympic 
Games, an enormous public rela- 
tions coup in itself; and only two weeks ago, the Secretary -General of 
the United Nations refused to allow an exiled Tiananmen dissident 
from speaking to journalists at a United Nations building in New 
York. 

Professor Brook summarizes the situation this way, "I don't think 
anybody outside China has forgotten about Tiananmen, but they 
choose not to care about it. They choose to put it in a separate category 
as 'something we no longer worry about' . So the Chinese government 
hasn't convinced us that it didn't happen, but it has convinced us that 
it's in the past and we can all now go forward and make money and 
be happy." 

And that, it seems, is all that really matters. 



by 




10 VARSITY FEATURES 



TUESDAY 8 JUNE 1993 



A monopoly on student poverty 

Feds offering Canada Student Loans to banks and will no longer guarantee the funds 



continued from page 1. 

The proposal, in fact, would raise the loan limit. 

When the revamped program was offered to the banks in February, 
it took some by surprise. According to Galium, a task force made up 
of banks and federal government representatives had been holding 
talks on a potential restructuring of the program since last fall, but 
many of the provisions present in the current document had not been 
on the negotiating table. Barbara Amston, director of financial affairs 
for the Canadian Bankers' Association, the largest lobby association 
for Canadian banks, participated in the original talks. 

"There are losses for the government (in the current program). We 
did not want to eliminate the guarantee. We made suggestions, such 
as having the school provide information about the student to the 
bank, and allowing the bank manager to approve a loan on site. The 
government's approach, however, turned in the middle and they 
decided to continue with only the largest banks." 

First proposed in the December 1992 federal budget, the changes 
in the program are described in a Secretary of State document entitled 
the Request for Financing Canada Student Loans (RPF). The docu- 
ment invites commercial banks, trust companies and credit unions to 
submit bids. According to the RFF, the government's intent in 
revamping the CSLs is to "improve its overall efficiency and enhance 
service to borrowers." 

By March, only two banks, the CIBC and the Royal Bank, were 
asked to continue negotiations with the government. While the RFF 
includes a provision that whatever bank or banks are eventually 
selected to handle the business, they must provide services across 
Canada. But many students could be left without a loan centre in their 
area. 

"Geographically, if only one or two banks are handling it, there 
could be problems for students who don't have that bank in their 
area," says Deanne Fisher, liaison officer for the Association of Part 
Time Students (APUS) at U of T. 

The country's biggest administrator of the loan program, the Bank 
of Monu-eal, submitted a bid. but was rejected. Compared to the 600 
banks now active in administering student loans, having only two 
banks will deprive students of the choice they have been accustomed 
to. And that number could be further reduced. In the RFF, the 
government reserves the right to negotiate an "exclusive arrangement 
for the CSLs portfolio", possibly allowing one bank to monopolize 
the student poverty market. 

The CSL is not exactly a profit making venture for the federal 
government, but as student indebtedness grows, it is turning into big 
business. Since the inception of the program in 1964, $5.9 billion is 
in repayment or has already been repaid. And from 1985, when only 
589 students owed more than $15,000, by 1992, over 6,000 were 




faced with repaying that amount or more. The bank (or banks) which 
eventually wins the bid, will control an additional projected $4 billion 
market over the next five years, and probably be one of the first banks 
students will deal with. The way the banks which won the bid see it 
is that they will have established a relationship with a future affiuent 
client. 

"The student market is a very important one for us. If we can 
provide students with a good experience at the Canada Student Loan 
level, as people get older and move into the job market, they will 
require more banking facilities and hopefully will stick with this 
bank," says Rob McLeod, spokesperson for the CIBC. 



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Highlights of the 
proposed Canada 
Student Loan 
Program 

1 . The federal government 
would no longer gujuantee 
the loans 

2. Eligibility would be 
determined by the federal 
government, with a 
provision allouing the 
banks to turn away those 
who have an "established 
history of credit abuse." 
Credit abuse remains fo be 
defined. 

3. One or two banks, the 
Royal Bank or the CIBC 
will administer all CSLs. 

4. Interest rates will be 
fixed or fioating on full 
time loans. Rates will be 

set based on the prime 
rate, fset by banks based 
on Bank of Canada rates 
and fluctuating with the 

economy), plus two 
percent as opposed to the 
current Government of 
Canada 1-5 year bonds 
plus one percent. 

5. Only interest on part 
Kme loans would be paid 

while students were in 
school, rather than the 
current repayment of 
principal and repayment 
30 days after negotiating 
the loan. 



(Nicole Graham/VS) 



Gillis, however, argues that banks will try to be selective to ensure 
minimum losses. He points to one clause in the proposal in particular, 
which stales that all students deemed eligible by CSL officials to 
receive assistance would be able to negotiate a loan with the bank, 
with the exception "at lenders' discretion (of those who)... have an 
established history of credit abuse." 

"What does credit abuse mean? It is still not defined. Banks could 
refuse those with a history of credit abuse, who had bounced a check, 
or had trouble making payments on a credit card. Ironically this would 
weed out those who really need the money. If a student passes the CSL 
requirement, they may still have to jump through a second hoop to 
meet their banks' standards." 

The government does not deny that if negotiations prove success- 
ful, the private financial sector's involvement in the program will be 
increased. However, while allowing that credit abuse could be a 
reason to deny a loan, Lauren Marcoux, spokesperson for the Secre- 
tary of State, says determining eligibility criteria will remain the sole 
responsibility of the federal government. 

"Eligibility would still be determined by the government to ensure 
lenders would still be provided loans without having to have co- 
signers, or submitting to any of the other regulations usually expected 
in the consumer loan market." 

Marcoux rejects the term "privatization" to refer to the proposal. 
He says the initial aim of the program established by the Diefenbaker 
government in 1964, to provide accessible post secondary education, 
will not be diluted, if negotiations are successful. If anything, the 
effect of what other critics call an inuoisive relationship between 
lenders and borrowers will work to prevent defaults, and ensure 
borrowers continue to have access to loans. 

"The program has always relied on the private sector to administer 
It. In the current scheme, the government interferes to insure that 
students who can' t otherwise get loans, do so. It is in the students' best 
interests to establish a relationship with a bank as it will give 
incentives to prevent defaults." 

He says that the government is planning to apply the savings from 
the government towards eliminating the three per cent service fee. 
That is, if negotiations succeed. None of the banks received the 
government's offer of a five per cent risk premium well. While the 
default rate on CSLs is currently 5.2 percent, almost double the 
consumer loan raie, the government argues that under the new 
program the rate can be reduced to 4.9 per cent. According to some 
reports, however, the banks countered with a premium as high as 30 
percent a year, mostly to cover default rates. 

The banks' concem over defaults is ironic considering their eager- 
ness to capture future consumers. Fisher says while the wealthy 
graduating student has become a banker' s dream, rales of default have 
been exaggerated to the detrimeni of students. 

"What is a default?" asks Fisher. "As soon as a bank has a letter 
returned they count that as a default. So the banks declare a default and 
collect on their guarantee." 

This kind of close examination of default rates, or projected savings 
to the CSLs under the new program, or the probable rise and fall of 
interest rates is missing from the proposal. Marcoux says such studies 
have been done, though he does not have access to the results or their 
nature. Gillis, however, tells the story of a meeting in April convened 
by the National Advisory Group on Financial Assistance, which 
includes student, faculty and banking groups, to address the rumors 
flying at the time about the revamping of the CSLs. 

"We asked the governmental representative what they expect the 
effects of the program will be and they had done no studies on the 
impact. There was complete amazement around the table. The ludi- 
crous thing about this is that all the changes in the program have been 
done with completely no outside consultation with those who know 
the system. The whole debate is based on how can we save some 
money?'. But these changes affect student assistance and accessibil- 
ity." 



s Review 



The Tuesday Edition 
8 June 1993, 



by Mimi Choi 
Varsity Staff 

When in the summer of 1 977 the body of 1 2-year-old Emmanuel 
Jacques was found on the rooftop of a Yonge Street building, the 
subsequent homophobic hysteria marked the incident as an 
epochal event in Toronto history. Inextricably, the eventi>ecame 
linked with the pervasive sloganeering of "Clean Up Yonge 
Street." Jacques had worked as a shoeshine boy but the main- 
stream press at the time (Sun, Stai) could not resist sensationaliz- 
ing the titillating speculation that he had also worked as a 
prostitute, participating in "(homo)sexual orgies." 

The local media, municipal government and establishment 
types implied such activities were representative of the sordid 
Babylon that was Yonge Street. Eventually, three men were 
convicted of the murder. And after the police shut down body- 
rub parlors, bath houses and peep shows, and the Ontario Film 
Censor Board (then led by Mary Brown and now called the 
Ontario Film Review Board) banned Pretty Baby and demanded 
revisions to The Tin Drum, Yonge Street was declared clean and 
fit for decent humans again. 

Sixteen years have provided the critical and historical perspec- 
tive which creators Robin Fulford and Ken McDougall have used 
to develop Civilization of a Shoeshine Boy. 

"The incident struck such an emotional chord in people," 
Fulford recalls. "Why it stayed with me I don't know." 

Others who remembered also saw the incident in a larger 
context. The dynamics of power structures as represented by the 
establishment and the media, was the central tenet expressed in 
a 1981 masters criminology thesis at U of T and a 1985 article 
written by Clobe and Mail art critic John Bentley Mays. Both 
works provided a framework of thought for Fulford and McDougall 
that led to Civilization of a Shoeshine Boy. 

"A lot of things have come together here for Ken and I, both 
artistically and in dealing with violent issues. I see it as a form of 
completion for me as an artist." 

The production may seem weirdly nostalgic to some as the 
Buddies theatre will be transformed into Yonge Street of the mid- 
seventies. For others, the narrative may provide a history lesson. 

"I hadn't thought of it that way," admits Fulford. "But I 
don't want people to think, 'I've just seen a piece of history 
tonight and tomorrow I'm going to the baseball game.' We 
need some kind of discussion with people afterwards to find out 
what they thought. If you're only horrified by this kid being 
killed, you're going to miss what's going on." 

Fulford hopes that through this production to present a critical 
examination of the relationship between the media and readers. 

Believing everything the media says "does nothing except 
create the vision that your society is much more violent than it 
is," Fulford asserts. "You get transfixed on this voyeuristic thing. 



Sex, lies and politics 

Robin Fulford talks about Shoeshine Boy case 




( Mimi ChoiA/S) 



Robin Fulford, co-creator of Civilization. 



There's no analysis." 

lnourdiscussion,theu nexpected spectre of then-mayor David 
Crombie as a political opportunist headed for federal politics 
arises. As a kid, I remember him most as the beloved Tiny Perfect 
Mayor. Fulford casts a different shadow. 

"A report released by the mayor's office just before the 
murder highlighted the clanger of so-called 'places of amuse- 
ment,' body-rub parlors, arcades, peep shows, movie houses. 
But what's he going to do with a report? So he'll get a few 
paragraphs in the paper. Well, that's not going to capture the 
public's attention. All of a sudden, this kid gets killed. Then the 
report's not needed anymore. Then all this stuff can happen, 
which could not have without this incident. And everything falls 
into place very quickly." 

Since the Jacques case, Toronto's population has soared, 
boosting both corporate and bohemian demographics. For those 
who have never seen Yonge Street in the sixties or seventies and 
who may not know about Emmanuel Jacques, a more immediate 
question of historical comparisons arises — does today's Yonge 
Street resemble the former? 

"The irony is that the clean-up of Yonge Street never really did 
happen," Fulford notes. "You walk down there now and 
there's the sex industry and tons of street kids on drugs. A lot of 
the (lurid) businesses were pushed further away. But there was a 
whole type of oppression that came out of the case, that affected 
the gays and artists to a certain extent. The police cracked down, 
hassled a lot more people. They had the leeway to do that more. 
It was done in a way that suggested total agreement. And it made 
Emmanuel Jacques a mythic figure." 



Civilization of a Shoeshine Boy at Buddies in Bad Times, 142 
George St, June 10-20. 




Talking about Nothing 




There's this old joke. A Hollywood agent 
and producer are having lunch. They lament 
the dearth of high-concept product. The kind of 
film that plays in Peoria and yet gets a weighty 
review in The New Yorker. "There's nothi ng 
out there... nothing, " says the agent. "Have 
you heard of this Shakespeare guy?" the pro- 
ducer says. "He wrote tons... serious, roman- 
tic, ftjnny stuff. He's British, so the Oscarthing 
is a giveri." "Is it doable?" the agent asks. 
"Yeah. Besides, he's long dead, so there's 
no chance he'll demand a percentage." 



ISPEAK EASY 

I Jilm Jorum 



Like Shakespeare, Kenneth Branagh, although 
not yet dead, has beetle somewhat of high- 
concept deity in Hollywood. His first film, 
Henry V, wasconsidered the second coming of 
Orson Wei les. So in a town known to occasion- 
ally attempt the credible, Hollywood and 
Kenneth bloom again serious-like this spring 
with the release of Much Ado About Nothing. 
Branagh has made no excuses for the America- 
nizing of the film, particularly in casting seem- 
ingly incongruous Shakespearean actors — 
Keanu Reeves, Michael Keaton, for example. 
The whole project appears destined to bring 
Shakespeare to every mail multiplex near you. 

Critics and audiences have been almost 
unanimous in their praise of the film and 
Branaghmania seems dangerously poised to 
sweep and conquer the land. 

So, at an institution thought to be on the 
cutting edge (or at the very least, desperate to 
find any excuse to be na^). The Varsity en- 
couraged Simona Chiose, Brian Di Leandro, 
and Anne Castelino to discuss the merrts (or 
lack of) the film, and the state of Hollywood. 

Way self-indulgent, it's true, but it's sum- 
mer and we've got so much time on our 
hands. 

BD: Much Ado About Nothing seems less tike 
a film and more like a two-hour commercial for 



Tourism Italy. Everyone is seriously tanned and 
bound for love, k should have been retitled in 
Praise of Folly. Bat that isn't what Shake- 
speare's play is about. Branagh seems certain 
that the film has to be sa fely enjoyable. Every-- 
one, it seems, has to truly love this film. Yet it is 
ultimately so vacuous and the good feelings it 
managesseemso forced. A lighthearted, vaguely 
intellectual summer-date film. 
AC: I liked it, it seems, for the very reasons 
Brian disliked it, like the way it plays to the 
audience. It's meant to be fun. If a strong 
moral agenda became the centre of the film, it 
would be overburdened and somewhat dull. At 
the same time It's not completely devoid of 
ethics. Do you thir»k Brana^'s focus on the 
enjoyment of the audience dieapens it? 
SC: 1 don't think you have to took for directo- 
rial intent to be able to criticize a film for 
condescendingto its audience. WhetherBranagh 
intended the film to have the effect of patroniz- 
ing the audience or not, it does. Forme, thefilm 
was similar to a staged production, like a filmed 
travelogue. But it was not a film in the classical 
sense. 

AC: Yes, it had a couple of landscape vistas. So? 
I thought that was beautiful. If you want to see 
the ugly realities of the world go see Bad 
Lieutenant. It is important that both types of 
films are made. Life is variety. 
BD: No one has questioned why Branagh de- 
cided to film Much Ado About Nothing. The 
play, I think, is minor Shakespeare. It does, 
though, have a great deal of mystery and con- 
fused identities, and betrayal. Branagh cut out 
what seems essential to the play. Instead, he 
decided to play off the personalities of the 
actors. Keaton's character is essentially a me- 
dieval Beetlejuice, while Emma Thompson's 
strong spirit seems to be simply an extension of 
her real personality. Everything is shot in close 
up to accent our familiarity with the actor. It's 
shoddy shorthand. 

AC: I've always thought that the play lacked 
a deep message. I don't think mystery is really 
important. For example, the romance and be- 
trayal plot between Hero and Claudio is really 
a subplot 

SC: In terms of the Hero-Claudio relationship, 
there are elements that I found problematic, 
such as Hero's public humiliation after Claudio 
believes she betrayed him. And yet despite her 



public humiliation. Hero is happy to redeem 
herself by dying and thus reconquer Claudio. 
When i saw the film, 1 ignored the implications 
of the sequence. But then I read the [Village] 
Voice review, which points out that the film 
ignores the "inherent patriarchal sexism". 
AC: I didn't find that sexism in the film. 
Hero's chastity is presented and It Is left up to 
the audience to decide its merit. The portrayal 
of the feminine element in the film does not 
really revolve around Hero. The really strong 
female character is Beatrice. Hero is a weak 
character and she's really only a foil for 
Beatrice. Beatrice is a vital, independent 
woman. While it's true she gets married, but 
it's her choice. I viewed Beatrice as a wonder- 
ftil feminist icon. 

BD: But I don't really regard the film as a 
feminist tract. 

AC: it doesn't have to be a feminist tract. At the 
end, you're inclined to feel sympathetic to- 
wards Beatrice and Benedict. They're the ones 





in rivy 



you tike and who have the most impact Beatrice 
is a very independent kind of person. 
SC: I wonder if your impression of Beatrice's 
independence comes out of knov^nng Emma 
Thompson as an actress, and the roles she has 
played before. If s more her personality — the" 
type she has become known for, rather than 
something Branagh invests in the script. 
AC: Not necessarily. I think if you read the play, 
it's brought out in the original Shakespeare 

KTipt. 

SC: In Much Ado, unlike Henry V, Branagh does 
not even try to make a "film." He simply films 
theatre v^^ife using the special effects of 
filmmaking, like high-crane shots. You see 
Branagh enter stage left, exit stage right, etc. And 



even though it lacks any kind of cinematic 
quality, critics love the film. It isn't criticized 
for being static or flaL 

BD: Critics latch on to it because it's easy to 
talk about. If ifs Shakespeare and Branagh, 
it's got to be good. They are simply able to say 
it's worth $8 and it merits eight out of ten 
popcorn boxes. That kind of absence of true 
critical insight is a large part of the demise of 
cinema. 

AC: So you mean when people, including 
critics, go and see this film they have already 
decided that they're going to like it simply 
because it's surrounded by the air of respect- 
ability both Shakespeare and Brana^ lends it? 
BD: There's nothing unlikable about it. It's 
crafted to please. You couldn't possibly be 
disappointed by the film, you're set up to 
laugh in the right places and clearly meant to 
embrace the lovers. A film, and this one in 
particular, doesn't require a heavy-handed 
message, but it should attempt something, take 
chances at the very least. I pre- 
fer Shakespeare on stage. Of- 
ten directors there set it in dif- 
ferent periods, the future for 
example. That's interesting. 
When Olivier or Welles did 
Shakespeare, it wasn't just a 
filmed play. It becomes some- 
thing completely new and dif- 
^ ferent. Shakespeare should be 
" ' tested, like what Gus Van 
Sant's My Own Private Idaho 
did with the Falstaff story. I like 
_ '^^^ ^^^^ Shakespeare is 

strong enough that you can bend it and twist it 
and make it into something completely differ- 
ent and ifs still remains very vital. But what 
Branagh did was a total disservice to it Shake- 
speare seems dead. 

AO I guess a lot of people see filming Shake- 
speare as cheapening it, making it very acces- 
sible, but thaf s not a disservice, I do like the 
idea of challenging Shakespeare, And I also 
like the idea of playing to the audience. But 
Shakespeare shouldn't be limited to the stage 
Fihn is the new medium. The product ^ould 
be acce^ible to as wide an audience as possi- 
ble. 

SC: But don't you think there is a target 

Please see Ken & Bill, page 1 2, 



12 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY 8 JUNE 1993 



Ken & Bill & Emma, 
Brian & Simona 
& Anne 



Continued from page 1 1 . 
audience? 
AC: It's everyone. Branagh isn't 
elitist about Shakespeare. The film 
is so campy — really exa^erated. It 
takes on romance and its rituals. It 
doesn't consider itself quite so 
precious. 

SC: It is in the same category as 
Howards End boomer product Like 
the travel book A Year in Provence 
or A Year in Tuscany. 
BD: At least there are subtleties in 
Howards End. tt was interestingsirKe 
it didn't utterly overlook being in 
genious. Do you really think the 
film is "camp"? Branagh's dead 
serious. I don't think the film is 
instilled with any "camp' sensi- 
bilities. It lacks the kind of ironic 
distance needed for camp. Camp is 
John Waters (Cry Baby) or Jack Smith 
(Flaming Creatures). 
AC: Branagh's serious about it 
being camp. Much Ado About Noth- 
ing completely makes fun of the 
rituals of dating game and under- 
cuts the nature of romance. 
H>. Qxild we di.qnFB tlie natxire of 

film , jh tI i ni1ar-Ty in tlE IDTEtifiS.? 

AC: Films in the nineties. Very often 
the film industry, it seems, has cho- 
sen to dictate what the audience 
should consider important. 
Howards frTd, for example. But that 
kind of manufactured cinematic sig- 
nificance doesn't necessarily 
mean that a film is good. 
BD: Marketing, it seems, is ruining 
film. If a film can attract, through its 
stars, a huge audience, then it's 
considered successful. Like in The 
Player. No one wouki think a project 
viable if Julia Roberts wasn't at- 
tached. Now, because o^Entertain- 
ment Tonight, everyone knows 
whose bankable and who's not. 
Look atthe summer films — with Sly, 
Arnold, Steven Seagal, Tom Cruise 
— these are films designed, alnrnjst 
orchestrated, not to fail, by having 
huge stars hopefully pull in a large 
audience. If it isn't stars who make 
a film necessary and important, it's 
how much commercial product tie- 
in exists. Look at Jurassic Park. It 
cost $60 million to make and is now 
part of huge merchandising cam- 
paign. McDonalds, Universal 
Theme Park all have commercial 
tie-ins. They'll have dinosaurs put 
on everything in sight not only to 
recoup the money spent, but to in- 
sure a huge profit is made. There's 
so little concern with product that, 
sadly, when a film marginally inter- 
esting like Much Ado About Noth- 
i ng is released, its framed as though 
it were high art. 

• * « * • 

The three writers continued to 
debate the state of film. All agreed 
that film, with few exceptions, has 
been left in the hands of MBA mar- 
keting schmucks who can only see 
{and are somewhat obscenely fix- 
ated) on the bottom line. Film seems 
depressingly predictable. Bruce 
V^illis continues to earn $5 or $6 
million dollars per picture, yet they 
remain rrwstly unwatchable. With 
the advent of test marketing, films 
can (and are frequently) be rewrit- 
ten and reshot because an audierKe 
in Santa Monica find a downbeat 
ending depressing and confusing. 

There's a whole lot of despair in 
Hollywood. Every director, writer 
and agent in town wants to create 
art — to be responsible for the new 
Citizen Kane. But art isn't cheap. It 
frequently fails to recoup its initial 
investment 



Thanks to Brian, Simona and Anne 
for participating and Ceorgiana 
Uhlyarik for her transcription as- 
sistance. 



Lesbianism ? Big whoop l 



by Ingrid Ancevich 



Three of Hearts is almost a novelty in 
present-day Hollywood. It manages 
to portray a lesbian relationship with- 
out presenting the characters as if 
their sexual orientation were their life. 
Instead, Connie (Kelly Lynch) and Ellen 
(Sherilyn Fenn) are women who live 
from day to day without being ruled 
by their gay identities. 

The relationship between Connie 
and Ellen is treated with the normalcy 
Hollywood usually allows a hetero- 
sexual union. This is not constantly 
reiterated to the viewer, however; it is 
instead a thread of consistency which 
exists as an undercurrent to the film. 

In the opening scene Connie is left 
utterly distraught by Ellen jilting her. 
She is also in need of someone to 
accompany her to a family wedding. 



She hires Joe (William Baldwin), a 
male escort, to take Ellen's place. 
Unexpectedly, Connie and Joe bond 
and the two concoct a plan where Joe 
will lure Ellen and then break her 
heart, ensuring that she will immedi- 
ately run back to Connie. 

What actually occurs is of course 
more complicated. It is here that the 
film becomes a romance with more 
than a touch of melodrama. Thank- 
fully, this never borders on the soppy. 
The viewer becomes totally involved 
in the performances of Baldwin, Fenn 
and Lynch. There is a superior script 
(written by Adam Greenman and 
Mitch Glazer) at work here as well as 
competent and innovative direction 
by Yurek Bogayevicz. 

Throughout his exploration, an at- 
mosphere of emotional intensity is 
created by Bogayevicz. The anguished 
overtones of the film's musical 




"WaK, Billy, I'm a lesbian, ..er a bisexual, er.... 



Chopper crashes 

by Asiya Khalid 

Is there anyone in the city of Toronto who hasn't heard of Miss Saigon, the 
Princess of Wales Theatre and, of course, the helicopter which lands on stage? 
Imagine, a brand new theatre was built just to accommodate the production. 
The giant posters, billboards, TV and newspaper ads all promised a musical 
unlike any other the city had ever seen. I was one of the lucky people who went 
to see Miss Saigon the second night. My friends and I were thrilled to be going 
to a show sold out until next year, breaking box office records, and making 
millions even before the theatre existed. 

To celebrate the occasion I bought a new dress, made dinner reservations at 
one of Mirvish's restaurants (of course) and made an appointment with my 
hairdresser. I proudly announced to anyone interested, "I'm going to see 
Miss Saigonl" My hairdresser was impressed: "AVow I wish I could afford to 
go." 

Wait a minute, I thought, would I go through so much trouble and money 
if I was going to see Shakespeare in the Park? Not likely. But I pushed such trivial 
thoughts out of my mind and proceeded to become immersed in Miss Saigon. 
Finally I arrived at the new Princess of Wales Theatre. 

Everyone was bubbling with anticipation. Women in their best clothes, men 
mingling with friends, refreshments in hand. This is so nice, we all agreed. The 
theatre accommodates 2000 people, and yet I couldn't help but feel slightly 
claustrophobic in what I thought was a cramped theatre. However, I had come 
to see Miss Saigon and I relaxed in my seat ready for an evening of theatre. Let 
it begin, I said to myself as the lights went down. 

Then it was over. Miss Saigon can be best described as the most forgettable 
show I have ever seen. Nothing in the show moved me enough to remember 
it later. The music and the acting were average. The storyline, although 
powerful in itself, failed to engage me for more than a few minutes. And the 
helicopter scene .... Well folks, it is not even a standard size helicopter. And, 
I suspect, helicopter is not even real and sound effects just added. It is brought 
down on the stage, the actors pretend to climb into it, and then it disappears 
back up. And honestly, since when is a helicopter supposed to inspire great 
theatre anyway? It was a great gimmick though. Technically the show was 
remarkable. But that is no surprise in 1 993. Is it art or drama? No, it is merely 
spectacle which is probably the least significant element of theatre. 

Miss Saigon essentially lacks what theatre is all about: plot, action and 
characters, where artists have to rely on they own abilities, not a lavish set 
design and helicopters. 

In press releases, the publicity people boasted about the largeness of the new 
theatre, the enormity of the production - Bigger is better? But what really 
disturljed me was the claim the Miss Saigon was "Powerful Drama." Miss 
Saigon is a money making machine. It is about money, money and more 
money. Millions have gone into the production, and millions have been made 
by it. Anyone who can afford the price should go and see it. But do not expect 
to experience catharsis. Miss Saigon is mildly entertaining when one has no 
artistic expectations. 

At curtain call, I applauded along with everyone else. But I applauded not 
the perfomerson stage, but those involved who created an ingenious campaign 
to sell Miss Saigon. They managed to convince everyone that Miss Saigon was 
the hottest ticket in town, and worth all the money theat had gone into it. 
Congratulations to all those who have made Miss Saigon a great financial 
success - in a city plagued by recession. We applaud you. 




Gigolo Billy Baldwin proves he can break hearts...and type too! 

soundtrack (Sting's sultry ballad "Shape of My Heart " is a definite highlight 
here) as well as the exteriors, shot in the romantic crispness of a New York 
autumn, evoke a distinctive ambience. This is an achievement for what is 
primarily a product of Hollywood. Furthermore, it is highly complementary to 
Connie's deep felt nostalgia for her love of Ellen, as well as to the tumultuous 
c;purtship between Joe and Ellen. 

All in all, Three of^Hearts is a romantic warmedy which impressively escapes 
from many a cliche. Although it possesses a definite foreign flavour (Polish 
Bogayevicz's previous direction was Anna), this is not a film about which one 
should philosophize. It is instead an emotionally fulfilling as well as a highly 
enjoyable summer movie. 



Falling Off The Map 

Pico Iyer 

Knopf Canada 




In his latest book. Falling Off The Map, travel writer Pico Iyer, author of 
Video Night in Kathmandu, journeys to some of the world's more remote 
and less visited destinations, places you wouldn't normally think of going 
to for a vacation or indeed for any particular reason. Iyer, however, is driven 
by a need to find out exactly what these places are like, why hardly any one 
ever goes there and what kind of effect isolation has on their inhabitants. 
These are what Iyer calls "lonely places." 

He visits Cuba, where he finds "shortages of everything, except ironies," 
policemen who speak German and generally the 1 950s preserved in a big 
lump of amber. He visits North Korea and finds a soul less Stal inist emptiness 
filled only with monuments to its ruler, the dictator Kim II Sung. Argentina, 
in contrast, despite teetering on the edge of political and economic collapse, 
appears to be populated by pseudo-Europeans trying their darnedest to live 
out a long since passed golden age. They sit around in cafes, wear expensive 
haute couture clothes and are generally oblivious to things such as, oh, I 
don't know, 400 million percent inflation. 

Elsewhere, Iyer visits the almost incomprehensible fascinating bizarre- 
ness that is Iceland - a place where dogs are apparently illegal - and 
compares notes from his previous sojourn there, when it never got dark, to 
this visit, when it never gets light. He is filled with wonder at the results of 
Bhutan's self-imposed exile from the rest of the world and feels a mixture 
of pity and admiration for Paraguay, a place where although everybody's 
corrupt, they are at least honest about it. He clears up some misconceptions 
about Vietnam's suitability for tourism (yes, it's safe, but the infrastruc- 
ture isn't really in place). And he finally muses on the sheer enormity of 
Australia as seen from its centre, where the history of Australia as a nation 
is dwarfed by the immensity of its history as a continent. 

Falling Off The Map is a very entertaining read, if only for the patent 
absurdities that Iyer cannot help encountering in his travels, and refreshing 
in that it has nothing to do with anything as tawdry as tourism in the (Insert 
Name of Country Here) On $5 A Day sense of the word. Like Last Places, 
Lawrence Millman's travelogue of his trip around the Arctic Circle, Iyer's 
book contemplates the way in which some places are cut off, voluntarily or 
not, from the rest of the world while still finding proof here and there of the 
inexorable intrusion of Western culture into all corners of the world. 

Larry Koch 




TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 



Sweet loathing, dear Hungary 

Director Istvan Szabo examines post-communist life in Sweet Emma, Dear Bobe 



by Steve Gravestock 
Varsity Staff 

When the Berlin Wall fell and the Communist 
bloc collapsed, the West breathed a collective 
sigh of relief and went about business as usual, 
assuming that the advent of capitalist democ- 
racy would solve everything. It didn't. 

Instead, the change unleashed ethnic and 
racial tensions that had been percolating under 
the surface for decades, even centuries, with the 
devastating force of an unleashed historical id. 
Hungarian filmmaker Istvan Szabo (Mephisto, 
Meeting Venus) focuses on more quotidian prob- 
lems than civil war in his latest work. Sweet 
Emma, Dear Bobe. As he presents it, the situa- 
tion in Hungary may be less drastic but it's not 
exactly heartening. 

"After World War II, people were sure that 
the problems were over," Szabo says, using the 
recent rise in European Neo-Nazism as an ex- 
ample. "Now, we have to see that the problems 
are still alive." 

For Szabo's protagonists the problems are 
social and economic. With the collapse of Rus- 
sian influence, Emma Qohanna Ter Steege) and 
Bobe (Eniko Borcsok) — who taught Russian 
under the old regime — find themselves obso- 
lete. They were never particularly wealthy, but 
now even their social status is tenuous, and their 
self-respect diminishes daily. Emma clings to 
her position, learning English, the latest lan- 
guage of choice, at a frantic desperate pace. 



while the more pragmatic Bobe picks up for- 
eigners and dabbles in black market currency. 

In her big speech, Bobe lectures Emma, "For- 
get words like solidarity, unselfishness and 
col lecti vity — they've lost thei r mean i ng nowa- 
days. You're judged by what you've got." 

"It's a real vacuum for values in the former 
Communist countries," explains Szabo. "Peo- 
ple are tired and fed up with ideological things 
and the morale is gone also. Their religion, after 
45 years of Communist rule, has lost its influ- 
ence. 

"The new morale — it's like in a dark forest 
where people are a little bit confused about 
values. The only knowledge they have is that, if 
you have money, that's what comes through." 

The only time a pre-Communist value shows 
up in the film, it's connected to money and 
seems rather ftjtile, a step backward into an 
irrecoverable past. Emma's mother wants her 
to return to their small peasant village because 
the government is returning the land national- 
ized under Communist rule. (The film's visual 
metaphor for the situation is a recurring, unset- 
tling dream sequence where Emma sees herself 
sliding down a mountainside with nothing to 
hang onto.) 

Emma's and Bobe's situation is further 
complicated by the infighting at the school 
where they work. Thei r co-workers harass Emma 
and Bobe because they're easy targets, having 
been rendered immediately obsolete, and be- 
cause ittakes their mind offtheirown situation. 

Moreover, as Szabo points out, it's a means 




of avoiding responsibility and self-reflection. 
"People attack each other because it's easier 
to find an enemy than honestly look at yourself 
in the mirror and admityou did the same things." 

Emma's situation is complicated by the re- 
fusal of her married lover, the headmaster (Peter 
Andorai), to have anything more to do with her. 
He tells her he's afraid of scandal, that his 
position is at risk because he's considered a 
man of the old regime, and he feigns amaze- 
ment at her avid pursuit — he suggests that she 
wants him because of his position. The situation 
is, however, far more complex. "It's love," 
explains Szabo. What the headmaster says, "is 



only a very dirty way of escape. It's a love 
that's still alive after two years, but now it's 
become uncomfortable for him, and he wants to 
finish it." 

The only constant is the friendship between 
thetwo women. When Bobe isdisgraced, Emma 
stands by her. It's the only source ofhope inan 
uncompromisingly bleak letter from contempo- 
rary Europe. 

Asked why there were no examples of people 
who'd benefitted from the recent political 
changes, Szabo replied, "Because there aren't 
any." 



Engines roar at home 

Talking with 13 Engines' front man John Critchley 



by Mimi Choi 
Varsity Staff 

No matter how big 1 3 Engines become, I'll always think of them 
as local guys, and for the last five years, my favourite local band. 
It isn't just because they are from Toronto and still call it home 
or that they still do the Queen West club circuit (playing the 
Edgewater and Ultrasound recently). There's something totally 
Toronto in their sound and sensibilities. They make me think of 
the white boy teen dream that starts out listening to Led Zep and 
maybe the Ramones in a wood-panelled rec room, perfecting air- 
guitar solos and then graduating to the real thing in a garage band 
with a few pals, including the guy who sits at the back of the 
classroom bongo-ing tothe rhythm of his bobbing head. This may 
sound like a dated cliche, but this was almost the year of the Leafs, 
so I like to think of it as the apotheosis of all things Canadian. 

On my fifth or sixth listen to the Engines' latest album. 
Perpetual Motion Machine, I've warmed up to the record, but 
it's nowhere near as grabby as their early stuff. I still hold a soft 
spot for their first album. Before Our Time, which contains their 
paean to obsessive relationships, "End of Your Chain," and the 
gothic-pop classic, "Annabel Lee," with lyrics from Edgar Allan 




John Critchley plays the roadhouse blues. 



Poe's poem. 

I meet lead singer and guitarist John Critchley just before their 
Edgewater show in April. Wearing tight black jeans and cowboy 
boots, Critchley is beyond grunge, beyond alternative, 
just.-.classic. And this is a boy proud to call this city home. While 
veterans around town, 1 3 Engines are seen as a new act across the 
States, where their recent tour with Pere Ubu evoked the usual 
longings of home. 

"Usually, it's really great to come home to Toronto," says 
Critchley. "I can remember once when we were in the U.S. for 
a long time and we were coming home and it was just before 
Christmas and we finally got across the border at Buffalo or 
something. We put the radio on to CBC AM 740 and the Air Farce 
was on. And it was like, 'Ah, we're home now.'" 

These days, they're sticking closer to home, with one date out 
west and a handful nearby. They'll be part of the lineup of 
Edgefest, July 1 -2 at Ontario Place. 

Together since 1986, the band has outlived many of their 
Queen Street contemporaries like Plasterscene Replicas or Chalk 
Circle. "But we have no grand plan," Critchley asserts. He 
attributes the band's longevity to the friendships between band 
members. 

That and also hard work and seriousness. "It's not just a 
thing to do for a year and then go back to school." 

It is well worth noting that the recording history of 1 3 Engines 
has been a dramatic one. Like many Canadian bands, they had 
to go to the States to make their first record, though the Engines 
had to venture only as far as Ann Arbor, Michigan. Their 
subsequent releases, Byram Lake Blues and A Blur to Me Now, 
were released in the U.S. with SBK, a label they've recently 
parted from. 

As Critchley laconically drags on his cigarette, we are sur- 
rounded by typical soundcheck noises. And it is apparent that 
band and crew are enjoying themselves. This makes a lot of sense 
since it is really the live shows that seem to hold the band together 
and draw audiences back. The Engines put on a tight, slick 
performance with some witty repartee between Critchley and 
drummer Grant Ethier. 

Another feature of their live shows is how Critchley himself is 
known for evoking Jim Morrison. Mention of this provokes a bit 
of embarrassed laughter. 

"I think that's funny. We're more of a band and some of 
our songs are kind of dramatic, like the Doors, but that's 
dynamics. I'm not into thinking I'm a shaman on stage, 
exorcising my demons. I like the Doors' music and I've seen 
concert footage. But I can also see the humorous angle, the 
pretentious, bloated aspect, and I don't like that. Maybe some- 
one might think I have some physical resemblance, but it's not 
part of our trip at all." 

No matter what you think of 1 3 Engines' records or videos, 
go see them live to decide for sure. Yell out "Jim Morrison!" to 
make things more interesting. Okay, I guess I should let that one 
rest. 



Sonic Youth's European 
Vacation 

Sonic Youth in 1991 : The Year Punk Broke 

Geffen Home Video 

Despite the Sex Pistols-style ransom note graphics on the box. 
Sonic Youth's latest video offering has essentially nothing to 
do with punk rock beyond a shared philosophy of "do it 
yourselP' and a wilfully untutored approach to musicianship. 
The band is probably aware of the ludicrousness of the idea 
that punk could finally be breaking through and enjoying 
mass acceptance. After all, how long ago did punk begin? 
1976? 

Thurston Moore's ramblings about how he sees SY and 
theirtourmates as rebelling against "the establishment," and 
their parents, grow tedious. What he's really complaining 
about is that punk no longer seems dangerous when bands 
such as Megadeth and Motley Crue are performing covers of 
"Anarchy In The U.K." and that his favourite music is 
suddenly popular with people other than himself and his 
kindred spirits. When he attempts to interview a bunch of 
German teenagers, aski ng them whether they agree that "we 
should destroy the record companies," it's difficult to know 
what's more irritating — his hypocrisy or their apathy. Think, 
Thurston: who made it possible for you to make this film? 
What major label are you signed to? 

The truth of the matter is that the "Youth" are getting less 
youthful — at 40, Kim Gordon could be someone's mum, 
albeit a fairly cool one - and with the passing of time they are 
bound not to seem so revolutionary. Only Thurston Moore 
seems young, but that's because he acts like an overgrown 
adolescent twerp right from his opening nonsensical mono- 
logue through to his Ugly American tour of the funfairs and 
sausage vendors of Germany and his proclivity for bewilder- 
ing passersby everywhere. 

In fact, the only moments of comic relief and between-song 
levity are provided by newer, younger bands whose live 
performances are thankfully included on this tour film. Nir- 
vana especially are hilarious to watch, both onstage and off, 
and in fact they are seriously in danger of upstaging the 
headliners as they turn it into their own laff-fest. SeeChrisand 
Dave engage in backstage food shenanigans in Holland! 
Watch as Chris and Kurt conti nue to play as the former carries 
the latter on his shoulders! Snicker as Chris pokes fun at a 
Belgian reporter! Plusthefamousequipment-smashing scenes 
you've come to know and love! 

We also get to see Dinosaur jr's J. Mascis (and I'm only 
putting in the period after the "J" just to piss him ofO in his 
pre-ego-tripping "legendary rock god in my own mind" 
phase, plus footage of Babes in Toyland, Gumball, Mark Arm 
of Mudhoney blowing his nose. Bob Mould eating and those 
venerable purveyors of Ye Olde Punke Rocke, the Ramones. 

The remarkable thing about the film is that while Thurston 
Moore doesn't get any more bearable in the transition from 
big to small screen, the hand-held camera style director Dave 
Markey seems so fond of no longer results in disorientation, 
but becomes more watchable, as if you're viewing some- 
one's home movies. 

Larry Koch 



14 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



Now Ain't 
the Time For 
Your Tears 

Wendy James 

MCA 

When Elvis Costello sat down 
to write a package of tunes for 
the former in-yer-face tart of 
Transvision Vamp, the musical 
sparks must have been flying. 
Costel lo pi npoi nts the strengths 
of James' persona — her i rony, 
wit, and self-confident sexual- 
ity — and crafts an album of 



Instrumental rock doesn't 
have a great rep, and deserv- 
edly so. After all, the principal 
figures in the genre range from 
the ultra-nerdy (surfers Dick 
Dale and the Deiltones) to the 
pompous post-modern (the 
Lounge Lizards) to the just 
barely al ive (Robert Fripp). With 
this sort of history, it would be 
amazing if local band Shad- 
owy Men even produced a 
semi-credible effort. Instead, 
bucking the tradition, they've 
produced some true blue rock 
and roll, and their sense of pop 
song structure rivals the origi- 
nal New York Dolls. Expand- 




songs that demand a singer of 
brilliance beyond vamp. Most 
of the time, James is more than 
up to the challenge, and as she 
struts, pouts, and sneers through 
the ten tracks of this debut solo 
album, she pushes herself into 
new and rewarding territory. 
Of course, the familiar Wendy 
bubbles through, as she an- 
nounces in "Fill in the 
Blanks": "And I won't be 
told by new recruits/ Not to 
drop my 'haitches' or to 
show my roots'/ 'Cos 
you're not fit to lick my lovely 
little leather boots." Get in line 
for the boot-lickingand album- 
buying, 'cause now /sthetime 
for your ears. 

Amber Golem 



Sport Fishin' 

Shadowy Men on a 
Shadowy Planet 

Cargo/MCA 



ing and contracting, stretching 
out or sticking to formula, these 
songs have the impact of buck- 
shot blasting through a titanium 
funnel. That said, they ain't 
short on humour either. Buy it, 
hum it, memorize it, get your 
wah-wahs out. 

5feve Gravestock 



Against 
Perfection 

Adorable 

Creation/SBK 

Profiting from the time off that 
other bands on England's 
Creation label seem to be tak- 
ing at the moment (Ride, 
Slowdive, the Telescopes, et 
al.). Adorable, led by a guy 
called Piotr Fijalkowski (a name 
with real "star quality," 
don't you think?) decide to 



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capitalise on the absence of 
those whose little gimmicks 
they amalgamate intotheirown 
style. This means that the 
band's stylistic repertoire in- 
cludes the "sudden bursts of 
noise countered by quiet bits" 
trick and accelerating song 
endings patented by Ride, 
while Piotr sings with the dic- 
tion of Julian Cope and the 
Stone Roses' Ian Brown. 
Adorable are one of those 
bands whose image is a tangle 
of accoutrements assembled 
from other bands' haircuts 
(the Stone Roses), guitars (the 
House of Love) and every- 
body's striped T-shirts. Hell, 
even the lower-case sleeve ty- 
pography is copped from fel- 
low SBKers Blur. 

However, if you are prepared 
to ignore the temptation to play 
spot-the-influence (which is 
pretty tempting), or if you 
don't know any better, the 
band's songs contain some 
nifty moments, some of which 
manage to fill entire songs. 
"Sunshine Smile" contains a 
cavernous, chiming guitar 
break reminiscent of the House 
of Love's "Christine." Sorry, 
there I go again, but they used 
to be on Creation too. Anyway, 
"Glorious," "Favourite 
Fallen Idol" and "Still Life," 
are pretty impressive, but it's 
hard not to think Creation isn't 
playing it safe by signing a band 
that so stereotypes the label's 
sound. 

Larry Koch 



Bubbles 
Scrape 

Sebadoh 

Sub Pop/Cargo 



Episode XXVIII: In which ex- 
Dinosaur Jr bassist Lou Barlow 
and h is two chums put together 
another piece of band democ- 
racy (in terms of songwriting) 
and unleash another collec- 
tion of melodies buried in dis- 
sonance upon an ever-increas- 
ingly appreciative world. 
Bandmate Eric Gaffney's 
songs are the most challeng- 
ing/irritating. Seana Carmody, 
of fellow Bostonian racket- 
makers the Swirlies, appears 
on one of the songs. Enjoyable 
in small doses. 

Larry Koch 



Fireboy 

G.W. McLennan 

PolyGram 

Throughout his career, G.W. 
McLennan has always been 
keenly aware of the power of 



understatement, conscious of 
the impact of spaces within a 
score and unspoken emotions. 
As a result, the impression 
Fireboy makes on the ears is 
something akin to a slow-burn- 
ing log. McLennan takes a 
handful of potential cliches — 
the sensitive singer-songwriter, 
the strum of an acoustic guitar, 
stories of love gone wrong — 
and transforms them with quiet 
brilliance into a very fine (and 
refined) album. An essential 
among this year's releases to 



date. 



Amber Golem 



Rid Of Me 

P.J. Harvey 

Island 

Eschewing the churning 
sonic ugliness of her debut. 
Dry, Polly Harvey and Co. have 
enlisted knob-twister (and some 



would say justplain all-around 
knob) Steve Albini to tighten 
up the band's sound on this, 
their sophomore major-label 
effort. The effect is noticeable 
from the opening title track, 
which begins as a quiet whis- 
per with subdued guitar click- 
ing and bursts into a walloping 
drums-and-bass onslaught in 
the chorus and drops back 
again, creating much the same 
effect that Albini did on the 
Wedding Present's 
Seamonsters. 

Elsewhere, the characteris- 
tic loping, lopsided rhythms 
and searing guitar buzz remain 
intact, with occasional scrap- 
ing cello interludes. Harvey's 
songwriting has become 
stronger while still exploring 
the dynamics and tensions in- 
herent in male-female relation- 
ships and the female experi- 
ence. 

Larry Koch 




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Stories from Bloo(j & Aphorisms 

edited by Timothy Paleczny 

Steel Rail Publishing/Gutter Press 



The literary journal Blood & 
Aphorismshas launched its first 
collection of short stories. Sto- 
ries from Blood & Aphorisms 
containing the work of twenty 
new Canadian writers. 

The number of writers in this 
collection who cite Franz Kafka 
as a literary influence is suffi- 
ciently high to sound a few 
alarm bells in my head, or at 
least make me reach for a can 
of Raid roach repellent. But 
fear not, there is no excess 
metaphorical use of insects 
within the collection of short 
stories. Many of the stories are 
successful in tantalising the 
reader and leaving one want- 
ing more. A few are disappoint- 
ing: too glib and prone to cli- 
che, leaving you wanting that 
Raid can again. 

Some of the stories, Hilary 
G. Clark's "As I See Her" 
and Steven Manners' 
"Wound Ballistics," suffer for 
lack of depth: too few words to 
create a convincing other 
world. 

Others shine and the anthol- 
ogy does succeed at becoming 
a showcase for new and note- 
worthy talent. Ken Spalding's 
"Fat Fuckin' Fred" and 
Patricia Hunter's "Lucky's 
War Story" are shining exam- 
ples of twisted wit and mastery 
of the craft of short but sweet. 



Gary Levy's "Momma's 
Trouble" deftly examines our 
desire to live the life of the 
mythical family-next-door. 
With tender humour that cuts 
to the bone he shakes a finger 
at anyone deluded enough to 
think it possible. Patricia Hunt- 
er's "Lucky's War Story" 
teases the stereotype of the 
macho, untouchable male war 
correspondent, and the bad guy 
turns out to be a chick in con 
artist's clothing. There is cer- 
tainly enough wit and skill ex- 
hibited within the collection to 
keep the pages turning. 

As a book, there is a lack of 
rhythm from story to story. For 
those of us more fond of the 
novel than the short story it is 
displeasing to jolt from one plot 
to another, one weak — one 
charming. What I like ends 
before I am satiated and what I 
dislike smacks me in the fac^to 
remind me that it's over. It's 
sort of like watching television 
with someone who is a con- 
stant channel-flipper and 
won't let you hold the remote 
control. 

And yet the purpose of the 
book, and the journal which 
spawned it, is to nurture and to 
showcase new talents and for 
that it is both successful and 
enjoyable. 

Jane Martin 



TUESDAYS JUNE 1993 



Cdn. Soccer team has another try 



BY Andrew Male 
Varsity Staff 

The saga continues. Last month at Var- 
sity Stadium, Canada's national soccer 
team failed to clinch a berth in next 
year's World Cup and will have to try 
again later this summer. 

The Mexican squad defeated Canada 
2- 1 , led by an aging Hugo Sanchez, who, 
for those of you familiar with European 
soccer and Real Madrid, made a name 
for himself by flipping head over heels 
after scoring every one of his many 
goals. 

In one of Varsity Stadium's rare sell- 
outs, the Canadians went ahead in the 
first half on a goal by forward Alex 
Bunbury, presently a player with West 
Ham United, a team which was recently 
promoted to the English Premiere Divi- 
sion. 

Before the end of the half, Mexico 
came back to tie the game with a goal 
and a flip from the aforementioned 
Sanchez. 

In the second half, despite several 
good scoring chances, the Canadians 
went down by another goal. In a desper- 
ate move, Canada 'pulled' its goalkeeper, 
Craig Forrest, in order to send him into 
Mexico's penalty area, hoping that the 



team's tallest player could head in a 
comer kick. The tactic failed and Forrest 
had to scramble back to an empty Cana- 
dian net, as time ran out on Canada. 

But all is not lost. Canada will further 
its chance to qualify for USA '94 if the 
team defeats its next opponent — the 
winner of the Oceana group, either Aus- 



tralia or New Zealand. 

The last hurdle for Canada to over- 
come would be the second place team in 
South America's group A division. The 
group includes Argentina, Colombia, 
Paraguay and Peru. But don't expect to 
see the second place team led by 
Maradona, the renowned Argentinean 



player. Argentina is almost assured of 
clinching first, making Canada's oppo- 
sition most likely Paraguay or Colom- 
bia. 

The sight for Canada's home games in 
the following rounds will be Swangard 
Stadium in B.C. or Varsity Stadium. 




(Andrew Male/VS) 



Canadian goalie, Craig Forrest, must stand tall in team's bid for World Cup berth. 



VARSITY SPORTS 



New divisions for 
men's hockey 

Major divisional realignment in men's 
ice hockey has been finalized. The rea- 
lignment was the focus of discussions 
at the OU A A and OWIAA annual meet- 
ings, which also included game sched- 
uling for next year. 

Motivated by the desire to minimize 
travel during the play-offs, U of T 
pushed for the realignment, which split 
the two division league into four. 

U of T, Guelph, RMC, and Queen's 
now comprise the Mid East division; 
the others are the Far east. Far West, 
and Mid West. 

With the Quebec schools no longer 
in U of T's division, the Blues will be 
spared travelling the distance to Que- 
bec for at least the first two rounds of 
the playoffs. 

Regular season travel, however, will 
not be reduced. U of T will play two 
games, home and away, against each 
team, in each division except the Far 
West. A single game will be played 
against the teams in that division. 

Rarely docs negotiation take place 
without a trade-off, and in Toronto's 
case, it will come in the form of losing 
York and Ryerson as divisional rivals. 

Not including the regular season, the 
Blues will face York or Ryerson in t(ie 
playoffs only if both Toronto and one 
of those rival schools can make it to the 
OUAA final-four. 

John Beresford 



C L A S S IF I E D S 



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Additional bold type $2.00. Drawer rentals $10.00 
per month. No copy changes after submission, no 
telephone ads. Submit in person or send with 
payment to Varsity Classifieds, 44 St George 
St., Toronto, Ont. M5S 2E4. Deadlines: Monday issue- 
Wednesday noon, Thursday issue- Monday noon. 
Enquiries 979-2865 




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Sports 



hi _ _ _ The Tuesday Edition 

^ I Y^^V I ^ r ■ 8June1993 



Football ain't just a 
man's game anymore 



BY John Beresford and Philip Carek 

Consider football. Consider who plays it. More often than not, 
football is considered a sport for men, but that doesn't reflect the 
reality of the game as it's played today. 

Women's football is flourishing in Ontario with leagues arising to 
join obscured ones thai have been established for years. In the Toronto 
area, the sport has been best received in Scarborough, home to two 
very successful leagues — the Scarborough Girls' Football League, 
for high-school students, and the Scarborough Women's Touch 
Football League (SWTFL), for women 19 years old and over. And at 
U of T, women's intramural football has been active for at least 20 
years. 

Diane Puckett, who became interested in football after doing 
administrative work for men's teams, created the SWTFL in 1 989 and 
is its president. 

"Now is the lime that women gel to experience a competitive as 
well as a recreational sport that men have been enjoying for years," 
she said. 

For Lee Anne Probert, football was love at first sight. Now entering 
her third year at Scarborough College, the nimble receiver is a tour de 
force in U of T's intramural league and the SWTFL, and a star- 
graduate of Scarborough's high-school league. 

"When I first staned in grade nine, I had never heard of women 
playing football before," said Probert, who is now no stranger to MVP 
awards. "But I've always been very athletic. So when spnng came and 
football was mentioned, I went out for it, and I really liked it." 

Diane Puckett's husband, John, sits on the SWTFL board as a 
resources person. He says women in football may have been a novelty 
when it was first introduced, with "the guys" thinking how neat it 
might be to watch women play, but the serious attitude women have 
towards the game has erased its unprofessional image and generated 
a lot of interest. Paul Carson, U of T's sports information officer and 
a referee in both Scarborough leagues, shares that interest. 

"Everything you'd like to see in a new sport for women is there," 
said Carson. "There's a high level of "sportswomanship" and virtually 
no injuries. 

"Over the past few years, there's been an increase in the number of 
women involved, their skill level, and their football savvy and 
knowledge, and that's really exciting." 

John Puckett is a big fan of women's football and appreciates its 
technical approach. Because only cleats and mouth-guards are used 
for protective equipment, skill rather than brawn rises to the fore as the 
game's defining characteristic. 

"Everyone perceives the players to be a bunch of heavy-set women 



just running around recklessly." Puckett said. "But it's very technical. 
They memorize the plays and 'audibilize' them. 

"The women are more creative and intense than the men. They 
practise harder and are more willing to learn. Their egos don't get in 
the way. so they tend to play better than the men, technically, and have 
better executions." 

Puckett added that the success of the Scarborough league is due in 
large part to the management team — business women, who are also 
athletes, in their early 30' s. Good organization and the desire to get out 
from behind cramped desks has translated into a vital sports associa- 
tion. 

"Often, the only competitive thing for women to do after university 
is Softball, which isn't very active. Football provides a competitive 
outlet without the contact." he said. 

For some women, the sport is such a big part of their routine that 
they continue to play even after childbirth. 

"Football is different and new. and it's something I haven't played 
to death," said Sandra Karakolis. a pharmacist and graduate of U of 
T who plays in the SWTFL. 

"But I'm a new mother, and that posed the dilemma of whether I 
should continue to play. But I went for it because I enjoy it so much 
and it allows me to get my exercise." 

Unlike the Canadian-rules touch football played in the SWTFL. 
which emphasi7£ a running game with only seven players aside and 
no blockers, the Scarborough high-school league follows the rules of 
nag football, which make use of 1 2 aside and the strategy of blocking. 

According to Carson, blocking adds an important dimension to the 
women's game that touch football cannot. 

"Blocking is really important at the high-school level because it 
opens up a realm of experience to a whole different set of women. 
Those who are larger and slower, and can't compete well in other 
sports, are effective and have a lot of fun playing football," Carson 
said. 

Mowat CI , the school with the best record in Scarborough's high- 
school league this year, was upset 20-14 in the play-off final by 
Mac Donald C.I. Carson, who refereed that game, described it as one 
for the highlight films. 

Mowat's star player, Aisha Wickham, a recipient of a prestigious 
community award, was unable to provide her team with the winning 
edge when it counted most. But the grade 13 student has made a 
believer out of her coach. Al Humphrey, who sees great things in her 
future. 

"You should see her throw a football fifty yards. I've sent boys on 
to university who couldn't throw as well as she can." he said. 
Because women's participation in football is a relatively new 




U of T's football sensation Lee Anne Probert. 

development, a female coach, at present, is a rare comm(xlity . In fact, 
there are none in the SWTFL. But John Puckett says that with lime and 
experience, it won't be long before that changes. For now. though, 
most of the coaches are men who have extensive background in the 
sport and want to give something back to the game. 

"There's a sense of accomplishment in seeing the women learn, 
realizing that you've come away with having made a difference. ' said 
Puckett. who also coaches two women' s teams, one of which has gone 
on to the Canadian championships. 

The growing enthusiasm of women towards a traditionally male- 
dominated sport is a difference worth having. And now women's 
participation in football is taking place on the playing field, not jusi 
in the offices of men's teams doing administrative work. 



Women's Football Facts 

What staned as part of the physical education curriculum in the 
mid 70's at Scarborough's Porter C.I. has developed into a 10 team 
women's high-school league. In 1 978, flag football was sanctioned 
by the Scarborough Board of Education, giving the sport official 
recognition and the right to funding. 

The Toronto Board of Education does not sanction women's 
football. However, there are high schools within the board s 
district that offer the sport as an extracurricular activity — North- 
ern Secondary School, for instance. 

Before thecslablishmcniof the SWTFL. Burlington and Ottawa 
were hotbeds for women's football. Today, aside from those 
leagues and the one in Scarborough, leagues exist in North York, 
Mississauga, Thunder Bay, and St. Catharines. Ontario champion- 
ships are held yearly in A and B categories with the victors of the 
A division going to the Canadian championships — this year, to be 
held in New Brunswick. 

Philip Carek 



UofT Blues Brothers head for CFL 




(Steven Leung) 

Eugene Buccigrossi will have to fight his way to the CFL. 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

The next time you take in an Argonauts 
football game, pay attention to the roster 
lists. If you time it right, there just may 
be a nice, little gathering of U of T folk. 

Aside from Lance Chomyc, Rob Crifo, 
Lome King, and Chris Morris, already 
established in the CFL. U of T hotshots 
to watch for are U of T's male athlete of 
the year and Hec Crighton Trophy win- 
ner Eugene Buccigrossi. as well as David 
Scandiffio. Matt Howorth. and Richard 
Fischer. All four are at CFL training 
camps this June. 

Buccigrossi. the sparkling 24 year old 
quarterback for the Blues, hopes to make 
an impression on his new team, the Ed- 
monton Eskimos. After an unproductive 
tryout at a Hamilton Tigercats free agent 
camp and a restless couple of months of 
sitting around, a relieved Buccigrossi 
finally signed a minimum league con- 
tact with the Saskatchewan Roughriders. 
but was traded to Edmonton June 4. 

Last year, his fifth at U of T. 
Buccigrossi led the Blues to first place in 
the OU AA. completing 56% of his passes 
for 1 .278 yards and 1 2 touchdowns (three 
of which he scored himself) with only 
six interceptions. 

As good as these numbers are. they 
won't do much for Buccigrossi. The 



quarterback role in the CFL is the do- 
main of high-paid American players. So 
Canadian quarterbacks must adapt to a 
new position if they want to succeed at 
the pro level. 

Like at the Hamilton tryout, 
Buccigrossi will be competing at a posi- 
tion he has played very little of: slotback 
or rtinning back. Any transition is bound 
to be tough, but. according to him. not 
insiuTnoun table. 

"A position has its own ways of being 
fun. For me. it doesn' t really matter if it' s 
slotback or rtmning back. It' s still part of 
the offense." 

And offense is what Buccigrossi is all 
about. Described as scrambling and 
strong, he can overpower the opposition 
and run through tackles. So exceptional 
is his running game that he was ranked 
second among all OUAA ball carriers, 
gaining 480 yards for an average of 8.3 
per game. 

"He can do it all." commented U of 
T's head football coach. Bob Laycoe. 
"His ability and determination have 
helped to always make things happen, 
earning him the respect of his own team 
as well as the opposition." 

A less than impartial Paul Buccigrossi. 
Eugene's father, says that his son's great 
strength is his character. 

"He reminds me a lot of Doug Gilmour. 
He has the same kind of courage in 
football that Doug Gilmour has in 



hockey." 

When the Eskimos come to Toronto. 
Buccigrossi could go head to head with 
Scandiffio and Howorth. The Argos in- 
vested their 1993 seventh-round draft 
pick in Scandiffio. a 6'3". 263 pound 
offensive guard, and signed Howorth. 
an explosive defensive lineman, as a 
free agent. 

Scandiffio signed for $ 1 000 more than 
the league minimum with an agreement 
to renegotiate the contract after one year 
if he makes the team. 

"I want to be very optimistic going 



into camp and at the same time, be real- 
istic," said Scandiffio, a devastating 
blocker and an outstanding scholar. 

"One advantage I might have is that 
they (the Argos) might be more apt to go 
with someone with a league minimum 
contract." That might help, but, accord- 
ing to Laycoe, the fact that the Argos 
have lost a number of offensive linemen 
is the significant factor. 

And, as Laycoe points out, because a 
CFL team usually has five Canadians at 
the position Scandiffio is trying out for, 
it will probably be easier for him to find 



a spot on his team's roster than it will be 
for someone like Buccigrossi, who's 
competing for one or two openings al his 
position. 

Howorth, who is up against returning 
Argonauts Don Moen and Keith Castello 
in an attempt to fill one of two available 
openings, and Fischer, trying out for 
Hamilton at defensive hne, for which 
only one spot is usually open to Cana- 
dian players, will face a challenge simi- 
lar to Buccigrossi 's. 

"What Matt has achieved in one year 
at U of T is really remarkable," Laycoe 
said of Howorth, who played junior foot- 
ball in Burlington before coming to U of 
T. "Usually it takes a few years to get the 
kind of recognition he's received." 

Getting a chance to tryout in the CFL is 
a big thrill for all involved, and for 
Scandiffio, it's really surprising. 

"I didn't come to U of T thinking that 
the CFL would even be an option," he 
said. "It's something that just happened." 

Both Buccigrossi and Scandiffio credit 
coach Laycoe and the football program 
at U of T for turning them into the 
players they've become. And Laycoe is 
pleased with what he sees. 

'The purpose of the football program 
is to provide an experience for the stu- 
dent athlete," he said. "It's good to see 
that the environment is such that it pre- 
pares them for the next level." 



( 



LESBIANS AND GAYS SPEAK OUT IN VARSITY PRIDE DAY OPINIONS FORUM...SEE PAGE FIVE 



THEVARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 2 



God? At a 
SAC meeting? 

A proposal to include "O Canada" and 
the Lord's Prayer at the beginning of 
each SAC meeting has met with acho- 
rus of disapproval. 

Critics say the Students' Adminis- 
trative Council (SAC) should not es- 
pouse Christianity above other reli- 
gious beliefs. 

"We do not object to Christianity or 
the prayer itself, but we each have our 
own form of worship," said Kamal 
Syed, a spokesperson for the Muslim 
Students' Association. 

Members of the SAC board are also 
objecting to the proposal. 

"It is highly inappropriate to recite 
this prayer, given the nature of the U of 
T community," said Law rep Steve 
Hudovemick. 

Innis College director Daniel 
Proussalidis proposed the motion at the 
June 21 SAC board meeting. He was 
supported by several members of the 
board. 

Proussalidis could not be reached for 
comment. 

SAC president Edward de Gale 
agreed endorsing the Lord's Prayer 
would be inappropriate. He also ques- 
tioned the use of "O Canada", which 
he called, "legislating patriotism." 

Former SAC director Charles Levi 
said SAC should continue its tradition 
of avoiding sectarian policies. 

"It's a fine, fine prayer. I'm quite 
proud of it," Levi said. "That doesn't 



varsity 



mean SAC should have anything to do 
with it." 

Rheba Estante, SAC women's of- 
ficer, said she was not personally of- 
fended by the idea of the Lord' s Prayer. 
She said she does not see the Prayer as 
only Christian, as it does not specifi- 
cally mention Jesus Christ. 

"If it is okay with everyone else on 
the board, it's okay with me." 

De Gale suggested, jokingly, that all 
40 SAC directors singing the national 
anthem a capella could be seen as less 
respectful than not singing it at all. 

"I know this board. If there is a 
strong intention to do it, they should 
make singing auditions part of next 
year's election," he said. 

The motion will be debated at a 
forthcoming SAC meeting. 

With files from Simona Chiose 

Elissa Landsell 

My weekend 
with Kim! 

In an unconventional first-hand look at 
the Progressive Conservative National 
Leadership Convention last month in 
Ottawa, Jaggi S i ngh describes his ago- 
nies with the Tories. 

Singh observes that rare bird, the PC 
Youth, as well other common sights, 
such as the "incestuous herd of fart- 
catchers" known as the national press. 

All this combined with a post-mortem 
on the Mulroney era and speculation on 
our future with Prime Minister Kim 
Campbell. 
See Features, p. 7 

Swimming off 
to Buffalo 

Toronto athletes compete in World 
University Games. 
See Sports, p. 12 



U OF rS STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 i 



THE TUESDAY ISSUE, 13 JULY 1993 



U of T staff faced with wage freeze 



BY Tanya K. Talaga 

U of T has until Aug. I to cut $ 1 8 million 
from its employees' salaries. 

The Social Contract Act, which was 
passed by the provincial government on 
July 7, orders all public service imions and 
employers to renegotiate their contracts 
downward by Aug. 1 , or face mandatory 
cutbacks. 

If agreement is not reached by the end 
of the month, the govenunent has the right 
to impose three-year salary freezes. The 
govenunent can also mandate employers 



to impose up to I2daysof unpaid leave per 
year. 

Michael Finlayson, the university's 
vice-president for human resources, said 
layoffs may also be in the works for some 
U of T employees if an early settlement is 
not reached. 

"If these steps do not generate enough 
money, then U of T will be obliged to lay 
off," he said. 

Workers who earn less than $30,000 
per year are exempt from social contract 
provisions. This low-income cut-off 
(LICO) worries staff association presi- 
dent Mike Malcolm. 



"The LICO means many members of 
some unions won't be too affected," 
Malcolm said. 

"But the social contract really impacts 
heavily on most of the people the staff 
association represents." 

Malcolm, whose association represents 
3 ,400 non-academic staffers, believes the 
social contract will impact middle-income 
workers the hardest. 

"It's the people who run the student 
services, the secretaries, the lab techs, the 
people who really run the university, who 
will have to pay." 

But Finlayson said he was optimistic 




Fruit Cocktail gang gets fresh June 27 at Lesbian and Gay Pride Day. 



(Kate Milberry/VS) 



Impeaclied SAC rep re-emerges 



BY Nicole Nolan 
Varsity Staff 

A former U of T student who was im- 
peached from the Students' Administra- 
tive Council (SAC) five years ago, amid 
controversy over his column in a student 
newspaper, is making similar waves on 
the Toronto scene. 

FormerSACdirectorDanylMcDowell 
recently attracted the attention of the To- 
ronto media and the gay and lesbian com- 
munity when he appeared before Metro' s 
management committee last month argu- 
ing against funding for Buddies in Bad 
Times Theatre, calling homosexuals "un- 
scrupulous, sodomizing pigs." 



McDowell, who claims to be a prophet 
of God and believes that the apocaly se is 
imminent, also marched in a protest of 
Scarborough residents against gay "cruis- 
ing" in Momingside Park carrying a sign 
reading "Death to Fags." 

McDowell and his sign have provoked 
Peter Maloney, a gay lawyer, to ask that 
McDowell be forced to sign a peace bond 
on the basis that he has reasonable grounds 
to fear McDowell. Maloney is also de- 
manding that the crown press charges of 
counselling to commit murder against 
McDowell. 

"I regard him as a criminal," says 
Maloney adding, 'This is the time of year 
when gay bashing peaks. To display that 
sign is like shouting fire in a public thea- 



tre. 

Those who were on the the U of T 
campus in 1988 are probably already 
familiar with McDowell, who aroused ire 
in what then- Varsity editor Isabel Vincent 
termed "a series of rabidly misogynistic 
articles." 

McDowell, who represented 
Scarborough College on SAC, aired his 
views in a column in the Scarborough 
College student newspaper The Under- 
ground called "Darryl's Dartboard". 

In the column, McDowell took a stand 
against funding for the Women's Centre 
and criticized a number of campus groups 
including Gays andLesbians at U of T and 
the African and Caribbean Students' 
Please see ' ' McDowell " , p. 2 



"lilews feature- 

Job seekers: beware of cash up-front 



BY Steve Gravestock 
Varsity Staff 

You' re out of school for the summer and desperately looking for 
a job when you spot an ad in a respectable paper offering $ 1 2, 
or even $ 1 5 an hour for sales work. 

But when you contact the company, you find out the wages are 
anything but guaranteed (there' s a stiff sales quota that has lobe 
These cash-up-front companies aren't illegal. Nor are they 
uncommon. In fact, they're on the rise, according to Better 
Business Bureau president Paul Tuz. Goverrunent cutbacks, he 
said, have contributed to the increase. 

"The agencies designed tocontrol this sort of activity have had 



funding cut down". 

"At the Ministry of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, the 
policing arm has been greatly reduced. Similarly, our own abihty 
to cope with these organizations has been somewhat curtailed 
because of funding." 

"It' s gimmickry," Tuz said about the strategies these compa- 
nies use. 

"They're legal, but they're walking on the borderline." 

The companies often take advantage of a legal loophole: by 
arranging the situation so that the prospective worker is legally 
self-employed, they circumvent the Employment Standards Act. 

A Ministry of Labour representative explained that once an 
employee is defined as self-employed, they are not entitled to a 
Please see "Scams", p. 2 



about achieving a deal with most of the 
university's 30 bargaining units before 
the government' s deadline. 

'Together, we can perhaps develop a 
solution to the financial problems that is 
more flexible than the legislation," he 
said. 

The government is encouraging unions 
to negotiate by cutting the total amountof 
the cut by 20 per cent for sectors that come 
to an agreement by deadline. 

For U of T, that means salaries will be 
cut by $18 million if an agreement is 
reached, instead of $22.5 million if one 
Please see ' ' Contract", p. 2 



Stadium 
buiiders 
eye U of T 

BY G. Bruce Rolston 

Varsity Staff 



Varsity Stadium is being considered as a 
possible location for Toronto's NBA fran- 
chise. 

At least two of the four franchise bid- 
ders have made confidential enquiries to 
U of T in the last few months about just 
how much the university would be willing 
to sell the stadium land for, according to 
Bryan Davies, U of T' s vice-president of 
administration. 

One group that approached U ofT about 
buying the stadium lands was the Palestra 
Group, headed by businessman Larry 
Tanenbaum. 

Palestra spokesperson Joel Rose said 
his group was interested in buying the 
stadium because of its proximity to the 
subway. 

"We believe it is vital to be close to 
mass transit," Rose said. 

"Location is everything, and it's an 
excellent location." 

Rose said U of T's land was only one 
of the sites his group was considering. 

"We are currently seriously consider- 
ing four or five sites," he said. 

The Palestra Group has stated it is 
looking for a 20,000-seal arena that could 
house both NBA basketball and Maple 
Leafs hockey. 

The University's campus master plan 
calls for the sale of part or all of the stadium 
lands, to help generate revenue. Davies 
said any deal with the NBA franchise 
winner would have to allow for university 
athletics. 

"We don' t want to be disadvantaged in 
terms of meeting our own needs," he said. 

Although university officials would not 
confirm, the other interested group is 
probably the duo of businessman John 
Bitove Jr. and former premier David 
Peterson. 

Both groups are trailing in the race for 
an NBA franchise. A group headed up by 
entertainment mogul Michael Cohl and 
former NB A star Earvin "Magic" Johnson 
is considered the current frontrunner. 

Cohl and Johnson have stated they 
want an arena at Exhibition Place. They 
have the support of both Metro Council, 
which owns the Ex, and the provincial 
government. 

The one strike against the Ex is its 
current lack of subway access. 



2 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAY, 13 JULY 1993 



Computer thefts continue 



There are still not suspects in U of T's 
largest reported theft this year. 

In May, about $24,000 worth of com- 
puter equipment was stolen from the School 
of Architecture and Landscape Architec- 
ture, located on College Street. 

The theft apparently took place between 
May 1 5 and June 1 , when no one was using 
the architecture computer lab. Sgt. Len 
Paris of the campus police said there were 
no signs of a break-in. 

Three Apple computers, each worth 
$5,000, were stolen. An Apple printer, 
three monitors, four keyboards, five mice 
and four network cables were also taken 
from the lab. It was the largest theft at U of 



T in the last three years. 

"We believe that the computers were 
carried out through a fire door which was 
found unlocked, " Paris said. 

Campus and Metro Police are currently 
questioning all people known to have had 
a key. Police are also looking for finger- 
prints on a beer bottle found in the lab. 

Paris said there is a suspect but police 
have yet to lay any charges. 

The theft was the tenth theft of computer 
equipment on the St. George campus in six 
months. The total value of equipment 
stolen so far has amounted to about 
$50,000. 

Daniela G. Paolone 



Cops' party leads to complaint 

A U of T student is alleging that members of the campus police engaged in homophobic 
remarks and gestures during a retirement party for one of its officers. 

In a letter requesting that manager of protective services Lee McKergow take steps 
to address his concerns, Peter Bonhomme, last year' s co-chair of Lesbians, Gays and 
Bisexuals at U of T (LGBOUT), alleges that while working alone on theevening of May 
21 at the Graduate Students' Union pub, Sylvester's, he witnessed "a group of eight 
men, some of whom I recognized as out-of-uniform officers" using words such as 
"faggot". 

According to Bonhomme's letter, one man imitated beating an imaginary male sex 
partner while his companions "roared with laughter." 

Bonhomme states he felt endangered during the evening and thus waited for over a 
month to lodge his complaint. 

McKergow said that while he was in attendance at the party for the first 45 minutes, 
and did not witness any incidents such as those described in the letter, he will be 
investigating Bonhomme's allegations when he receives his own copy of the letter. 

McKergow said he had only seen someone else's copy at the time. 

He also staled campus police are planning to conduct training seminars on cross- 
cultural issues and homophobia in the fall. 

SiMONA ChIOSE 



Scams take your money at the door 



Continued from p. 1 

wage, nor to a refund on their start-up 
costs. The costs, which are often termed a 
"deposit," are where the company makes 
its money, often by selling useless mer- 
chandise at exorbitant prices, which the 
seller must then sell for an even higher 
price. 

"The student," explained Tuz, "re- 
turns the materials after the job doesn't 
work out and is told his or her 'deposit' 
will be mailed out. The cheque never 
shows up. By the time the Better Business 
Bureau hears about it, the company is out 
of business." 

Asiya Khalid is one student who en- 
countered a cash-up-front company, the 
Ontario Talent Bureau . After responding 
to an ad in the Toronto Star, she was invited 
to a seminar and had a brief interview. 
After several days she called them back. 
The person who' d interviewed her had left 
the company, but the person she spoke to 
offered her a job, then asked if anyone had 
told her about the 'deposit.' 

The job entailed distributing applica- 
tion forms, which were supposed to direct 
people who were considering modelling 
or acting to reputable companies and 
agents, and cost $25 each. The company 
rep told Khalid that there was a $ 1 Odeposit 
per registration form each time one was 
taken out and they could only be given out 
in groups of ten. The representative told 
Khalid that part time workers normally 
receive 20 forms which require a $200 
deposit. 

Khalid said she didn't think she could 
afford that The representative then said he 



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understood that she was a student and 
therefore strapped for cash. He then began 
negotiating with her, asking her how much 
she did have and if a $ 1 50 deposit up-front 
was too steep. As The Varsity found out 
when posing as an applicant, the company 
will tell you the deposit is not returnable, 
but you have to ask. 

When The Varsity called inquiring if 
positions were still open, the reporter was 
told that the jobs were filled, but the 
employee answered some questions. 

"Basically, you're buying the sheets 



wholesale and selling them retail. You'd 
be self-employed and eligible for lax ex- 
emptions," the employee explained. 

He also confirmed that the security 
deposits, as he referred to them, would not 
be refunded. 

Kay Francis, of U ofT's CareerCentre, 
said that students don ' t normally apply for 
these sorts of positions. "At the end of 
the simimer, the companies tend to say 
they received a very poor response. At 
least for the U ofT population, it's not 
something they tend to apply for." 



End divestment now, 
saysS.A.'sSuzman 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 

During a ceremony awarding her an hon- 
orary degree, anti-apartheid activist Helen 
Suzman gave a stirring plea forU of T and 
other Canadian institutions to end their 
policies of divestment. 

"I hope you will help those of us who 
intend to remain in the new South Africa 
to prove that democracy can work, to 
encourage investment in the new refomied, 
non-racial South Africa," Suzman said. 

Suzman was addressing the convoca- 
tion of graduating students in forestry, 
education and music on June 1 8. 

University officials said that while they 
are approaching an end to divestment 
cautiously, they would follow the federal 
government's lead. 

"We do follow the policies set out by 
our government," said Bryan Davies, 
vice-president of administration. 

Davies said he expected a change in 
federal policy, now that a tentative date for 
South Africa's first multiracial elections 
has been set. 

"The government will be reconsider- 



ing the boycott policy and that will affect 
our thinking." 

Suzman, 76, served as amemberof the 
South African parliament from 1953 to 
1 989. Throughout the 1 96()s she was the 
only member of the whites-only legisla- 
ture to vocally oppose apartheid. In 1978, 
she received the UN Human RighLs Award. 

During her address, Suzman said sanc- 
tions only worked to deprive the already 
dispossessed. 

"I was against them because I could sec 
what they led to. There' s no social support 
system in South Africa at all." 

Divestment became an issue at U of T 
in 1989, when the administration declined 
to veto donations from South Africa for its 
Breakthrough fundraising campaign. 

The university also delayed divesting 
the $7 to $15 million in South African- 
related investments held by the U of T 
pension fund. This sparked a student-led 
campaign to pressure the administration 
to divest, culminating in a sil-in at the 
president'sofllce in February, 1990. Then- 
president George Connell then agreed to 
cut off university investments in South 
Africa. 



Darryl McDowell draws Ire 

Continued from p. 1 

Association. 

One article accused a Women's Centre supporter of being "a feminist, concerned 
with spending our money to fund her lesbian cronies," another accused black student 
activists of inciting "black domination." 

His views sparked threats of lawsuits and human rights inquiries from disgusted 
fellow students who believed the columns bordered on hate literature. At one point, 
police were called toexpell McDowell from a SAC board meeting. 

McDowell was later impeached, becoming the first SAC director in living memory 
to be voted out by his own constituents. 

Students who were on campus during the McDowell controversy don't have much 
to say about the man, or his recent activities. 

"He was worthy of impeachment, that about sums it up," says Charles Blattberg, 
an undergraduate student rep on Governing Council in 1988, and a former SAC 
president. 

Despite the censure ofhis fellow students, McDowell went on to run for acity council 
seat in Scarborough" s Ward 4 and in the 1 990 provincial election, losing both times. 

"People didn't catch on to it, for whatever reason," he reflects. 

The as-yet undaunted McDowell now plans to run as an independent in this fall's 
federal election if he can amass the $ 1 ,000 required for federal candidates. 

McDowell, who bases his political stance on a fundamentalist reading of the Bible 
and refers to U.S. political figure Ross Perot as "a socialist", describes his platform 
in three basic points: no jobs, votes, or driver' s licenses for women; a death penalty for 
homosexuals; and the abolition of property taxes. 

He admits to being "loosely affiliated with a number of right-wing organizations in 
Ottawa and Durham" but will not name them. 



Gov't legislates Social Contract 



Continued from p. 1 

has to be imposed. 

Employees who agree to concessions 
will also be eligible for the province's new 
$ 1 00 million job security fimd, which will 
compensate any laid off workers. 

Malcolm said no one at the University 
should be laid off because of the social 
contract. He urged the administration to 
dig deeper intoemployee pension fiinds to 
let people continue working. 

Finlayson said he could not predict 
where cuts would come if layoffs become 
necessary. 

"I wouldn't like to say how many 
individuals will be released." 

On July 7, the university signed an 
agreement with the province, saying it 
would provide first access to job offers to 
previously laid-off staff. Finlayson said 
this will probably encourage the univer- 



sity to limit new hiring, rather than impose 
mass lay-offs. 

But Malcolm said U ofT did not consult 
with its unions fully before signing this 
agreement. 

"Basically the government decided they 
didn't have to talk to any employees or 
unions, all they had to do was get approval 
of employers." 

However, Malcolm said staff associa- 
tion members would not strike in protest, 
as some other public unions are planning 
to do. 

"We can find other ways to protest." 

The social contract began as a series of 
talks between government, employers, 
and unions, to reduce the payroll of the 
province' s 900,000 public employees by 
$2 billion. When the talks collapsed on 
June 3. the govemmeni declared it would 
legislate the contract regardless. 



TUESDAY, 13 JULY 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 



Protest unites diverse 
anti-racist forces 



BY Tanya Lena 



A rally on June 28 protesting the rise of 
racially motivated violence in Toronto 
drew over 1 ,000 people. The rally was the 
culmination of a month of protests and 
clashes between racist groups and anti- 
racism activists. 

Organized by a coalition of over 80 
activist and community service groups, 
the demonstration was among the largest 
in the history of anti-racist activism in 
Toronto. 

'The coalition is building a support 
base within formerly victimized and si- 
lenced communities," said Amy 
Casipullai, one of the organizers of the 
march. 

The majority of the demonstrators were 
Tamil - a community that felt especially 
threatened by racists this June. 

Three Tamil men were attacked - one 
killed, one paralyzed and one severely 
wounded - in what pohce believe may have 
been racially motivated acts of violence. 

Aviva Rubin of the Jewish Feminist 



Anti-Fascist League (JFAI'L) urged dem- 
onstrators to speak out against such vio- 
lence. 

"This is not the time to wait patiently 
and not make waves. Our silence will not 
protect us," she said. 

Demonstrators demanded the enforce- 
ment of Canada' s hate laws. Tim Murphy, 
MPP (St.George - St David), called for 
improved anti-racist legislation. 

"The Ontario Attorney-General 
[Marion Boyd] should insist on a zero- 
tolerance approach in bringing charges 
forward. A charge itself has symbolic 
value." 

Although Boyd' s office held a meeting 
in May to discuss ways of stopping racist 
violence, no initiatives have yet been taken. 

"It's an ongoing process, there's not 
much I can add," said Barbara Creaver, 
spokeperson for the Attorney-General. 

Organizers of the rally said they were 
determined not to allow a repeat of a June 
1 1 Anti-Racist Action(ARA)protest which 
ended with eggs and paint being thrown at 
the house of Heritage Front memberGary 
Schipper. 



"The coalition was committed to hav- 
ing a very peaceful demonstration," said 
Sharmini Peries, one of the organizers of 
the demonstration. 

"The protest was organized, in part, to 
discourage Tamil youth from resorting to 
violence to combat violence," she added. 

But Dari Meade of the Black Action 
Defence Committee (B ADC) told demon- 
strators that "if the police don't protect us 
then we have a responsibility to protect 
ourselves." 

Peries said that while the coalition does 
not advocate fighting the rise of racism 
with violence, it does not condemn 
ARA's actions on June 1 1 . 

Kevin, a spokesperson for the ARA, 
said his group supported peaceful 
protests."The debate over means has 
dominated the anti-racist movement from 
the beginning," he said. 

"Where we disagree with the coalition 
we'll do separate things." 

Rally organizers say they hope their ad 
hoc coalition will remain united for flirther 
action, should further incidents of racial 
violence occur. 



Metro approves St. George bike lanes 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Vanity Staff 

Toronto's newest and biggest bike lane will go right down St. 
George Street. 

On Jun. 2 1 , city council approved the new lanes, which are 
expected to cost more than $90,000, not including lost parking 
revenue. 

The current plan , which will begin implementation by the fall , 
would cut traffic down to one lane both north and south along 
St. George Street, with a two-metre bike lane on each side of the 
street. 

Andrea Cal ver of the Ontario Public Research Interest Group, 
(OPIRG), said she was pleased that, unlike the current clearway 
on Bay Street, bicyclists will not have to share their lane with other 



vehicles. OPIRG is one of the groups advocating the closing of 
St. George Street to traffic. 

"A lot of cyclists comment that Bay Street is not a very good 
cycling street," she said. 

Parking spaces along the west side of the street would remain. 

The plan also provides for a thin painted median between the 
two lanes of traffic, "to increase safety for pedestrians." 

The bike lanes would connect with other lanes going north into 
North York, and south to Queen Street, as well as lanes going east 
and west on College Street. 

Calver said she was excited by the city's decision. 

"People are really happy about the beginnings of a dedicated 
bike lane network," she said. 

Dan Lang, U of T's vice-president (planning), said the U of T 
administration also supported bike lanes. 

"The gains would be better than the losses," he said. 



Task force looks at future funding of UTS 



BY Ingrid Ancevich 



A recent task force report supports Uni- 
versity of Toronto Schools (UTS) in its 
efforts to counter funding cuts made by 
the provincial government. 

The report calls for UTS to play a greater 
role in public education. It also adds that 
UTS must dispel its elitist reputation. 

Led by Michael Fullan, dean of the U of 
T Faculty of Education, the task force 
investigated way s to fiind UTS without the 
province's $1.3 million subsidy. 

On May 1 9, the province announced the 
end to all direct fmancial support for UTS, 



as part of its cutbacks to public spending. 

Fullan said UTS must encourage 
alumni, public school boards, and the 
government to replace the funding. 

The grant is currently used to reduce the 
450 students' tuition from $8,0(X) to about 
$3,800. 

Fullan rejects the government's sug- 
gestion that tuition be allowed to rise to 
private school levels. 

But few believe UTS can survive on 
alumni funding alone. 

Al Fleming, principal of UTS, said 
alumni funding will be helpful, but said he 
is optimistic that aid will come from other 
sources, such as the public school system. 



U of T graduate student Michol 
Hoffman, a UTS alumni, said a fee in- 
crease for students would only contribute 
to perceptions of elitism at UTS. 

"It wouldn't be UTS anymore," she 
said. 

Critics of UTS have said spending so 
much on a small number of gifted students 
has little value for the province's school 
system. 

To counter this, the report proposes 
UTS share the results of ongoing teaching 
projects with public schools. 

The report also states UTS must take 
advantage of its close relationship with U 
of T. A program that aims toward this goal 
will allow senior UTS students to attend 
some U of T classes. 



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Ooops! 



■ In the June 8 issue, the education 

■ ministry was referred to as the Minis- 

■ try ofColleges and Universities. The 
" correct name is the Ministry of Edu- 

■ cation and Training. 
■ 

■ In the June 8 issue, astronomy pro- 
" fessor Simon Lilly was incorrectly 
B referred to as "Sam." 

■ 

■ Also in the June 8 issue, SAC presi- 
* dent Edward de Gale's name was 
g misspelt. 





Protestors at June 11 ARA demo: victimized 



(Craig Urquhan) 



Cops nab seven in June 1 1 protest 



The June 11 Anti-Racist Action (ARA) 
protest, which saw over 200 protestors 
attack the Bertmount Avenue Toronto 
house of neo-Nazi organizer Gary 
Schipper, was widely criticized by To- 
ronto papers, but some anti-racist organ- 
izers say the criticism is misplaced. 

Amy Casipullai, who helped organize 
a 1 ,000 strong protest on June 28, said 
the media has portrayed ARA as no better 
than the racists they attack. 

"The ARA has been victimized by the 
mainstream media," she said. 

"They have a good record of working 
with youth." 

Some of Schipper's neighbours disa- 
gree. Don Seneschal, who lives across 
the street from the vandalized house, said 
he opposes the way the ARA operates. 

"Their motives are good, but I cannot 
agree with their methods," he said. 

But Kevin, a spokesperson for the 
ARA, said he considered the June 1 1 
rally a success. 

"It's always difficult to evaluate the 
effectiveness of violent protest but I look 
at how we (ARA) affect the far- right" 

"The June 1 1 demonstration crippled 
the far-right," Kevin said. 

"The Heritage Front was forced to 
cancel their June 12 Kitchener recruit- 
ment meeting, and Raballa, their propa- 
ganda band, was forced to cancel its 



national tour". 

Kevin said young people joined ARA 
because of its willingness to act force- 
fiUly. 

"I'm not content relying on legisla- 
tion to do the fighting against racism," 
he said. 

After the protest at Schipper' s house, 
members of ARA and Heritage Front 
clashed outside Sneaky Dee's, at Col- 
lege and Bathurst streets, and assaulted 
them in the street. 

One person at the scene was taken to 
hospital with a broken jaw. 

Three members of the Heritage Front 
were arrested at the scene, including 
Heritage Frontleader Wolfgang Droege. 
All arecharged with assault and posses- 
sion of a dangerous weapon. An ARA 
member was also arrested. 

On June 23, police arrested a 23-year 
old U of T student outside an open-line 
radio program at which she was repre- 
senting the ARA. At the June 28 rally, 
two other ARA members were arrested. 

All four ARA members arrested are 
charged with mischief over $ 1 ,000, and 
wearing adisguise with intent to commit 
an indictable offence. A total of three 
other lesser charges have also been laid. 
with files from G. Bruce Rolston 

Tanya Lena 



City recommends anti-racism policy 

BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

Mayor June Rowlands has sent a letter to U of T outlining the concerns of the Mayor' s 
Committee on Community and Race Relations about the appearance of the Heritage 
Front in a U of T political science classroom last spring. 

Collette Murphy, chair of the Hate/Bias Crime subcommittee, which met with the 
university representatives about the incident, said that while the committee saw a 
legitimate intent in bringing the Front into the classroom, it was concerned about the 
Front's manipulation of the visit and the potential danger to students. 

"Having these sorts of groups come onto campus, when the university has taken 
an anti-racist stance is antithetical to the mission of a university," said Murphy. 

The letter recommends U of T pursue the establishment of guidelines regarding 
the use of university property and the distribution of literature. 

After its appearance in the class and on CIUT, the Front distributed literature and 
postered St.George Street with recruitment flyers. 

The letter emphasizes that the Front' s presence on campus should be seen in the 
context of the rise in racist violence in Toronto and the recruitment opportunity the 
visit provided for the group. 

U of T has yet to formally respond to the recommendations. But Mark Johnson, 
director of the Office of the President, said he understands the Committee's 
involvement. 

"They have a mandate to deal with race issues in the City of Toronto, but I find 
they are fairiy cognizant of our concerns about academic freedom." 

ButWilson questioned the university's ability be maintain an academically neutral 
stance when confronted with racist groups. 

"[It] cannot take aneutral academic stance, saying they will explore the Heritage 
Front's issues." 



THE VARSITY 

U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario. M5S 2E4 
Editorial: 979-2831 Advertising: 979-2865 FAX: 979-8357 
ISSN 0042-2789 



Siinona Chiose, Editor 
G. Bruce Rolston, News Editor 
Lisa Hepner, Opinions Editor 
Rodger Levesque, Photo Editor 
John Beresford, Sports Editor 
Associate News Editors 
Sean Tai. Kate Milbeny 



Edward Pussar, Interim Chair 
Darrel Femandopulle, Business Manager 



Production Manager, Rachel Giese 
Review Editor, Mimi Choi 
Features Editor, Anne Bains 
Graphics Editor, Nicole Graham 
Science Editor, Gord Squires 
Associate Review Editors 
AmberGolem. Georgiana Uhlyank 



Interim Vice-president, Jeff Vance 
Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Tuesday Quote: "People didn't catch on to it,Jor whatever reason'' prophet of God 
Darryl McDowell explaining the failure of the David Koresh Fan Club. 

PCU at U of T 



The Varsity recently received a call from W5, the 
CTV investigative news show hosted by Eric 
Mailing. In the grand Canadian tradition of pick- 
ing up on stories only after the U.S. has dissected 
the topic (remember Maclean 's cover article on 
political correctness a year after both Harper's 
and The Atlantic had addressed the issue), W5 is 
now planning a follow-up on where the PC move- 
ment is today. 

What better place to turn than the U ofT campus, 
where a National Lampoon production. Politically 
Correct University (PCU) has taken up most of the 
soon-to-be-bike-lane-designated space on 
St.George Street with obtrusive production vans. 
PCU features an impeccably handsome cast, with 
the requisite unwashed characters and a sufficient 
numberof black students, as befits Hollywood's 
vision of the politically correct university. The 
show, appropriately, is being filmed at University 
College. 

In what appears to be the main ihroughway of 
an, as of yet, unnamed U.S. college, booths sport 
placards such as "Environmental Action Com- 
mittee", "Masochists for Social Injustice", 
"Masochisls for Sadists", and most bizarre of all 
"Dental Reform Initiative" (just to keep up with 
the Clintons). 

Never mind that most students are more con- 
cerned about whether they will have enough 
money to complete their university careers, rather 
than, in a hypothetical plot, whether the young 
Ross Perot look-alike will eventually gel the 
anarchist eco-feminist. 

But while a bevy of twentysomethings are 
creating cardboard parodies, students are facing 
the challenges of succeeding in a university cli- 
mate, which for many of them, is still not proving 
hospitable. 

In her recent book. Lifting a Ton of Feathers: 



A Woman 's Guide to Surviving in the Academic 
World, Paula Caplan, a psychology professor at 
the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 
documents the barriers for women wanting an 
academic career. While 50 percent of undergradu- 
ates are women, only 17 percent of faculty are. 

Meanwhile, at the University of Victoria, a 
report commissioned by the political science de- 
partment discussing the very problems Caplan 
documents has met with accusations that the task 
force responsible for the report did not hold wide 
enough consultations before presenting its re- 
sults. In response, the committee has alleged that 
the reaction of the department is indicative of 
widespread sexism and is creating a climate in 
which the female professors and students in- 
volved in the committee are unable to work. The 
situation has become so heated that the office of 
the British Columbia Ombudsperson has launched 
an inquiry. 

And in this city, a week following Pride Day, 
former U of T student Darryl McDowell was 
partially responsible for the original denial of 
funding to Buddies in Bad Times theater and the 
/rtjit/<'/Our Co//ecn v^, responsible for the gay and 
lesbian film festival, by Toronto City Council. 
(After protests by the gay community funding was 
reinstated for Buddies, but not for the Collective.) 

And if the allegations levelled by the former co- 
chair of Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals at U of T 
(LGBOUT), Peter Bonhomme are tnie, McDowell 
represents only the extreme tip of societal 
homophobia, which some members of the U of T 
campus police, Bonhomme says, share. 

Which docs not mean that the antics of young 
Republicans and their lefty feminist girlfriends 
will not rivet us to our chairs as much as the upper 
crust romances of Beverly Hills 90210 do. But 
they are simply not representative. 



What to do about NAFTA 



The following is excerpted from the Spring 1 993 
Ontario Public Interest ResearchGroupNewslet- 
ter(OPIRG). 

* tear up your credit cards 

* join a credit union, abandon banks 

* join a co-op, avoid supermarkets 

* grow a garden 

* talk to your family, friends, neighbors 

* ride a bicycle 

* ignore advertising 

* find out about community economic develop- 
ment 

*kill your television 

* demand the cancellation of the US-Canada free 
trade agreement 

* occupy the House of Commons 

* buy second hand clothing 

* write letters to mainstream media 

* check out alternative media 



* join grassroots groups and coalitions 

* learn about transnational corporations 

* make the links between record profits and global 
misery 

* spray paint (your own property of, ah, course) 

* demand the cancellation of the third world debt 

* examine the hierarchies in yourself and in 
society 

* connect your actions with their implications 

* ask where your money goes when you buy 
something 

* support groups opposed to free trade 

* fight the corporatization of your school 

* resist the commodification of your imagination 

* refuse the patenting of your dreams 

* smash transnational corporations and deny them 
the ability to limit your horizons 

* read a book 
♦create 

David Robbins 



Contributors: Steve Gravestock (2), John Degen, Suzanne Anderson, Greg Bradner, Jaggi Singh, Duarte 
Barcleos, Philip Carek, Michael Phang, Ashley Thomas, Larry Koch, Ginna Watts, Andrew Male, Brian 
DiLeandro (2), Tanya Lena, Ingrid Ancevich, Craig Urquhart, Elissa Landsell, Tanya K. Talaga, Nicole 
Nolan, Daniela Paolone, Aaron Paulson, Alison Golob, Coly Lu, Norman Hui, David Robbins, John 
Woods, Kim Burtnyk. 

Extra Special Thanks to: Will Eckhert 

The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to incite violence or hatred towards particular individuals 

or an identifiable group, particularly on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, gender, age, 

mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 

Second Class mail registration numberSI 02. 



The Tuesday Edition, 1 3 July 1 993 



CO 



Violence and Anti-Racist Action 

THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF OPPOSING RACISM WITH 
VIOLENT METHODS 



JOHNIHNAT 



The issue of whether violent 
means ought to be used in oppos- 
ing racism was unintentionally 
raised by several participants of 
the June 1 1 th Anti-Racist Action 
( ARA) demonstration as I watched 
them unleash their anger on Gary 
Schipper's (rented) house. Al- 
though I "intellectually" disap- 
proved of their tactics at the time, 
my consent to the violence was 
implied by my continued partici- 
pation in the march. Group psy- 
chology, 1 am embarrassed to say, 
contributed to my inertia. Having 
had time to refiect, I wish that I 
would have clearly dissociated 
myself from the actions of those 
protesters, for I am now convinced 
that such violent methods are in 
fact injurious to the movement 
which they are used to advance. 

First, they distracted the main- 
stream media, and by extension 
the average person, from the cen- 
tral issues motivating the demon- 
stration. The intended exposure of 
the home base of the Heritage Front 
(HF) hateline was accomplished, 
yet it was overshadowed by the 
media's monothilic outrage over 
ARA's use of violence. Showing 
their journalistic priorities, the 
Toro/j/oSfar, forexample,didnoi 
employ the same hypertxilic rheto- 
ric and sheer volume of text which 
it used to decry ARA's attack on'a 
house for an equally frenzied de- 
nunciation of the recent racist at- 
tacks on the Metro Tamil commu- 
nity. 

Second, it is reasonable to as- 
sume that the media's emphasis on 
ARA'sconfrontational inclination 
helps to alienate the average per- 



son from the anti-racist movement 
and its demonstrations. Moreo- 
ver, since ARA and the HF both 
use violence, the anti-racist move- 
ment becomes less unequivocally 
right in the public eye, and the 
desired binary opposition between 
the two sides can be undermined. 
The anti-racist movement simply 
cannot afford to let such haziness 
obscure the issue. 

Whether ARA's specifically 
confrontational tactics are effec- 
tive against the existence of racist 
groups is another matter to con- 
sider. After the June 1 1th demon- 
stration, ARA's hotline declared: 
"It's gonna be unsafe to be a 
fascist in Toronto..." ARA' s mes- 
sage implies that people should 
not joing racist groups because 
they will get trounced, not because 
racism is logically flawed or ethi- 
cally repulsive. "Fuck off Nazi !", 
seen on ARA posters, certainly 
incites confrontation but is hardly 
a cogent argument. To an ignorant 
potential HFrecmit, "Kick out the 
immigrants, they're taking your 
jobs!" has a certain logic and 
sounds much more reasonable. 

Because ARA apparently 
equates fighting racists with op- 
posing racism, their derivative 
methods will never cure the dis- 
ease, they will merely attack the 
symptoms. Violent means are in- 
effective against implied structural 
racism, and they do nothing for the 
identification of flaws in social, 
economic, and educational spheres 
which cau.se people to look for a 
scapegoat fortheirresullant prob- 
lems. Although violent tactics 
might succeed in sending the HF 
underground for a while, the sys- 
tems of logic and problem-solv- 
ing which lead ARA to use vio- 



lence are not those upon which 1 
would want a hate-free society to 
be based. 

Hatred begeu hatred: people 
who are the targets of ARA's ha- 
tred will become vengeful, not re- 
pentant. Furthermore, ARA's 
methods might serve to consoli- 
date psychologically both HFmem- 
bership and resolve. Since ARA 
clearly defines people rather than 
ideas as racist, such definition 
might indirectiy reinforce a rac- 
ist's self-perception of identity. 
Nonviolent action, in contrast, re- 
jects as evil the ideology opposed 
while still affirming the inherent 
human worth of an individual op- 
ponent. 

Nonviolent activism is the only 
constructive and ultimately effec- 
tive response to racist groups. I 
propose, for example, acarcfully 
planned information campaign 
which would both expose and in- 
cisively refute HF propaganda. 
Such education would not only 
demonstrate the depth of HFerror 
to a still unaware public, but it 
would give people concrete ideas 
with which to oppose them. This 
way the public would be 
proactively involved in counter- 
ing racism. 

Equally important would be 
assertive, creative protesting of 
racist error propagation. During 
such "in your face" demonstra- 
tions, however, protestors must 
refuse to appropriate the hate- 
motivated, violent model of their 
opponents. Only then would we 
begin the paradigm shift neces- 
sary for the development of a truly 
hate-free society. 

John Ihnat is a member of U ofT's 
Student Christian Movement 




TUESDAY 13 JULY 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 



Young and proud and lesbian 



SUZANNE 
ANDERSON 



"How long have you been 
out?", is a question often asked in 
the young lesbian community. For 
some reason, we all believe this 
date can be defined, or in some way 
cast in stone. However, having 
been out for a year, I have come to 
realize that this term is falsely ap- 
plied. 

"Coming out" should be re- 
garded as the never-ending proc- 
ess that it is. When I look back at 
the person I was before coming out 
to the lesbian community, and the 
person I am today, I can see how 
drastically I have changed, both in 
appearance and ideals. However, 
this change has not come about all 
at once. It has been a very slow and 
difficult process. This process 
began with first coming out to 
myself at 16, and continued with 
my coming out to friends, family, 
and the community, in that order. 

Although I now consider my- 
self to be a "full-fledged" lesbian, 
I can remember when I was not at 
all familiar with the term. My only 
concept of homosexuality was how 
it applied to men. When I was 
coming out, lesbianism was not as 
visible in the mai nstream media as 
it seems to be today. I began to 
grasp the concept of womyn lov- 



ing other womyn after having my 
first girlfriend. 

Through her, I found out what 
two womyn could do in bed, in 
very graphic and varied forms. I 
discovered it wasn ' t gross or per- 
verted and had the potential to be 
quite enjoyable. Once I realized I 
was not bisexual, and defined 
myself comfortably as a lesbian, I 
was eager to tell my friends. 

But I don ' t believe my desire to 
tell them was due to a need for 
acceptance. That definitely con- 
tributed, but I was just so happy 
with being able to love myself for 
what I was I wanted everyone to 
know. I now realize how lucky I 
was. For the most part, my friends 
rejoiced with me. They too consid- 
ered my coming out as a big step 
in my personal growth. 

I have only had one extremely 
disturbing incident as a result of 
coming out to a friend. Like me, 
she is black. When I told her I was 
a lesbian, she told me I was a 
disgrace to my race. 

Which brings me to the subject 
of coming out to my family. Both 
my parents are from the Caribbean 
Islands and I think because of this 
they had more difficulty with my 
sexuality than white parents. There 
is a lot of homophobia within the 
black community. Although the 
issue of race was never mentioned, 
Iknow it played a large part in their 
inability to accept me for what I am. 



After coming out to my parents, a 
great distance was created between 
us. And like most lesbian youth, I 
am no longer able to live at home, 
and have been forced to live on my 
own. 

Ironically, I came out to the 
lesbian community after coming 
out to everyone else. It was only 
after a year of defining myself as 
lesbian that I discovered other 
young womyn like me. Meeting 
other young lesbians made me 
realize how lonely I had been and 
how much I needed a community. 
I joined the "Lesbian Youth Peer 
Support Group", otherwise known 
as "LYPS". Since joining the 
group in September, 1 992, 1 have 
experienced my most political and 
personal growth. I used to be into 
short tight dresses, make-up, and 
hair: now, I wear what makes me 
feel most comfortable, and not 
what is deemed socially acceptable 
by a patriarchal society. 

For an 1 8 year-old on her own, 
my community must aiso serve as 
my family. For the most part, the 
connections I have made through 
LYPS have given me an identity 
and acceptance without which I 
would never have been able to 
survive. 

Suzanne Anderson belongs to 
LYPS. They meet every Monday at 
7p.m. at the community centre at 
519 Church Street (964-3245). 



Searching for liberation in the 
lesbian and gay community 



GREGBRADNER 



As ast- ^ont at Trinity College, 
I am tolc . y the U of T media that 
I am a rich, intolerant elitist neo- 
conservative who does not have 
the intellectual integrity to break 
away from the Trinity College 
group think. As a gay male, the 
mainstream media tells me that I 
am an effeminate drag-queen into 
S & M and other perversions ab- 
horrent to society. I am constantly 
amazed by the self righteous indi- 
viduals who have the audacity to 
belch out from their soap-boxes 
their nairow definitions of other 
individuals who they have coagu- 
lated into a collective group. Even 
the gay media feels the need to tell 
me who I should be and how I 
should behave. But I am not a 
collective, I am an individual. 

I envision a menu of labels set 
before these demagogues of 
societal insight to formulate their 
plastic pearls of wisdom, polish- 
ing them with their own sheen of 
intolerance and prejudice.Because 
I am aTrinity student, I am slotted 
into one category; because I am 
gay, I am slotted into another. 
Being a gay male who is proud to 
be a student at Trinity College is 
evidently a contradiction in terms. 



Recent analysis of Gay Pride 
Day by some members of the gay 
c ) mmunity reveals a similar intol- 
erance. Gay Pride Day has been 
described as a freak show that is 
completely unrepresentative and 
degrading to the gay community at 
large. But Gay Pride Day should 
not be viewed as a public relations 
event which is used to present an 
acceptable image to the main- 
stream. That freak show was the 
major turning point in my own 
acceptance that I was different, 
and that to be different was great. 

My first Gay Pride Day was ten 
years ago in New York City when 
I was 19. A lot of what I saw 
challenged my own notions of 
what I believed to be proper be- 
haviour and I found myself pass- 
ingjudgements. I wasjust coming 
out of the closet and I felt threat- 
ened by what was happening all 
around me. I asked a wise old 
queen why these people (I had 
now separated myself from 
THEM) would act in such an out- 
rageous and unacceptable way. 
This was surely no way to gain 
acceptance in the mainstream com- 
munity. 

Her reply was profound and 
articulate: "Who are you to pass 
judgements, do you not despise 
beingjudged yourself? If you want 



to be accepted for your differences 
then you have to be able to accept 
differences in others as well. Un- 
fortunately not everyone has the 
energy to ^land up against hatred 
and intolerance 365 days of the 
year and this is the one day that we 
can stand up and say with one 
voice — I am what I am and what I 
am needs no excuses." 

Soon after, I found myself with 
my friend Michael in front of a 
policeman, dressed in riot gear, 
who was separating us from reli- 
gious protesters with placards say- 
ing things like " GOD HATES 
QUEERS" and "BURN IN HELL 
PERVERTS". I held Michael in 
my arms while staring directly into 
the eyes of one of the protesters 
who was throwing little Bibles at 
us and I shoved my tongue down 
Michael' s throat . I cannot describe 
the feeling of exhilaration and free- 
dom I felt at that moment. It was my 
first real act to prove that I would 
never again let anyone make me 
feel like I was a piece of shit be- 
cause I was different and gay. 

One person's freak show is 
another'sliberation. 

Gregory Bradner is a second yea r 
Trinity College student. 



Closets are for clothes: 

Gays and lesbians speak "out 



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Why can't I hold her hand? 



RACHELGIESE 



I am the worst kind of homo- 
sexual. I'm a flaunter. I hold my 
girlfriend's hand when walking 
down the street, I put my arm 
around her in movie theatres, and 
we have even been known to kiss 
in restaurants. 

If a heterosexual couple were to 
do this, people would find it charm- 
ing. It's very different when the 
couple is gay. A recent study in 
Newsweek found that most North 
Americans are tolerant of homo- 
sexuals as long as "they aren't 
openly gay". In other words. North 
Americans don ' t hate people who 
don't exist. As far as I'm con- 
cerned, rendering an entire com- 
munity invisible is not an act of 
tolerance. 

Same-sex public displays of 
affection threaten many straight 
people and demonstrate the very 
limits of this so-called tolerance. 
Two gay friends of mine were 
badly beaten last year by a group 
of teenagers because they had 
kissed in public. My girlfriend and 
I were once threatened by six men 
when we were walking home one 
night hand in hand. 

This kind of harassment and 
violence makes some gays and 
lesbians afraid of being affection- 
ate in public. Some couples I know 
fight frequently over the issue, 
especially when one partner feels 



much more comfortable with pub- 
lic affection than the other. Person- 
ally, r ve had some girlfriends who 
would never hold hands or kiss in 
public and have dated others who 
treated public affection as a gue- 
rilla tactic to overthrow the hetero- 
patriarchy. 

"Kiss me!" they'd yell in a 
busy restaurant or waiting in a 
crowd at a crosswalk, "Let's give 
these breeders a show!" 

I'm ambivalent about both these 
reactions. While I'm aware of the 
very real danger that gays and 
lesbians experience when they are 
publicly out, I resent having fear 
dictate my actions. And while I 
realize that the personal is pohtical, 
to me, holding hands or kissing is 
about romance and passion, not 
polemics. 

What angers me the most, how- 
ever, is the stereotype that gays 
and lesbians "want to ram their 
sexuality down everybody's 
throat" and the more liberal claim 
that "a person's sexuality is no 
one's business but their own". 

The institution of marriage, 
Hollywood films, television, or- 
ganized religions, popular music, 
and society ' s overriding belief that 
a person is straight until proven 
otherwise makes sexuality, het- 
erosexuality, very much every- 
one's business. It's an old argu- 
ment, but if anyone is flaunting 
theirsexuality, it's straight people, 
not gays and lesbians. For every 



gay or lesbian couple smooching 
on the streets, there are a hundred 
straight couples doing the same 
thing. 

Gay and lesbian politics in the 
last decade has moved away from 
fighting for the right to privacy and 
(instead) towards the right to be 
public. The prime example is the 
debate over gays in the military. 
It's not about the right for gays to 
serve in the armed forces (they've 
always been there), but rather for 
the right for them to serve as open ly 
gay or lesbian. 

Further examples include the 
controversial issue of "outing" 
and the tactics of the now defunct 
direct action group. Queer Nation, 
which, among other protests, spon- 
sored public "kiss-ins". 

This emphasis on openness has 
got a lot of homophobes fearing 
that society is just one queer kiss 
away from Sodom and Gomorrah. 
Well they can rest easy. I don't 
know any gays and lesbians who 
want to fuck in the streets. Most 
just want to hold hands with their 
lover without the threat of vio- 
lence. 

My roommate says the best part 
of Lesbian and Gay Pride Day is 
that she feels truly unafraid to hold 
hands with her lover in public. 
That' s a shame. Gays and lesbians 
have the right to feel safe and 
proud more than just one day of the 
year. 



6 VARSITY NEWS 



VARSITY NEWS 



OUSA disses fee hikes 



BY John Woods and 
GiNNA Watts 



The Ontario Undergraduate Stu- 
dent Alliance (OUSA) is calling for 
the elimination of all incidental 
fees for services that students do 
not control themselves. 

The proposal comes weeks af- 
ter three Ontario universities ap- 
proved massive hikes to theirinci- 
dental fees, which pay for non- 
academic student services. 

OUSA made the proposal in a 
letter sent to education minister 
David Cooke on June 14. It asks 
the province to stop universities 
from circumventing caps on tui- 
tion increases by charging more 
for incidentals. 

"We. ..propose that in the short 
term, ancillary fees should be per- 
mitted only for services which are 




David Neelands 



student governed," the letter 
stated. 

OUSA recommends that all other 
fees be rolled into a standard, sin- 
gle tuition fee. 

Martin Hicks, a policy analyst 
with the Ministry of Education and 
Training, said OUSA's proposal 
had some merits. 

"If ancillary fees were included 
in tuition, then the fee would at 
least be tax deductible, which many 
students would appreciate," he 
said. 

Tony Burgess, president of the 
Graduate Students' Union (GSU), 
said the removal of separate ancil- 
lary fees would be good for stu- 
dents, but he had some concerns. 

"We agree with the elimination 
of the fees, but tuition fees are 
already higher than they need to 
be," Burgess said. 

"We ' d be interested in looking 
at other options to cover costs of 
student services. Maybe more 
could be trimmed from the admin- 
istrative sector." 

Rick Martin, liaison officer for 
the Association of Part-time Un- 
dergraduate Students (APUS), 
helped draft OUSA' s proposal. He 
said OUSA's position might not 
result in higher tuition fees if stu- 
dents were given greater control 
over student services. 

"If students had control, serv- 
ices could be provided more effi- 
ciently," he said. 

"Students would clearly be 



more concerned with saving money 
for their peers than the admini stra- 
tion." 

Martin suggested that U of T's 
Office of Student Affairs should 
not be supported by ancillary fees. 

But David Neelands, U of T's 
assistant vice-president for stu- 
dent affairs, said student govern- 
ance of services is not an option for 
UofT. 

"It is appropriate for students 
to be given more control and input 
on student service, but not ultimate 
control. Otherwise services may 
as well be given to students to 
run," said Neelands. 

Because the amount charged 
for incidental fees varies signifi- 
cantly among universities, OUSA 
suggested a transitional period 
while uni versities across the prov- 
ince standardize their billing. 

The Ministry of Education and 
Training still has to issue a formal 
response to OUSA's proposal. 

Foil owi ng U of T' s approval of 
a $ 1 85 ancillary fee increase over 
the next three years, the University 
of Western Ontario approved a 
$150 student services increase, 
effective next fall. 

Western's student council is 
calling the fee "a veiled tuition fee 
increase beyond Ministry guide- 
lines." 

A similar increase was recently 
approved at Queen' s University. 

With files fi-om the Western 
Gazette 



Senate kills SSHRC merger 



BY Brian DiLeandro 
Varsity Staff 

Acontroversial government proposal that would have 
merged the Social Sciences and Humanities Research 
Council (SSHRC) with the Canada Council was 
soundly defeated in the Senate on June 10. 

The academic community, which had almost unani- 
mously opposed the bill, cheered the defeat of Bill C- 
93. The bill had only weeks earlier had been seen as 
almost certain to be approved. 

Marcel Lauziere, executive director of the Social 
Science Federation of Canada, agreed the govemment 
consistently failed to consult with the research com- 
munity, which would have been most directly af- 
fected. 

U of T grad student Stephen Johnson agreed. He 
said the Senate's action was a victory for post- 



graduate students. 

"The merger was a stupid idea driven by political 
reasons. There was never any consultation as to the 
consequences the move could possibly have." 

Johnson said most researchers feared their specific 
needs would have been lost with the creation of a 
bigger organization, one forced to serve both the 
academic and arts community. 

The merger was part of a measure introduced by 
former finance minister Donald Mazankowski to cut 
govemment costs. 

But the govemment could not establish to the 
Senate's satisfaction how much, if any, money would 
be saved by the merger of the SSHRC and the Canada 
Council, which give grants to the Canadian academic 
and arts communities. 

Having been defeated in the Senate, the proposed 
merger is dead, at least until after the next federal 
election. 



U OF T PART-TIME CHILDCARE 

FACILITY 

The University is pleased to announce the opening of a brand new 
Not for Profit Licensed Part-Time Childcare Facility on the St. 
George Campus (40 Sussex Ave.). This unique service, supported 
in part by student fees, has been designed to assist members of 
the University community with part-time child care arrangements. 

The Facility will commence limited operation in August and will be 
in full swing after Labour Day. 

Children should be between the ages of 3 months and 4 years. 
Hours of operation will be 8:00 am - 6:00 pm. 

We will be pleased to take your calls beginning July 2nd with 
service provided from Tuesday August 3rd. Dial 978-7337 for 
more information including hourly rates and register your 
child/ren! 




ClUT station manager David Ackerman: a difficult history 



(Norman Hui) 



Radio station moves on 



Despite a year of controversy, CIUT has bounced 
back, if June's fundraising drive is any indication. 

New station manager David Ackerman said the 
June 4- 14 drive raised $67,000 for U of T's campus 
radio station. 

CIUT relies on fundraising for one-third of its 
annual budget. Ackerman said the station was now out 
of debt for the first time in its six-year history. 

"CIUT has had a difficult financial history," 
Ackerman said. 'The financial constraints have un- 
wittingly set the course for the station thus far." 

Continuing financial difficulties were one cause of 
the July 1 992 resignation of former station manager 
David Hope. 

The year also saw the station accused of systemic 
racism by the African Programmers' Association of 
CIUT ( APAC), a scandal which ended in December 
1 992 with the dismissal of three volunteer program- 
mers connected with APAC. 

Interim station manager Nilan Perera suspended 
the three programmers indefmitely after an independ- 



ent arbitrator appointed by CIUT' s board of directors 
failed to resolve the matter in November. 

During this month' s fundraiser, APAC members 
demonstrated outside the station, demanding the 
reinstatement of programmen Ras Rico I, Dcnisc 
Jones, and Allan Jones. 

For his part, Ras Rico I said he will continue to 
protest until CIUT addressed its problems. 

"The onus is on the board of directors to pursue 
the process to the determination of whether or not 
racism is endemic to CIUT, and if so, to do something 
about it," he said. 

Ackerman said he did not expect any action. He said 
the problems were based on personality clashes 
between Perera and the suspended programmers. 

"It wasn't about any cause or ideology. It was 
personal, dating back years. It's over." 

Perera, who continues to volunteer at the station, 
could not be reached for comment . 

STAFF 



A tale of two teles copes 

Gemini \dkes U of T to tlie lieavens 



BY Kim Burtnyk 

By the turn of the century, U of T 
researchers will have access to two 
of the largest and most advanced 
telescopes in the world. These twin 
telescopes in Hawaii and Chile are 
part of a new project called Gemini . 

U of T's Simon Lilly is one of 
two Canadian representatives on 



^ column 



the international science advisory 
committee for the Gemini project. 

"What we hope will distinguish 
Gemini is, first and foremost, im- 
age quality," said Lilly. Gemini 
promises images "significantly 



sharper than other eight to ten 
metre telescopes (of today]," he 

said. 

Gemini's telescopes will pos- 
sess mirrors eight metres in diam- 
eter. This will make them more 
than twice as large as the 3 . 6 metre 
Canada-France-Hawaii telescope 
(CFHT) in Hawaii. 

Canada is contributing 15 per 
cent of the $ 1 76 million price tag, 
giving Canadian astronomers 15 
per cent of scheduled observing 
time. 

The telescope in Chile will pro- 
vide Canadian scientists with their 
first opportunity to have access to 
a large telescope in the southern 
hemisphere. 

Gemini will probe the universe 
for star-forming regions and 
young galaxies, advancing as- 



tronomers' understanding of the 
evolution of the universe. It is also 
hoped that Gemini will produce 
evidence for the existence of plan- 
ets outside of our own solar sys- 
tem. 

Astronomers are excited about 
some new fcaturesofGcmini, meant 
to minimize the effects of the at- 
mosphere on the telescopes. 

For ground-based optical as- 
tronomy, the Earth's atmosphere 
presents a problem. Variations in 
temperature and humidity contrib- 
ute to the distortion of light col- 
lected by the telescope. This makes 
Earth-based optical astronomy 
difficult. 

"Doing astronomy from the 
ground is like doing bird watching 
from the bottom of a swimming 
pool," said Lilly. 




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TUESDAY, 13 JULY 1993 



VARSITY FEATURES 7i 



Bye-bye Brian, hello Kim! 



Frat Boys and Deb Girls 

OTTAWA - The term "young conservative" has always struck me as 
a discordant expression: being conservative seemingly despoils being 
young of all its inherent worth. Nonetheless, for a few muggy days in 
mid- June, I was surrounded by hundreds of giddy young conservatives 
collectively called Progressive Conservative Youth. 

We've all shared the misfortune of coming of age under Brian 
Mulroncy , but these young hacks actually took his degenerate nurturing 
to heart. As much as the sell-out of Canada, the GST and failed 
constitutional accords, these adolescent Tory drudges are lyin' Brian's 
suspect legacy to an ungrateful nation. 

At the carefully stage-managed show in Ottawa, the role of this Tory 
litter was transparent: to purport to convey a sense of excitement to an 
otherwise predictable and dull exercise in procedural democracy. As the 
saying goes, people want democracy, but instead they get voting. 

"New" and "fresh" were the convention's mantras as the party 
attempted to distance itself from the most reviled leader in Canadian 
history — but not, it should be noted, his policies. Indeed, overthe course 
of the weekend, James Edwards advocated a tax on food, Jean Charest 
pondered user fees for medical care and Kim Campbell promised to cut 
funding to so called special interest groups (as if the Progressive 
Conservative Party isn't Canada's ultimate special interest). Conse- 
quently, mindless chanting and cheering by wholesome Tory youth was 
a cheap and symbolic way of indicating to the unsuspecting a party bom 
anew. 

In addition to the contrived exhilaration of the convention floor, the 
weekend was replete with youthful candidate-sponsored parties. These 
were typically forgettable private school dance-type affairs where the 
healthy and wealthy frat boys and deb girls, who seem to dominate the 
youth wing, slowly got drunk on beer while stiffly dancing to pop chart 
tunes. To be fair, at some point these vibrant young Canadians must have 
given some serious consideration to the future of the Dominion that has 
been so obviously generous to them. 

Not surprisingly, some of U of T's SAC hacks, past and present, were 
out in force, with Georgina Blanas, Rheba Estante, Shinan Govani and 
Merry-LN Unan revelling in their seemingly only use as camera fodder 
on the convention floor. A role, appropriately, commensurate with their 
influence on campus. 

The few visible minority delegates present also understood their token 
function within the framework of stage-managed democracy, one in 
particular informing me that they would club together for the television 
cameras. All to dispel, I suppose, the hopeftil truism that the Progressive 
ConservaliveParty of Canada is notraally Canada. 



an anarchist look at the 
June '93 tory leadership convention 

by jaggi singh 




(Nicole Graham/VS) 



So Long Lyin' Brian 



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Campaigning in the summer of 1984, the relatively unknown Brian 
Mulroney helped introduce himself to Canadians with a philosophical 
pens&: 

"There's no whore like an old whore." 

He should know, having shamelessly prostituted himself as Canada' s 
preferred big business slut for the last 9 years. Ironically, Mulroney's 
post-prime ministerial job will be as a lawyer at his old Montreal law firm, 
helping "to provide counsel and advice to international corporations," 
which is exactly what he and the Tories have been doing all along. 

But the disgraceful Tory legacy is most tainted by a crass ethos, 
whereby the Canadian public was disparagingly characterized as poten- 
tial consumers to be duped, and not value-laden citizens to be swayed. 
It was the absolute victory of image over ideas and, accordingly, so was 
the Friday night party-faithful farewell to Mulroney. 
TrottingGuttheir Kenand Barbie act forone last time, Brian andMila, 

kids in tow, were feted with an 
unabashedly tacky spectacle. In 
part, it consisted of formulaic 
DavidFosterpop ballads, arendi- 
tion of "O Danny Boy", pre- 
teens singing Country and West- 
em ditties, a garbled Shakespear- 
ean paean by an embarrassed 




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teleprompted and taped farewells 
by Mulroney's fellow lame -duck 
leaders (Bush, Kohl, Major and 
Mi tterand)and other unapologetic 
examples of scripted adulation. 

A convention organizer, asked 
to justify the $400,000 expense 
on something so thoroughly self- 
serving, responded, 

"We gave Brian what he 
wanted." 

To wit: payback for Mulroney's 
largesse in laying open the federal 
trough to a throng of voracious 
Tory swine. In particular, 
Mulroney's final days initiated an 
unprecedented feeding frenzy by 
pols, hacks and their wives, in- 
suring, I'm sure, the integrity of 
Canada's Immigration and Pa- 
roleBoards foryearstocome. All 
in the name of the whoredom that 
the Right Honorable Martin Brian 
Mulroney and his bag men so 
perfectly personified for almosta 
decade. 

Ah Incestuous 
Herd 

In the convention's press room, 
most of the national mediaopenly 
scoffed at the shameless adieu 
unfolding on television (except, 
perhaps, for Mulroney's desig- 
nated troikaof fart-catchers: Mike 
Duffy, Peter Newman and the 
Globe and Mail's chief editor, 
William Thorsell). Of course, very 
little of that critical capacity to 
ferret through blatant bullshit 
would make copy; forBS, along 
with prevarication and specula- 
tion, is the meal ticket of main- 
stream journalism. 



The national media is an incestuous herd, intent upon writing overly 
cautious drivel, handicaps and the meaningless psycho-babble that 
Jeffrey Simpson etal. so adore. In the words o{ Rolling Stone 'sTimothy 
Crouse (nuthoTofTheBoyson the Bus, an insider's analysis of the media 
coverage of the 1972 Nixon-McGovem Presidential campaign), the 
inbred nature of the mainstream national press means that it inevitably 
begins "to believe the same rumors, subscribe to the same theories and 
write the same stories." To ask a "ballsy" or "snotty" question of the 
sorry lot that passes for leadership in this country is to become either a 
pariah or to be marginalized with the moniker "alternative." 

AMaclean 's reporter was particularly offended at my peculiar notions 
about the utter uselessness of the mainstream press. Fearful of some 
concealed agenda, she warned: 

"You might cross the line between journalism and activism." 

Unfortunately, the other hnebetweenjoumalismandcollaboration has 
already been traversed, with reporting seen as aci vie duty and not an act 
of vigilance. It means, in the end, that the shaky foundations of the body 
politic are left unexposed for popular perrisal. 

And so, with an exaggerated sense of self-importance, the national 
mediadutiftilly settles into its hallowed role as the purveyorsof platitudes 
— a function hopelessly ill-suited to deal with the shifty doublespeak of 
political speech. 

That doublespeak, full of euphemisms and vacuous phrases, reached 
a fevered pitch with the candidates' speeches on Saturday night and the 
pushy attempts by supporters afterwards to put the proper spin on their 
respective choices. 

Sam Wakim,acandidand charter memberof the Mulroney mafia, calls 
thefever"delegatecitis" — the annoyingcapacity of convention partici- 
pants to rationalize adequately to themselves the support of anyone or 
anything. He helpfully offers a verbal remedy to ward off these tiresome 
and abundant delegates, 

"Just tell them to go fuck themselves and do us all a favour." 

It was advice I was constantly tempted to heed during my tortured ihnx 
day stay in Tory hell. 

The Empress Wears No Clothes 

The agony came to an end on a humid Sunday afternoon as Kim 
Campbell, with her cynical "politicsof inclusion" (which really means 
"join the Tories"), was elected the primus inter pares of the Conserva- 
tive rabble. Her road to victory was carefully stage-managed by some of 
the party's best professional insiders and hired guns who insured the 
disciplined loyalty of committed Campbell delegates in spite of, and not 
because of their anointed candidate. 

If Campbell's tenure as prime minister is to be more than a glorified 
summer job, future prospects do not bode well for Canadians. The prime 
minister and her cabal, with vague pronouncements like wanting to 
change "the way we do politics in this country," are using the successful 
Socred tactic of "the Big Bang." It's what Murray Dobbin, author of the 
revealing The Politics of Kim Campbell, describes as the "strategy of not 
telling anyone what they [are] going to do and then do it all at once." 

Thus, much like only a purported rabid anti-communist like Richard 
Nixon could dare "open" China, or only a NDP government could send 
the collective bargaining rights of unions in Ontario back fifty years, so 
too does Campbell ' s novelty as a female leader give her an almost carte 
blanche to continue a neo-conservative agenda while simultaneously 
proclaiming a "fresh approach." It's the inescapable consequence of the 
Tory paradigm of "selling politics." 

More troubling is Campbell's pretentious belief in Burkean steward- 
ship, evidenced in her condemnation of Charlottetown Accord nay- 
sayers as "ci vically incompetent," or those not ready to slash and bum 
social programs because of the national debt as "un-Canadian." In her 
own ponderous words, "In a democracy the way it works is the winning 
side gets to introduce its program." 

Using code phrases like "special interests," and "making due with 
less," it' s easy to deduce what Campbell' s program will be with a new 
mandate. 

And so, after three days and two nights in Tory la-la land, the maxim 
that the emperor wears no clothes resonated ever more truly. All that was 
left for me to do, I suppose, was to try to conform to the opposite of 
Campbell's vision and aim to be the most civically incompetent, un- 
Canadian, condescending son of a bitch possible. 



I Review 



The Tuesday Edition 
13 July 1993 



Fratricide and pillow talk 

Two documentaries reassess codes of masculinity 



by Steve Gravestock 

Varsity Staff 

Those filmgoers who don't have excited fitful dreams about 
prehistoric life forms (Arnold, Sly, T.Rex, whatever) should cer- 
tainly check out two new documentaries. 

JoeBerlingerand Bruce Sinofsk/sBrof/jer's/Ceeperfocuseson 
the Ward brothers, residents of Munnsville, N.Y. No one pays 
much attention to these elderly unkempt hermits until ailing 
brother Bill dies and brother Delbert is accused of murder. The 
small town rallies around the outcasts. 

The film boasts a taut dramatic structure particularly In the 
courtroom scenes when Delbert goes on trial. But it's more than 
a real life Perry Mason. There's an ambiguity to the proceedings. 

Commenting on some of the crackpot theories proposed 
duri ng the trial — at one poi nt the D. A. may have been contemplat- 
ing a incestuous-homosexual-sex-gone-bad murder motive — 
Berlinger provides a brief for the audience. 

"The viewer needs to understand where the information is 
coming from. It's the defense attorney who's talking about falsified 
evidence, the sex gone bad murder theory, but the prosecution 
went into the courtroom with the mercy killing motive. It's the 
defense attorney's job to inflame passions. One of the fi Im's great 
structu ral devices is that the whole question of gu i It or i nnocence 
is never resolved." 

In fact one is never exactly sure how to view Delbert. Is he semi- 
retarded as the defense claims or is he craftier than we think? In 



a key exchange the prosecutor asks Delbert if he knows the 
difference between the truth and a lie. "Maybe," responds Ward 
suspiciously. 

Sti 1 1 there's an obvious sympathy for the Wards. The fi Immakers 
found they had to overcome their own prejudices about these 
rustic codgers. 

"You see how the Wards dress, how they smell. You meet 
Delbert who's been accused of suffocating his brother and his 
hand is as big as my head. I really had visionsof Deliverance North 
originally. But the stereotypes gradually collapse and you accept 
who they are as people." 

Thestory around Brofher's K'eeperisalmostasinteresting as the 
story itself. Despite winning at Sundance and getting rave reviews 
the Oscar committee ignored them. 

"As a filmmaker, I'm sort of glad we were snubbed. After we 
weren't nominated 50 film critics mentioned Brother's Keeper 
when reporting on the Oscar nominations. We were more famous 
for being snubbed." 

Mark Rappaport's A?oc<r/-/udson's/-/omeMov;esisan entirely 
different type of documentary. The film excerpts clips from Hud- 
son's movies and points out the homosexual double entendres 
and innuendoes in Hudson's films. 

Some critics have talked about Rappaport expressing a fan's 
anger over the lifelong deceit. Nothing could be further from the 
truth. 

"I had no interest in Rock Hudson whatsoever," explains 
Rappaport. "It was just the idea of it — this beefcake, Ail-American 
ideaof masculinity who was homosexual in reality. Hewasouted 




Delbert Ward: Cain or Abel? 

by AIDS, outed on his deathbed even, and the world gasped as 
one. He was the first major casualty of AIDS. He even caused 
Ronald Reagan to mention AIDS in a speech." 

Some may criticize the film for going too far. At one point the film 
implies that director Howard Hawks put Hudson in demeaning 
situations because he was tryi ng to punish him for his homosexu- 
ality. Rappaport isn't concerned with those sorts of objections. 

"In a sense these movies asked for it on about a million different 
levels. There's all this talk about sex and no action. There's all this 
deflected sex, deflected sexuality. I mean Tony Randall (a frequent 
Hudson co-star) protesting to be married so many times. C'mon 
are we supposed to believe that? 

"Maybe they (Hawks etal) didn't put the innuendos in to punish 
him. But we can never know for sure. It's a wi Id surmise but what 
the hell. 

"It's called revisionism and people are ready for it." 



^hgsfand'lTesire at Stratford 4 





JOHN DEGEN. Disillusioned grad stu- 
dent lamenting his inability to afford 
Stratford at this point in his life. 
WILL ECKHERT. Easily agitated ap- 
prentice of stagecraft and criticism. 
GEORGIANAUHLYARIK. Immersed 
in the pseudo-bohemian life, but eats 
dinner with parents. 
MIMI CHOI. A shy but inquisitive 
moderator. Recently learned to spell 
"theatre." 

SCENE: Limbo. The critics have gath- 
ered to muse on the Stratford Festival. 
They have been discussing the prob- 
lems and potentialities of the whole 
event, and the dramatic question has 



arisen: is Stratford truly a midsummer 
night's dream, or merely much ado 
about nothing? 

ACT I: The Question of the Audience 

M: What kind of audience did you 

encounter at Stratford? 

J: A very rich audience. 

M: How did you know they were rich? 

|: {matter-of-factiy) I saw the priceof my 

ticket. 

W: Look at the way they dressed, the 
ca rs they were drivi ng. And they' re a 1 1 
old, OLD. 

J: And ifthey were younger, they were 
with older people. The whole town of 
Stratford feels like a festival. After see- 



ing A Midsummer Night's Dream, I 
went for a walk in the park; there was 
art being sold, handicrafts.. .You just 
got a feeli ng that it was al I for the same 
audience, and it was actually the same 
consumers who were doing the buy- 
ing, as I was looking at paintings be- 
side some Americans. 
G: You mean right on the river? 
|: (vaguely) About, yeah, where the 
swans are. 

Theatre should be accessible, and 
Stratford is, in my mind, completely 
inaccessible. The whole industry con- 
cept of a summer festival gives satellite 
business a license to gouge tourists. 




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W: (pipes ir))Bul that's a goodthing! / 
didn't buy a T-shirt, or a Stratford but- 
ton. And the people who can't afford 
it aren't goi ng to either! 

I'm not say i ng compromise the art. 
I'm just saying, if you're going to have 
it there anyway, you might as wel I have 
hot dog vendors. 

J: I'm not talking about hot dog ven- 
dors. I'm talking about trying to get a 
reasonably priced dinner, and also in 
a reasonable amount of time. 
G: You can go to Swiss Chalet. 
W: I ate at McDonald's, (gerieral laugh- 
ter) 

J: Is there a Swiss Chalet, actually? 
G: Yes, there is. I ate there. 
J: I couldn't find it. 

W: (moving right along) Now the sec- 
ond question is, "Why do they go?" I 
think that the positive reasons for go- 
ing for those people are outweighed 
by the negative ones. A lot like the 
experience, the tourism; it's like going 
to Paris for the weekend, (peals of 
laughter)\ou just go and marvel at the 
arcii itectu re — it' s the same w ith Strat- 
ford. That's the sad fact. Everyone likes 
to have few glasses of wi ne, before the 
show, so they can sort of — 
J: rw/f/jper/ecff/m/ng^ Get through it! 
(laughter) 

W: There's a classof people that laugh 
at the [Shakespeare's] jokes, and 
there's the class of people that laugh, 
sort of latently, when you see that 
everyone else's laughing (morelaugh- 
ter from the seasoned critics). Then, of 
course, there's a third classof people 
that have actually read the play, who 
snicker when no one else laughs, be- 
cause they get the ones no one else 
gets. I still think that people — {some- 
what dubiously) if you want to take a 
nice humane perspective — still like 
Shakespeare, even for the wrong rea- 
sons. 

G: But the audience is in too much in 
control of the programming this way. 
Something original has to be started. 
At Stratford, you have a subscription 
you have people that return to 



Stratford all the time, {feelingly) You 
can mould these people — challenge 
them a little bit, as opposed to giving 
them everything the same every year 
to meet their expectations. I'm not 
saying freak them out with audience 
interaction, but slowly move things. 
That's what I'd I i ke to see. 
I: (with slightly disinterested tone)Now 
that we've torn it apart,. ..Is it really so 
bad that they're i ndustry-oriented, that 
they're going for a perhaps less broad- 
minded crowd, and for entertainment 
value? Is that such a bad thing? 
W: i think our Shakespeare actors 
are... not bad, but consideri ng what we 
put into it, I think we're doing pretty 



$ theatre forum 



wel I. At least there's a chance that we 
can go out and see wicked perform- 
ances by really decent actors. 
J: (qualifying) Occasionally wicked 
performances. 

ACT II: Programming: What Is And 
What Should Be 

J: Stratford producesthe same playsall 
the time. It's a come-back-and-see-us- 
againfeel. 

G: So let's look at how they're tryi ng to 
balancetheir programming. They have 
The Wingfield Trilogy, wFiich is a Ca- 
nadian play. And in terms of actor 
education, they do have the "Young 
Company So i n a way, they do try to 
balance things. 

J: (thumping his own Stratford sched- 
ule) Dream and Gypsy are the two 
longest-runningplays. They're like the 
backbone of the schedule, the ones 
they're counting on to bring the audi- 
ence in. 

G: (finds a nice word of her own) The 
Please see "Busting", p. 10 




TUESDAY, 13 JULY 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 9 



review BRIEFS 



Last Action Hero 

Second only to Spielberg's Jurassic Park, 
Schwarzenegger's latest offering TheLastAc- 
tion Hero is the biggest heavyweight action 
film to sally forth from Hollywood this sum- 
mer. The would-be-blockbuster delivers a 
full two hours of explosions, car chases, and 
gunfights; not to mention a fiendish villain 
and of course, plenty of the burly protagonist 
himself — all inall,athoroughly typical Arnold 
flick. 

Too typical, aficionados of the genre will 
surely complain. "The scenes are allrehashed 
from otherfilmsl" they will shout The plot is 
wholly unoriginal, the casting is mediocre, 
and the violence is completely routine!" One 
can almost hear thei r p lai nti ve wa i I ings now, 
above the steady stream of movie machine 
gunfire. 

Ah, my doughty disciples of 
Schwarzenegger, but this is in fact the point! 
A stroke of utter genius on the part of the 
screenwriters has managed to excuse the 
brazen regurgitationof allthisstaleoldschlod<. 
For Last Action Hero, in the great tradition of 
metatheatre, self-referentialTy examines the 
i nstitution of the action fi Im and the motifs that 
support it — worn cliches and all. The film is 
even an intertextual sweep of Arnold's entire 
illustrious career, satirically disassembling 
the myriad identical leads he has played. 
Complete with clips from Olivier's famous 
Ham/etfilm, this is perhaps less Terminator 2 
than RosencrantzandCuildenstemAre Dead 

Sadly, the film's aforementioned failing far 
outweigh its detached, absurdist merits. Last 
Action Hero will surely disappoint violent 
buffs, the filmgoing public in general, arui all 
but the most thematically hypersensitive of 
critics. 

WillEckhert 

MidnightOil 

Many bands successfully write and perform 
but few have intelligentthings to say. Among 
the exceptions is MidnightOil and it was for 
this reason that i was eager to hear the band 
and, particularly, what lead singer Peter Garrett 
had been up to since their last hit. Blue Sky 
Mining. 

In town recently to promote Earth and Sun 
and Moon, Garrett and drumnrier Rob Hirst 
seemed a bit weary of the focus on their 
activism over their musi c, despite the inherent 
political message in, for example, T ruganini," 
about the last known Tasmanian aboriginal. 

Their desire to put the music first is under- 
standable given that it's the source of their 
livelihood. But the great attraction for many is 
that there is a message i n the music. The group 
not only deals with issues that get far too little 
attention, but it does so in a medium where 
articulate social expression is far from the 
norm. 

During the press conference, Garrett and 
H i rst refer to Bob Hawk, Austral i a's ex-Pri me 
Minister, who said, "You can write all the 
slogans you like, but it's not goi ng to change 
one iota the decisions of my governmenL" 

According to Garrett, the statement was 
intended directly forMidnight Oil, butthen he 
adds, with obvious satisfaction, "he got the 
boot, and we're still here." 

Merely being mentioned by the govern- 
ment they opposed, even indirectly, illus- 
trates their impact on matters politic. I can't 
think of anotherEnglish-speaking band whose 
social critici sm has e li cited comments from its 
governmenL 

Luckily for us, the group has not aban- 
doned its political lyrics, though they might 
not be interested in debating them with me 
media. They seem to feel that they have 
exchanged their identities as musicians for 
thoseof activists and they nowwantto reclaim 
their musical selves. 

Midnight Oil wilt be performing in Another 
Roadside Attraction July 23 and 24 at the 
Markham Fairgrounds. 

Andrew Male 



AnnMagnuson 

Ann Magnuson won't be fraudulent to be 
hip. So, despite its flaws, her one-woman 
show, you Could Be Home Now, succeeds 
because she is a fabulously accomplished 
and truly engaging performer. 

Without the perfomnance-art brutality of 
Karen Findleyorthehipper-than-thou-you'll- 
Ptease see "Home", p. 10 



Uncensoring Fifth Column 



Singer Caroline Azar on Lollapalooza and Riot Grrrls 



by Ashley Thomas 



Chosen as the only Toronto performers at this 
year's Lollapalooza, Fifth Column seem more 
visible than ever. Hard at work on their third 
major release due in September, they're each 
pursuing individual projects. Last March, 
Melody Maker chose their "All Women are 
Bitches" as single of the week and the band is 
often cited as a founding mother of the 'Riot 
Grrrls' movement. Nevertheless, singer Caroline 
Azar insists life is still peaceful. 

I find Caroline outside her apartment painting 
sets for Brain Sexed, a Fringe play she's acti ng in. 
"If every day was as busy as this, I'd go insane," 
she says while ushering me inside her apart- 
ment, which is decorated with movie posters, 
millions of toys and knick-knacks. Like a major 
star wi 1 1 i ng to chat to a reporter, Carol i ne settles 
in a big wicker rocker in her bathrobe, sipping 
water. 

Noting the lack of female performers in 
Lollapalooza 93, she says, 

"I'm reconciled: I got my anger out in the 80s. 
To get angry at somethi ng I ike that, where th i ngs 
are really moving along for me, not anyone else 
— because I don't censor anyone — would be a 
waste of energy." 

Most groups in Canada would jump at the 
chance to do Lollapalooza, seeing it as a major 
careeropportunity ("Shadowy Men would think 
twice," Caroline insists). Fifth Column were ini- 
tially reluctant about the big corporate produc- 
tion, butthe influence of L. A. friend John Rubely 
convinced the band. 

"H is sales pitch got us to do the show because 
he was so f u 1 1 of sou I and spi ri t. " Th i s reflects how 
Fifth Column works. They don't have a manager, 
a business plan, or even a van to get their stuff to 
gigs. They do things they believe in rather than 
worry about "good career moves." 

"There's no game plan. I think when you have 




G.B. Jones, Beverly Breckenridge and 
Caroline Azar: mothers to all Riot Grrrls 

a game plan you become corporate. You could 
be totally poor and have a corporate behaviour, 
then your art sucks and you have no money." 

Along with Caroline's vocals and keyboard. 
Fifth Column includes G. B.Jones on vocals and 
guitar and Beverly Breckenridge on bass. For 
Lollapalooza, they' re joined by MicheleBreslin 
on guitar and Torry Colicchio on drums. 

"I haven't been to an outdoor concert i n over 
1 5 years, since 'Canada Jam.' I was too punk for 
the Police Picnic." Caroline then admits she's 
ashamed of all the censoring she has done. 

"We have no idea what type of people wi II be 
there; I just think we should have a really good 
time. It's all we can do. If you trust yourself then 
people will trust you, I think." 

How many 'r's in 'Riot Grrrl'? The term has 
been bounced around like the silly putty Caroline 
holds in her hands. But she's eager to talk about 
the movement because she believes in what the 
bands are doing. 

The movement, she informs me, began in 
Olympia, Washington, with several female bands 



who wanted to unite women and promote self- 
awareness. RiotGrrrls,unlikeotherfeminist move- 
ments, reaches out to women at a young age 
about them — straight, bisexual and gay. 

The groups they've met "remi nded us of when 
we were younger," Caroline says impishly," and 
I think that's really great. Now we're a little 
different because we've, you know, matured. A 
I ot of women our age, I i ke Cou rt ney Love, are at 
war with these Riot Grrrls and I kind of think that 
war is steeped in ageism, where older women 
who are artists or performers are made to believe 
that after a certain age, they're not as desirable as 
performers or as female entities. So they believe 
that myth, create an anger and get mad at the 
younger girls, and that's not right. This is some- 
thing that we really have to look at. It's a male 
invention — something imposed upon us. It had 
to happen." 

On Fifth Column's place in the movement, 
Caroline acknowledges, 

"I can't deny that I think we had a hand in 
influencing the bands, but so did Fright Wig, so 
did Mecca Normal, so did a lot of women." 

The groups they've met, she says, are all great 
and have nice manners, an important quality in 
Fifth Column's world. 

"I'm waiting for 'Riot Byyys' [to happen] be- 
cause I've noticed I'm meeting men who com- 
plain about other men. They're saying, 'I'm being 
censored for crying,' or 'I don'twantto shake 
some guy's hand; I wantto hug him.'" 

When I suggest Fifth Column is a state of mind, 
Caroline concurs. 

"Definitely! Our social time is spent together 
and, when we write, it's a group effort." 

As I leave, she gives me a huge bag of Pita Puffs, 
saying something about a promotion. Promo- 
tion? Could Fifth Column get so big as to endorse 
snack food? Even so, they'd still be the coolest 
and most approachable band in Toronto. 



by Amber Golem 
Varsity Staff 

"The music. The culture. The atmosphere." 

So promised the ads on CFNY, announcing 
Edgefest, for July 1 and 2 at Ontario Place. That 
vague ad slogan is the dubious selling point 
of the plethora of summerfestivalsinToronto. 
The posters seemed to be everywhere, and 
although the names may change, the concept 
of an open-ai r gatheri ng of a lot of bands and 
a lot of fans is hardly an innovative marketing 
concept in urban summer entertainment. 

"Festivals are all about beingdifferent from 
the norm," says Brad Parsons of CPI. "It's part 
of a growing trend in the music business. 
People are bored with the traditional concert 
experience, going to see a band at a club and 
then just going home. Not to put those kinds 
of shows down, but nowadays people are 
demanding more value for their entertain- 
ment dollar." 

From a fan's point of view, checking out a 
festival may not be about value for a dollar, 
creative diversity, or marketplace trends, but 
(justmaybe)aboutparticipatinginafeel-good 
ritual, becoming part of a larger community 
through music. Of course, at the end of the 
day, you may wonder why you wanted to joi n 
this so-called "culture" in the first place. 

Concerts of this kind, like traffic jams, in- 
variably take place in uncomfortable weather, 
you're immobile forages. Both are character- 
ized by widespread uncertainty. No one knows 
anything: where the bathrooms are, who's on 
next, why things are behind schedule, where 
to get free stuff, why you have to show the 
security guards the wristband they gave you 
when you first left the main stage AS WELL AS 
the ticket that got you it in order to re-enter. 
Having had my first soupcon of the pervasive 
odour of French fries, grass (both kinds) and 
musty blankets, I am now psyching myself to 
visit Lollapalooza. They say I should bring 
toilet paper... 

Larry Koch 




"We learned so much inthe first five minutes of 
being here," said John Jones of CFNY. As a few 
CFNY staff roamed the Forum fields, to collect 
opinions about the fledgling Edgefest, it was 
interesting to notice that most of the young, 
Sassy-fied, white bread grunge crowd didn't 
have much of substance to say. 

So, howwasthisyear'sCanada Day festival, in 
the scheme of things? Very good. Ontario Place 
beats Molson Park hands down (Yay! Real bath- 
rooms!!) and although there have been good 
bands in the past, I liked the idea of going back 
to the independent and alternative scene. It 
shows a real commitment to Canadian music. 

It's too bad the media didn 't stick around for 
the whole show. If they had, they might have 
witnessed overzealous security guards in action. 
One in particular manhandled a fan offstage with 
such intensity that Rheostatic Dave Bidini stopped 
performing to escort the fan to a privileged spot 
in the middle of the stage. Later he actually got in 
a shoving match with another security guard 
over another fan's safety. The crowd who re- 
mained were horrified, but the tape had stopped 
rolling. 

Ginna Watts 

But, beyond the music, what about the mes- 
sage, the culture, or the spirit that festivals often 
claim to promote? With the rise of Lollapalooza, 
the debate about consciousness-raising has in- 
tensified, as many events are now incorporating 
"lifestyle awareness" booths, alternative crafts, 
and bands with a political bone to pick as part of 
an effort to make music a vehicle of social change. 

Since Lollapalooza started three years ago, the 
Globe and Mail has run a feature about how the 
one-day wanna-be Woodstock represents the 
malaise-beset Generation X. For the odd thirty 
bucks to see bands like Soundgarden, Ministry, 
Lush, and the Chili Peppers, the day sounded like 
a deal. But perhaps more than other arena con- 
certs, the music is removed, played by stick 
figures almost a mile away. The attraction obvi- 
ously lies in being able to say you were there. 

Problem is, with its $3 hot dogs and the 
pseudo-Latin American clothing sold for at least 



ten bucks more than in Toronto, Lollapalooza 
doesn 't quite attract the twentysomethings it 
seems targeted towards. By the time I arrived 
there last year in the late afternoon, many 
teenagers were emerging from their sleeping 
bags after one revolutionary day and night of 
camping out with thousands of other people. 
Which I guess is as much malaise as any 
Generation X-er is allowed to feel. 

Simona Chiose 




(Rodger LevesqueA/S) 
Me, IVIom and Morgentaler get the 
crowd moshing. 

If you were u nfortu nate enough to witness the 
manic mosh of Doc-sporting fans that Me, 
Mom, and Morgentaler invited on stage with 
them at Edgefest, singing along to the perky 
ditty "Everybody's Got AIDS," you've got to 
wonder how much - if anything -of a message 
is sinking into those same young, boot-bat- 
tered heads, even if the audience can bridge 
the physical distance between performer and 
fan. 

"That's a really difficult question," replies 
Parsons smoothly. "At the end of the day, do 
we change the world? No. Of course not." 

It's easy when your ad slogan only promises 
another roadside attraction, I guess. If people 
miss the message, you can always claim it's 
just because they were driving by too fast. 



10 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY, 13 JULY 1993 



Busting with emotions on the Avon 



Continued from p. 8 

feafures! 

|: If s really standard practice, you know? The "Greatest Hits" idea. 
W: I'd question whether that's a bad thing, because let's face it: 
never mind the production, which wou Id you rather see: 2 Henry 
VI or Macbeth^ Pretty obvious question. Macbeth is the superior 
play ^wrt/7conv/cf(on^ltjustsimply is. Lesspopularplaysdon'tget 
put on very often because: they're not so good! 
C: Yes. So then they put on, also Bacchae, and you said Kingjobn, 
which is hardly ever put on. 

W: I've never even heard of that being staged, (dramatically) I don't 
think that's ever been staged in a big production like this, probably, 
in our lifetimes. 

[King John last at Stratford in 1 960. — W.E.) 
C:touc/)ed; Really? 

J: Yeah, that was a very ... (pauses, selecting a word) interesting 
choice. 

C: Let's talk about risky and edgy. How often do you think that 
you'd be able to go there and see a really (with emphasis) 
challenging Richard IIP. Can you afford to put on Hamlet, and 
everybody expecting for their first time to see HAMLET, and they 
get Hamlet, naked with videos [refers to 1991 Theatre Plus 
production] or whatever ... 

M: You're saying audiences want a very conventional — 
C: (with mild but distinct disdain) I think so. 
W: (skeptically) As far as taking risks goes, is it even legitimate to 
take big risks with some of these? For example, if you call for a 
feminist interpretation of Taming of the Shrew — you can't do it. 
Such Shakespeare plays are not big, and deep, and philosophical, 
I i ke Hamlet, (pauses for split second reflection and picks up again) 
Well, yes, you can, (a resolute finger pois€d)w\th one qualification, 
and that's this: Cpounc/Zngouf f/7esy//a/?/es^thatishastowork. Fact 
is, nine times out of ten, or 999 times out of a thousand, they do 
these things just forthe sakeof doing it, and (angrily)Jhey don't! 
J: In this year's Dream, the "challenging" changes were only 
surface changes... For the Athenian scenes, the actors were 
dressed like 1 930's Chicago, but even that was mixed. You had 
the gangster look and also the Secret Service look, men with radios 
i n their ears. And that's cute, but then — (di^ustat the incongruity) 
they go to fairyland!... The play was a complete mash of ideas. It 
had no central consciousness to it. I couldn't see the director in 
it at all. I saw a whole bunch of people saying "Wouldn't it be neat 
if..." 

W: Well, Antony & Cleopatra had the same things in common in 
terms of the costumes. Caesar's gang looked approximately like 
Nazis, and Pompey's guys looked like American CIs. The third 





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guy's [Lepidus'l — wel 1, 1 don't know what they were supposed to 
be. They were sort of a mix of both of them, or some guerillas... 
J: Obviously, the way you're talking about it, what they were trying 
to do did not come across. 

W: (still a little hot)No\ ltdidn'twork! But, you see,thethingis,with 
working or not working, there's the one side ofthe superficial: the 
"ooh, ahh" section; and the second side is that of dramatic 
sensibilities. 

There were only a few main well-acted roles in this. Cleopatra 
(Coldie Semple) was just incredible, all the way through. At some 
poi nts I thought she was just going to bu it with emotion. It was just 
incredible. The audience wasn't really sensitive to it in general, but 
shedid an incredible, incredible job. Antony (Leon Pownall)inthe 
first half of it, was pretty average. But (swooning) ohhh, when he 
got into the tragic fall section, it was incredible. Absolutely a very 
inspired performance. Obviously heartfelt ^af a /oss^ljust excellent! 
On the other hand, Enobarbus (Lewis Gordon) destroyed the best 
passages in the play. He kind of barked. He did this one part, you 
know, like (loud & sergeant-like, inmonosyllables)"T\-\E SAILS!" 
he goes, "WERE PURPLE! ANDTHE WINDS WERE LOVE -SICK 
WITH 'EM!" (pealsof laughter, again) 

C:(lamenting) There is no difference between the Dream and 

Anfony & C/eopafra.' They're the same kind of thing! You need 

some sort of diversity, and challenge from somewhere. What I'm 

saying is that you should pick a director who says, [inspired) " I 

wanna do Ham/ef this way, and that's why I want to do it." To feel 

the artistic reason for putting it on, a director with a vision, some 

sort of a challenge for everyone involved. 

J: But if they're gonna do something wonderful, they should do 

something WONDERFUL, not just different. 

W: {gruffly) Yeah, it's gotta be done good. 

ACT III: The Perfect Stratford? 

M: What would be the most ideal Stratford? 

J: All I want is a more concentration on the "lower end." Maybe 

an "improv Shakespeare." 

W: But would you drive out an hour and a half, just to see a few 
guys just sort of jam on it? 

J: (flatly) No. That's the whole point. People are going to drive out 
to Stratford anyway, because ofthe higher end, so stick the lower 
end in there as well. For example, as the audience leaves the 
theatre, they walk by the river, to see the swans, and instead of 
seeing the swans, they come across a temporarily constructed 
stage, with some serious improvisation going on — bang! There 
you get your risk, and there you've got your audience being 
exposed to it. And whether they' 1 1 get someth i ng out of it i s up to 
them. But there it is, and they're being exposed to it (the shocker) 

at Stratford} 
W: Is that enough? 
J: It's a start. I think they can 
always depend on having an 
audience, as long as it's being 
funded as well as it is, and as 
longasit'sastraditional. But if 
they want to expand their audi- 
ence, if they want me back, 
the/ re gonna have to do some- 
th ing. 

W: I think the rea/ question is, 
what's the value of it? My exfje- 
rience is that I've seen some 
performances that have been 
great, and some that have stunk, 
and stunk badly. I think roughly 
1 for 2 is not good enough for 
something with that funding. 
Never mind improvements; I 
just think that it naturally should 
be more than it is. 
C: I think that the problem is 
with the artists. They're recy- 
cled; they don't have any other 
career. V^hat do they do? {hor- 
ror clipping short her phrases) 
They do television inthewinter 
and Stratford in the summer. 



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That's boring; that's silly. The directors hardly direct outside of 
Stratford. Their career is Stratford, (with the angst of unfulfilled 
creaf/Vesens/f/V/f/es) I want artists! I want to go to Stratford and see 
artists! And I just don't get the feeling that I do. I see a machine of 
Stratford Shakespearean spewing-up-lines. That's what I think. 
EPILOGUE 

W: (on a different note) Wel I, you never think it's gonna happen, 
but there's probably gonna be a time when I'll just go to Stratford 
and say, (as a squeaky octogenarian) "Oh, this is so lovely!" But 
it happens. 

G: (theapocalypticclimaxcloseathand) So maybe Stratford's our 

nemesis. (The four pause for an instant, in reflection) 

W: (breaching the dead calm) I don't know. Maybe. Or maybe if 

we just be nice and critical enough, we won't have to worry about 

that kind of thing. Sort oT like George Bernard Shaw, who was a 

rancorous old fart up until he was ninety-five. 

J: (wisely) So better get this stuff on the record now, so we can say 

we were hip at one point. 

G: Yeah. (A final pause) At one point. 

(Exeunt, and curtain) 




You Could Be Home Nowvhth Ann Magnuson 

Continued from p. 9 

never get this style of Sandra Bernhard, Magnuson ingeniously 
examines the demise of post-war American archetypes. She 
simultaneously grieves the decay ofboth thecataclysmic small 
town turned suburban sub-division and the cocaine-driven 
haute-artiste New York that Jay Mclnerney chronicled in the 
eighties. 

The show centres on a visit back to her southern home to 
receive a famous persons plaque. This is the impetus for a series 
of inspired characterizations: there'sa woman recovering from 
substance abuse living with a 250-pound trucker named Piglet 
("a man I later found out truly enjoys cunnilingus") and an 
actress confused by auditions since Hollywood only envisions 
two types of women — the loving, selfless nurturer orthe shrill, 
neurotic, self-absorbed shrew. A housewife surveys her newly 
decorated suburtsan domain, stopping to point out a staircase 
where she remembers "my first orgasm, sliding down the 
mahogany banister. I've been looking for one like that ever 
since." And an inspired nroment: a salute to Tom Brokaw, 
where Magnuson dances an Oliver Stone ballet ofthe Fourth 
Estate in a Mao outfit, waving a red flag adorned with the 
McDonald's golden arches. 

The show closes with a strangely funny and movi ng folk song, 
inspired by an "innocent time when Mom would tiptoe into 
your bedroom, pick up her acoustic guitar and sing a lullaby." 
Here, Magnuson offers a litany of cultural observations. But 
what's most interesting is that in closing the song, Magnuson 
states she doesn't "mean to be sarcastic, cynical, ironic, or 
postmodern. This is not a parody. Get itr* 

It's that kind of atterrtion to being not simply funny, but also 
sad and compassionate that makes her show brilliant. While 
laughing at the curiousness of Lyie and Julia's nuptials, we can 
be moved by the seemingly never-ending misery of AIDS. 

A girl, it seems, can be downtown without necessarily being 
dead. 

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lain supple, youthful skin. 

Our bodies use silica to produce 
calcium 

In 1878,LouisPasteursaid: "The 
therapeutic action of silica is destined to 
play a great role ". TTianks to the extensive 
work Professor Louis Kervran began in 
France in 1949, silica is playing an in- 
creasingly great role in the field of pre ven- 
ti ve medicine. Professor Kervran stales in 
his book, Biological Transmutations, thai 

Yvonne Ryding, Miss Universe 1984, is a 
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arui general health. 

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blues 



NOTES 



Uorr Hall of Fame 

The U ofT Sports Hall ofFame 
announced its seven newest 
members last month, selecting 
from more than 130 nomina- 
tions. 

Olympians Kay 
Worthington, Louise Hanna 
Walker, and Warren Snyder, 
former UofT women's athlet- 
ics director Zerada Slack, and 
former Varsity Blues athletes 
Bill Kennedy, Tim Reid, and 
Gail Wilson will be formally 
inducted in November, bring- 
ing the Hall's total member- 
ship to 66. 

U ofT' 8 Sports Hall ofFame 
was established in 1 987 and is 
located in the main lobby of the 
Athletic Centre. 



Football Blues receive 
Donations 

At a mediarecqxion last month, 
agroupof250 former football 
players and supporters, Icnown 
as the Friends of Football, an- 
nounced their raising of 
$300,000 so far in support of 
the Varsity Blues football pro- 
gram. 

In an effort to keep the team 
alive, the Friends of Football 
have pledged to come up with 
$ 1 25 000 annual ly for the next 
five years, a commitment to be 
matched by the Depanment of 
Athletics and Recreation. 

Supporters include Supreme 
Court Judge John Sopinka, 
Senator and businessman 
TrevorEyton, former Ontario 
Premier Bill Davis, former at- 
torney-general Roy McMurtry, 
and Toronto M^^le Leaf ex- 
ecutives Tom Watt and Bill 
Wattcis. 

DUARTE B AKCEXXXS 



DAR maneuvers 

The Department of Athletics 
and Recreation created a new 
departmental p<>sition to im- 
fTOve the administration of the 
U of T Clubs program. 

EfiieaiveJuly l.SkipPhoe- 
nix will work ftiU time as the 
Clubs Supervisor and respond 
to the needs of the 
Interuniversity/Recreational 
clubs. 

The new position is funded 
jointly by the DAR and the 
Men's and Wotnen'sT-Hold- 
ers' Associations, as part of 
new partnership arrangements 
approved last March. 

Phoenix, along-time diving 
coach, has been a part of U of 
TMhletics since 1979. 



CO 



The Tuesday Edition 
13July1993 



U of T athletes go for gold at 
the World University Games 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

The World University Games may not be the Olympics, but as the top 
intemational amateur athletic event in the world, it may be the next best 
thing. 

Organized by the Federation Internationale du Sport Universitaire 
(FIS U), the 1 2-e vent competition runs through July 8- 1 8 and includes 
track and field, ba^ball, basketball, diving, fencing, gymnastics, row- 
ing, soccer, swimming, tennis, volleyball, and water polo. 

Buffalo, NY is hosting all events except for rowing, held at the Royal 
Henley regatta Course in St. Catharines, and women's soccer, held at 
various sites in Hamilton. 

Of the more than 5 000 students participating in the Games, 290 
represent Canada. 1 2 students are from U of T, and six of them will 
compete in swimming — U of T's largest concentration of participants. 
However, the strongest U ofT presence will be in the track and field area 
of high jump. 

With atotal of up to four high jumpers allowed per country — two male 
and two female — Canada will use only three, two of whom are U of T 
students while the other is a member of the U ofT Track and Field Qub. 

Until competition begins July 1 4, the high jump team is training at U 
ofT six days a week for up to two-and-a-half hours a day. 

UofT student Alex Zaiiauskas, who has been in the U ofT track and 
field program since the age of 1 1 , currently holds the best university jump 
in North America at 2.30 metres (7 feet, 6 1/2 inches). He will compete 
in the qualifying round July 1 5, and, if he makes the final competition, 
he will jump on July 17. 

1 7 year old new-comer Wanita Dykstra, entenng UofTas a freshman, 
is one of Canada's top high jumpers and the country's only woman 
representative in herevent. Her best jump is 1. 85 meters (6 feet, 1 inch), 
a mark that U of T high jump coach Carl Georgevski says can improve 
when Dykstra jumps at the Games. 

"All of them stand the possibility of making the finals," said 
Georgevski, referring alsotohighjumperJeffGavinandjavelin thrower 
Valerie Tulloch. 

Georgevski has been the national coach of the high jumps for nine 
years, including the past two Olympic Games and the World Champi- 
onships in 1 99 1 . He was also a head coach in the 1987 Worid University 
Games, so he' s had enough time to note the distinctions between athletes 
at different levels of competition. 

"It's a lot more fun being with the students because, without big 
endorsements to worry about, they aren't as serious," he said. 

"They come with their eyes wide open and compete just for the sake 
of competing. It's terrific." 

Georgevski, who is also the head coach of the Canadian track and field 
team at this competition, puts the event into a larger context. 

"We're using this as a developmental meet, a stepping stone for the 
Commonwealth Games in 1994 and the Olympics in 1996," he said. 
"It's an excellent opportunity to go through the same kind of qualifying 




(Michael Phang) 

U of T swim coach Byron MacDonald with swimmer 
Marianne Limpert. 

process. It's just like a dress rehearsal for us." 

U of T's swimmers have a good chance to assist the Canadian cause 
in the swimming pool. Through the first twodays of competition, Ron 
Watson won the consolation final in the 100- metre freestyle, placing 
ninth overall among 1 6, and Stephen Hulford finished ninth in the 200- 
metre back.stroke. Both of these swimmers finished fourth in the 400 
medley relay as well. 

Turlough O' Hare won gold in the 800-metre freestyle, and although 
he is only on loan from the University of British Columbia as a special 
student, he trained at U ofT. 

Marianne Limpert, who finished sixth in the Barcelona Olympics and 
is currently ranked sixth in the world, will swim in the 200-metre 
individual medley July 1 3. She has a gotxl chance of medalling but faces 
stiff competition from the Americans and from another Canadian, Nancy 
Sweetnam, who attends Laurentian University. 

The following day, Limpert will swim in the4X 100 fireestyle relay and 
contribute to a Canadian challenge for the silver medal, behind a strong 
American team that is expected to take the gold. 

On July 15, the final day of swimming competition, Watson will 
challenge for a medal in the men 's 200- metre individual medley, while 
Limpert and U of T team-mate Andrea Papamandjaris will swim for 
Canada's 4X200 metre freestyle relay team, which could challenge the 
American squad for the gold medal. 



Department of Athletics gets set for new year 



By Philip Carek 

Despite major restrticmring in the 
Department of Athletics and Rec- 
reation (DAR), the high-perform- 
ance intercollegiate coaching staff 
is set to go for next year, while club 



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coaching must still be finalized. 

After 20 years of coaching the 
women's hockey team, Dave 
McMaster has stepped down to be 
replaced by Karen Hughes, 
McMaster' s assistant during sev- 
eral of the team's 120WIAA cham- 
pionships. 

As far as the clubs are con- 
cerned, squash coach Steve Paisin 
is taking the year off to go on a 
worid tour and may return to his 
job in 1994-95. In the meantime, 
the five year veteran coach will be 



replaced by a former U ofT player. 



Assistant football coach Ron 
Murphy, who has been involved 
with U ofT football for 29 years, 
is leaving his DAR position as an 
Intercollegiate Supervisor because 
of department restructuring. How- 
ever, he will remain with the foot- 
ball team as an assistant coach. 

While head coach during the 
sixties and seventies. Murphy led 
the Blues to two Yates Cup titles 
and the 1974 Vanier Cup final. 



And for die past five years, he has 
been an assistant coach to head 
coach Bob Laycoe. 

In May of this year. Murphy 
received the OUAA's John 
McManus Award, presented an- 
nually to an outstanding former 
head coach in the league. 

"I find coaching football very 
enjoyable," Murphy said. 'To 
me it's more of a paid hobby than 
a job." 

Murphy was a CFL player with 
Hamilton and Montreal. 



Blues 
Brothers cut 
from CFL 

BY DUARTE BaRCELOS 

The CFL football careers of U ofT 
Blues Eugene Buccigrossi, Matt 
Howorth, David Scandiffio, and 
Richard Fischer have been put on 
hold for at least another year. 

After uying out for their respec- 
tive teams, the players were re- 
leased from training camp. 
Scandiffio and Fischer will return 
to school, while Buccigrossi hopes 
to catch on in another league to 
polish his skills. Howorth is yet to 
decide the avenue he will pursue 
next. 

Buccigrossi, an inspirational 
captain and the quarterback of the 
Blues last season, was excited to 
try out with the Edmonton Eski- 
mos after his uade from Saskatch- 
ewan. His friend and old Blues 
team-mate Chris Morris is already 
an Eskimo, and the two players 
looked forward to a reunion in the 
CFL. 

Although Buccigrossi won the 
1993 Hec Crighton trophy as the 
country's most outstanding foot- 
ball player, he was a late cut from 
the Esks after having to try his luck 
at receiver. 

"1 didn't really know what to 
expect at the new position they 
assigned me, but I was working on 
it and getting better every day," 
said Buccigrossi. "Just as I was 
getting comfortable (at the new 
position), they had to let some 
players go. It became a numbers 
game." 

Nevertheless, Buccigrossi felt 
he had gained valuable experience 
working with the likesof standout 
Edmonton slolback Dave 
Sandusky and two former 
Argonauts: wide receiver Darrcll 
K. Smith and coach Adam Rita. 

First team All-Canadians 
Howorth and Scandi f Ho got return 
bus-fare from the Argonauts after 
having little opportunity in camp 
to display their gridiron prowess. 

Howorth, aMcMaster graduate 
who played at U of T as a post- 
graduate, said he was disil lusioned 
by the try-out process. 

"Nothing I could have dooe 
would have allowed me to make 
the team this year," said Howorth, 
an explosive and mobile defensive 
lineman who was in tough against 
Argo veterans at his position. 

Scandiffio was an early Argo 
cut, but he enjoyed the profes- 
sional environment of training 
camp and understood the reason 
for the cut. 

"I was the youngest guy in 
camp," he said, "and they (the 
Argos) were looking for guys with 
experience on offensive line." 

Scandiffio plans to play out his 
final year of eligibility with the 
Blues, and, according to U of T 
head football coach Bob Laycoe, 
he will be joined by first team All- 
Canadian Richard Fischer, who 
was cut from the Hamilton Tiger- 
Cats. 



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THE VARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBERS 



SOMETIMES EVEN WHEN WE SHOWER WE DON'T FEEL SO FRESH SINCE 1880 THE TUESDAY ISSUE, 10 AUGUST 1993 



Prophylactics 
draw polemics 

Fresh from discussing the meaning of 
God and student councils, SAC now 
plans to examine the field of birth 
control advocacy. 

Forestry rep Greg Todd has asked 
theSludents' Administrative Council 
to ban Planned Parenthood of Toronto 
from taking a table at SAC orientation. 

Todd said he opposes the group 
because of the beliefs of Planned Par- 
enthood International's founder, 
Margaret Sanger, whom he says was a 



varsity 



strong advocate of eugenics and racial 
discrimination. 

"Planned Parenthood has question- 
able ideologies in the background. 
They have neverdisavowed Margaret 
Sanger." 

Todd attempted to bring up his 
motion at the Aug. 4. meeting of the 
SAC board, but failed. As the board 
moved to discuss Todd's motion, 
Scarborough College rep Rupinder 
Ahluwalia walked out, forcing the 
meeting to end for want of quorum. 

Ahluwaliacould not be reached for 
comment. 

Planned Parenthood of Toronto is a 
non-profit organization dedicated to 
education in reproductive health and 
choice. Executive director Sandra 
Margerrison said she was surprised by 
SAC members' concerns, but hoped 
she would be allowed to present an 
opposing viewpoint when SAC 
resumes its discussion. 

Staff 



Bed Talk: 

a Varsity review 

mini-profile 

Jane Ford, co-owner of the newly 
opened Queen's Bedroom located in 
Mirvish Village, shares some thoughts 
on her summer activities with 
Georgiana Uhlyarik. 

Onkdand Cindy Crawford on Vanity 
Fair cover: 

"The role-playing gives me a bit of the 
willies, kd' s personal fantasy with the 
mustache and all that, may not be the 
personal fantasy of everybody. But I 
thought right on for her and right on for 
Cindy. People are so freaked out about 
it, maybe it is risque. But I don' t think 
it is. It was funny reading it on the 
airplane because I could tell the guy 
beside me was a bit of a Bible reader 
and he was shifting and feeling un- 
comfortable." 

On the last movie she 's seen: 

"I saw In the Line of Fire because of 
Rene Russo. Love her. She can run in 
heels like nobody I' ve ever seen. Maybe 
she was running in clogs. Maybe she 
was cheating." 

On Sandra Bemhard: 

"The subculture surrounding her is 
like the bully that makes you laugh. 
You make sure you' re the first to laugh 
so she doesn't beat you up. 




Raising funds for the fire: Kensington Street festival, Sunday 



(Sean TaiA/S) 



Arrests rock PM's visit 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 

Protestors attempting to demonstrate at 
■Kim Campbell's first visit to U of T got- 
more than they bargained for. 

By the end of the afternoon on July 23, 
three protestors, including one U of T 
stuient, were arrested. Two were charged 
with one count each of assaulting police, 
and one with obstructing police. 

The charges came after campus and 
Meu^o police attempted to expel protestors 
from Hart House, where the new prime 
minister was meeting in private with MeU'o 
Toronto ' s Conservative MPs . 

The nine protestors originally gathered 
outside the main entrance of Hart House, 
where Campbell had entered. Barred by 



police from following her into the build- 
ing, the shouting and clapping protestors, 
carrying their protest signs, attempted to 
reach her by coming up the east stairs from 
the basement. Several members of the 
- campus police bloekedibek passage to- 
wards the main staircase. 

"We were going to go outside of the 
meeting [room], and try and talk to Kim 
Campbell," said protestor Janine Sindrey. 

"I don' t think we had a clear objective 
when we were in. We werejust looking for 
ways of continuing our protest," said 
protestor Libby Zeleke. 

When campus police insisted they leave, 
the protestors attempted to cooperate by 
collecting their signs and carrying them 
outside. Despite this, the police continued 
to press them to leave. 

Many of the protestors sat down as a 



Guelph Students get 
social at contract table 



BY Tanya Lena 



Unlike students at U of T, Guelph student 
representatives were present at the bar- 
gaining table for their university's social 
contract talks. 

Shawn Lucas was one of two student 
representatives at the table. He explained 
that Guelph students gained entrance to 
the talks as members in a pre-existing 
consultative forum, attached to the office 
of the university president. 

"When the social contract negotiations 
opened, the forum met informally to deal 
with various issues that came up," Lucas 
said. 

"Gradually the process became en- 
trenched." 

All the university 's bargaining groups 
are represented on the forum. Graduate 
and undergraduate representatives arc 
unofficial members. For official purposes 
Lucas was recognized as a bargaining 
agent for students who were part-time 
employees of the university. 

"We said to the forum members, ' when 
we get into formal negotiations, we should 
be there. Everything you're going to talk 
about affects students,'" Lucas said. 

"Nobody asked us to leave," he added. 

"Student involvement met with no re- 
sistance from the administration," con- 



curred Len Connelly, acting vice-presi- 
dent of academic affairs at Guelph. 

Connelly, who participated in the 
Guelph talks, said direct student involve- 
ment helped the talks. 

"As a result employee groups are much 
better informed." 

At most other universities, including U 
of T, student reps are not allowed to sit in 
on social contract talks. 

SAC president Ed de Gale said SAC 
voiced its concern about the lack of stu- 
dent representation in the U of T talks. 

"We were told that David Cooke, (Min- 
ister of Training and Education), did not 
want to expand the table, he wanted to keep 
it manageable." 

U ofT faculty association president Bill 
Graham said the idea of student involve- 
ment in labour negotiations like the social 
contract could be inappropriate. 

"Students could not participate in the 
bargaining because of the employer-em- 
ployee framework," said Graham, who 
bargained on behalf of U of T faculty. 

That meant U of T' s full-time and part- 
time students' councils were spectators 
for the entire social contract process. In 
May, provincial negotiators had denied 
students any role in the earlier cross- 
sectoral talks with all the universities, 
saying no "interest groups" would be 
Please see "Goo U.",p.2 



form of passive resistance. Police then 
picked them up and carried them outside. 

The demonstrators criticized the police 
for being unnecessarily harsh. Sindrey 
said she was carried downstairs face down 
by four police officers. - ■- , 

"There was a complete lack of training 
and also a complete lack of communica- 
tion [on the part of the police]," Sindrey 
said. 

Lee McKergow, manager of U of T's 
police services, said campus police are not 
required to have any formal crowd control 
training. 

One of the protestors, Andrea Lofquist, 
was put under arrest and charged with 
assaulting police. Police said Lofquist 
assaulted the campus police officer that 
had carried her after he released her. 
Lofquist was subsequently placed in an 
unmarked police sedan. 

David Robbins, a U of T student and 
member of the Ontario Public Interest 
Research Group (OPIRG), had not been in 
the building with the others, but was ar- 
rested when he opened the door to the 
sedan in which Lofquist was being driven 
off. He has been charged with one count 
of obstructing police. 

A third protestor, Shaheen Hirani, ap- 
parently attempted to intervene with police 
Please see "Arrests", p.3 



r/lore funding 
cuts to come, 
IVIinistrysays 

BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 



The Ministry of Education and Training is 
predicting that U of T will have its funding 
cut by another 4.5 million in 1994-5. 

The cut is part of a proposed one per 
cent reduction in all base funding to the 
university sector. It comes on top of the $3 
million cut that was announced by provin- 
cial finance minister Royd Laughren this 
spring. 

David Scott, policy advisor to educa- 
tion minister David Cooke, stressed that 
the cut was only an estimate. He said that 
university presidents had been informed 
of the likelihood of further cuts next year 
as part of the social contract negotiations. 

Scott said the projection was given out 
to help with long-term planning. 

"All it was a way of letting institutions 
know that there is no fix in this year's 
budget," he said. 

At U of T, president Rob Prichard said 
he is taking the prediction seriously. 

"I believe it is totally reliable," he said. 

Prichard expressed his concern over 
what a $4.5 million cut would do on topof 
two years of cutbacks to university fund- 
ing. 

.-iThese are very significant reductions 
in the income of the university which will 
require us to look for any other sources of 
revenues." 

Prichard would not say where the uni- 
versity could save money, but would not 
rule out the further cutting of programs. 

Association of Part-lime Undergradu- 
ate Students liaison Deanne Fisher said the 
thought of more program cuts worried 
her. 

"As much as I don't like whittling 
down, it makes me much more nervous 
when we start cutting entire divisions," 
she said. 

At the Council of Ontario Universities, 
communications director Pat Adams said 
she was also worried what taking a total of 
$22 million more out of the university 
system would mean. 

"It'd be such a disaster for the univer- 
sity system," she said. 

But Scott said things might be even 
worse than they look. 

"I'd say that it's not a worst-case sce- 
nario," he said. "We could be looking at 
another reduction." 



Young doctors saved 
from the knife. . .maybe 

BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

Ontario medical students can breathe a temporary sigh of relief 
The provincial government has scrapped a plan to impose a 25 percent fee cut on 

new doctors, in favour of barring all out-of-province doctors from practising in Ontario. 
The Ontario Medical Association (OM A) and the government reached a tentative 

agreement last week toenforce a three year moratorium on doctors educated outside of 

Ontario. The agreement meets the government's expenditure targets under the Social 

Contract Act. 

Kevin Worry, president of the U of T Medical Society, is pleased that new doctors 
will no longer bear the brunt of the government's cost cutting measures. 

"Students are going to be happy with the removal of discounts for (new doctors). 
Discounts are strictly unacceptable," he said. 

John Provan, associate dean of postgraduate medical education, concurred that the 
new agreement is the best one yet. 

"We're delighted that new doctors won' t be taking a pay cut. (The agreement) will 
enhance the abilities for Ontario graduates or those in postgraduate training to practice 
without loss of income." 

But the agreement has also raised some concerns. 

Please see "Charter", p.2 



2 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 



U of T employees say yes to contract 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 

VarsityStaff 

U of T's administration and employee 
representatives have decided to use pen- 
sion surpluses to save the university from 
the brunt of the social contract. 

Faced with cutting the university pay- 
roll by $51 million over the next three 
years, administrators and employee reps 
determined upon cutting university con- 
tributions to the employees' pension fund 
by a total of S42 million over three years. 

That left only $9 million to be made up, 
which university vice-president for hu- 



man resources Mike Finlayson said will be 
accomplished by giving employees two 
days of leave without pay per year. 

"The university will be closed on six 
days in the next three years," he said. 
"There'll be an extra day at Christmas." 

Employee groups also agreed to a three- 
year pay freeze, but only after the admin- 
istration agreed to their job security de- 
mands. 

For the duration of the social contract, 
current employees of the university will be 
given automatic preference for new jobs. 

Employee groups welcomed the agree- 
ment, which they said could have been 
much worse. 



"I think it' s not as harsh as people were 
anticipating," said John Malcolm, presi- 
dent of the university's staff association. 
"We've done quite well compared to 
other places." 

Many otheruniversities used their pen- 
sion funds to offset social contract cut- 
backs. Most also gave their employees 
some days off. The exact number varied: 
the University of Western Ontario will be 
closed down for five days each year, 
whereas McMasler University will not 
closedown at all. 

Closings will effectively lengthen ex- 
isting holidays such as Christmas, in or- 
dcrto minimize disruption. 



Goo U. students vote no to Social Contract 



Continued from p.l 

admitted. 

But Lucas said he finds the lack of 
involvement of U of T' s student councils 
irresponsible. 

"If I was in the SAC office I'd be 
throwing Molotov cocktails," he said. 

De Gale, however, blamed U of T's 
administrative structure for the lack of 
student involvement at this university. 

"Many universities have a different 
relationship with their student unions. It is 
more like a partnership, which changes the 
whole dynamic of how the administration 
views these groups." 

Nevertheless, as members of OUSA 
(Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance), 
both the Students' Administrative Coun- 



cil (SAC) and the Association of Pan-lime 
Undergraduate Students ( APUS) endorsed 
a letter to Michael Decter, chief negotiator 
for the government. The letter stated stu- 
dents supported the social contract. 

OUSA is a province-wide student lobby 
group that claims to represent 85,000 
undergraduate students. U ofT's full-time 
students will be voting in a referendum on 
continuing OUSA membership this fall . 

At Guelph, Lucas said he went into the 
lal ks hoping to keep workers eami ng less 
than $30,(X)0, such as TAs, from being 
affected by social contract cutbacks. He 
also hoped the administration would move 
to limit tuition increases and expand stu- 
dent-involvement in decision-making. 

"The important issues for us were 



getting atuition fee freeze, the low-income 
cut-off and getting a permanent bargain- 
ing position," Lucas said. 

The students, however, did not sign the 
final Guelph agreement. Lucas said they 
had wanted the president' s fomm to have 
a veto over any proposed tuition increases, 
but were denied. 

"(The agreement) basically reads, we'll 
agree to discuss tuition at a later date," 
Lucas said. "We would call these weasel 
words." 

But Guelph administrator Connelly 
disagreed. "(The administration has) a 
great deal of sympathy for students, and 
is prepared to continue formal discus- 
sions on tuition," he said. 



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The social contract was originally an 
attempt by the province to negotiate a wage 
freeze with the entire public sector. When 
government-union talks broke down in 
June, the Rae government passed the 
Social Contract Act, which forced em- 
ployees tocome up with wage savings by 
the first week in August. 

In July, the province's university ad- 
ministrations agreed to a "framework 
sectoral agreement," which allowed each 
university to negotiate with ilsemployecs 
separately. 

The province stipulated that only em- 
ployees earning more than $30,000 per 
year could be affected by the contract. At 
U of T, this meant about 6,500 of its 
1 1 ,000 employees were affected. Nine- 
tenths of those belonged to cither the 
university faculty or staff associations. 

The U of T agreement is among those 



due to be ratified by provincial finance 
minister Floyd Laughren today, as are 
those of all the province's universities. 

The province's colleges have bigger 
problems. AsofMonday night, no agree- 
ment appeared likely between the prov- 
ince's Council of Regents, which over- 
sees the col lege system, and the unionized 
college employees. 

Nearly all of the province'scollege staff 
belong to one of two branches of the 
Ontario Public Service Employees' Union 
(OPSEU). Unlike the university sector.an 
agreement was not signed allowing col- 
lege administrators to negotiate separately. 

If no agreement is reached and ratified 
by the province today, the terms of the 
province's legislation will force the em- 
ployees to take a pay freeze anyway, 
possibly wiping out a 1.5 per cent pay 
increase they were fighting to keep intaa. 



Charter challenge possible 

Continued from p.l 

Worry anticipates that such a dramatic move as banning doctors from outside Ontario 
could provoke retaliation. 

"Preventing other medical students from coming to our province may encourage 
policies in other provinces and the U.S. which would restrict our graduates from 
practising there." 

Worry also points to the potential unconstitutionality of the accord. Worker mobility 
is guaranteed under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. 

"Is the present accord constitutional? Will it be made, struck down and have doctors 
bear the brunt of a constitutional mistake?" 

The recruitment of faculty is another ptMential problem closerto home. 

"Will this interfere with the university 's ability to appoint the best doctors, be they 
nationally or internationally produced?" asked Provan. 

But according to OMA spokesperson Jean Chow, there are options for doctors 
coming from outside Ontario. 

"Those who fall under the moratorium will be able to apply for a contract position, 
or work on salary," Chow said. 

Out-of-province doctors arc permitted to practise, but may not bill OHIP under the 
fee-for-scrvice system, the normal basis for doctor payments nationwide. 

Both Worry and the OMA regard the new agreement as a good sign. 

"It represents that the government may be more interested in negotiating on a more 
reasonable level." Worry said. 

"We told the government that they were doing loo much too fast. They have 
recognized that," Chow stated. 



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TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 



SAC legi slates scho ol spirit 

Reps revive the rippity rappity song 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 

Given achoicc between fervent patriotism 
and school spirit, U of T' s student council 
seems to prefer the latter. 

At least that is one interpretation of 
SAC'S recent decision to sing a "U of T 
Song" before every board meeting. 

The decision came shortly after the 
board decisively defeated an earlier mo- 



tion that had asked for a rendition of the 
Lord's Prayer and the National Anthem 
before meetings. 

The motion, put forward by Innis rep 
Dan Proussalidis, was rejected by board 
members at the Aug. 4 meeting, who said 
such matters were a waste of lime and not 
inclusive enough for a university student 
council. 

"I didn ' t think they had any purpose," 
said SAC human rights officer Inga 
Gimelshtein. 



The University of Toronto Song 

Old Toronto Mother ever dear 

All they sons thy very name revere. 

Yes, we hail thee ne'er will fail thee 

But will serve thy glory with our might. 

For we are ever loyal faithful frank and strong. 

We will sing thy praises in our song. 

Aye and cheer both loud and long 

The royal blue and white Fight! Fight! Fight! 

Toronto is our University. 

Shout O shout men of every faculty. 

Velut Arbor Aevo may she ever thrive-o 

Cod forever bless our alma mater! 

(Cheer) Toronto! Toronto! Toronto Varsity! 

We'll shout and fight for the Blue and White 

And the honor of U of T. 

Rippity rappity rippity rappity ree 

Toronto! Toronto! Toronto Varsity! 

Yea Toronto! 



But members had fewer objections when 
the question of the "U of T Song" came 
up. 

Forestry rep Greg Todd spoke strongly 
in favour of the song, which he said was 
a way for SAC to rekindle cross-univer- 
sity spirit. 

As there was no "U of T Song" in the 
SAC files, Todd asked his mother to write 
down the lyrics as she remembered them. 

"I looked all over the school. There was 
no one at school at all who knew it, except 
for some of the engineers," he said. 

SAC president Ed de Gale tried to raise 
some criticisms of the song, but was 
ridiculed by the board as being "politi- 
cally correct." 

De Gale said he was concerned about 
such lines as "shout O shout men of every 
faculty," and "All thy sons thy very name 
revere," which he considered sexist. In 
the end, De Gale voted for the song. 

Board members Sarah Niles and Greg 
Todd said on Friday they would move for 
the removal of sexist language from the 
song at the next SAC meeting. 

In the vote, UC rep David Ruddell was 
one of the few who voted against the "U 
of T Song", largely, he said, because he 
thought it sounded silly. 

"I voted against the song for purely 
aesthetic reasons," he said. "I just don't 
like it very much." 

Law rep Steve Hudovemick said he 
hoped the board would stop considering 
procedural matters and move on to real 
business. 

"I'd like to see some more substantive 
issues tackled," he said. 



Sidney S mith runs for t he border 

Taco Bell, Subway to open on campus 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

Sidney Smith Hall will be home to two new 
fast food franchises this fall. Taco Bell and 
Subway Submarines will be added to the 
Pizza Hut and Tim Horton ' s outlets in the 
cafeteria. 

Marriott Food Services will be running 
the two franchises for a five-year period. 

The Students' Administrative Council 
(SAC) submitted a proposal for the space 
but lost. SAC already holds the liquor 
license for the SAC Hangar, also located 
in the Sidney Smith cafeteria. 

Peter Young, food service director for 
Marriott at New College, said Marriott 
negotiated with the two franchises after 
undertaking a survey of students' food 
preferences. 

"We are responding to what was re- 
quested by the student population," he 
said. 

Although the studies undertaken by 
Marriott were not available, a survey con- 



ducted by SAC last year, asking students 
to rank their preferences for food offered 
in the Hangar, showed that the top foods 
were pizza, burgers and health foods. 

Last year, a similar proposal by Marriott 
was defeated at York University. 

Jeff Zoeller, president of the York Fed- 
eration of Students, said the Federation 
succesfully opposed a similar proposal, 
after the Federation's surveys showed 
York students did not want more fast food 
chains. 

"York has a large number of students 
who are vegetarian or Jewish and their 
nutritional needs were not being met by 
Marriott." 

While fast food chains at U of T are a 
recent phenomenon, with Pizza Hut and 
Tim Horton' s appearing on campus in 
recent years, York University has long 
been home to fast food chains, many of 
them located in the campus mall, York 
Lanes. 

Young said the two campuses are dif- 
ferent, with York students being isolated, 
while U of T students can eat downtown if 



they are not happy with campus food. 

But Zoeller said that many students 
living in residence buy meal plans and 
thus have no choice but to eat on campus. 

Robin Toderian, director of residence, 
food and beverage services, said the deci- 
sion to allow Marriott to set up the fran- 
chises was taken in consultation with stu- 
dents. 

But SAC President Edward de Gale said 
that while a S AC board member sat on the 
committee deciding who will be awarded 
the contract, they were not representing 
SAC. 

"We tendered our own bid so it would 
have been a confiict of interest for us to 
have in the say in the final decision." 

De Gale added that he thinks a student 
organization could better serve the cam- 
pus. 

"As a student group we would know 
what students want." 



Past Varsity editor wins award 

BY GiNNA Watts 
Varsity Staff 

A former Varsity editor says suicide missions in search of great quotes can often pay 
off. 

Isabel Vincent, editor of The Varsity in 1 988-89, recently won an Inter-American 
Press Association (I APA) award, given to journalists who write about Latin America. 

Vincent, now Latin American correspondent for The Globe and Mail, won the award 
for her feature on the fate of the Ashaninka Indians of central Peru. 

"It's nice because the award is presented by my peers," said Vincent. 

Awards are given by a jury of mostly Latin American journalists from across the 
continent. Most go to papers either in Latin America itself, or in areas which have a large 
Hispanic community. 

The award was only the second won by The Globe. 

The award-winning feature described how the Ashaninka were being used as slave 
labour by the Sendero Luminoso guerilla organization. 

Vincent said she had to visit several refugee camps in the heart of the Peruvian jungle, 
and faced possible attack by the guerillas, who have viciously attacked North Americans 
in the past. 

Vincent had fond memories ofThe Varsity, and asked to have a recent issue sent to 
her. 

"Are you still totally broke?" she sighed, clearly longing for the good old days. 




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Kim Campbell at Hart House: did the cops lose control? 



Who suggested arrests? 

Continued from p.l 

who werecarrying out Sindrey. She was put into achokehold and dragged to the ground 
by a plainclothes police officer. For some reason, Hirani was then released, and not 
formally arrested by Metro Police until a half hour later. 

Protestor Terry Murphy said this was indicative of police behaviour. He said all the 
police often seemed confused about what to do. 

"There was a lot of disarray among the police," he said. 

All three arrests were made by plainclothes officers from Metro Police's VIP security 
section or the RCMP, serving with the prime minister's security detail. Campus police 
helped remove the demonstrators from the building, but made no arrests. 

McKergow said police had the right to remove the protestors, under the trespass 
section of the Criminal Code. McKergow, however, said he was uncertain whether Hart 
House administrators had asked for their removal, or if the security detail had requested 
it- 

"I would assume it came from someone in the (security detail.) My people would 
not have acted on their own," he said. 

"People can demonstrate within certain limits," McKergow said. "Demonstrations 
are accepted here as a part of the academic life." 

But both Hart House warden Peter Turner and U of T President Rob Prichard said 
they were not involved in the decision to remove the protestors. Prichard said he was 
upstairs with Campbell while the incident happened. 

Prichard said he saw the incident as regrettable, but felt police were within their rights 
in removing the protestors. 



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THE VARSITY 

U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 Si. George Street, Toronto, Ontario. M5S 2E4 
Editorial: 979-2831 Advertising: 979-2865 FAX: 979-8357 
ISSN 0042-2789 



Simona Chiose. Editor 
G. Bruce Rolston, News Editor 
Lisa Hepncr, Opinions Editor 
Rodger Levesque, Photo Editor 
John Beresford, Sports Editor 
Associate News Editors 
Sean Tai, Kate Milberry 



Edward Pussar. Interim Chair 
Darrel Femandopulle. Business Manager 



Production Manager, Rachel Giese 

Review Editor, Mimi Choi 

Features Editor, Anne Bains 

Graphics Editor, Nicole Graham 

Science Editor, Gord Squires 

Associate Review Editors 

Amber Meredith Golem, Georgiana Uhlyarik 



Interim Vice-president, Jeff Vance 
Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Quote OF THE Day: "As a student group, we would know what students want," 
the ridiculously insiehtful Ed de Gale explains that while students can't always 
get wnat they want, they'll get what they can eat 



Singing our way to oblivion 



We here at The Varsity have been having a few 
problems. We just couldn" t agree on anything — 
not only could we not agree on anything to write 
about, we couldn 't even agree to be in the office 
at the same time. We became cold and soulless, 
just shells of our former politically acute, angry 
selves. Something had to be done. 

First, we figured saving our souls would 
elevate staff morale. But then we remembered that 
back when The Varsity was known as love cenu^ 
on the U ofT campus, we drew al 1 sorts of people, 
from all sorts of cultxu^ . So that ruled out reciting 
the Lx)rd'sPrayerbeforeevery staff meeting — 
not that anybody was still conning to them, 
anyway. 

Then we thought we'd watch TV together. Bad 
idea. Some outdated class conscious new recruit 
wanted to watch 'The Simpsons". 

We killed him. Now we tune into "Seinfeld." 

But later wc were wracked by guilt over our 
lack of humanity. So we called up Tony "Per- 
sonal Power Hour" Robbins and invited him 
down to angsl ridden headquarters. He gave us all 
the tools we needed to be lefty, luvable and 
communal again, 'cept after a while those with 
more personal power took over, kicked out the 
riffraff and spent all our money (not that there was 
much left over after the cool million Robbins 



charged), on beer at this strip bar in the west end. 
We asked for our money back. 

The time was ripe from some radical measures. 
Sharon, Lois and Bram came to our offices. They 
didn't mind the blood on the walls, but they left 
when we asked for Slavic folk tales. 

Things were reaching a low point. Nobody 
minded that the paper hadn ' l come out in months, 
that no one was returning our calls and that we'd 
lost our levy. Those students, they just didn't 
understand priorities. 

Plus, in our isolation we were slowly pulling 
together. Those Japanese hot baths, all that Tantric 
sex and the meditation had paid off What really 
clinched it was this song wc found in our files one 
night after a particularly horrendous mescaline 
trip. Some guy said he remembered his mom 
singing it. So we called her up and asked her to 
sing it to us. She cautioned it might be a little 
outdated, no mention of women editors and 
probably too much violence for these PC limes. 
We said thai' s ok. being timely never mattered to 
us. 

We don't publish anymore now bul our build- 
ing's positively radiating love vibes when we 
sing our song before every meeting. You can sing 
it, too, but make sure you keep the tune, 'specially 
when it goes "rippiiy, rippiiy, ree." 



Silencing Protest 



The arrest of three protesiors two weeks ago as 
they were trying toenter a meeting between Kim 
Campbell and Conservative MPs was only the 
latest incident in the ongoing battle students have 
fought to have a voice on ihe U of T campus. 

Yes, only one of those arrested was a U of T 
student. Docs that matter? The other two are both 
workers for the Ontario Public Interest Research 
Group, a group all part-time and graduate stu- 
dents pay a levy to. And police forces, whether 
campus, Metro or RCMP, certainly have the 
authority toevict protesiors who are trespassing. 
But in this case, the Criminal Code seems to be 
employed as an afterthought; an attempt by 
campus police to justify themselves in the ab- 
sence of authority for their actions. 

It is still not clear who gave the order to evict 
the protestors. What isclear is that campus police 
participated in a crowd control operation for 
which they had no training, one that clearly leaned 
towards the use of excessive force. 

One protestor was practically dragged down 
the stairs at Hart House face down; another was 
placed in a choke hold for no apparent reason, 
then released — for no apparent reason — then 
arrested again half-an-hour later — again, for no 
apparent reason. 

Will it ever become evident who it was that 
decided when the right of protestors to express 
their views became secondary to blocking a 
perceived threat to the PM's safety ? If they are a 



campus figure, they have serious questions to 
answer. 

If not, it means that students' rights to freedom 
of expression can be restricted by a nameless 
Mouniie. 

Lee Mc Kergo w, our manager of pol ice serv- 
ices, says that "demonstrations arc accepted here 
as part of the academic life." The actions under- 
taken by his police force, possibly at the request 
of superiors, speak quite clearly as to the limits 
of such demonstrations. 

Weshouldhave known. In l972,aSimcoe Hall 
sit-in protesting the opening of Robarts only to 
graduate students and faculty ended with 54 
Meu-o police arresting 1 8 students. Although the 
charges were dropped, Robarts would not be 
open to us today if it had not been for those 
arrested. 

Maybe OPIRG' s protest docs not rank quite as 
high on the righteous scale. The decision to go 
into the building was apparently made ad hoc after 
Campbell entered Hart House. But asking ques- 
tions of the PM heading the party most respon- 
sible for the decline of postsecondary education 
in Canada is not such a bad idea. It is not as if 
Campbell offers a lot of opportunities for infor- 
mal meetings with activist groups. 

Which is why, if for no other reason, the 
countless police forces assembled at Hart House 
might have tempered their security concerns and 
shown more restraint in controlling a legitimate 



Contributors: Andrew Male (3), Shawn Lucas, Chris Niebler. Steven langdon, Steve Gravcstock, 
Brian DiLeandro (2). Vanessa Porteus, Robin Gumey, Larry Koch (2), Anne Castelino, Nick 
Vanweerdenburg, Ginna Watts, Mike Tiittanen. Daniela Paolone, Ingrid Ancevich, Tanya Lena, Mike 
Allen, Steve Kim 

Yummy, yummy love in the tummy to: Brian DiLeandro & Jolin Hodgins 

The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-njn 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to incite violence or hatred towards particular individuals 

or an identifiable group, particularly on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, gender, age, 

mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 

Second Class mail registration number 51 02. 



If ti" (S neC^S^Wj \t> siy 

n\SAie 'Jc IS 
W€(XsS3y^ ]o Dick 

one's hJ^e 





BACKTALK 



letters to the editor 



Ego Trip 

Scene: a student meets to discuss 
the Varsity's latest Pulit/srcandi- 
date: "Angst and Desire at Strat- 
ford: Varsity Speak Easy Theatre 
Fonim"(13 July 1993). 

Ego# 1 : Boy, there's nothing I like 
more than listening to4(X)0 words 
ofVarsity hacks talking about them- 
scives. 

Ego #2: Yeah, what's the deal? A 
"fomm"? Is this aeuphemism for 
"we've just received a couple of 
hundred dollars worth of free tick- 
ets and we're too lazy and inept to 
write a well-theorized, concise criti- 
cism of Stratford and the Shake- 
speare industry, so we'll just let a 
tape recorder run and do die job for 



Ego#l: 1 wonder if they realized 
that their day of self-righteous- 
ness would not have been funded 
by the Stratford folks had it been a 
profit-oriented venture. 

Ego #2 : And the way they dissect 
the audience into "classes" — 
those who understand the nuances 
of the plays (i.e. supposedly the 
"wriicrs" themselves) and those 
who don' t. You can tell they ' re just 
a bunch of latent art-snobs them- 
selves. 

Ego # 1 : And they ' ve probably just 
biding their time writing student- 
fiinded reactionary spew until they 
can get a job at the Globe & Mail. 

Ego #2: Now there's a scenario 
they needn't worry about! 
("Peals of laughter") 

F. Gilbert 
UC9T2 



Another Not 
So Rave 
Review 



Did you guys gel free tickets to 
shows at Su-atford? If you did, I 



would rather read reviews of the 
plays. 

I'm all for discussing Stratford, 
but I would rather read an article 
featuring at least one of the follow- 
ing: 

well thought out positions that are 
argued (rather than off the cuff 
remarks); facts (if you are going to 
complain about how much fund- 
ing Stratford gets, how about tell- 
ing us the actual amount?); and 
people who arc authorities on the 
subject, instead of people like me 
(1 can have a conversation like 
yours with my friends without 
getting newsprint all over my fin- 
gers). 

What I gathered from your arti- 
cle was that you don't like Strat- 
ford because it caters to theatergoers 
who have different tastes from 
your own. What' s wrong with that ? 

Gordon Belos 
UC9TI 



Varsity 
Hypocrisy 

Earlier this year you criticized a 
University of Toronto profes.sor 
for inviting a representative of the 
Heritage Front to address his class, 
and you also criticized ClUT, the 
campus radio station, for airing an 
interview with a representative of 
the same organization. In both 
cases, the basic objection was that 
giving such an organization a plat- 
form on campus had the effect of 
implying that racism is intellectu- 
ally respectable. 

Now you yourself have given 
the Heritage Front a new platform 
on campus by prinung a letter from 
a representative of that organiza- 
tion in your June 8 issue — with, it 
seems to me, the same effect. 

You have a policy against pub- 
lishing "letters that attempt to 
incite...hatred against an identifi- 
able group." What is the differ- 
ence, in practice, between a letter 
that says, "we want you all to hate 
such-and-such identifiable group" 
and a letter from a well-known hate 



organization that merely says, in 
effect, "we're right"? 

I look forward to seeing some 
serious self-criticism by The Var- 
sity on this matter. 

Don Roebuck 
UC6T2 

Keeping 
Students 
Informed 

Congratulations to the Varsity! 
Your issue of June 8, 1993, was 
one of the best I've seen in a long 
time. 

The coverage of the student serv- 
ices fee debate, the University 
budget, and the province's social 
contract negotiations, was both 
thorough and accurate. These is- 
sues have been on the table at the 
Governing Council for the past 
several months. Fartoooften, hap- 
penings at GC are overiooked or 
badl y covered by the campus press. 
Withtheirdirectimpactone very- 
one at U of T, I'm glad to see that 
at least one of the campus newspa- 
pers is making the effort to help 
keep students informed about what 
is really going on. 



John P. Nestor 
Graduate Student 
Member, Governing Council 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers. 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 wordsand must be 
accompanied by the 
author s name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request 
Letters will be published al 
the discretion of the editor 
and may be edited for length. 
Letters that attempt lo incite 
violence or hatred agamsl 
an identitiable group will not 
be published 

We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members. 
Priority will be given to new 
writers and timely topics. 




Would Rousseau 
have approved? 

Trashing the Social Contract 

STUDENTS SILENCED AT THE SOCIAL 
CONTRACT TABLE 



WHAT'S LEFT OF THE LEFT? 



SHAWN LUCAS & CHRIS NIEBLER 



As leaders of Guelph's student body, we feel our 
efforts to be included in the Social Contract talks were 
in vain. Although after months of lobbying the 
provincial government, the Graduate Students Asso- 
ciation (GS A) and the Central Student Association 
(the CS A — our students' council), were given bar- 
gaining unit status and thus a voice in the social 
contract negotiations, the administration did not, in 
the end, listen to our concerns. Our hope that the issue 
of increased tuition would be addressed in Guelph's 
social contract was not realized. Instead, the admin- 
istration paid only lip service to it. 

Discussions between our administration and the 
university's unions, united in the President's 
Consultative(PCF) forum, began last April. That is 
when Guelph leamt that $ 6. 1 million would be slashed 
from its budget because of the social contract. In 
addition, the university would lose $3.9 inillion in 
provincial sales tax on health insurance plans, and 4.4 
million from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and 
Food, for a total of $ 14.4 million in cut-backs. 

However, if the PCF and the administration were 
able to come to an agreement by August 1, the 
province would cut our target budget by 20per cent, 
slashing more than one million from the projected 
reductions. 

At this point, we knew we wanted to get involved 
in the talks. We felt the quality of our education was 
at risk as whatever cut-backs the administration would 
make would inevitably affect the level and quality of 
Guelph's services. Even before the social contract, 
the administration had budgeted for a 5per cent 
increase in tuition to cover rising costs. 

Finally last month, the provincial government gave 
us a vote at the talks to represent non unionized part- 
time workers at Guelph. Although it was our duty to 
fulfill that mandate, which we did, we felt it was equally 
important to represent the needs of our student body. 
It' s not that our administration is completely unsym- 
pathetic to our concerns (just last year, the university 
agreed that any increase in tuition above the cost of 



living must be voted on by the students), but the far- 
reaching impUcations of the social contract warranted 
our being at the table. 

We argued that it is unfair to expect students to pay 
more for an education which is going to provide them 
with less. If education were a business, the consumer 
would not agree to pay more for fewer services. Our 
goal was to negotiate a tuition freeze. 

Having achieved bargaining-unit status, the CS A 
and GS A were able to put the issue of tuition fees on 
the agenda at the social contract negotiations. Because 
we had discussed the government' s mandate to make 
university accessible, the role of Canadian universi- 
ties had remained at the forefront of our discussions 
within the PCF. So much so, in fact, that when we went 
to the table to submit our proposal, we thought the 
unanimous support of the bargaining units would 
overcome the administration's opposition. 

We were sadly mistaken. Although the bargaining 
groups were able to make-up the budgetary shortfall 
of $ 6. 1 million in time for the August 1 deadline (by 
dipping into our pension surplus, and having an 
unpaid three day leave at Christmas), our grievances 
went unheard. The spirit of co-operation died when it 
came to discussing a tuition freeze. The administra- 
tion claimed it was not in the context of the social 
contract to discuss this issue, despite the obvious 
implications it has on the quality of our university 
education. 

Although we were given the right to represent our 
constituents, in reality we were unable to negotiate a 
tuition freeze. No doubt, our inclusion at the social 
contract talks looked good for a university whose 
motto is "Breaking New Ground". Yet by making 
our role a token one, the administration failed to set 
a precedent and address the economic barriers faced 
by Ontario students. We feel silenced. 

Shawn Lucas and Chris Niebler are both members of 
the University of Guelph 's student council. 



BY 

STEVEN LANGDON 
NDPM.P. 



Any analysis of Bob Rae's 
"social contract" legislation has 
toconsidervalucs, faimessof treat- 
ment among various groups, and 
— these days — the impact on the 
economy of what has been im- 
posed. From the framework with 
which democratic socialism has 
seen the world, the social contract 
fails on all three grounds. 

Considerthe economy first. The 
justification forthe social contract 
is that a major reduction of the 
deficit is the essential priority in 
Ontario; that is what has driven 
Bob Rae's whole budget turna- 
round this year. 

But what this has meant is giv- 
ing up the fundamental emphasis 
on expanding employment that has 
always motivated socialists in pe- 
riods of high joblessness. The re- 
sult has been a marked i ncrease i n 
Ontario' s unemployment rate (to 
1 1 .2 per cent in the most recent 
month's statistics,) and a reduc- 
tion in projected growth and em- 
ployment rates across the country. 

As with the Conservative gov- 
ernment in Ottawa after 1 984, the 
ironic further result is likely to be 
that the deficit does not improve 
very significantly, because of the 
negative impact on tax revenue of 
this stagnating employment. 

Then there is the issue of equal- 
ity of treatment. What the social 
contract moves mean is that some- 
one in the public sector is being hit 
not just by the tax increases and 




Steven Langdon as seen at U of T in 1969. 




social service cutbacks hitting all 
citizens of Ontario. In addition, 
there is a di scrimi n atory impact on 
those in the public sector — in 
terms of job losses from govern- 
ment cutbacks and special income 
reductions over and above what 
everyone else in Ontario is experi- 
encing. 

How can this make sense, given 
the strong value commitments of 
democratic socialism toequality? 

Surely it is just one sign of the 
way in which this imposed, arbi- 
trary and badly organized social 
contract cuts directly against the 
values that the left in Canada and 
Ontario have fought for over the 
years. 

Values such as belief in equal- 
ity,commitmenttobuildingasense 
of common community, identifi- 
cation with the advancement of a 
working class movement, stress 
on equal female-male roles, and 
emphasis on democratic participa- 
tion — these seem to me key defin- 
ing aspects of democratic social- 
ism. 

Yet the Bob Rae social contract 
budget contradicts each of these — 
undercutting pay equity, exclud- 
ing labour from a role in public 
service cutback discussions, and 
setting sector against sector in- 



stead of developing a feeling of 
community. 

Perhaps most tragic, the Rae 
government doesn't even seem to 
realize how deeply it has undercut 
the human rights of men and 
women to the security of collective 
bargaining by what the social con- 
tract does. 

In these circumstances, two 
points are crucial for us all to 
remember. First, Bob Rae is not 
the New Democratic party, as will 
becomeclear over the years ahead; 
those who fought foryears to build 
the party, I hope, will not simply sit 
back and see it destroyed as a 
radical alternative in Canadian 
poUtics. 

And second, the democratic 
socialist left in Canada is broad 
and diverse. It includes many popu- 
lar movements, important labour 
organizations, many parts of the 
women' s movement. The left will 
continue to fight for progressive 
change, and ultimately the New 
Democrats at all levels in Ontario 
will be part of that fight. 

If not, it is unclear what role is 
there for us to play as a party in this 
political system. 

Steven Langdon was UofTSAC 
president in 1969-70. 



ANNOUNCEMENTS 

Are you interested in a cross-disability 
students' group at U of T? 



Anyone interested in discussion and action on issues 
affecting students with disabilities is welcome. 
Time and place TBA. 

Contact Kate Kaul/Sandra Lim at 
49 St. George St. 
Toronto M5S lAl** 
or tel. 978-8201 (voice only) 
**This address is not yet wheelchair accessible; meetings 
will not be held here. 



WANTED 

The Varsity is looking for an experienced commissioned 
sales rep to sell ad space. Must be a self-starter, ener- 
getic and able to commit to 20 hours per week or more. 
Call Sharon Payne at 979-2856, fax resume to 979-8357 
or drop it off at 44 St. George Su-eet. 



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TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 




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TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 7 



Pilot loan program 
raises questions 



byNickVanweerdenburg 



Two hundred U of T students will 
test a controversial new type of 
student loan this fall. 

While the pilot program is 
strongly supported by the Ontario 
Undergraduate Student Alliance 
(OUSA), it is opposed by other 
student advocacy groups. 

The Ontario Government is in- 
troducing the "Income Contin- 
gent Lx)ans Pilot Project", which 
will run alongside the regular On- 
tario Student Assistance Program 
(OSAP). 

The program will award a total 
of 1,000 loans whose monthly 
repayment amounts will depend 
on a student ' s income after gradu- 
ation. Under the current system, 
repayment is calculated based on 
debt load. 

Under the pilot program, a 
graduate earning under $20,001 
per year would not be required to 
pay anything. Graduates earning 
more would have to pay 4-6 per 
cent of their income, depending on 
how much they earn. 

Rick Martin, liaison officer for 
the Association of Part-time Un- 
dergraduate Students ( APUS) and 
one of two student members on the 
five person Ministerial Committee 
on Student Aid Reform, said he 
welcomes the experiment. "[It] 
was a step in the right direction." 

"OSAP as a whole should be 
income contingent," Martin added. 

"It is fairer and more equitable 



to students, and also makes more 
efficient use of government 
money". 

APUS, as well as SAC, belong to 
OUS A, aprovincial student lobby 
group which also counts among its 
members the Queen ' s and Water- 
loo University student councils. 
OUSA has lobbied the provincial 
government for an ICLRP cou- 
pled with higher tuition fees. 

However, other student groups 
are opposed to the idea of income 
contingent loans. 

Uma Sarkar, president of the 
Arts and Science Students' Union 
(ASSU) said the program would 
make university less accessible to 
lower-income groups by increas- 
ing the amount students pay for 
their education and thus, their final 
debt load. 

"It' s a pilot program now but it 
establishesadamaging precedent 
for students who have a problem 
with accessibility to post-second- 
ary education. (It is) establishing a 
framework in which more of the 
burden is placed on the student." 

Unlike in the current system 
where the federal government pays 
the interest costs of a loan while a 
student is still attending school, 
under ICLRP the government 
would not cover interest payments. 
Interest would accumulate on the 
student's loan from the moment 
the loan is negotiated. 

Sarkar said the removal of the 
interest-free provision whileastu- 
dent remains at school could dras- 



tically increase the cost of an edu- 
cation. 

"Right now we pay 1 8-20 per 
cent of [the cost of] education," 
Sarkar said. 

"With interest payment on the 
debt you could end up paying 40- 
50 per cent." 

But according to Martin this is 
beneficial. He says the current pro- 
gram's interest-free period is ef- 
fectively a partial write-off given 
to all loan recipients, irrespective 
of their ability to pay. Martin said 
under income-contingency , write- 
offs only go to students who need 
them. 

Sarkar, however, pointed to the 
effects ICLRP has had in Aus- 
tralia, one of the countries (along 
with New Zealand and Britain) that 
have similar programs. 

Since the beginning of the Aus- 
tralian program the government 
has repeatedly lowered the amount 
of income graduates must earn to 
be exempt from repayment. 

Here in Ontario, the govern- 
ment is currently considering 
whether to extend loans to third- 
year as well as fourth-year stu- 
dents. 

The repayment period for the 
loans would be either two or four 
years. Loan payments begin six 
months after graduation and are 
based on the student's income at 
that time. 

After the loan repayment period 
expires, the remaining amount of 
the loan would be written off. 



Bank seduce s students w ith new loans 

Bank of Montreal offering indie program 



BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

The BankofMontreal has launched 
an independent loan program op- 
erating outside the federal govem- 
ment's. 

As part of a packageof financial 
services for students, the bank will 
offer loans of up to $5,000 a year 
at the bank's best consumer lend- 
ing rate. Students can take out 
loans in addition to any Canada 
Student Loans (CSLs) they re- 
ceive 

'The Bank has always had a 
heavy commitment to education. 
There is a need for financing as far 
as student loans are concerned," , 
said Lou Kwasnycia, manager of 
public relations at the Bank of 
Monutal. 

Full-time undergraduate and 
graduate students who do not 
qualify for government loans or 
need more money than their loan 
provides are eligible for the pro- 
gram. This does not include stu- 
dents who are not eligible for gov- 
ernment loans because of previ- 
ous defaults. 

Some student groups, however, 
are cautioning students about the 
high debt load they could incur if 
they negotiate Bank of Montreal 
loans. 

"These are basically 
unsubsidizcd loans. The govern- 
ment offers interest relief and is 
flexible if you are unemployed. 
Our question is will the bank be 
flexible if a student's plans don't 
work out?" said Deanne Fisher, 
liaison officer for the Association 
of Part-time Undergraduate Stu- 
denu(APUS). 

Unlike federal loans where stu- 
dents do not have to make any 



payments while still in school, stu- 
dents will have to make interest 
payments on the Bank's loans af- 
terthey are negotiated. The princi- 
pal payments will have to be made 
starting six months after gradua- 
tion. 

Kwasnycia said the idea to start 
an independent student loan was 
not motivated by the federal gov- 
ernment's March proposal to 
award loans solely through the 
Royal Bank or CIBC. 

If the government's negotia- 
tions with the two banks are suc- 
cessful, all other financial institu- 
tions would be excluded from ad- 
ministering CSLs. 

Federal govenunentspokcsper- 



son Claudine Renauld said that the 
bank's independent loan program 
is not a threat to the government' s 
negotiations with the Royal Bank 
and CIBC. 

"r m not sure if a private enter- 
prise could be better than the gov- 
ernment," she said. "I'm not sure 
it can compete." 

The government' s i merest rates 
for students starting to pay off 
their loans this year is 8.62 per 
cent. The Bank of Montreal offers 
9.25 per cent for fixed-rate loans 
and 7.75 percent for variable rate 
borrowings. 

With files from Simona Chiose 




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Caribana: Afropan still numero uno 



(Rodger LevesqueA/S) 



Steel band loses drums, wins award 



BY Sean Tai 
Varsity Staff 

The disappearance of $18,(XX) worth of equipment 
from a U of T building has not stopped a campus 
musical group from doing their thing. 

On June 26, equipment was reported stolen from 
rooms allotted to Afropan, a Caribbean steel band, at 
44 St. George Street. The equipment included numer- 
ous expensive steel drum instruments. In addition, 
serious property damage occurred in the incident. 

According to program director Elton Jones, the 
group has continued to play on with some new 
equipment and drums borrowed from other local steel 
bands. The band recently won the title of best steel 
band at this year' s Caribana Festival . 

"In spite of all the problems we're still number 
one," Jones said. 

The theft incident was related to a dispute over 
ownership of the steel band equipment. Jones said the 
dispute arose when some mem- 
bers of the band decided to break 
away from Afropan and form a 
separate group. 

"The equipment is ours," 
Jones said. 

"The people who took our 
equipment joined up two years 
ago or less. They are definitely 
no longer with the band." 

"We offered them some 
equipment, enough to start their 
own group, which they agreed 
to. But when itcame time to take 
the equipment they took every- 
thing, notjust what was offered." 

In the fal 1 of 1 992 both groups 



applied forrecognition as U of T campus groups, and 
claimed the right to occupy the basement space at 44 
St. George Street, which has been used by Afropan 
since 1975. 

David Neelands, assistant vice-president for stu- 
dent affairs, mediated in the dispute and ruled in favor 
of the older Afropan group. He said he was disap- 
pointed by the way the dispute has turned out. 

"The equipment was assembled by Afropan — 
exactly who owned it is complicated," he said. "My 
hope had been that the two groups would get to- 
gether." 

Sgt. Len Paris of the U of T police said it was 
unlikely criminal charges would be laid. 

"If it's an internal dispute it may not be a police 
matter," he said. 

Jones was uncertain whether his group would 
pursue a civil suit. 

"The Metro Police said it's more of a civil-type 
case," Jones said. "Right now it' s in the hands of the 
respective lawyers." 




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George Campus (40 Sussex Ave.). This unique service, supported 
in part by student fees, has been designed to assist members of 
the University community with part-time child care arrangements. 

The Facility will commence limited operation in August and will be 
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VARSITY SCIENCE 



TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 




Four Shots a Day Keeps the Doctor Away 

study Finds Strict Control Reduces Diabetes Effects 



I 



Varsity Guide to the Night Sky 



— Downtown Toronto may hardly 
seem the ideal place for stargaz- 
^v - ing, but those seeking to view the 
^Sj^ wonders of the night sky can read 
\S on tofind out what' splaying in the 
cosmos this month: 

P-^lf Where in Toronto to watch: The 
\/^Jt^ night sky over Toronto is so bright 
)l< that celestial objects are often ob- 
7S<\ scured. Try to find a dark area 
outside the downtown core. The 
Royal Astronomical Society often 
has public nights where you can go 
to a dark site and observe. Also, on 
Saturday nights, the David Dunlop 
Observatory in Richmond Hill runs 
tours, and you can go there to see 
the night sky. Going to higher 
ground in north Toronto will help 
you to get above much of the city 
light. 

The Planets: Mercury is in the di- 
rection of Gemini, and can only be 
seen shortly before sunrise, with 
the view becoming worse towards 
the end of the month. Venus is the 



morning star, visible for only a short 
time after sunset. The new moon is 
on the 1 7th, so that will be the darkest " 
night in August. As the moon ap- 
proaches its first quarter, it will pass 
close to Mars and Jupiter, forming a 
beautiful triplet. Watch for it on the 
21st! Saturn is in Aquarius and is 
visible all night. 

The Perseids Meteor Shower: The 
Perseids meteor shower is visible 
every year in mid- August. This year 
the height ofactiviiy is on the 1 1th. 
This year's shower should be par- 
ticularly exciting. A meteor shower 
occurs as a result of the Earth pass- 
ing through a cloud of debris. This 
particular cloud is the debris left 
behind by the comet Swift-Tuttle. 
Since the comet has only recently 
passed by us, it has left a trail of tiny 
particles of rcxrk and dust. Watch for 
the shower in the northeast, towards 
the constellation Cassiopeia. 

Mike Allen 




BY Lisa Hepner 
\arsity Staff 

U of T has once again shown it is at the forefront of diabetes 
research. 

A landmark Canada-U.S . study has revealed that strict control 
of blood sugar levels can reduce the onset of long term compli- 
cations associated with insulin-dependent diabetes (Type 1 ) by 
about 50 per cent. In 1 982 U ofT competed against approximately 
one hundred other North American universities to win a place in 
the study. The findings will not only change the way diabetes is 
managed, say researchers, but in the long run will save millions 
of dollars in health care costs. 

Although the study is not as big a breakthrough as the discovery 
of insulin by U of T's Dr. Frederick Banting in 1 92 1 , the results 
give new hope to the 200,000 Canadians afflicted with this 
autoimmune disorder. 

Diabetes mellitus, which impairs the utilization of food energy 
by destroying the insulin-producing cells in the body, can lead to 
nerve damage, kidney failure, and blindness. Until the study 
results were released last month, there was noconvincing scien- 
tific evidence that people with Type 1 diabetes who kept their 
blood-sugar levels as close to normal as possible could reduce the 
risk of developing these complications. 

"We're very excited about the results," said Dr. Bernard 
Zinman, the Head of Endocrinology and Metabolism at Mount 
Sinai hospital who was recently appointed director of U of T's 
Banting and Best Diabetes Center. 'The study proves that 
intensive insulin therapy reduces the likelihood of developing 
complications.. . It was a genuine uncertainty which needed to be 
resolved". 

The Diabetes Conu-ol and Complications Trial (DCCT), which 
cost about $200 million over 10 years, the largest study of its kind, 
was sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. U of T 
was one of three Canadian universities in the 29 center study: the 
University of Western Ontario and the University of British 
Columbia also received grants. 

"We were able to demonstrate that we had the expertise, 
resources and appropriate patient population to do this kind of 
study," Zinman said, explaining why U of T was chosen. 

The 1.441 volunteers, who either had early signs of complica- 



tions or none at all . were divided into two groups. One group 
followed the conventional regime of one or two insulin 
injections a day, and daily blood sugar tests. The other group 
received intensive-insulin therapy, taking three or four insulin 
injections a day, and testing their blood-sugars four or more 
times daily. 

Zinman described the results as "dramatic". However, he 
added that, "the DCCT shows that our current techniques of 
treating diabetes arc less than optimal". 

One drawback to the new program is its initial cost. "Inten- 
sive treatment is not just taking more insulin. It requires a great 
deal of effort by the patient. You need more education and diet 
compliance," Zinman said. 

Annette Bamie, the uial coordinatorof the study , estimates 
that the extra physician care and diabetic supplies will cost the 
patient $4,000 a year, double the cost of today's standard 
treatment. 

But if the provincial government is willing to pay the higher 
initial costs, she says money will ultimately be saved by treating 
fewer long-term complications. A message which Donna 
Lillie. research and educational services director for the 
Canadian Diabetes Association, says is very appealing tothe 
provincial government. According to Zinman. diabetes and its 
complications cost Canadians about $4 billion a year. 

"The Ministry of Health has been very receptive," Lillie 
said, "but we have to keep the message out there". 

Still, intensive insulin therapy is not without its risks. 
Keeping blood sugars tightly conuolled increases the patient's 
chance of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugars. Severe 
hypoglycemia can cause confusion, comas, or seizures. Par- 
ticipants in the study who used intensive insulin therapy had 
two to three limes the number of severe "hypos" than those 
taking conventional treatment, said Zinman. 

While the DCCT' s findings are good news for people with 
insulin-dependent diabetes, the treatment's sideeffects high- 
light the need for more research into diabetes management. If, 
as Zinman says, "diabetes continues to be a major research 
effort at the U of T", then future collaborations will hopefully 
bring us closer to finding a cure. 

If you are interested in taking part in other research 
projects, and have Type I or Type II diabetes, please call the 
Mount Sinai s Diabetic Research Unit at 586-8778. 



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^^^S ■ MM ■ J M ■ M ^ ^ The Tuesday Edition 

H ivE VIE W 



by Steve Gravestock 
Varsity Staff 



With the commercial success of alternative bands like Nirvana, 
Pearl Jam, etc., there's been renew^ed interest in the seminal punk 
rock bands that first dared to oppose pop banality. "Critical" 
histories of punk rock are forcing knock-off celebrity bios off the 
shelves. And not su rprisi ngly, there's been a rash of reformations, 
regroupings, comebacks whatever you want to call them, in the 
last year. Fear and Television and, most recently, X, have returned 
to grace Toronto stages. 

All of this reforming may seem hypocritical, a blatant form of 
cashing in given the wild "I don't give a shit about anything" 
rhetoric that surrounded punk rock. 

With X, one of the most important bands to emerge from the late 
seventies and early eighties L.A. punk scene, it may seem espe- 
cially hypocritical. Their songs — written by vocalist ExeneCervenka 
and vocalist-bassist John Doe — wereoften spectacularly, brutally 
bleak. Th is aspect stood out even amongst a group of bands (Fear, 
Black Flag) that could hardly be called upbeat. The characters in 
songs like "Los Angeles," "Riding with Mary" and "Burning 
House of Love," seem to be barrelling down the California 
highway headed for a hell on earth poised to sink into the Pacific 
weighed down by its own horrendously bad vibes. 

But this criticism runs on the pumped-up rhetoric that sur- 
rounded the form. And it doesn't take long for John Doe to dispel 
it. He practically does it just by showing up in the flesh. With his 
tall, lanky frame he looks like he's just walked out of a Woody 
Guthrie song. 

Talking to me before a recent Lee's Palace appearance to 
promote their latest. Hey Zeus!, Doe's assurance and direct 
manner makes me feel dopey for even considering the question. 
He's completely up front about the role the success of the current 
alternative bands played in X's reformation, and he's not about to 
wax nostalgic about the good old days. 

"It wasn't a majorfactor, but it certainly had an affect," confesses 
Doe, referringto the success of Pearl Jametal. "Aggressive, guitar- 
oriented music that isn't heavy metal actually getting an audience 
— that's like a dream come true for us." 

Reflecting on the differences between then and now. Doe adds, 
"X, DOA, the Subhumanoids became more an artists' community 
than a youth culture. The new scene is definitely more open and 
it's less judgmental. It's not as concerned about age, appearance, 
musical styles. Right now there are a variety of sounds and styles 
that are considered partofthe same musical genre. From Nirvana 
to Rage Against the Machi ne to even Matthew Sweet. There's a big 
difference between Belly and Porno for Pyros." 

Doe says he and the rest of the band didn't want the tour and 
album to be a nostalgia trip. They wanted a younger audience at 
least in part, not a bunch of aging punks trying to relive the halcyon 
days of yore. And though Doe considers the new album to be 
closerto thei r earlier records, he also acknowledges that it's more 



Thinking Out Loud 

AnnaQuindlen 

Random House 



Every Sunday I look forward to Anna Quindlen's 
"Public & Private" column in the New York Times. 
It's a recent habit, so I appreciate the publication of 
Thinking Out Loud, a compilation of her columns 
from the last few years. 

Quindlen, in her early forties, has a life to envy — 
a job at the Times, a supportive husband, amusing 
children, a house just outside the city. Can we relate? 

The answer is reassuringly yes. Quindlen is like a 
really articulate friend, thoughtful and intelligent; 
you can sense her grappling with difficult issues — 
like supporting troops in the Persian Gulf but not 
Bush's motives, or how a Eurocentric (i.e. racist) 
media agenda dictates more coverage on Bosnia 
than Somalia. On this, Quindlen comments, "Civil 
war and unconscionable internment in Bosnia seem 
man-made evils, subject to man-made solutions. 
But Africa is a mystery to our Eurocentric nation, 
even to many African Americans. Its troubles seem 
like Old Testament plagues, irresolvable and inevi- 
table." 

Quindlen's McGovern liberalism is communi- 
cated through conservative language that would 
make Wi 1 1 iam Safi re proud (Ronald Reagan, too, if he 
thought and read). Often, the mot juste comes so 
effortlessly, framed in parallel construction and 
sustained metaphors. Even her sarcasm is elegantly 
subtle. 

Roy Black, who successfully defended William 
Kennedy Smith on rape charges, remarked that 
Smith's testimony of two sexual encounters within 
a half hour 'helped him with dates.'" Quindlen 
observes "that an attorney must have many skills, 
but good taste need not be among them." 

Slight incongruities with format, though, do exist. 
The essays were originally intended to be read 
weekly, but it's possible to read everything in an 
extended sitting. In part one, the pieces are in no 
particular order. The transition from, let's say dis- 
cussing the resignation of Supreme Court Justice 
William Brennan to parental outrage over accessi- 
ble condoms, is a little jarring. 

Subsequentsections cover Anita Hill and Clarence 
Thomas, the Gulf War and abortion. Here, Quindlen 
shines. Reading the six Hill-Thomas pieces, they 
seem to gather momentum, reinforcing the gut 



Punk without nostalgia 




John Doe meets Charles Bukowski 

political. ("Country at War," for example, brings the Gulf War 
home by usinga war metaphorto outline the increasingly wide gap 
between the rich and the poor.) 

Doe dismisses this apparent contradiction between the band's 
nihilistic doom-is-nigh image and their action-oriented political 
stance, arguing that the band's outlook has always been realistic 
rather than nihilistic. 

"If anything, there's redemption within each song. (But) with 
n i h i I i sm as I u nderstand it, there's no reason to try because you 'II 
lose anyway." 

One of the biggest changes is X's at least partial disassociation 
with the city they were famous for chronicling. Cervenka moved 
back recently, but Doe I ives "out i n the country." The reasons for 
the move don't exactly toe the punk rock line. 

"The city changed," explai ns Doe. "I found the pace of the city 
no longer inspiring. It became a hassle and that made it harder to 
look for inspiration. (Besides) both Exeneand I, as writers, rely on 
ourselvesfor inspiration ratherthan external adventures. Then it's 



the same thing over and over again." 

For those who can't deal with an X that's not exactly the same. 
Doe offers up a warning of sorts. 

"We were doing a show in Cleveland and I was talking to this 
guy who worked in a record store there and he had a friend who 
didn't want to come to see us because he didn't potentially want 
to ruin his memory of a show we did in the eighties. And, to me, 
that guy has another year before he turns into his father. For him, 
music has stopped — I don't thi nk music's static or should be." 

For those lucky or smart enough to turn up for the show he and 
the band provided more direct proof. X kicked into high gear on 
the fourth song and never let up, playing old and new stuff with 
equal ferocity whiledisplayingasurprising emotional range. (One 
of the highlights was a version of "Wi Id Thing" that was played for 
laughs, but didn't forsake any intensity.) 

Somehow, the question of whether the band was selling out or 
cashing in never did come up. 



Anna Quindlen: your friend and mine 

feel i ng that Thomas shou Id never have been nomi nated, 
much less confirmed. 

Most interesting in this section is "The Trouble with 
Teddy," about the notoriety of Kennedy's private life that 
effectively muzzled him from addressing the sexual 
harassment charges against Thomas. Quindlen says, 
"this is not a plea for perfect men in public I ife," but goes 
on to define that public urge for superior politicians: "I do 
believe it istime for our elected officials to act like men and 
not overgrown fraternity boys who use political positions 
as the ultimate pickup line. And it's time for us to be 
realistic aboutthe inevitable nexus between the personal 
and the political, about the essential contradiction be- 
tween voti ng on i ssues that empower women and seei ng 
them as inflatable dolls in private." 

Read ing Qu i nd len reaffi rms one's faith i n the power of 
writing. She responds to the news with timeliness. The 
articulation is more complex than television soundbites, 
but not necessarily longer. The Times, some argue, is 
stodgy, but as long as Quindlen's there, it will be worth 
reading. 

MimiChoi 



Out of drag, 
in character 



by Brian DiL eandro 
Varsity Staff 

QuentinCrispissuddenly everywhere 
again and everywhere he is totally 
fabulous. 

A cameo in Sally Potter's Or/ancfo 
portrayingtheVirginQueen, has once 
more made him hipperthan hip. It's a 
performance audiences and critics 
have signaled out. The queenist of 
queens playingthequeenirt of Queens. 

Quentin, however, is somewhat 
more modest in his appraisal. 

"Well, ididn'texpectanythingof 
myself — 1 don't really havea view of 
myself as an actor, so I don'tsay Oh, 
I could have done this better. 

The film is a vast beauty pageant. I 
didn't know when I made it that it 
would be shown to very many people. 
It doesn't have what Mr. Bush calls 
fam i ly entertai nment — no police cars, 
no murders, and no nurses getting 
raped in the parkinglot. I would never 
have gone to the film in years if I wasn't 
in it." 

Indeed, Quentin has no patience 
for the kind of weighty aesthetic that 
frequently informs Or/anc/o. His crite- 
ria of what constitutes a good film is 
simple - a good plot and a hysterical 
avoidance of romance. 

"I don't like movies where it's I love 
you more than you love me. I am not 
interested in relationships. The last 
moviel realty likedwas TheHandThat 
Rocks The Cradle. I knew it was a good 



film when a man behind me stood up 
and yelled out "Deck her" when Ms. 
De Momay was going to get the baby- 
sitter." 

Despite his tempered dislike of 
Orlando, publicity for the film has 
once again brought him to Toronto, a 
city he first visited thirty years ago 
when The Naked Civil Sen'antwasf\T?i. 
published. Returningto England for a 
year, he wassoontomoveto America, 
a move he'd wished had taken place 
earlier. 

"That's perhaps my only regret in 
life - not having come to America 
sooner. I love America. Everyone is 
nice. In New York, everyone is your 
friend. You stop at the corner and they 
tell you their life stories, i love that. I 
love people's stories." 

Once i n New York, Quenti n qu ickly 
become a downtown doyen, finding 
both fame and the famous. 

"I met Mr. Andy Warhol. 1 always 
tried to make him say something if I 
was at one of his parties. He was 
notoriously shy. If you went to a party 
and sawsomeone sitting in a corner of 
a room not saying anything it was 
Warhol. 

So I wou Idgouptohimandsay 'You 
sent for me and 1 am here' and he 
would say 'We must be photo- 
graphed.' 

That was very American. Famous 
Americans love to be photographed. 
Sonrtething I soon learned, when at- 
tending parties or openings, is not to 
flinch when the flashes go off." 

Please see "God Save", p. 1 1 



\ 



VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY 10 AUGUST 1993 



rewieyNBRIEFS 



Rising Sun 

Rising Sun sucks. It's got a an al i-star cast, a 
bit of controversy surrounding its Japanese- 
American relations theme and a ready-made 
audience of people who have read the origi- 
nal Michael Crichton rKDvel. Unfortunately, 
what this film does not have is a plot that 
holds the audience's attention, let alone grab 
it in the first place. Sean Connery plays the 
seasoned cop well versed in Japanese cul- 
ture who turns intothe "dumb white guv" the 
second he enters a ghetto. And bewildering 
is Wesley Snipes' presence. His literary ana- 
logue is of no identifiable colour, so the 
choice of a black actor as a street smart 
character is politically correct but inexplica- 
ble despite the throwaway reference to slaves 
in American history. There is also a wide 
array of extremely tanned and gaunt Japa- 
nese actors playing the bad guys who fi II their 
spare time playing golf and eating sushi off 
the bosoms of buxom American women. 

Ultimately, all these elements combine to 
form apainfully dull film. Everyone inthisfilm 
seems to just go through the motions. The 
acting isgeneric, not slick, and the plot is slow 
and tedious. This film is particularly upset- 
ting considering that the novel is an abso- 
lutely stunning murder suspense. Indeed, 
one gets the impression that director Philip 
Kaufrnan has made an effort to completely 
change and distort many details from the 
novel. One can easily understand why 
Crichton abandoned the writingof the screen- 
play. Kaufman has transformed an intricate 
and intelligent commentary on Japanese- 
American relations into a blunt American- 
style murder mystery that insults the audi- 
encewith caricature-like portrayals of Ameri- 
cans and Japanese. If American filmmakers 
continue to butcher novels, then perhaps the 
Japanese might be able to do better. 

Steve Kim 



Festival of Short Films 

Just in time to whet your appetite for the 
annual film extravaganza comes the Festival 
of Short Films. In this programme of eleven 
films, the longest, Ted Demme's The Bet 
(USA, 1 992), clocks i n at 22 mi nutes. It seems 
astonishing that works of such brevity can 
develop interesting and varied narratives. 

If there is a common theme, images from 
deranged dreams comeseasily to mind, with 
Hubert Toi nt's Tromboneen Coulisses(Be\- 
gium, 1988) and Canadian-born Alison 
Maclean's K/'fc/jenS/n/ic(New Zealand, 1 989) 
as the most emphatic representatives. Most 
satisfying is the wonderfully pathetic Omni- 
bus{France, 1 992)directed by Sam Karmann, 
which won an Oscar and Cannes Best Short 
thisyear. Also included istheclassic Thanks- 
giving Prayer(\JSA, 1 990), directed by Gus 




Get me some Jujubes and popcorni 

Van Sant, with William 5. Burrough's la- 
conic, ironic commentary and montages of 
Americana. Worth noting, too, is the non- 
narrative Pascale Ferran's Le0a/ser(France, 
1990). Atechnicallysimpleseries of couples 
kissing, itallowsthevoyeurtowatchwhatis 
usually publicly embarrassing. 

With a few films under their belts, the 
participating directors and many of the writ- 
ers and actors, are not exactly neophytes. 
The films in this programme demonstrate a 
polish that some young fi Immakers would be 
wise to study. 

Mi mi Choi 

The Festival of Short Films at the Bloor 
Cinema, Aug 13-1 9 and The Fox^ug 20-22 



Greeks, Kings and Tories 

The ancient, the past and the present make for a mixed bag at Stratford 



by Vanessa Porteus 

Stratford: holy theatre? Dead theatre? Too big? Too bad? Too boring? 
Love it or loathe it, you've gotta come home with a strong opi nion. Right? 
Well, after seeing TheBacchae, Fair Liberty's Call, and Kingjohn, I've 
decided it's impossible. What do an ancient Creek tragedy staged in 
mask, a Canadian historical drama written in 1993, and a sketchy 
potboiler by the Bard have in common? 

King John (the potboiler) is the most fun to watch. Not because the 
verse is immortal. It isn't. And the characters all seem like rough copies 
of deservedlymorefamousShakespearean heroes. Kingjohn isMacbeth 
without the tragic stature. Richard the Bastard isn't quite the Bastard 
Edmund is. And so on. 

But Robin Phillips' direction, while economical, isneverbland. He 
clarifies the dizzying plot developments with careful blocking, so you 
always know who's on whose side. And he makes each moment as vivid 
as possible by finding a subtly original way to stage it. Not every scene 
works butall inall it'san intelligent, watchable and entertaining show. 

Neither fa / r i. iberty 's Call nor The Bacchae i s i n the same league. Fair 
L iberty 's Ca II, a new play by Sharon Pollock, is a historical drama about 
United Empire Loyalists set in 1794. The history is fascinating, the 
characters are interesting, the play is adequately staged and well acted. 



but the script needs some serious revisions. It's too long, too repetitive, 
and somehow both mawkish and didactic. 

Janet Wright and Ted Dykstra both have fairly thankless roles in Fair 
Liberty's Ca//,buttheygetachancetoshinein The Bacchae. And they 
do. They both deliver dry, honest performances with none of the bombast 
you expect from Creek tragedy. 

And th i s show has its share of bombast. It's one of those overdesigned, 
overintellectualized, over-rhetorical Stratford productions that finally 
leave you cold. 

The play deals with mob violence, the dangers of repression, and the 
frustrations of women living in a patriarchal culture. Itcould still speak to 
us. But director David William sets the play in a kind of stuffy pseudo- 
primitive cliche. Instead of being increasingly deranged cult-members, 
the Bacchae are sexy, writhing Mamma-Africa goddesses. And worst of 
all, everyone is encouraged to chant their lines in that unmistakable whine 
which you can't endure unless you're a drama nerd with pretentious 
notions about how to speak verse. 

On the state of Stratford, I can't offer any grand conclusions about 
summer festival theatre in Canada. But here's some advice: watch Janet 
Wright, she's very good. Look out for Philippa Domville: she's very 
promising. Check out Lord Bigot in King John: he just graduated from U 
of T. Co see Kingjohn: Robin Phillips is a real director. And don't read 
the programs until after the shows: they give too much away. 



Cool tunes Jor dog days 



Debut 

Bjork 

Warner 

Whenever an artist decides to pursue a solo 
project, the task can be quite difficult — and 
sometimes dangerous. C.W. McLennan and 
Nick Cave did it. Wendy James crashed and 
burned. Bjork, the angelic vocalist of Iceland's 
Sugarcubes, has done it now too. Debut, pro- 
duced by Nellie (Soul II Soul) Hooper, is 48 
minutesof pure heaven, that stretches far beyond 
what made the Sugarcubes so good. 

Songs like "Human Behaviour" and "Vio- 
lently Happy" — with her drippi ngly sweet vocals 
— are desti ned for dance floors worldwide, whi le 
the passionate "Venus as a Boy" and "Come to 
Me" will steal themselves into other, more dimly- 
lit places. Bjork also strays off the beaten path 
halfway through the cd, to do a cover version of 
Sarah Vaughn's "Like Someone in Love," featur- 
ing Corki Hale on harp. It'll make you ache all 
over. 

It's sti II a little early to start making my Top 1 0 
list of 1 993, but so far so good for Bjork's Debut. 

Robin Curney 



Mighty Train Revue 

Mighty Train Revue 

Independent 

Just when it seems like there's nothing new 
under the folk-pop sun, along comes a band like 
the Mighty Train Revue. With their debut full- 
length cd, this local quartet quietly storms the 
ears of any jaded Toronto indie fan. If you are 
browsing through the independent release sec- 
tion of your local record store, you can safely 
judge this book of songs by its cover — an ornate 
sketch of a feudal European countryside, over- 
laid with an ultra-contemporary yellow logo. 
MTR is just that kind of band, making great new 
music with a curiously traditional twang. This 
baker's dozen of songs are strong, melodic, 
hooky confections that echo with a sophistica- 
tion rarely found in indie releases. In fact, theonly 
real flaw to this album lies in its polished restraint. 
With such tight, traditional three-minute songs, 
you're left wondering what might explode if these 
guys would cut loose and take a few more 
musical chances. But why nitpick? The roaring, 
bluesy, 40-second album coda, "Moses," is the 
perfect track for the end of the line, giving a hint 
of this band's big potential. Run, don't walk, to 
catch this train. 

Amber Meredith Golem 



Red House Painters 

Red House Painters 
4AD 

This record has come out at the wrong time of 
year,butthat'snobigwhoop. RHP,perennial no- 
nopers of the San Francisco 
scene since time immemorial, 
deliver their 14-song, 70 min- 
utes-plus debut album, full of 
melancholy and regret more 
su ited to rai ny fal I afternoons or 
insomniac winter evenings. 
These mostly acoustic pieces 
are faintly reminiscent of early 
Simon and Carfunkel (espe- 
cially "Down Through") and even of the young 
Leonard Cohen, although Paul and Art never 
came up with lines like "There's my favourite 
rollercoaster ... the one only sissies ride" 
CRollercoaster"). And it probably never occurred 
to Laughing Len to write a song like "Funhouse," 
where the four-piece band, led by Mark Kozeiek, 
plod along reassuringly in a stately fashion for six 
minutes or so, until the music makes a nerve- 
wracking, dissonant downshift — the aural 
equivalent of walking down the street on a sunny 
autumn day and suddenly falling down an open 
manhole. The only problem that one might have 
with this album is that it really is far too long to 
consume at a single sitting. 



Isabel Bishop EP 

Unrest 
4AD 

Well done. Unrest, for releasing this record 
with such auspicious timing. Not only is this 




Larry Koch 



Zooropa 



U2 

Island 

Most mega-hyped, stadium sell-out rocksters 
would eventually begin to churn out crushingly 
predictable recycled material, trading in on their 
status as sacred cows. 
NotU2. 

Arising from the ZOO TV tour, their new 
album, Zooropa, is similar to Rattle and Hum. 
Like that album's relationship to Thejoshua Tree, 
Zooropa is really a kind of free floating extension 
of its predecessor, Achtung Baby. 

The album's ten tracks have a slightly bleaker 
sound then the previous album, reminiscent of 
Bowie/Eno recordings like Low and Station to 
Station, not surprising given that Eno acts as 
producer. 

"Zooropa", the opening track, is essentially 
advertising sound bites ("Be all you that you can 
be," "Fly the friendly skies.") sung over a groovy 
industrial dance beat. "Babyface" is a falsetto 
rant about the dangers of the instant fame MTV 
has generated. The Kraftwerk-inspired rap of 
"Numb" is cool as is the until of the world rave 
groove of "Daddy's Gonna Pay For Your Crashed 
Car." Zooropa closes with the band playing to 
the singing man in black, Johnny Cash, on the 
"Wanderer." 

Brian DiLeandro 



Washington, D.C.-based three-piece currently 
one of the highlights of the second stage on this 
year's Lollapalooza tour (as anyone who saw 
their Toronto appearance can tell you), but this 
four-song EP also contains some very summery 
sounds — just the thing to make the hearer feel 
nice and estival. The highlights include "Isabel," 
the band's tri bute to the pai nter mentioned i n the 
EP's title, which features minimalistic guitar over 
a laid-back (eerily Milli Vanilli-esque!) drum 
machine rhythm that, according to the sleeve, 
clocks in at 104 b.p.m. — alittletooslowtodance 
to, but perfect for bobbing one's head to as it 
plays on one's Walkman. Also included is their 
breezy, strolling take on "Love To Know," a two- 
chord vamp written by Tracy Thorn before she 
was in Everything But The Girl, sung by bassist 
Bridget Cross. Then there's a punky i nstrumental 
and a song about killing yourself, both of which 
are not so great. Comes in a groovy cardboard 
Digipak sleeve. 



Larry Koch 




A River Sutra 

Gita Mehta 

Random House 



VARSITY REVIEW 11 



Gita Mehta's third book A /?/VerSufra depicts a bureaucrat who has become a 
"vanaprasthi," someone who has retired to the forest to reflect. Instead of finding 
tranquillity on the banks of the holy Narmada river, he meets six characters 
whose dramatic stories of danger, love and sorrow force him to reject the 
numbness of feel ing he was attracted to and accept the heart as equal to the mind 
because "a man who cannot suffer is not alive." 

But A River Sutra is more like a collection of six short stories than a novel; their 
interconnectedness comes from their common objective: to shock the protago- 
nist into feeling. To the bureaucrat, the stories come as an interruption to the flow 
of his meditations. To the reader, the interludes with the bureaucrat come as dull 
interruptionsto the emotionally and sensually charged stories. Until the last story 
it is unclear why the bureaucrat is present at all; his presence initially appears 
meaningless but turns out to be symbolic of the chaos in his soul amidst the 
artificially churned serenity provided by the faithful servant Mr Chagla. 

Nonetheless, the novel does not reject retiring from the world as a process to 
finding direction. After all the Narmada, we are told, was created by the Lord 
Shiva's perspiration while he was in an ascetic trance. But even the river flows 
down to meet her husband, "the ocean. Lord of Rivers." 

Myths, legends and vedas are craftfully woven into the stories as well as into 
the protagonist's present. The stories are narrated in a variety of ways. Some are 
told first hand; others are recreated by a third party. Some are suspended apart 
from the bureaucrat's life while others are blended into his reality through the 
appearance of a character or the repetition of a chant. It is a rel ief to fi nd an author 
so unrestrained by the structure of her storytelling that she does not feel she has 
to pull all the strings together at the end of the novel. The short stories make the 
book an exciting read although they act only as vehicles for the protagonist's 
emotional journey. 

Anne Castelino 



God save Quentin Crisp 



Continued from p. 9 

The hazards of fame not- 
withstanding, Quentin has 
little patience for those 
who want to trade their 
fame in for a life of ano- 
nymity 

"I heard of an actor who 
bitterly complained of 
being so celebrated that 
he could not pee without 
a press release having to 
be issued. He angrily stated 
that ih i s was now the time 
to seek privacy. Not at all. 
I think it was the time to 
learn how to u ri nate beau- 
tifully. 

Once successful, the famous 
seem to lose what made them 
famous in the first place. Ma- 
donna, for instance, has lost all 
the style she ever had. Now, she's 
simply an object. I think now that 
she is so rich she could be nicer. 
Butthen the reason to be rich is so 
you don't have to be nice." 




The fully clothed civil servant 



Somehow, Mr. Quentin Crisp man- 
ages to be both famous and nice, 
although professing a continual state 
of penury. 

"I lived in a room just big enough for 
my bed and room for the cockroaches 
to stand next to it. My biggest fear is that 
I will get into debt before I die." 

What's unusual is that Quentin's 



(Simorta ChioseA/S) 



philosophy is informed by a belief 
inthe inevitability of fate. 

"You have to wake up every morn- 
ing and say to yourself, 'I am noth- 
ing, I deserve nothing', then every- 
thing is a bonus. If I were asked to 
give a message to the world it would 
be that you don't have to be a wi n- 
ner." 



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RESIDENCE SPACE AVAILABLE 

Single and double rooms for grads and 
undergrads for the academic year 1 993- 
94. Women only, meals included. Ewart 
College, 1 56 SLGeorge St., Toronto, 979- 
2501. 

BLOOR/HIGH PARK 

Across from park, near subway. Newly 
turn. LUXURY ROOMS. Equipped with 4 
pee. priv.bath, fridge, microwave, sofa 
bed, armcfiair, table w/chairs, minidresser 
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FOR RENT 

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flat. In a large quiet house. Suitable for 
female. Avail Sept. $450 per month. Please 
call early momings 656-61 60 



HOUSE TO SHARE 

St Clairand Bathurst. Spacious. 3rd quiet, 
serious student. Nonsmoker. Foreign/ 
Francophone student welcome. Quick 
access to campus. $450/mo. Louise:653- 
7407. 




CONCERNED ABOUT 
SECURITY? 

Call "Totally Secure" at 282-4925. Per- 
sonal attack alarms for ladies, plus alarms 
for bikes or otherpossessions; also home 
and auto alarms. 

FUTONS FUTONS FUTONS 

Factory direct for U of Tstudents. Delivery 
available. Call the Futon Factory at 66-55- 
88-4 for prices or visit us at: 940 Alness 
Street #1 6 (Duff erin-Finch) 



WILHELM REICH SEMINAR 

Weekend seminar on the life and work of 
Wilhelm Reich given by Reichian scholar 
Ted Mann PhD. Call 841 -5689. 



PHYSICAL IMMORTALITY 

Want eternal life and eternal youth? 
Skeptical of spiritual claims for afteriife? 
Science may have the solution, through 
anti-aging research, cryonics and 
nanotechnology. Thursday, September 
23at7:00 pm hart House Meeting Room 
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>■ The Tuesday Edition 

t l^^^^l^^ ^T^^' 10August1993 



Sports 



Building a hoclcey Legace 



By John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

On good days, Manny Legace stands 
five-foct-nine-inches. That's not 
very tall foragoaltenderiryingtomake it 
to the NHL these days, but to anyone who 
tries to score on him, size is irrelevant. 

The twenty-year-old Ontario Hockey 
League graduate, whose name is auspi- 
ciously pronounced "legacy," is fresh 
off a stellar season in which he became 
Canada's newly-crowned hero between 
the pipes. And after a two-year wait, his 
abilities were finally acknowledged when 
he was drafted into the NHL in June. 

To keep himself and hisgame in shape 
this summer, and to have some fun, Legace 
is playing with the Toronto Planets, the 
team in North America's newest profes- 
sional league. Roller Hockey International. 

The Planets play iheir home games at 
Varsity Arena, and at a quaner to nine on 
the evening of July 22, they had just 
finished apractice. 

• • * 

As I walked the halls of Varsity Arena, 
waiting for Legace to emerge from the 
dressing room usually occupied by U of 
T's hockey teams, I considered the diffi- 
culty that a sports writer will probably 
experience in getting an interview with 
him in about five years' time. Maybe less. 
He's undoubtedly arising star, I thought. 
One that will prove the scouts wrong when 
he starts making spectacular saves in the 
NHL. 

But why does a guy who, last year, won 
the Goaltender of the Year award in the 
OHL and a gold medal with the Canadian 
Junior team have to prove himself more 
than he already has? 

Legace strode out of the dressing room, 
not seeing me at first, and then, as I Hagged 
him down, he stood before me, having just 
showered off the sweat of the night-lime 
practice, which left only the ruddy, fleshy 
colour of the face that greets all with a 
smile. He must have been at least five-nine 
that night. We shook hands in a friendly 
manner and went up into the stands to talk 
about his life as a hockey player. 

When I pulled out the January 1 5 issue 
of Vie Hockey News, on the cover of which 
he was featured, he mused with little ex- 



pression, "Oh yeah, the old mugshot." 

Legace is ambitious and confident but 
also humble and self-effacing. People al- 
ways speak of his down-to-eaith character 
and his willingness to sign autographs, or 
to stay late after a practice if a team-mate 
wants to work on his shot. 

He hasn't forgotten his roots, either, 
and he still wears the tattered Don Mills 
Flyers tunleneck that he's used since the 
age of 1 4. 

During the hockey season, it can't be 
torn off his back. But roller hockey in 
summer is adifferent story, in more ways 
than one. 

"It's a differentchallenge, basically," 
he explained from the goalie's perspec- 
tive. "When moving side to side, you 
don't have that sliding Action like you do 
on ice, so everything is more like a step. 
Going out (of the net) and moving back in 
is harder, and so is slopping breakaways. 

"And the puck moves a hell of a lot 
faster than it does in ice hockey," he was 
saying. "It's so light that it just flings all 
over the place." 

This helps improve his reflexes and 
hand-eye co-ordination, but I asked him if 
the speed of the puck in roller hockey 
might over prepare him. 



player should take to go to the next level. 

"The program is just phenomenal. It's 
done wonders for people. You won' t make 
the big money, but you get in the best 
shape of your life, and everything's so 
great." 

Money . The word sparked me on to ask 
him what he thought of the emphasis 
placed on the business side of hockey. I 
asked him if he greeted NHL expansion 
(often thought to create prosperity) with 
open arms. 

"Oh yeah," he said. "It gives so many 
more people an opportunity to play. With 
those two new teams (the Florida Panthers 
and the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim), there 
are more jobs for everybody." 

But to play for a team called the Mighty 
Ducks? 

"Hah," he cut short a laugh and said 
with mock-emphasis, 'They've got a lot 
of money, so you can't go wrong. 

"If they're gonna put ihe bread and 
butter on the table, I wouldn't have any 
problem playing for them." 

Manny Legace's rise in fame is largely 
because of his play for Team Canada, 
which won gold at last year's World Jun- 
ior Championships. He won the award as 
the tournaments best goal tender and made 



People always speak of his down-to-earth 
character and his willingness to sign 
autographs or to stay after a practice to 
help out a team-mate. 



"You have to remember, though," he 
said, "that they shoot the puck a lot faster 
in the NHL." 

True. Roller hockey might be the per- 
fect preparation for him, then. 

"I'm hoping!" he laughed. 

After the roller hockey season, Legace 
says he' 11 most likely head to the Canadian 
Olympic program. Since the NHL team 
that drafted him, the Hartford Whalers, 
hasn't talked to him about his immediate 
future, Legace's agent has suggested that 
he concentrate only on making the Olym- 
pic team. 

"The Olympics have always been a 
goal of mine," Legace said. "It's the 
biggest stepping stone I think any hockey 



the first all-star team. 

He loved talking about the experience 
he had of making the team, and after he 
finally made it, he was saying, the feeling 
was remarkable. 

"We were together as a team for one 
day after camp and then went su-aight over 
to Sweden," he reflected. 

"For two weeks, we stayed in log cab- 
ins out in the woods, and the team bonded 
so well. I think that was the best move we 
made — to gel the team together, to live 
together." 

It was then that the team members 
achieved that special understanding of 
knowing what they must do to be success- 
ful, the understanding that leads to team 





Is Manny Legace Hartford's rising star? (AndmwMaieA/S) 



chemistry. 

"And then people accepted their roles," 
said Legace. "Alexandre Daigle had to sit 
back, although he's usually the superstar. 
Guys were playing different roles and they 
settled with it. 

"There were no big names over there. 
It was just like hanging out with all your 
buddies. Everybody was that c\ose." 

No cliques. Unlike the year before, 
when, according to Legace, Eric Lindros 
never sat or went out w iih his team-mates. 
The team that year placed sixth, Canada' s 
worst finish in the history of the tourna- 
ment. 

"No team chemistry," Legace said. 
"Youjust can't be successful without it." 

Legace got the first start of the tourna- 
ment, and the team defeated the United 
States 3-0. He played the rest of the games 
in the tournament until Canada had clinched 
the gold. 

"It was like a snowball effect," he said. 
"Everything kept rolling for me." 

About the only thing that didn ' t roll for 
Legace in the 1992-93 season was the 
NHLentry draft. He had been passed over 
the two previous drafts, the first year 
because he wasn't good enough to be 
taken within the first three rounds, which 
was all he waseligible foras an 1 8 yearold, 
and the second year because he was over- 
looked when the NHL banished the re- 
striction on 18 year olds, making them 
eligible for all of the draft's 1 2 rounds. 

But on draft day this year, things were 
supposed to be different. And they were, 
but barely. 

"I expected logo in the first five rounds," 



said Legace, who was eventual ly selected 
in the eighth round. "I was pretty dis- 
gusted, and, basically, I was ready to leave 
after the fifth round. But my uncle, who 
came to the draft with my family , said, T m 
staying until you gel drafted, and I' ve got 
the keys, so you're not going anywhere.' 

"By the seventh round, I went for a 
walk with my girlfriend. And then, they 
called my name when I was in the wash- 
room. 

"I'm standing there, and my dad comes 
running in and says, 'Youjust got drafted. 
Come on ! ' I said, ' It ' s okay . They can wait 
for me. I waited for them.'" 

And with just cause, Manny Legace 
made them wait. 

No NHL team had even contacted him 
before the draft. Apparently, NHL teams 
don't measure a junior goalie's value 
based on exceptional talent alone. Height 
is their primary .concern, even though 
many of the best NHL goalies have been 
and still are small. 

No one had shown any interest in the 
man who is, in the opinion of many, the 
best young goaltender in Canada. 

"I can' t do anything about it now," he 
said. "I got picked and that's the good 
thing." 

Like always, Legace will make the best 
of the situation. He'll transform frustra- 
tion into belter play and, eventually, a 
dream of making the NHL into a reality. 

If all goes well for Manny Legace, he'll 
still be laughing a lot, too. But all the NHL 
teams that didn't pick him when they had 
the chance will be finding it hard to crack 
asmile. 



Burning rubber with the Toronto Planets 



(Andrew Male/VS) 



U of T triumphs in the pool 

BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

U of T swimmers made a big splash at the World University Games in Buffalo last 
month. 

Of the 1 5 medals captured by Canada' s swim team, seven belong to the swimmers 
who either attend or train at U of T. 

Marianne Limpert and Turlough O'Hare were the standouts, each taking three 
medals. 

Limpert, ranked sixth in the world, won gold in both the 200m individual medley 
and the 4X2(X)m freestyle relay. She also set a Canadian record of 56.24 seconds 
when she won the silver in the 4X 100m freestyle relay. 

O'Hare, a transfer student from the University of British Columbia who came to 
U of T in January '93, won gold medals in the400m and 800m freestyle relay races, 
and be took a bronze in the 200m freestyle relay. 

Andrea Papamandjaris won the seventh medal by U of T swimmers, a gold with 
the same 4X200ra freestyle relay team that Lirapen swam for. 

Limpenhas an ongoing inter-country dual with Laurentian's Nancy Sweeinam. 
The two have met in every big swimmingevent since 1 990, and when world-record 
holder and Olympic champion Li Lin announced that she would not compete in this 
event, ihcy faced each other as the two best in the pool. 

This lime, Limpert came out on top. 

U of T athletes were responsible for another five medals: Athletics (Track and 
Field): Valerie TuJloch. javelin, bronr.e; Dionne Wright, 4X100m relay, bronze. 
Rowing: Emma Robinson, Fours without cox, silver, and Eights, gold; Qare 
Wilkinson, Eights, gold. 



BACK TO REALITY...BACK TO LIFE...BACK TO THE EMPTY-HEARTED SCHOOL BLUES 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 4 JOURNALISTS WHO LOVE TOO MUCH SINCE 1880 THE TUESDAYISSUeTsEPtSbE^993 



Cops resolve 
complaint 

Campus police will be holding "sen 
silivity" seminars this fall. The ses- 
sions will include cross-cultural train- 
ing and discussions of relations with 
the gay and lesbian community. 

Last month, in a letter to the Man- 
ager of Police Services Lee 
McKergow, Peter Bonhomme, last 
year's chair of Lesbians and Gays at 
U of T (LGBOUT) alleged that while 
working alone at Sylvester's Cafe in 
the Graduate Student Union, he wit- 
nessed campus police officers en- 



varsity 



gaging in homophobic remarks and 
gestures. 

McKergow said he has met with 
Bonhomme and is currently investi- 
gating the allegations. 

Paddy Stamp, U of T's sexuaJ har- 
assment officer said complaints like 
Bonhomme's, where the complain- 
ant is only a witness to the actions, 
are among the most common recei ved 
by her office. Stamp praised the train- 
ing seminars, saying they will im- 
prove awareness of harassment based 
on sexual orientation. 

"People don't understand that 
homophobia is every bit as unaccept- 
able as other forms of harassment." 

SiMONA ChIOSE 



Vic residence 



not ready 



Nearly 200 students are being tem- 
porarily housed in empty residences 
across campus while they await com- 
pletion of Victoria College's new 
residence, Rowell-Jackman Hall. 

Construction delays have forced 
students and administrators to find 
alternate accommodations. 

"The residences are not going to 
open on Sept. 11 as we originally 
hoped," said Victoria College bursar 
Larry Kurtz. "We told students 
that we're ready to move them in on 
or before Sept. 30. But there are no 
guarantees in life." 

R-J Hall is meant to house upper- 
year Victoria students and students 
from professional faculties such as 
medicine, law, and engineering. 

The Hall is being built despite the 
fact that parts of other residences 
have been shut down due to the lack 
of student applicants. 

Kurtz said half of the students who 
were going to be housed at Rowell- 
Jackman are going to be temporarily 
living in these other empty spaces. 

"We, like other residences, have a 
lot of vacancies." 

Others have moved into university 
apartments on St. Thomas Street, or 
into vacancies in the Trinity and New 
College residences. 

Many students said they were for- 
giving about the delays. 

"I'm disappointed that I have to 
move in after Sept. 30," said first- 
year medicine student Karen 
Defreitas, "but the administration has 
been really good to us." 

"They (Victoria) always sort of 
hinted that they couldn't be open on 
lime," said student Peter Claydon. 
"We knew there was a chance it 
might not open." 

Tanya K. Talaga 




It's not the size of the towel that counts, but how you work it. 

Scene from John Greyson's Zero Patience; more Festival of Festivals coverage inside 



Students fear fee hikes 

Ministry forecasts substantial increase 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Versify Staff 

The education minister' s refusal to disa- 
vow a Council of Ontario Universities 
(COU) position paper has student lead- 
ers fearing a major hike in tuition. 

"They're talking about tuition fee lev- 
els that could never be acceptable under 
any circumstance," said Heather Russell 
of the Ontario Community College Stu- 
dent Parliamentary Association 
(OCCSPA). 

The COU recommends the Ministry 
of Education and Training (MET) raise 
standard undergraduate tuition fees 30 
per cent over the next two years, and also 
increase the discretionary amount uni- 
versities can choose to charge on top of 
the base fee. 

For a full-time arts and science under- 
graduate, that would mean a maximum 
tuition fee per term of $3,030, up from 
current levels of $2,026. 

The COU also recommends a re- 
vamped student aid program, and sub- 



stantial increases to tuition fees for pro- 
fessional and graduate level programs. 

The suggestions have come under 
heavy criticism from both of Ontario's 
student lobby groups. 

The Ontario Undergraduate Student 
Alliance (OUSA), which claims to rep- 
resent U of T undergraduates, cannot 
support a $1,000 increase in students' 
tuition, says OUSA spokesperson Rick 
Martin. 

"This is a much higher increase than 
we could ever support." 

Emechete Onuoha, chair of the Cana- 
dian Federation of Students-Ontario 
(CFS-0), agreed. 

"It's one of the most outrageous re- 
ports that's been produced. It calls for a 
tuition increase while simultaneously 
allowing for government reduction of 
funding," he said. 

COU is a body made up of the presi- 
dents of all Ontario's independent uni- 
versities, along with one representative 
from each of their faculty councils. It is 
funded from universities' operating budg- 
ets. 



The ecu report was released on 
Monday, Aug. 23, although education 
minister David Cooke and many student 
leaders saw advance copies the week 
before. 

The previous Friday, many of those 
same leaders met privately with Cooke, 
who said he supported parts of the COU 
report, but would not embrace the sub- 
stantial changes to the cost of education 
that it recommended. 

Cooke stressed, however, that univer- 
sity students could expect a substantial 
increase in tuition next year, equal to or 
greater than the most recent seven per 
cent increase. 

"He looked quite definite that they're 
looking at a substantial increase in tui- 
tion by 1994-5," Martin said. "He said 
we're wasting our time to say this 
shouldn't happen." 

Cooke's policy advisor, David Scott, 
agreed a tuition increase larger than last 
year is likely. 

"The minister did suggest that seven 
per cent would be a moderate increase," 
Please see "Hikes", p. 2 



Planned 
Parenthood 
back on 
campus 

BY Brian David Di Leandro 
Varsity Staff 



After a prolonged and emotionally 
charged debate, SAC voted 13-to-9, in a 
secret ballot, to defeat a motion that 
proposed to bar Planned Parenthood from 
participating in Carnival Day. 

The motion, introduced by Forestry 
rep Greg Todd and supported by SAC 
women's officer Rheba Estante, would 
have prevented Planned Parenthood 
Toronto from having a table. 

Their objections were based on evi- 
dence they said they found which showed 
the group's founder, Margaret Sanger, to 
have had racist beliefs. 

"Quite simply the founding principles 
were based on the theory of eugenics and 
of racism," Estante said. "Planned Par- 
enthood' s staled goal was the lowering 
of birth rates for people Sanger and her 
supporters saw as inferior." 

Sandra Margerrison, PPT spokesper- 
son, addressed these charges at the SAC 
board meeting Sept. 2. 

Margerri.son defended the group, cit- 
ing the work it has done on campus 
educating students on issues of sexual- 
ity. 

She also insisted attacks on Margaret 
Sanger were misdirected, stating that 
Sanger's primary goal was "to provide 
birth control information for all women 
regardless of colour and economic cir- 
cumstance." 

"We do not know everything she 
(Sanger) said. However, it is clear to us 
that she did not say many of the remarks 
attributed to her, that many of the things 
she is quoted as saying were taken out of 
context, while some are completely 
false." 

Margerrison stressed that if Sanger 
did make any racist remarks. Planned 
Parenthood disavows any and all of them. 

"We at Planned Parenthood Toronto 
do not nor ever have supported these 
views. In fact, we reject them." 

Sarah Niles, University College rep, 
felt those opposing Planned Parenthood 
failed to back up their allegations. 
Please see "Secret ballot", p.2 



Pay up, buy in, drop out 



BY Rachel Giese 
Varsity Staff 

When Sherri Hannel graduated from York University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts 
in 1 992, she knew that finding a job wouldn't be easy. But she didn't expect to spend 
eight months unemployed before landing a minimum wage job hanging art in a 
gallery. 

"The ironic thing is that with all the higher paying jobs I applied for like waiting 
tables or temping, I was told my degree made me overqualified. I was told I wasn't 
hircable because employers were afraid I'd leave when something better came along. 

I wanted to yell at them that I wasn't 
having any luck getting a job at all, let 
alone something better'" says Hannel. 

Thelwentysomeihing underemployed 
university graduate has become a cliche 
in recent years. As a friend of mine says, 
show me a 22-year old Angus Reid poll- 
ster, and I'll show you an embittered 
Semiotics major. A 1991 study by the National Center for Education Statistics in the 
United States found that 40% of 1990 graduates felt the work they did in their jobs 
did not require a university degree. 
Jocelyn Charro, Communications Coordinator for the Canadian Federation of 




Students says this cynicism about a university education is the result of a two-fold 
problem. 

"First of all, students are leaving university with huge, overwhelming debt loads. 
Secondly, when it comes to the job market, a degree doesn't guarantee a job the way 
it used to. This situation is leading people to believe that getting a degree isn't 
worthwhile" says Charro. 

Is it worth it? Students in computer science may well find dropping out of 
university the fastest track to success. Both Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, and 
Michael Dell of Dell Computers dropped out of university. Today, they are worth 
$6.3 billion and $3 10 million respectively. 

For some, informal education — that is learning the ropes from the bottom up, 
finding mentors, or simply taking the risk of pursuing a dream, is more expedient than 
a formal university education. Some of today's most influential and powerful people 
either dropped out of university or never went at all. They include former Canadian 
UN Ambassador Stephen Lewis, poet Maya Angelou, media mogul Ted Turner, 
anchor Peter Jennings, Hollywood tycoon David Geffen, editor E. Graydon Carter 
and humanitarian Mother Teresa. 

Of course this career track is only feasible in certain fields. Aspiring doctors, 
dentists, lawyers and the like simply can't drop out and hang around hospitals or law 
offices looking for apprenticeship programs. But in many careers a degree is a 
formality, employers demand employees have one, while the employees feel their 
Please see "Drop outs", p. 11 



2 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Council, admin profit from piione plan 



BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

Some students are concerned the confidentiality of academic records 
has been compromised by a deal U of T has concluded with a long 
distance telephone company last month. 

The university and the Students' Administrative Council (SAC) 
will receive tens of thousands of dollars from ACC Long Distance Inc. 
in exchange for the promotion of a competitive student long distance 
savings plan. 

Letters were sent to every student on the University's mailing list 
encouraging them to use the phone plan. In return for sending the 
letters and promoting the deal, the university receives a portion of the 
students' long distance billings. 

The use of a supposedly confidential mailing hst to make money has 
University College student Eric Davis incensed at what he considers 
a breach of his privacy. 

"1 don't think the university had any right to do that. They have a 
file on me for educational purposes. This isn't educational." 



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But David Neelands, assistant vice-president of student affairs, said 
the phone plan mail outs did not contradict the university's privacy 
policy. 

'The university has records to maintain and use. It is very clear what 
we will not do with student records. We will not give them out but we 
will use them for a variety of services," Neelands said. 

U of T's regulations on using student records say records cannot be 
released to outside groups without a court order. Adminisuative staff 
can use the records only "in the performance of their duties." 

Neelands, who called the deal with ACC "an affinity service," said 
these duties could include using such records for fundraising pur- 
poses. 

Neelands added the university could use student records for 
fundraising if the community benefitted. 

"Promoting commercial activity is not our mandate, but we do it. 
Any commercial activity we're involved in has to be useful, a benefit 
to our community," he said. 

Davis, however, said he believes the university has overstepped its 
boundaries. 

"My concern is that they're advertising for another company. Why 

PPT wins out 

Continued from p. 1 

'The information wasn't sufficient enough to merit banning Planned 
Parenthood. While we all need to fight against racism, it was never 
established that they were indeed racist," Niles said. 

But Erindale director Dan Robertson criticized PPT for refusing to 
completely disavow Sanger. 

"They never refuted their affiliation with Sanger," he said. 

"1 felt that given their reluctance to distance themselves from their 
origins, it became necessary, to insist they not be permitted on 
campus." 

Todd, a former volunteer with Planned Parenthood Houston, said 
he left the organization when he discovered the supposedly racist 
writings of Sanger. 

"The words Sanger used were often similar to those used by Nazis. 
That Planned Parenthood has had association with Sanger and refuses 
to disavow themselves warrants action that would sec them prohibited 
from participating in any orientation events." 

Margerrison said she resents PPT being compared to neo-Nazis. 
"Planned Parenthood Toronio is not, nor ever has ever been, racist," 
she said. 

"I worry that remarks that link our organization to groups like that 
may damage our credibility with the public." 



is the university in the telephone business?' he said. 

David Robbins, who researches corporate involvement in univer- 
sities for the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG) said he 
was surprised by the deal, which he views as part of the further 
corporatization of the university. 

"It shows the contempt U of T has for its students. 
It's ouuageous if this information was to be kept private and is being 
used for commercial purposes." 

While the administration is being paid by ACC for leasing out a 
mailing list, SAC is apparently being paid for not doing anything at all. 
The council was offered $27,000 by ACC to support the deal, rather 
than seeking a partnership with a competing phone company. 

SAC had been approached by another telephone company. 
MetroWidc Communications, but interim business manager Ali Lila 
said SAC chose not to offer a competing phone deal for financial 
reasons. 

SAC president Ed de Gale said SAC was not involved in the selling 
of mailing lists. 

The revenue generated by the deal for the administration will be 
used to fund "student-based projects", but Neelands was unable to say 
specifically how this extra cash will be spent. 

As part of the deal, SAC receives $20,000 for its operating budget, 
and $7,000 for Orientation, SAC president Edward de Gale said. It is 
the largest corporate contract SAC has ever signed. 

Hikes are iilcely 



Continued from p. I 

he said. 

U of T president Rob Prichard 
is a strong supporter of the COU 
report. He said the proposals, if 
adopted, could substantially im- 
prove post-secondary education 
in Ontario. 

"I know of no available alter- 
native that would do a better job. 
It would give us the opportunity 
to ask in a serious way, "where 
would increased investment pay 
the highest dividend?'" 

CFS-O's Onouha said Prichard 
and the other presidents should 
have consulted with their com- 
munities before presenting a re- 



port that claimed to speak for 
Ontario universities as a whole. 

"All of the important 
stakeholders were completely 
excluded," he said. 

'This fiics in the face of inclu- 
sive policy-making. It calls into 
question who gave COU the au- 
thority." 

Prichard conceded that there 
was minimum consultation be- 
fore he agreed to the COU report. 

"I didn't take advice for it, 
except to meet with my senior 
colleagues in the administration." 

He justified his stance by say- 
ing U of T has often favoured 
similar proposals in the past. 




TUNE IIM. 

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That's a savings of over $50! 

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Offer Expires Oct. 31, 1993. 



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and get 1 0% off until September 30, 1 993 just by 
mentioning this ad. You'll find our bags will look much 
better on you, even after a few sleepless nights. 




TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 




VARSITY NEWS 3 



SAC: back in the budget again 

93/94 budget passes mere days before deadline 



»* ■ 

(Kate Milberry/VS) 

And you are... ? And this is regarding... ? 
Ultra-annoying Hollywood kid gets PC at U of T 

PCU confuses 



BY Elissa Lansdell 

U of T is no longer Politically 
Correct. 

The university has returned to 
its blue-and- white self after a brief 
movie role as P.C.U. (a.k.a. Po- 
litically Correct University) 
caused considerable confusion 
with its metamorphosis of the St. 
George Campus. 

Most of the shooting for the 
20th Century Fox feature film 
took place on U of T's Front 
Campus, necessitating the re- 
placement of U of T's blue signa- 
ture signs for those of the fic- 
tional Port Chester University 
depicted in the film. 

According to Roshan 



Jayapunge, a receptionist at The 
Bulletin, a number of bewildered 
passers-by and students entered 
the King's College Circle build- 
ing asking about the changes. 

"We had a lot of people com- 
ing in, thinking that this was Port 
Chester. Some people who had 
gone to U of T years and years 
ago thought their school was 
gone." 

U of T film liaison Laurie 
Meretsky said she has received a 
"a few letters" from perplexed 
people, but that, regrettably, the 
confusion was unavoidable. 

"Wc didn't want the cameras 
to pick up any blue, and we didn't 
want U of T to be identified, so 
we had to cover up all the signs." 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

SAC finally passed its budget for this year, two months late. 

At one point in the Sept. 2 meeting, after several SAC board reps 
walked out, president Ed de Gale made an emotional plea for the reps 
to remain so quorum could be attained. 

"If the budget is not passed, the SAC offices will be closed on 
Monday and over4,000 first-year students will not have an orientation 
this year; that is an experience they will remember for the whole time 
they are here," said de Gale. 

Discussion of the budget, which took one hour, followed a three 
hour debate on Planned Parenthood. 

Some board reps expressed dismay at the lack of debate and the 
speed with which the budget was passed. 

"I think it's atrocious. I know it was late but when you're talking 
about that kind of money ($693,000), it cannot be just pushed 
through," said Sarah Niles, a University College rep. 

At several points, debate on proposed amendments was closed by 
board reps calling the question in an effort to speed the debate. 

"It's outrageous the way they tried to call the question before 
amendments were passed," said Niles. 

Some board members proposed more money be allocated to the 
suburban campuses, particularly Erindale. 

This year's budget allocates a total of $41,000 between the two 
suburban campuses, a slight increase from the previous year's total of 
$40,000. 

Ed Henley, Scarborough College board rep, said since Scarborough 
College students contribute almost $70,000 in fees to SAC, they 
should get more back in services. 

"Why do we pay so much money downtown when we don't have 
the benefits of being downtown, in terms of services? 

SAC reps also questioned the amount allocated to executive ex- 
penses, including a $1,000 weekend away, $10,000 in executive 
expenses, and professional consulting in the amount of $7,500. The 
one successful amendment to the budget included the allocation of the 
week-end away money to a reserve fund. 

A total of $3,500 is allotted to gaining support for SAC's member- 



SAC censors orientation pamplilets 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

Amidst allegations that this year's SAC is not representative of 
students, SAC has pulled the literature of one campus group from its 
Orientation kits. 

On Thursday, the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG) 
was informed that one of the four pamphlets in the kits, a general 
information pamphlet which included criticisms of the Ontario Under- 
graduate Student Alliance (OUSA), could not be included. That 
Tuesday, OPIRG volunteers had helped stuff 2,000 of the pamphlets 
into the kits. 

"This is politically motivated. SAC is trying to silence debate on 
OUSA," said Andrea Calver, president of OUSA. 

Calver added that she was told by Phil Howard, one of this year's 
Orientation co-ordinators, that the other pamphlets would be included 
if OPIRG paid $1,000. She said OPIRG had previously negotiated a 
verbal agreement with SAC in which the group would co-sponsor a 
SAC event and book space at Hart House, totalling about $1,000. 

Howard agreed that the pamphlets were pulled because of their 
content but said that OPIRG was offered the option of having the other 
three remain in the kits. 

"The pamphlets said SAC's policies were loopy. They (OPIRG) 
gave them to us on the day of stuffing, after missing two previous 
deadlines. We asked them if they want the other three to remain, and 
they said 'no'." 

Calver said OPIRG was not advised in advance of any content 
restrictions and the decision came as a shock to the group. 



"No one is taking any responsibility for iheir actions. That day, 
(SAC president) Ed de Gale was at a football game." 

At a SAC board meeting on Sept. 2, Edward Henley, a Scarborough 
SAC rep, asked why no policy on which groups would be included in 
the kits had been devised. 

"Decisions are being made ad hoc," said Henley, adding that SAC 
could have used its space allocation policy to determine which groups 
would be included in the kits. 

The space allocation policy states that student organizations that 
provide facilities and services to the entire student population will 
receive priority in the allocation of space. 

While OPIRG was the only group whose pamphlets were pulled 
from the packages, Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals at U of T (LGBOUT), 
was almost excluded. A motion to remove LGBOUT material was put 
forward at the Aug. 2 meeting 

The motion, put forward by Erindale rep Dan Robertson and UC rep 
Trent Square, died when the meeting lost quorum. 

Howard says the problem, in that case, was not one of content, but 
of SAC fears that other groups would protest they were not included. 

"We wanted to make sure that every group would have access to the 
kits, and we were afraid that after the kits were released, the groups that 
didn't get their literature in would be upset." 

But Jason Mercer, co-chair of LGBOUT, said the motion, if passed, 
would have left first-year students without precisely the kind of 
information they need during Orientation. 

"When date rape, homophobia, alcohol abuse are known as specific 
problems during Orientation, they should be given special attention, 
not excluded." 




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ship in the Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance, which students 
will vote on in a referendum this fall. 
See related slory, p. 8. 



SAC Budget: 

The way we are compared 
to the way we were 



(figures in $) 






Category 


1993-4 


1992-3 


Salaries 


264,000 


276,166 


SAC Office 


98,800 


96,810 


Orientation 


32,000 


27,500 


Promotions 


42,400 


24,030 


Commissions 


107,000 


88,440 


Suburbs 


41,000 


40,000 


Pubs 


34,000 


18,600 


Elections 


15,000 


15,000 


Other 


52,600 


99,940 


Total 


691,000 


686,486 




283 Yonge Street 



With 
Student 
I.D. 




8:00pm to Close 
Starting Sept. 16th 



THE VARSITY 

U OF TS STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 St. George Slreel, Toronto. Ontario. M5S 2E4 
Editorial: 979-2831 Advertising: 979-2865 FAX: 979-8357 
ISSN 0042-2789 



Simona Oiiosc. Editor 
G. Bruce Rolston, News Editor 
Lisa Hepner, Opinions Editor 
Rodger Levesque, Photo Editor 
John Beresford, Sports Editor 
Associate News Editors 
Sean Tai, Kale Milberry 



Edward Pussar, Interim Chair 
Darrel Femandopulle. Business Manager 



Production Manager, Rachel Gicse 
Review Editor, Mimi Choi 
Features EUlitor, Anne Bains 
Graphics Editor, Nicole Graham 
Science Editor, Gord Squires 
Associate Review Editors 
Amber Golem, Georgiana Uhlyarik 



Interim Vice President, Jeff Vance 
Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Quote of the DAY:"We told students that we're ready to move them in^on or 
before Sept.30. But there are no guarantees in life, " Victoria College Bursar Larry 
Kurtz explains why Vic students are more likely to die or fill in their taxes, 
than they are to move into residence. 

Acclaimed and it shows 



The voice of full-time undergraduates at U of 
T is beginning to sound more and more like 
one hand clapping. 

During Thursday night'sSACboard meet- 
ing. SAC president Ed de Gale stood up and 
asked that his unruly board members remain 
until discussion was concluded. His heartfelt 
plea stopped a mass walkout by board mem- 
bers who had tired of the whole process. 

Had one more person left, the meeting 
would have lost quorum, the budget would 
not have been passed, the SAC Dome and its 
activities would have shut down and a few 
thousand students would not have had an 
Orientation this year. 

While de Gale's plea worked and every 
frosh this week will have a chance to be 
absorbed in bed-racing, the question remains 
whether SAC is committed to, and capable 
of, representing the interests of those very 
frosh — as well as returning students — if it 
conii nues in its current spirit of fracliousness 
and internal dissent. 

SAC's executive committee, made up of 
the dc Gale, v-p Marc Tremblay. and the 
three student commissioners, says its agenda 
has been sidetracked by bi/arre non-issues, 
such as the prolonged Planned Parenthood 
debate. 

For those of you who don " t read Maclean ' s. 
some members of the board uied to discredit 
the family planning organization with alle- 
gations that its founder held racist beliefs — 
allegations without any serious backing. Why 
this took precedence over the budget, or for 
that matter, even got on the agenda at all. is 
a mystery. 

(Another mystery is why student reps felt 
a need for a secret ballot on the issue, a move 
almost unprecedented in the council's his- 
tory. As PCU star David Spade would say: 
"It's called democracy. Look into it.") 

So the executive feels its being mobbed. 
On the other hand, you have several SAC 
board members who say when the executive 
decides something, their concerns are ig- 
nored. For example, when the budget was 
being debated, board reps tried to propose 
amendments, many of them concerning tak- 
ing a few thousand bucks out of the over 
$20,000 allocated to executive expenses. 

Through a herculean effort one of those 
amendments finally did succeed, despite 
constant expressions of incredulity from the 
exec that the rest of the board would not trust 
them to know best what to do with the 
students' money. On this issue, we side with 
the dissenters. 

Dc Gale and his exec have not just lost 
control of their agenda; they are cleariy in the 
midst of something of a leadership crisis. 
This was never more obvious than during the 
stuffing of the frosh's orienution bags this 



la.st week, which saw pamphlets from vari- 
ous groups stuffed in the bags, removed, then 
stuffed again, with everyone having a differ- 
ent idea what was to be put in and what 
wasn't. 

In the end. it was decided that an OPIRG 
pamphlet criticizing SAC could not be al- 
lowed into "SAC-sponsored" kits. (Another 
pamphlet, from Lesbians. Gays, and Bisexu- 
als of U of T. narrowly missed the axe.) The 
pamphlets that were pulled were critical of 
the policies of the Ontario Undergraduate 
Student Alliance, of which SAC is a mem- 
ber, and on which a referendum is being held 
in October. One might ask. what is the point 
of a referendum if SAC feels you don't need 
to hear any confiicting, marginal opinions? 
What is the point of everyone paying the $19 
SAC levy if they won't listen to the students 

they don't agree with? 

*•* 

Ironically enough, while SAC may not be 
listening to students, governments and uni- 
versity btxlics are listening to SAC. Despite 
the council s protests that OUSA's position 
on tuition hikes Ls constantly misrepresented, 
and d(x:s not actually encourage administra- 
tors and ministry officials to impose tuition 
hikes, the recent proposal by the Council of 
Ontario Universities advocating a 50 per 
cent hike in tuition over two years quotes an 
OUSA position paper as evidence that stu- 
dents would support them. 

For a while it seemed the imposition of the 
social contract on the university sector would 
result in enough savings for the provincial 
government to spare students from paying 
more than their fair share of the costs of post- 
secondary education. But the refusal by 
Ontario's education minister to rule out hikes 
as high as those suggested by the COU 
means that once they've completed their bed 
races, frosh can look for way s to finance four 
years of university that could cost from 
$ 1 5,000 for arts and sciences undergrads to 
over $25,0(X) for students enrolled in profes- 
sional faculties. 

The fight against tuition fee hikes and the 
decreasing accessibility of higher education 
is a battle SAC should be fighting. Whether 
we should be doing it in the Qompany of 
OUSA is another matter. 

SAC says it is opposed to higher tuition in 
isolation from other programs. OUSA. how- 
ever, is widely seen as advocating students 
pay a greater share. And if SAC is as unac- 
countable to students in tuition matters as it 
has been in everything else so far, how can 
we trust that they will place the interests of 
the U of T campus first in their provincial 
lobbying efforts? 

Students shouldn't be doubting their 
elected representatives this early in the year. 



Contributors: Steve Gravestock (4). Robvn Gumey. John Degen. Ginna Watts. Larry Koch, 
Dario P. Del Dcgan. Daniela G. Paolone. Elissa Lansdell. Aaron Paulson. Tanya Heath, Andrew 
Male (4), Hal Nicdzvecki. Steve Hayward. David Robbins, Libby Zelekc, Shaheen Hinani. Duane 
Barcelos. Riccardo Sala, Tanya Talaga, Peter George, Steven Johnso, Pratima Singh, Terrance 
Moloney. John Hodgins. 

Krazy Kudos to: Anne Castelino. B.D. Di Leandro. Kooler Krazy Kudos to Sarah Bradbury 

The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owmed by tull-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 

to Varsity Publications. ^ ^ ^ ^ 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to incite violence or hatred towards particular 
Individuals or an identifiable group, particulariy on the basis of race, national or ethnic ongin, colour, 
gender, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 
The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 
Second Class mail registration number 5102. 




Condoms too 
costly for 
SAC 



The Women's Issues Committee 
is in no way a committee against 
safe sex and is pro-choice. In 
fact, we are dedicated to provid- 
ing information to the women on 
campus, including information on 
contraception and sexual educa- 
tion services. However, we will 
not tie handing out condoms dur- 
ing Orientation for the simple 
rea.son of cost -effectiveness. This 
does not mean that we are placing 
a judgmental message out to the 
university. SAC is not banning 
condoms, the Women's Issues 
Committee is not banning con- 
doms, we are simply choosing to 
pass out literature only. I person- 
ally take responsibility for any 
concerns caused by this misun- 
derstanding. 
Rheba Esiante 

SAC Women s Issues Officer 



OPIRG 
Apologizes 

On July 15. 1993. OPIRG-To- 
ronto. in conjunction with other 
campus groups, hosted a teach-in 
on hate groups. A statement de- 
scribing the formation of the 
group and the importance of an 
educational event on hate groups 
was distributed on the backs of 
promotional leaflets as well as 
given out on the day of the event. 

In the statement, it was our 
intention to list events that had 
occurred at the University of To- 
ronto involving hate groups. We 
wrongly stated that "ClUT gave 
the Heritage Front one half-hour 
interview time, thus facilitating 
student and youth recruitment to 
their violent cause". 

We realize that CIUT did not 
condone the interview. Indeed, 
we are aware that the volunteer 
broadcaster was fired and that 
CIUT apologized for airing the 
interview. We sincerely apolo- 
gize for our failure to 
contextualize the incident in our 
statement and for implying that 
CIUT condones hate groups and/ 
or hate mongering. 

Additionally, we would like to 
apologize for creating the mis- 
taken impression that CIUT 
would facilitate student and youth 



recruitment for white supremacist 
groups. CIUT is at the forefront 
of progressive social change and 
fulfills its mandate for commu- 
nity-based broadcasting by pre- 
senting listeners with issues and 
voices that are marginalized in 
the mainstream. We are truly sorry 
and will ensure that this situation 
does not happen again. 
Andrea Calver 

Ontario Public Interest Research 
Group - Toronto 



Rippity 
rappity 
revamped 

In order to set the record straight, 
the lyrics and music of the Uni- 
versity ofToronto song "The Blue 
and White" were amended in 1990 
by a committee chaired by Lois 
Reimer (the Status of Women 
Officer at the time). The commit- 
tee included representatives from 
the Advisory Committee on the 
Status of Women, the Depart- 
ment of Alumni Affairs, the Of- 
fice of Student Affairs, the De- 
partment of Public Affairs, Pro- 
fessor John Beckwiih from the 
Faculty ofMusic. and others. The 
Students' Administrative Coun- 
cil's blue & White Committee 
was also consulted in the effort. 

Despite the fact the song was 
not widely used at the time, the 
modifications to the song were to 
refiect changes in society in the 
years since it was written and to 
better suit the image of the Uni- 
versity ofToronto in the 1990's. 
The new lyrics were chosen by 
the committee after submissions 
were solicited from all sectors of 
the U of T community (including 
students, staff, faculty and 
alumni). The new version of the 
song was premiered at U of T 
Day (sung by the Hart House 
Chorus), later that year. 
Rivi Frankle, 
Director, Alumni Affairs 
& Development 
Jim Delaney 

Student Affairs Liasion Officer & 
Projects Coordinator 



Singing the 
same tune 

Before publishing the article, edi- 



torial, and cartoon in your issue 
of August 10 on SAC's proposed 
use of a piece you refer to as "The 
U of T Song" (the correct title is 
"The Blue and While'). I wish 
someone had got the lead out and 
done a bit of research. Two rel- 
evant factors you did not know or 
bother to find out: 

First, in a 1989 publication 
Three Studies {CanMus Docu- 
ments, vol.4) by the U of T's 
institute for Canadian Music, a 
grad student, Rebecca Green, 
contributed a serious study of the 
college song tradition, especially 
as it existed in Canada in its hey- 
day, 1880-1920. 

Second, in 1989 at the joint 
initiative of the university's Sta- 
tus of Women office and the 
UTAA, a committee met to con- 
sider revision of both music and 
text of "The Blue and White ". Its 
formation and the final recom- 
mendations were reported in the 
Bulletin and other campus publi- 
cations. I was the representative 
from Music on that committee. 

At this point I frankly don't 
give a high F sharp on the piccolo 
whether SAC or any other U of T 
body sings "The Blue and White." 
But I greatly resent the ignorance 
shown of the historical context 
and of efforts to put the song into 
useable shape. 
John Beckwith 
Prof. Emeritus 
Faculty of Music 

Welcome To 
The Nineties 

Rippity rappity rippity ree? 
C'mon SAC people, get a life. 
This isn't the 50s. 
David Robbins 
UCIV 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers. 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 words and must 
be accompanied by the 
author's name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request. 
Letters will be published at 
the discretion of the editor 
and may be edited for 
length Letters that attempt 
to incite violence or hatred 
against an identifiable 
group will not be published. 
We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members. 
Pnonty will be given to new 
writers and timely topics 



Buck up and pay up 

THE CASE FOR TUITION FEE REFORM 



The Tuesday Edition, 7 September 1993 



BY PETER GEORGE 

Ontario universities have suffered through nearly 
two decades of underfunding. The Council of On- 
tario Universities (COU) proposals follow from the 
belief that the financial contribution made by stu- 
dents should correspond more closely to the ben- 
efits received by those students. At present, only 20 
per cent of the operating income of our institutions 
is received in the form of tuition fees with another 
75 per cent coming from the Provincial Govern- 
ment. The net burden of tuition fees to the student 
is much less than 20 per cent because the Ontario 
Student Assistance Program subsidizes students' 
borrowing costs, the tax system allows tuition fees 
to be used to reduce personal income taxes, and 
universities provide scholarships and bursaries to 
offset students' expenses. For many students, tui- 
tion is a much smaller portion of the total cost than 
room and board, books, supplies and other aca- 
demic expenses. 

At the same lime, university graduates earn a 
significantly higher income than people who do not 
hold degrees. University graduates are also far less 
likely to be unemployed than are those people who 
did not graduate. Even during the most recent 
recession, graduates of a university were less than 
half as likely to be unemployed as the rest of the 
labour force. 

The case for higher tuition fees is further sup- 
ported by examining other jurisdictions. For exam- 
ple, in 1993-94, Mount Allison will charge $2,900 
and Dalhousie University is increasing its tuition to 
$2,655 for undergraduate arts and science students. 
In the United Stales, most private universities levy 
tuition fees that are several limes the amount charged 
in Ontario universities and public universities are 
permitted to set tuition fee rates far above those 
levied in Ontario. For example, last year under- 
graduates at the University of Califomiaat Berkeley 
paid the equivalent of $3,737 Canadian in tuition 
and other fees, those at the State University of New 
York in Buffalo paid $3,865, and at the University 
of Michigan in Ann Arbor, tuition and other fees 
amounted to the equivalent of $5,587 Canadian. 



The Council of Ontario Universities believes that 
tuition fees should account for a more appropriate 
proportion of operating costs. Under the proposed 
reforms, increases would be introduced in two 
equal stages over two years to yield maximum 
tuition fees for undergraduate arts and science stu- 
dents of $3,030. By 1 995-96, tuition fees for gradu- 
ate programs leading to degrees such as Master of 
Arts, PhD, or Master of Science would be set at 
$4,545 per year. The fees for designated second 
level professional programs (such as medicine, 
dentistry, pharmacy. Master of Business Adminis- 
tration) would be set at $6,061. These higher fees 
would reflect the higher costs of these programs 
and, in many cases, reflect the higher salaries at- 
tained by graduates of those programs. 

Under the COU proposals, a portion of the in- 
creased 
tuition 
revenues 
could be 
d e s i g - 
nated by 
the uni- 
versities 

for additional student assistance, through the option 
of local assistance programs. A portion of this new 
revenue also would be dedicated to an Outreach 
Program aimed at those secondary school students 
from disadvantaged backgrounds. Another compo- 
nent of such local assistance programs would be 
special transition of funds which would assist stu- 
dents currently enrolled in degree programs in 
meeting fees that may be higher than they had 
planned. Lxxally administered funds could also be 
tailored to the specific conditions existing in the 
community served by the institution. Where a uni- 
versity establishes a local fund, students would be 
involved in designing the program and the princi- 
ples under which it operates. COU also believes that 
students should have greater involvement in the 
design of OSAP delivery. 

In addition, COU has long advocated a system of 
loans which would be repayable contingent on the 
income level of the graduate. That is, a graduate 
Please "Burns", p. 7 



Educational Rights Lost 
In Fee Hike Debate 



WHO SHOULD FOOT THE BILL? 

A Varsity Forum on the COU's Proposal to 
Increase Tuition by 50% 



BY STEPHEN JOHNSON 



The recent call by the Council of Ontario Universi- 
ties (COU) for huge tuition fee increases should be 
studied by military strategists for years to come, as 
it embodies some of the basic principles of how to 
best wage an offensive using deception, distraction 
and division to overwhelm opposition. 

Decep- 
tion is im- 
portant 
when 
seeking to 
influence 
those who 
are out- 
side the immediate theatre of battle which in the 
case of tuition fees is the public at large. The name 
"Council of Ontario Universities" sounds very im- 
pressive and to the general public probably conjures 
up the image of an organization representing those 
engaged in advanced teaching and learning. But 
COU does not represent those who leach (faculty 
and TA's) and it cenainly doesn't represent those 
who learn (students). No, it really is the Council of 
Ontario Universities' Presidents as they are the 
only people who belong. 

Distraction is also a good strategy, as it embodies 
the principles underlying the surprise attack. To 
achieve your goals, act when the opposition is least 
prepared. For issues concerning students there is no 
better time to do this than during the summer. 
Failing that, the end of term and exam period can 
also be relied upon. Is it any wonder that the COU 
chose to call for fee increases when it did? 

Whenever possible, try to divide your opposi- 
tion. The COU and its supporters have benefitted 
from the fact that we as students have been engaged 



in the internecine self-cannibalism brought on by 
the fight between the fledgling Ontario Under- 
graduate Student Alliance (OUSA) and the long 
established Canadian Federation of Students (CFS). 
This division among students has made COU's task 
easier. Like friends bickering in the street, students 
have momentarily lost sight of the issues that unite 
them, and while distracted, our pockets are being 
picked. 

The COU's proposal seeks to divide students 
even further by calling for different fees for under- 
graduates, graduates, and those in professional fac- 
ulties. Divide and conquer. 

Those of us who believe that accessible educa- 
tion is a right must strive to both raise the level of the 
fees debate from its present focus solely on financial 
issues and work to ensure that, if implemented, the 
present proposal be as accommodating as possible 
to students' needs. Let us look at the second task 
first. If fees are increased, this must come wiih 
increased and improved bursaries, and the criteria 
governing OSAP eligibility must be thoroughly 
reviewed so that they recognize the realities of 
student life. Above all, the absurd distinctions be- 
tween fee levels for students in different programs 
must be slopped . The number one reason that gradu- 
ate students leave school before ihey complete their 
degrees is because they run out of money. Raising 
their fees will only magnify this problem. 

What is lost in the present debate, however, is the 
deliberate consideration of principle. It is this area 
where students can have the best chance of influ- 
encing the long term debate about universities. The 
COU's proposals deserve criticism, but we as stu- 
dents must force those in positions of authority to 
broaden their focus to include more than just dollars 
and cents. Is education a right provided by the 
people for the people, or is it a gift granted the few? 
Please see"Johnson", p. 6 



Students Get Desperate! 



The main cause of student drop-out is 
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stress over the realization that Just staying 
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1993 was the worst year in history for 
students getting jobs right out of college, 
and this next year looks even worse. 

It isn't always the smartest students 
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the best readers — the ones who can get 
the most out of their books on their own. 

Simply getting through your reading 
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In fact, having a diploma or 
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The ■9()s will continue to be 
a decade filled with the most 
rapid change ever seen in history. 
Only those who are able to adapt 
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remain competitive. 

Being able to read all your 
reading assignments and 
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TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



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Bank of Montreal 

We're Paying Attention 



Summer 
student easy 
target 
for sexual 
harassment 

BY TANYA HEATH 

If you were one of the few students lucky enough to find a job this 
summer, you were more likely to have been sexually harassed in the 
work place than your full-time co-workers. Because summer students 
are usually in subordinate positions they are more vulnerable to such 
harassment. 

But because the Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC> 
does not distinguish in its case studies between university students 
employed for the summer and regular employees, this common 
occurrence goes unrecognized. Summer students are easy targets 
because not only are they employed for a short time, but they often 
doubt the legitimacy of their own claim. As a result, complaints are 
rarely lodged. 

Identifying that you have been sexually harassed is half the battle. 
Before my experience this summer, I believed harassment at work 

took the form of an offer of a transaction: "you do for me and 

watch your career sky rocket," or in the case of a summer student, "I 

will hire you back next year if you ". Yet with summer students 

this is hardly ever the case. Most of us are interested only in earning 
money and would not consider accepting such an offer for its limited 
rewards. 

For the Public Service Alliance of Canada, which represents all 
public servants, "sexual harassment comprises offensive sexual com- 
ments, gestures or physical contact that may be deemed objectionable 
or offensive, either on a one time basis or in a continuous series of 
incidences, however minor. Sexual harassment is behaviour of a 
sexual nature that is deliberate and unsolicited. Sexual harassment is 
coercive and one sided and both males and females can be victims of 
it". 

I have since learnt this definition. Never again will I tolerate 
questions like, "when arc you going lo blow me?" from a vulgar co- 
worker, which resulted in my abandoning skirts and make-up for the 
rest of the summer. 

For me, sexual harassment turned a boring job into a dreadful and 
sometimes frightening experience. It was one thing lo be the subject 
of my co-worker's lewd conmients. but quite another when, alone in 
the same room together, these comments took on a menacing tone. Not 
only did I lose respect for this individual, but I became contemptuous 
of the entire office who watched my co-worker with amusement. 

Whether you deal with the incidence of sexual harassment on your 
own as I did, or report it to your superiors, it is your decision. Bui be 
aware thai as a summer student you have the same recourse as do your 
full-time co-workers. 

Tanya Heath is a recent graduate from Trinity College 

Johnson cont'd 

continued from p. 5 

Do universities serve society or merely those who pass through their 
doors? Is an education a product to be compared, financed and bought 
or is il society's investment in its citizens and their future? How we 
answer these questions is important. But it is more important to insist 
they be asked of the administration and the government. They expect 
us to oppose this fee increase. They don't expect us to do ihis and ask 
the questions they would rather ignore. 
Do they have your answers? 

Stephen Johnson is the Vice President of the Graduate Students ' Union. 





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TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 7 



"Starving 
student" 
no joke 

BY PRATIMA SINGH 



As I enter my second year at the University of Toronto, I am faced with 
the prospect of a massive student loan debt to pay off upon graduation, 
courtesy of the Ontario government's decision to stop student grants. 
Therefore, when I heard the Council of Ontario Universities advo- 
cated a fifty per cent increase in my tuition last week, whilst blithely 
announcing that we students should bear more of the cost of our 
education, my first reaction was of total disbelief and anger. 

Their attitude seems to be "let's hike fees, and the students be 
damned". Their assumption that a $ 1 000 per year tuition fee increase 
is reasonable is extremely irresponsible. This represents over $ 1 00 per 
month less (during the academic year) for me! As a self-financing 
student, this will mean no funds for social recreation and deep cuts in 
my entire budget, including my grocery bill. The "starving student" 
joke has taken on a macabre quality, since it now looms perilously 
close in my future. 

These bureaucrats seem to thing that university students still have 
Mom and Dad to help out financially: I don't, and I am not alone. Not 
only am I meant to suffer from excruciatingly tight budgetary con- 
su^aints, I am also being told by those myopic bureaucrats that far from 
complaining, I should be grateful that I am getting such a good deal 
in my education. I will be a lot more grateful when they stop devising 
various ways to keep me from being able to afford my education at a 
reasonable price. 

Pratima Singh is an Erindale Student. 



Burns cont'd 

continued from p. 5 

who obtained a well paid job would repay his or her loan at a higher 
or faster rate than someone who had a job which paid less. Payment 
would not be made by anyone whose earnings fell below a certain level 
in that year. Among the several benefits of an income contingent loan 
repayment plan are the elimination of costly means testing and 
protection for students concerned that their investment in university 
education might not yield high private benefits. 

Dr. Peter Bums is the president of the Ontario Council of Universities 

r 




He who pays the piper picks 

the tune 



BY TERRENCE MOLONEY 



There are many students who decry the injustice of the recent proposal 
to increase tuition, and a smaller number of students who, in alliance 
with many taxpaying non-students, see the merit in those same 
increases. If one considers the following criterion, it becomes clear 
that tuition increases are to the students' advantage. 

But surely paying more for the same product cannot be to the 
consumer' s advantage, you ask. This may be true in a market economy, 
but in this case, the quality and nature of the product — education — 
changes def)cnding on how much students pay for their education. As 
long as students are sending the bill to the taxpayer, the government 
will be shaping and determining the quality of our education. I do not 
mean quality simply in the sense of whether our education is any good, 
but rather quality in the sense of what it emphasizes, and what kind of 
student it creates. 

The more government funds education, the more control they 
exercise over the education we receive. In the end, it merely amounts 
to a more sophisticated form of government control: rather than 



sending fierce looking supervisors into our classroom saying "read 
this", the fact that every professor and staff member of the 
university knows who is signing their pay cheque exerts an 
enormous pro-government influence on everyone. 

Students who complain about tuition increases admit as much 
when they complain about large corporations donating money to 
university research (the two complaints are often brought forth by 
the same students). They argue that if universities accept corporate 
money, corporations will end up controlling the curriculum, to the 
tune of their donation. 

Many students flatter themselves with the delusion that student 
governments, committees, newspapers, interest groups, and pro- 
test marches make an important impact on those who determine the 
quality of our education. I do not doubt that these have some 
influence, but at the end of the day, he who writes the cheque is 
going to have the greatest say. As the old adage goes, "he who pays 
the piper picks the tune". If students want to pick a tune, they 
should be willing to pay the piper. 

Terrence Moloney attends St. Michael's College. 




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8 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBERigg^ 



October date set for OUSA referendum 



BY Elissa Lansdell and Simona Chiose 



Students will be going to the polls on Oct. 6 and 7 to decide whether 
SAC should be a member of a province-wide student group that 
among its other proposals, supports limited tuition increases. 

On Aug. 27, SAC's elections committee set the date for the 
referendum on whether the council should belong to the Ontario 
Undergraduate Student Alliance (OUSA), kicking off a campaign that 
students have been demanding for nearly a year. 

SAC President Ed de Gale said that while the exact wording of the 
question has not been decided, it will have a "fiscal implication." 

De Gale also admitted that the $3,500 allocated to OUSA in the 
SAC Budget will be spent on an education campaign before the 
referendum. 

But Jaggi Singh, a member of the No-to-OUS A working group said 
SAC's allocation of money to the campaign was not fair to students 




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who did not agree with OUSA's policies. 

"If SAC is allocating $3,500 to their own campaign, they should 
also allocate that amount to the "No" side. What they call an education 
campaign, is another way of saying they will be promoting OUSA." 

Both sides are confident they will win the referendum. 

Singh said students should inform themselves on the issue, particu- 
larly about OUSA's stance on tuition increases. 

"If students start to find out about what this group stands for, like 
raised tuition fees and OUSA's expectation that the full cost of 
education should be paid for by the individual student, they'll vote 
no," Singh said. 

The "Yes" side is being organized by SAC. Merry-ln Unan, SAC's 
external commissioner, told the SAC council that the "No" side was 
engaging in "fear mongcring." 

"Neither OUSA nor SAC has ever supported tuition hikes," said the 
external commissioner during SAC's Board meeting. 

Unan added that "OUSA has had bad press in the past." 

"(1 am) hoping that Yes to OUSA forces will be as strong as No to 
OUSA forces. Once people become more informed, we anticipate a 
yes vote." 



Singh is not convinced. He criticized SAC for supporting OUSA 
unconditionally. "There is ignorance on the SAC board about what 
OUSA stands for." 

"(SAC is) doing a great disservice to studenu. Wedon'tevcn know 
what the referendum question is going to be." 

But Unan feels OUSA's convictions arc representative of those of 
students. 

"We at SAC have always been concerned about accessibility and 
fundamental, positive reforms to student aid," Unan said. 

The referendum is still dependent on SAC receiving some conces- 
sions from OUSA about the size of their representation in the group 

The move to have SAC put its membership in OUSA lo a siudcm- 
widc vote began m December of last year. Heavy pressure from 
college councils led to a promise from SAC to hold a referendum this 
fall. 

The Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance (OUSA) is a provin- 
cial student lobby group that supports matching funding increases to 
universities by students and the government, and the establishment of 
an income-contingent student loan program. 



OPIRG protester busted at TSE 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Vanity Staff 

A member of the Ontario Public 
Interest Research Group (OPIRG) 
has been charged with a criminal 



offense after a recent protest at 
the Toronto Stock Exchange. 

U ofTstudent Kristcn Whitcley 
was charged with one count of 
trespassing after she and ten other 
protesters from the Clayoquot 
Sound Action Network staged a 



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sit-in at the exchange on Aug. 30. 

Whitcley and two other mem- 
bers of the U of T-bascd Ontario 
Public Interest Research Group 
(OPIRG) organized the Action 
Network to protest the logging of 
old-growth forest at Clayoquot 
Sound on Vancouver Island. 

Macmillan Bloedel, the log- 
ging corporation currently cut- 
ting in the Sound, has its shares 
publicly traded on the Toronto 
exchange. 

The Aug. 30 demonstration 
was also meant to express sup- 
port for over 500 B.C. protesters 
facing contempt of court charges 
for their attempts to hamper log- 
ging in the Clayoquot. members 
said. 

Among those charged in B.C. 
is former OPIRG member 
Tzcporah Bcrman, who faces over 



spiracy for her attempts to organ- 
ize the anti-logging protests there. 

In Toronto, about 40 protest- 
ers descended upon the Stock 
Exchange at noon, chanting and 
singing. When ordered to leave 
by exchange personnel, all but 1 1 
left the building, while continu- 
ing to vcxally express support for 
those who remained, seated in a 
circle inside. 

An hour after entering the 
building, Metro Toronto Police 
handcuffed the 1 1 protesters, in- 
cluding Whitelcy. and removed 
them to a waiting police van. All 
were released shortly afterwards. 

Whitclcy's arrest came five 
weeks after three OPIRG protest- 
ers were charged in connection 
with a demonstration at Han 
House during Prime Minister's 
Kim Cambell visit All three are 




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TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 9 



Traffic consultants torpedo 
crossing iight pians, says SAC 



BY Dario p. Del Degan 



Student leaders are blaming the traffic consulting firm they hired for 
torpedoing their plans for a light at the Hart House crossing. 

Ed de Gale, president of the Students' Administrative Council 
(SAC), said EBI Consultants purposely discredited its own report 
before the Metro transportation committee. 

De Gale said IBI effectively rescinded its own report, substantially 
weakening U of T's position. He said all the money U of T and SAC 
had spent on the report was essentially wasted. 

U of T and SAC split the $5,500 cost of the study. 

"We felt reasonably optimistic before the meeting," de Gale said, 
"but we had our legs cut out from under us." 

"The IBI report was the most important independent opinion to 
convince Metro Council that there was a safety problem at Hart 
House," he said. 

Several U of T students have been struck by cars while crossing 
Queen's Park Crescent near Hart House. SAC has been protesting the 
absence of a controlled pedestrian crossing there for nearly five years. 

The report recommended the installation of a pedestrian traffic light 
at the dangerous crossing point. On June 3, the committee rejected that 
reconmiendalion. 

One day before, IBI faxed a letter to all the members of the 
committee, advising them to disregard a S AC-composed summary of 
the consulting firm's own recommendations. 

In its letter, IBI told the committee members to reconsider "the 
installation of a traffic signal. ..(because) one-third of those crossing 
might not use the signal properly and because the location is close to 
the existing signal at Hoskin Avenue." 

This would seem to contradict IBI's report for U of T, which said 
"the only feasible solutions are a traffic signal or a pedestrian 
underpass" and that "at least two-thirds of the pedestrians can be 
expected to use the signal properly." 

IBI is a Toronto-based traffic consulting firm, which has done work 
for U of T in the past. Recently, it was involved in the decision to install 
bike lanes on St. George Street. 

IBI director Lee Sims, who authored the Hart House Crossing 
report, was unavailable for comment. 



But Les Kelman, the transportation committee's assistant director 
of traffic, said IBI's action had not affected the way the committee 
made its decision. He said he found SAC's summary of the consult- 
ant's report misleading. 

"I would sympathize with IBI for defending a simplistic summary 
of what was in the report," said Kelman, "the IBI report was not so 
black and white, not so clear cut." 

"It didn't say that a traffic light is a panacea to pedestrian crossing 
at Hart House," he said. 

De Gale, however, maintained that SAC's summary of the report 
was correct, adding that SAC is looking for ways to take action against 
IBI. 

"We are presently investigating whether there is an ethics commit- 
tee that governs IBI that we can lodge a formal complaint with," he 
said. 

De Gale also said that SAC will "encourage the administration to 
cease using the services of IBI." 

But David Neelands , U of T's assistant vice-president of student 
affairs, said the university will continue to use the services of IBI as 
a consulting firm. 

Neelands said he thought IBI's actions had no bearing on Metro 
Council's decision. He said that the council members had already 
made up their minds. 

"I thought we would have a hard sell," said Neelands. "We were 
fighting cars." 

Metro's transportation committee is not known for its consideration 
of pedestrian needs, according to local Metro councillor Olivia Chow. 

"The priorities of the councillors have changed from a priority on 
cars and how fast they can whip by, rather than a priority on 
pedestrians and their safely," said Chow. 

Chow said the committee's pro-car bias was evident in the light- 
hearted way U of T's concerns were treated. 

At the June 3 meeting, York-Eglinton councillor Mike Colle called 
for educating university students on how to cross the road. 

"Mike Colle went on for a long time that the answer was to teach 
students safety through Elmer the Elephant and Officer Norm," de 
Gale said. 

Chow was surprised that such a suggestion was taken seriously. 
"They laughed and joked about it," she said. 



U of T moves to get pesticides off campus 



BY DaNIELA G. 

Paolone 



U of T is working to reduce and 
eventually elinvinate pesticide use 
on all its campuses, but is running 
into resistance at some of the 
colleges. 

In August of 1992, the univer- 
sity commissioned a task force to 
review pesticide use and ulti- 
mately eliminate them from the 
university environment. 

This summer, acting on the 
task forces' regulations, U of T 
started its Integrated Pest Man- 
agement program, designed to 
phase out pesticide use over five 
years. 

"We have a reasonable expec- 
tation of achieving a pesticide 
free environment within five 
years," says Phil Garment, U of 
T's director of building and 
grounds. 

Ann Zimmerman, director of 
U of T's environment division, 
said the most difficult task will be 
to educate the campus commu- 
nity to be more tolerant and ac- 
cept increased weed levels 
throughout the campus. 

"Even though a purely weed- 
free lawn is pleasing to the eye, it 
is an artificial plant community 
and is subject to invasion by na- 
tive and foreign plants," 
Zimmerman said. 

But the university's federated 



colleges say they have their own 
lawn management programs and 
do not have to comply with uni- 
versity standards. 

Trinity College is currently 
spraying its lawns with pesticides. 

The college's building and 
grounds manager. Bill Chisholm, 



said that even though Trinity is 
reviewing the use of pesticides at 
the moment, alternatives such as 
having hand pulling of weeds are 
not viable, especially with recent 
cuts to staff. 

The Ontario Public Interest 
Research Group (OPIRG) pres- 



sured the university task force for 
an end to pesticides. Maria 
Klebasz, a student volunteer in 
OPIRG' s environmental work- 
ing group, said her group will try 
to talk to all the colleges who are 
still using pesticides on their lawns 
and help them find alternatives. 



Ammonia leak stalls math exams 



BY Aaron Paulson 

Final exams were delayed for 500 
math students as an ammonia leak 
forced the evacuation of Varsity 
Arena on Aug. 16. 

The alarm on an ammonia re- 
serve tank signalled the leak at 
5:50 p.m., and U of T Police 
cleared the building within min- 
utes. No one suffered any injuries 
from the leak. 

Students outside the building 
waiting to write their 7 p.m. ex- 
ams were also evacuated from 
the area. 

None of the six scheduled ex- 
ams were written that night. "It 
took 24 hours to reschedule the 
exams," according to Elizabeth 
Leesti of the Faculty of Arts and 
Science office. 

Over half of thedisplaced math 
students wrote their exams three 
days later, on Aug. 19. The re- 
mainder are expected to write on 
Sept. 7. 

The leak was caused by a bro- 



ken glass tube gauge from the 
reserve tank, causing a "free flow 
of liquid ammonia" out of the 
tank, according to UofT Police 
sergeant Len Paris. 

The Toronto Fire Department 
sealed the leak, and repairs were 
completed by a technician from 
the company that services the 
tanks. The building could not be 
re-opened immediately, however, 
for fear that pockets of ammonia 
might still be inside. 

Ammonia is highly toxic, and 
causes severe irritation to the res- 
piratory system if inhaled. It is 



used by the chiller plant in Var- 
sity Arena to produce ice for the 
skating rink. 



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(Rodger Levesque/VS) 
St. George bikelane: would flower pots be better? 

Bikelanes OK, 
students say 



BY Anne Castelino 



Siudenis say the new bike lanes 
on St.George Street are long 
overdue. 

"Wow, finally, someone has 
actually done something about 
it," said U of T student Luke 
von Maldcghen. 

Bike lanes on portions of 
Bay, Beverly/St George and 
College/Carlton streets were 
approved by City Council on 
June 2 1 . The St. George Street 
lanes run from Dupont to 
Queen streets. 

Many students say they are 
relieved by the changes. Fifth- 
year student John Pecvcr said 
the new lanes improve the level 
of safety for cyclists. 

"It saves you from feeling 
that you will be pushed up on 
the curb, and you can go round 
the grates without drivers yell- 
ing at you." 

John Rittenhouse, a fourth- 
year visiting student from 
Trent University, agreed. 

"I feci a sense of security in 
having my own lane," he said. 

"Before, during rush hour it 
was hell. Now I feel I can use 
this road more often, instead 
of the side streets." 

Although most students ap- 
proved of the bikelanes, many 
still feel St. George Street could 
be even safer. 

"It still doesn't solve the 
problem of parked cars pull- 
ing out," Peever said. 

The lanes on St George rep- 
resent a victory for the Ontario 
Public Interest Research Group 
(OPIRG), which has cam- 



paigned for the bike lanes since 
1990. 

Andrea Calver, OPIRG' s 
coordinator, said the new lanes 
were the beginning of a cycle- 
friendly Toronto. 

"This is the first step to- 
wards a network of bike lanes," 
she said. 

Calver said Toronto needs 
more bicycles. 

"Bikes are far more ecologi- 
cally friendly," said Calver. 

"As public transport gets 
more and more expensive, peo- 
ple turn tocycling," she added. 

According to a June 1992 
city report, over 1 ,000 cyclists 
used St. George Street every 
day. 

"Times are changing. It is 
hard to find people opposed to 
giving cyclists the recognition 
they deserve," said Calver. 

The use ofSt. George Street 
has been a hot topic at U of T. 
Last year the university turned 
down a recommendation to 
close down St George to traf- 
fic, saying it was unfeasible. 
The proposal was made by 
OPIRG and U of T's Bicycle 
Users Group, who staged tem- 
porary closings of the street to 
call attention to the issue. 

Some students are still ea- 
ger to see the original plan go 
through. 

"They should have closed 
down the whole damn thing, 
put Howerpols in and a student 
hang-out," said Luke von 
Maldeghen, a fourth-year U of 
T student, "if this was a pedes- 
trian area it would draw the 
whole campus together." 



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10 VARSITY NEWS 



TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



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BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

Changes to the Ontario Student 
Assistance Program (OSAP) have 
created more, not fewer prob- 
lems, students and student groups 
say. 

Under the new program, stu- 
dents will not be entitled to grants, 
but will be eligible for larger loans 
than in the past. 

While this has some advan- 
tages, it creates an immediate 
problem for many students, ac- 
cording to Terry Buckland, an 
executive assistant at the Arts 
and Science Student Union 
(ASSU). 

"With the lack of grants there 
will be a significant number of 
students who won't be able to 
attend school (this year). Full- 
time students might have to drop 
to part-lime, if they can find jobs. 
They are not able to mortgage 
their future," he said. 

Rick Manin, liaison officer at 
Association of Part-Time Under- 
graduate Students ( APUS) agreed 
that the new program will have 
serious repercussions. 

"Changes to the federal pro- 
gram, such as the elimination of 
the six-month interest-free pe- 
riod and the increases in ancillary 
and tuition fees, will mean a very 
substantial increase in student 
debt loads." 

But Manin said there are some 



advantages. 

"Students will be able to lake 
out larger loans than before. Also, 
the system is less complicated; 
the processing of applications has 
gone from eight to five weeks." 

Other difficulties have arisen 
from the implementation of the 
new program, namely confusion. 

"We're not sure what is a pro- 
posal and what will actually take 
place this year," said Buckland. 

David Sidebottom, financial 
aid manager at Admissions and 
Awards, admitted there are still 
kinks to be ironed out. 

"It's confusing for everyone, 
including the government. I still 



have questions that arc wailing 
for answers from the govern- 
ment." 

One of ihe problems is that 
major changes were made both to 
OSAP policy and to the delivery 
system, Sidebottom said. 

'To introduce both in the same 
year is taking off a fairly large 
bite. We've had difficulty work- 
ing some of the changes out." 

Another difficulty was the lack 
of communication between U of 
T and the Ministry of Education 
and Training. Because of certain 
changes, the university was not 
informed if students who had 
applied directly to the Ministry 



got their applications in before 
the deadline. 

This caused much concern and 
confusion among students. 

"U of T doesn't give you a fee 
deferral unless you've applied by 
the deadline," said student Craig 
Urquhart 

Without a fee deferral, students 
whose OSAP has not arrived, 
cannot register. 

According to Sidebottom, this 
problem has been resolved with 
on-line computer access to all the 
government's information. 

"It takes time," he said. "Every 
week we're getting a better idea 
of the program." 



MedSci accomplices sentenced 



BY Bruce Roi-ston 
Varsity Staff 

Two U of T students were sen- 
tenced to nine months imprison- 
ment on Thursday for their in- 
volvement in a 1991 stabbing at 
the Medical Sciences Building. 

Both Amit Anand and Sapna 
Seth had earlier pled guilty to 
charges of obstructing justice. 

In his sentencing. Judge 
Samuel Darragh of the Ontario 
Court's Provincial Division said 
the two students had been exem- 
plary citizens with the exception 
of their collaboration in hiding 
their friend Peter Mann from the 



police. 

"I find the charges before this 
court disturbing. In my view in- 
carceration is the only appropri- 
ate sentence," he said. 

Crown attorney Gary Clewley 
said the verdict was fitting, as 
neither defendant had shown the 
Court any sign of remorse. 

"They got a lot more consid- 
eration than (Mann's victim), he 
said. "What are they doing trying 
to derail justice?" 

But Anand' s defense attorney 
Allan Shulman said the sentence 
was too harsh, and that an appeal 
on the part of both defendants 
was likely. 

On Dec. 5, 1 99 1 , a female U of 




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T student was brutally stabbed by 
a man in the Medical Sciences 
building. 

A fter the attack, a Canada- wide 
warrant was issued for the arrest 
of her former boyfriend, U of T 
student Peter Navtej Singh Mann. 
He was arrested in England by 
Scotland Yard and then extra- 
dited to Canada in March 1992. 

Anand and Seth helped Mann 
escape from the country, and de- 
liberately misled police investi- 
gators as to his whereabouts for a 
three-month period from Decem- 
ber, 1991 to March, 1992. 

They also kept Mann appraised 
of the victim's activities and 
schedule and mailed a threaten- 
ing letter to the victim in January, 
1992. 

Mann himself currently faces 
charges of attempted murder, as- 
sault, uttering threats of severe 
bodily harm, and uttering death 
threats. He remains in custody. 



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varsity 
(dis)orientation 
, supplement 




iL)war 



On Valentine's Day, 1968, my Un- 
cle Hugo took some bad acid. A 
few hours later you could see him run- 
ning naked down Bathurst St. and scream- 
ing the word "hairdrier" at the top of his 
lungs. When the police caught up with 
him, he was having a conversation with 
a small puppy he claimed was named 
Yahnov. He was arrested. There were a 
variety of charges. 
But that's another story. 
Dear Uncle Hugo once attempted to 
give me apreparatory lecture about what 
U of T meant to him. The lecture oc- 
curred one morning about 19 years ago. 
I was 4 years old at the time. 
My memory of the lecture has some- 
what dimmed, but I do recall that at the 
time, he was wearing a large fur hat and 
baking a lemon meringue pie. 

Uncle Hugo was a brilliant, tormented 
man. 

In retrospect, it seems that the diffi- 
culty I had in understanding what my 
Uncle Hugo was -trying to tell me 
stemmed from the fact that I had no 
context to put it into. I was a four- year- 
old infant. He was a vaguely disillu- 
sioned and very incoherent smoked 
sausage salesman. 

In short: I just didn't know what he 
was talking about. 

This lack of understanding is typi- 
cal of what usually exists when the 
university student tries to communi- 
cate with the high school student. The 
name commonly given to this process of 
doomed communication is orientation. 

In order to avoid this confusion in this 
particular journalistic orientation, I shall 
try to give the observations contained in 
it a context by comparing the institution 
which the high school graduate is about 
toenler(Uof T) with the institution they 
havejust left (some bucolic high-school). 

Were this article an essay for 
ENGlOl Y (Effective Writing), it would 
take the form of a statement, "University 
and High-school are essentially the same 
enterprises, only in different places. Dis- 
cuss." 

In order to increase the chances of 
anyone ever reading this article, I will 
present it in an easy-to-follow point-by- 
point, very visual manner. Should the 
800 words it contains be too much for the 
reader to consume in one sitting, he/she 
is invited to put it down, returning later to 
the more dense passages, perhaps mak- 
ing detailed notes in the margins. 

PARTI: BOOKS 

In high-school, you show up for the 
first day of class and the teacher hands 
you a book. You are instructed to write 
your name neatly and legibly in the space 
provided at the front of the book. Next, 
the teacher gives you an hour long lec- 
ture about the dire consequences which 
will befall you, should anything happen 
to the book. At the end of the year, you 
give back the book. You have passed the 
course you needed the book for, thus, 



you can forget about the book forever. 

In university, books are more compli- 
cated. You, and several hundred-thou- 
sand other students show up more than a 
week before classes even begin and try 
to find several books all costing over 
$ 100.00 each. If you are lucky enough to 
find the book you need, you scrawl your 
name in it immediately, because you are 
certain no one else in the class has it. 

And when the course is over, you still 
have the book. 

You try to sell it to a used bookstore. 
They offer to buy it for the price of a stale 
danish more than fifty years ago. 
You are insulted. For that 
kind of money you 
might as well 
keep it 
After 
all, it 



is free. This is especially true if you 
attended a separate school. If you went to 
a catholic high-school, you were given 
to believe your education was paid for by 
God. 

In university, you pay. You can't even 
pretend that it is free. In university, the 
whole paying-thing is made way too 
literal. 

PART III: 
SMART KIDS 

In high-school, smart kids graduate 
with averages in excess of 
95% and win 
huge 




you 
over 
$100.00! 

For the rest of 
your life the book fol- 
lows you. 

If you move in with another person, so 
does the book. 

If you move back home to live with 
your parents, the book lives with your 
parents as well. 

If you have a nervous breakdown and 
have to spend some time in a mental 
institution (or, for that matter, go any- 
where where the book might not be able 
to accompany you, like another city for 
instance) you have to find somewhere 
for the book to stay. 

The older you gel, the more the book 
seems like a bothersome and boring older 
relative; it's your book, so you have to 
look after it... forever. 

You may forget your mark in the 
course; you may forget that you took the 
course; you may forget you attended 
university at all; you may have to wear 
diapers and smell like rotting prunes - 
but you can never forget about that book. 

PART II: FEES 

In the mind of the student, high-school 



sltJ- 
arships 
at a famous 
university. 
In University, smart kids never gradu- 
ate: they become professors. 

PART IV: CLOTHES 

In High-school, you are perpetually 
dressed to kill. You wouldn't think of 
wearing anything less than a firmly 
pressed, recently ironed button-down 
Ralph Lauren shirt and tailored designer 
jeans. 

In University, if you wear anything 
which has been washed in the last two 
weeks, they won' t serve you at Diabolo's 
coffee bar. 



PARTY: FOOD 

Food in High-school is simple. It 
doesn't matterifit'sburgers, fries, pizza, 
ice cream or pop.. .as long as it's fast and 
it's food, you'll eat it. 

Food in University is more compli- 
cated. There is always the risk of being 
lectured, berated, stabbed, maimed or 
having designer cigarette smoke blown 



in your face for eating meat in public. 

PART VI: 
CONVERSATION 

In high-school male conversation is 
simple: "Chicks, chicks and chicks." 

In University, it is more complicated: 
"Person, person and persons." 

PART VII: 
RELATIONSHIPS 

In high-school relationships are diffi- 
cult and mostly disappointing. The high- 
school relationship begins with your no- 
ticing a guy/giri sitting on the other side 
of the class. From the moment you set 
eyes on him/her, you are in love. You 
start to rehearse how you'll intro- 
duce yourself. You start to imag- 
ine your first date. You begin 
researching the love poems you 
will recite. You fantasize about 
the first time the two of you 
will dance naked to the sound 
ofa wailing accordion while 
wearing cantaloupes for 
shoes. 

However, when you fi- 
nally do gel up the courage 
to speak to him/her, you dis- 
cover that he/she never knew 
you existed, does not care if 
you do exist, and will go on 
behaving as if you did not exist. 
You are a little disappointed, but 
in a couple of weeks you get up 
enough courage to speak to another 
person. Eventually, someone acknowl- 
edges your existence. 

In University, relationships are not o// 
that different. 

UNCLE HUGO II 

Well that's about the extent of what I 
can offer to the new undergraduate. Look- 
ing over this article, I can't help but be 
reminded about the time Uncle Hugo 
took me to Centre Island. I remember 
standing in the sunlight with him and 
laughing. We were feeding the ducks, 
and each time Uncle Hugo saw a duck 
eat a piece of bread thai he threw into the 
water, he would pat me on the shoulder 
and say fondly, "Now that is what I call 
a Chevrolet." 

I now know that Uncle Hugo was 
telling me to always take what other 
people tell you with a grain of salt. I 
suppose that is how this Journalistic Ori- 
entation should end: with my pointing 
out that University is something which 
you ultimately have to discover for your- 
self. 

So get out there and have a great 
orientation. 

Now isn't that a nice ending for the 
article? 

They made me do it. 

Get real drunk and puke. 



^HE 

mmam 

oF 

being 



Continued from p. 1 

degrees are irrelevant. 

Ironically, as more and more people — especially visible 
minorities, women and the working class, have access to a 
university education, it has lost its status. Most university 
students take their degree for granted adds Charro, since going 
to university has, over the years, become more common. As 
university degrees became 
more ubiquitous, they began to mean less. 

Charro says the growing trend in university program 
enrollment is towards technical and professional degrees like 
engineering, nursing and pharmacy. 

"These professional degrees are what the private sector is 
pushing for and what they're funding. And people who get 
professional degrees find it more easy to get 
jobs" adds Charro. 

Mall Grant is just one example of this movement towards 



specialization. After graduating from McMaster University 
with a Bachelor of Science in chemistry, he spent several years 
working so-called "McJobs" — housepainting and restaurant 
work. 

"I didn't even bother looking for a job in my field because I 
knew there was nothing available," says Grant. 

Last year the 28-year-old enrolled in a two year computer 
programming course at Fanshawc College in London, Ontario. 

"I like the program because it's short, focused and it's giving 
me practical skills. In the current job market I have a 50 percent 
chance of getting a job out of this program. These days, those 
are pretty good odds," adds Grant. 

Grant hastens to add that he doesn't regret getting a BSc. 
While it may not have gotten him a job it was valuable in other 
ways. 

"I'm glad I went to university in the long run. It opened me 
up to a lot of ideas and people. I learned to discipline myself," 



says Grant. 

These sentiments are echoed by Charro who feels the sole purpose of a 
university education is not a utilitarian one. 

"University to me was getting informed about social issues, acquiring 
writing and communication skills and examining and critiquing culture. 
Those skills stay with you forever. I don't know if you should put a price tag 
or a value on that," adds Charro. 

For some people however, those skills can be more cheaply learned with a 
subscription to The Village Voice, some self-refiection and a little volunteer 
work or travel. With $9000 student loan three months in arrears, Hannel isn't 
convinced that university is the way to go for everyone. 

"Sure there were great things about university and I miss it at times. I even 
want to go back, but to something really focusscd and professionally oriented. 
But if a person really knew what they wanted to do and wanted to just go and 
do it and not go to university first, I'd encourage them. I mean I call my degree 
(BFA) a Bachelor of Fuck All" says Hannel. 



TaJie a ^cdk oh tlie So^ %uL 



M M on 't go anywhere alone at 
nighL" 

I think a hundred people must have said that 
to me when I announced I was coming to the 
University of Toronto. By the time I arrived, I 
was convinced that something bad would hap- 
pen to me if I dared walk the streets after dark 
without an escort. And for those women who 
weren't scared when they first arrived, one bad 
scare can quickly make them restrict their night 
time activities. Although acquaintance assaults 
are more frequent than stranger assaults, stranger 
assaults do happen on campus. 

According to U of T Campus Police the 
number of sexual assaults that were reported last 
year is up slightly from the previous two years. 

"In 1992, there were seven reported sexual 
assaults on campus, and 29 assaults, excluding 
sexual assaults," says Constable Dan O'Brien. 

But the U of T police only have numbers and 
statistics for those assaults that actually oc- 
curred on campus. So students who are assaulted 
off campus who decide to report the incident, 
deal with Metro Police and Metro Police doesn't 
keep specific stats on students. And many more 
"near-misses" never get reported at all. As any 
woman will tell you, just having a man follow 
you and make a couple of comments can be 
terrifying when you're alone. 

There are some things women can do to 
defend themselves if confronted with a stranger 
assault. The perception of safety and power is 
important. A self-defence class might help to 
achieve this. The Department of Athletics and 
Recreation (DAR) offers a free workshop to 
introduce people to its program for those who 
don't want to take a whole course. 

The workshop — introduced three years ago 
after the Montreal Massacre — has been made 
into a yearly event. 

"It's to help women learn to live without fear, 
build confidence in dealing with unexpected 
confrontations, handle physical attacks and de- 
velop non-violent techniques for self-defence" 
says Kim Smylic, program administrator. 



Ll) Gin 
Watts 

tu staff 



na 




vans I 



night, you can always call Walksafer and two 
patrollers — male and female — will walk you to 
and from any location on campus, or to a major 
u-ansit point. 

The safety of walk home services, such as 
Walksafer, came underdose scrutiny after a woman 
patrollcr at Centennial College was sexually as- 
saulted by her male co-patroller last February. 

While Walksafer U of T says that while no fool- 
proof method exists to screen candidates, they use 
in depth interview questions and scenarios to deter- 
mine suitability. Once hired, patrollers are given 
training by the police department to help them deal 
with a wide range of possibilities. The more thr 
service is used, the longer it will be with us, so don' t 
be shy. 

with files from Simona Chiose 



The workshop, and the self-defence courses that 
the DAR offers were all developed with university 
students in mind. It is intended to introduce women 
to Karate in particular, and to show them that 
martial arts are safe and useful for women. 

"I'm hoping the workshop will be able to show 
women how they can address that psychological, as 
well as physical helplessness," says Burt Konzak. 
supervisor of the Karate and Self-Defencc pro- 
grams. 

With a downtown campus that spans over 1 1 
acres and only a handful of emergency telephones 
scattered, it is of no surprise that women feel unsafe. 

"There is a sense of vulnerability among women 
on campus along wit^ some real physical dangers." 
says Konzak. 



Any woman in residence at Victoria College or 
St. Mike's will tell you about the physical dangers 
that they face by being located so close to Queen's 
Park. 

It is a large, open space that is extremely dark and 
isolated at night. If you have a night course, put up 
a notice at your residence for others taking the same 
course, and you can walk there and back together. 
More often than not, you'll make new friends this 
way as well. 

Late night library study sessions should be done 
in pairs. Not only is this a safer way to study, but 
your partner can give you the moral support you 
need to stay and finish that last chapter when you 
would have given up otherwise. 

ir you arc stuck somewhere on campus alone at 



get safe 

^he DAR workshop will take place on 
f' September 15 from 7 to 9:30 PM in the 
sports gym at the Athletic Center, and no 
registration is necessary. The workshop will 
focus on non-violent means of self-defence. 

Women interested in learning more after 
the workshop can enrol in the full length 
courses that the DAR offers. There will be 
two this term running for 9 weeks each, one 
on Wednesdays from 4:30 to 6:30 PM, and 
one Fridays from 1 2-2pm. Each costs U of T 
students $33 for a term. The courses will 
emphasize the same general concepts as the 
workshop, and participants will learn more 
martial arts techniques. 

SAC will also run self-defence seminars 
throughout the year at Hart House, and those 
interested can call the SAC office and ask for 
the Women's Officer, Rheba Eslantc, for 
details. 

The number for Walksafer. U of T's^walk 
home service, is 978-7223 







undl 

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a 



This is a university that spends $8 million 
to provide shelter for cars and $17 
million on a new Faculty of Management 
after student grants were cut. 



s in a dream, I heard a voice... 

Welcome to the Excellence-Centred University (ECU), formerly 
the University of Toronto Inc., formerly the University of Toronto. As 
an undergraduate client (patent pending) of the Centre, it is up to you 
to gel competitive, get cracking and get indoctrinated. Get it? 

Okay, so the mission of the university in our society has changed 
from one based on a liberal vision of education to one based on a 
corporate vision of oh, just about everything. So the party's over. But 
if tliat's the case how come the ex-U of T won't just admit it? The 
corporations certainly will. 

Judith Maxwell and Stephanie Currie, in the 1984 Corporate- 
Higher Education Forum report. Partnership for Growth: Corporate- 
University Cooperation in Canada, summed it up by saying, "the 
national challenge of the 1980s is to mobilize our intellectual re- 
sources in the same way we have mobilized men and materials to 
exploit our natural resources in the past." 

Ozone depletion of the intellect, anyone? How about climate 
change of the imagination? Toxic pollution of the mind? 

Established in 1983, the Corporate-Higher Education Forum 
(CHEF), brought the corporate message to the university and the 
university listened. U of T, has been a member of the Forum since 
1984. Former U of T president George Connell, continuing the U of 
T tradition of maverick thinking, served on the Forum's executive 
committee. And currently President Prichard is a member of the 
Forum, along with the best and the brightest of 25-odd universities and 
colleges and scores of big corporate CEOs, representing such demo- 
cratic institutions such as Xerox, Bell, Shell, Imperial Oil and the 
Business Council on National Issues. 

The CHEF has issued many reports since 1984, documenting 
corporate-academic collaboration, developing strategies for further 
"cooperation", and expanding their educational focus to include 
kindergarten to grade 12. The Forum simply wants to, "build construc- 
tive relationships between corporations and universities", not to take 
over. 

The corporatization of education, an awkward enough term for a 
frightening enough process, is the name of the game, and U of T — I 
mean, the Excellence-Centred University — is an excellent player. 
Excellence, it's not just a word, it's an institution. And you're at it. 

This ain't no con- 
spiracy between CEOs 
of the big bad 
transnationals and sell- 
out university presidents 
'either. What's happen- 
ing is the amalgamation 
of two institutional 
forces in our society — 
business and schools — 
that are not exactly equal 

partners. Guess which one is less concerned with issues surrounding 
democracy? (That isn't a trick question, for the sake of argument). 

Over the 1980s, universities were placed under increased pressure 
to become economically correct. "Intellectual resources" and "intel- 
lectual property rights" in the "information age" have become the 
driving force of the North American "post-industrial" economy. So, 
how does a university remain competitive? 

Research, not education, has become the focus of the university. 
Joint ventures and corporale-govemment-academic research "part- 
nerships" abound. But who benefits? Certainly not undergraduates, 
let alone all graduate students, especially those who are enrolled in 
humanities programs, ie. those who are economically incorrect. 

Corporations, however, gain much by spending peanuts on univer- 
sity conducted research, the dollar amounts of which are often 
matched by federal or provincial funding. It is corporations who reap 
the profits once the results of research undertaken with university 
resources is privatized. 

This Excellence-Centred University admits this readily enough. As 
Mary Alice Stuart, National Chair of the EC Breakthrough Fundraising 
Campaign, puts it, U of T "needs to remain on the leading edge of 
technological invention, scientific discovery and academic inquiry." 
Precisely in that order. 

But why then, does ECU still blather on about academic excellence 
and freedom of inquiry as if the university were still autonomous? U 
of T is, after all, the same university that cuts undergraduate programs 
that are no longer economically correct and hikes ancillary fees 
without, at the very least, letting students vun those services (wouldn't 
want to democratize the corporate-management structure of the 
autonomous university, heck no). 

This is auniversity that spends $8 million to provide shelter for cars. 
This is an institution so dedicated to education that it isn't ashamed to 
take $ 1 7 million of provincial money to build a fancy new Faculty of 
Management building after our socialist government cut grants to 
students. 

Who needs undergrads? They don't even pay enough tuition ! Let's 
raise it by 50 per cent in two years! That'll get rid of 'em, always 
whining about education and accessibility. 

Heck, this is a school that raised $127 million in two years in a 
fundraising campaign. A lot of which, no doubt, will be dedicated to 
shimmering new buildings and shining points of light. $127 million 
— how much of thai is actually going to undergraduate education? 
Half is going to "campus dcvclopmenl" (the shimmering new build- 
ings), one quarter to "research and discovery" (the shining points of 
light), and one quarter to "learning and scholarship". 

Learning and scholarship is broken down to include chairs and 

Lu David PoLLins 






professorships (mostly science), the Humanities Consortium and 
Scholarly Publishing. Oh, and something called the Undergraduate 
Education Fund, dedicated to receive 4.7 per cent of the initial 
fundraising goal of $100 million. 

What, they aren't expanding the English department? No. How 
about Fine Arts? No. History? No. They're building a student centre? 
No. Where's all the money going? How about engineering, medicine, 
law and management? Correct. Economically correct. Actually, those 
four faculties are even getting their own fundraising teams, dedicated 
to pursuit of knowledge and truth in the marketplace. Very EC. 

So, thanks Mr Gordon Cressy, soon to be ex-vice president of 
development, ie. fundraising. He is on his way to be the first chair of 
the Metro Toronto Learning Partnership, a body that is coordinating 
business-education initiatives between such local firms as Northern 
Telecom, Xerox and Hewlett Packard, and the nine Metropolitan 
Toronto school boards. Go get 'em! Patent their imaginations before 

it's too late. 

And what about 
that big corporate 
pit on St. George 
Street? The future 
home of the Fac- 
ulty of Manage- 
ment where the 
moulding of minds 
today produces the 
corporate managers 

of tomorrow. At least we know now what our university's (and our 
socialist government's) priorities are. 

And check out that Earth Sciences Building. The signs say it all: 
Noranda Library, Domtar Student Lounge, Union Carbide Classroom 
(don't forget your gas mask), the Rcichmann Family Lecture Hall, 
Consumer's Gas Classroom. So, that's where they study energy 
alternatives and energy efficiency. The patenting of inquiry ? Nah, just 
lending a hand during these tough economic times. 

But you gotta love the McPizza-Grubway-Taco Hell culinary- 



industrial complex that is consolidating itself on campus. Love 
those low-paying competitive service sector McJobs some of 
which even students get to have — yay ! Ooops, sorry, I mean, 
McYay ! Coming soon: student of the month awards. Just wait. 

And, heck, research at university is important. Of course it 
is. But what is happening is worse than a nightmare because it's 
happening during the day: federal and provincial governments 
are abandoning post-secondary education. Why? No money 
for things like that. Management buildings and Cold War 
helicopters, sure. Something to do with those free trade deals 
the feds arc always signing, you know the ones that limit the 
policy-making abilities of both the federal and provincial 
governments. 

So governments — ostensibly the representatives of citizens 
— have less power than globalizing transnational corporations. 
Things like public education, which flourish in democratic 
societies in which there is room for public participation, 
development and control are being privatized. So what if the 
very notion of a public society is being squeezed out by the 
patent holders? What can we do? 

Okay, all right. It's all a dream, I just know it. I'm gonna 
wake up. I'm gonna go to school. I'm gonna do my best and 
learn 'cos that's what I'm here for. I love my school. No, really. 
I have never been to any other place where the educational 
experience of the undergraduate is so... excellent. 

But enjoy your use of the services here at ECU. The patent 
on your imagination, though still pending, is about to be 
claimed. You can get with the program and be a part of the 
capital tradition, or you can get educated. Corporate feudalism 
on one side, education on the other. It's your choice. It's your 
school. Isn't it? 



David Robhins is a member of the Ontario Public Interest 
Research Group who conducted research this summer on the 
coporalization of education. 



Beauty Secret of the Stars in your Health Food Store! 



HoUywood's New Secret 

According to a recent article in Sweden's 
newspaper "Halsoblast". Joan Collins, 
Goldic Hawn and Darhara Slrcisand al) 
credit Ihcir youUifuI aiipcarancc lo Dr 
KcHTan's Original Silica. Goldic Hawn 
finds this Epccial water soluble extract of 
Silica from Spring Horsctii! extremely 
hcncGdnl for {7X)wiiig thick, hcaJthy hair, 
while Joan Collins and Barbara 
St/cisand use it for longer, strongfT nails 
aixl firm, supple skin. 

Strengthens bones, nails & hair 

Silica is abundant on Earth, and in 
human bodies, it is found mostly in the 
skin, hair, nnils, aorta (Iho main artery 
in Uic heart), connective tuLsucs and the 
skeleton. It i.<i an rs.scntiaJ mineral for 
good healUi, yet is commonly deficient 
in the average person. Modem food pro- 
cessing techniques have removed the 
natural silica in our diets, making it 
necessary to take silica supplements to 
maintain the strength of the connective 
tissues in the body. Researchers arc 
now using it to help speed new bone 
growth after injuries or constructive 
surgery. Silica prevents decalcification 



of tiie skeleton and strengthens toiHh 
enamel Ihe body's .<;ilira level diiniiu.';h- 
cs with age, which can Icid Lo calcium 
dr|x)siLs and decn'a.sed rlxslidty of Oir 
rnl.in' rotmrrlivr Wf^wt sy^l'^m 

Of S|)ocinl interest lo women 

Strong hinic formatiDn prevent."; 
(istcoponisis and Ijonc bicakagc, par- 
ticularly in older women. Silica sup- 
pknicnlalioii is highly recommended 
f(ir young women lo help prevent bril- 
llr bones. Silica also helps maintain 
the skin's elasticity because it increa- 
ses its collagen and ela.stin level.'^, 
which mainUiiii supple. yoiiUiftil skin 




Our Iwdies use silicn ' 
to produce calcium 

In I87H, Louis i'astcur said; 'The 
llirtvifiitu: (irlimi of ^ilufi Li ihutmrd to 
piny a great mir'. lhanks to Uw exlcii- 
sivc work Professor Louis Kcrvr.tn 
Ix-gan in France in V-W). silii:i is pby- 
ing an increasingly gre at rnlc in th;' 
Held of preventive medicine IVofessor 
Kervran stitcs in his book. Hiolnf^kal 
Vvtunnulaluiiif:. lluil silicn is a precur- 
sor to calcium, similar to the relation- 
ship between Beti Carotene and Vita- 
min A. The b'xJy cin produce calcium 



'Silica has helped many of my customers 
get strvnger nmL<. hexdUtier skin and more 
bL'iruiL'i hair.' 

ha Graupncr, 5ialon New Hair 

"/ firtf a t< ifhatr after the huilx i)f m v (/fu^/i 
tcr but tJitil was nothing amparrd to wlmt 
happened after ! had my daughter; you 
could see my scnlp! My hamln-.'zvr fnigf^ert I 
^art tnhuig sdiai Ajlrr IrJ'.iAp, Oi£ mpsidc; 
/ mnnlh. I hal n fuU hrad nfhair'' 

Ihnnc Nirlscn 



What people 
are saying: 



Ymnne Ryding. Sfiss Universe 1981. w a 
strong adiKxotc vf xdica supplnnentntum 
Stir f/oyi« 1/ (irs twndfrs fir her hitir. <J:m. 
nadr. ami gnicnd hnUh. 



'Far 20>ffj/s / vifferrd fiiwn sct>crr ecrema 
on my h/inibi and fed- One day I tried a not 
•I had terrihle eczema for years and no n^nl prvduct UnUyuttid slarr took for their 
treatment seemed to work. A kineaiohgist nmU and hair. I was delighted to duvwrr 
suggc^Ud thai I should take sdica capsults "'y t^'W^t'cd as ii-etl' Thdiiy I 

and my eczema has been airrd ever since.' f^'i'tlyfrec <3f nama.' 

liDncWinkcI Ann M.irg.irrt Uytlmarkpf, Niii^jr 



from silica in limes of deficiency- 
Insist OH )hcl)esl! 

'Flic method of extract ing silica is nf 
iilmo.-it inipurtaiicc b'^cansr* .*.ilita 
preparations vary and the hr.dy can 
only safely assimilate a cerLiin l>p^ 
Dr. Kervran discovered a method of ■ 
extracting silim finin hor.sebil plants 
using watrr it:stcad of cJicniital.^ Sili 
c.T in this form is water soluble and 
organic because it is hound lo navn 
noids. which enables the body to 
assin)ila(c it. 'llic extraction is made 
from plants cultivated in the Spmig 
when the .silica content is al iLs peak, 
hence tlic U:rm Spring HorseLiil Only 
silica produced in this manner has 
been researched and proven cITectivt 
and completely safe. Insist on a pure 
aqueous extract frcT. spri"^ horseUiil. 

Dr. thinner Orpanic VcRi-lal Siliu 
rrtiin Sprinc llor.sclail. cxfr^iclrd 
:jcrnrdine lii Ihc mclhod palcnird b> 
Dr. I.ipuis Kcr«ran. is a«nil»h1r in 
llr:illh l oud Slitrcs. 



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Lu LiLLu Zeleke and Skaneen Hirani 



"Somewhere, on the edge on consciousness, there is what I call 
a mythical norm which each one of us within our hearts knows 
"that is not me ". In America, this norm is usually defined as 
white, thin, male, young, heterosexual. Christian, and finan- 
cially secure. It is with this mythical norm that the trappings of 
power reside within this society. " 

Audre Lorde, Sister Outsider 



O, 



' ne of the biggest lies being sold by U of T is the myth of its own 
democracy — that this is a free campus and that life here is what one 

makes it. 

Such an ideology prevents most people from recognizing that 
freedom of action and speech is only available to a small number of 
people and that it serves to keep power in the hands of those who 
already have it. 

Only certain people can think of themselves as belonging to the "U 
of T community" and of making the educational system work. Only 
a privileged few can freely critique, neglect or be oblivious to anything 
outside the dominant cultural forms at the university. 

This bias is historically documented at U of T. In 1 974. two students 
were suspended for protesting the presence of Edward Banfield on 
campus. Banfield. an American sociologist, argued in his book The 




^CAMPUS 

SPORTING 

STORE 




VARSITY SPORTS STORE 



U OF T ATHLETIC CENTRE 



Unheavenly dry that blacks and Italians are naturally disposed to 
inner city ghettos, poverty and laziness, and are the cause of social 
disorder. During the disciplinary hearing of the two students who 
protested, the question of whether Banfield's theories promoted 
racism was not allowed into evidence. 

A policy was then implemented by U of T that assured a speaker's 
reinvitation to campus if the speaker was disrupted while on campus. 
This rule, however, has been applied inconsistently ever since. A 
member of the PLO who was also disrupted during a speech by 
campus protestors has not been invited back by the administration. 

As campus politics are manipulated for conservative political gains, 
it is the activists in the movements for equality and anti-racism that 
become the targets of condemnation. 

In 1986. renowned anti-racist activist, Lennox Farrell, was charged 
with assault for protesting the presence of the Ambassador of South 
Africa at a debate at Hart House. 

And while the white supremacist group the Heritage Front spoke to 
a third-year political science class as well as on CIUT, U of T's radio 
station, the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG) says 
they were asked by the university administration to take off warnings 
on their posters forbidding the presence of Nazis at a teach-in on hate 
groups. The university said it was protecting freedom of inquiry when 
it allowed the Heritage Front on campus, leaving OPIRG to question 

whether the safety of students at 
the teach-in was secondary to the 
rights of the while suprcmist 
group. 

And tliis past summer, students 
and organizers protesting Kim 
Campbell's presence on campus 
were charged with assault and 
criticized for being a "reaction- 
ary left group". "60' s revolution- 
aries", and "immigrants" (since 
of course, Canadian-bom indi- 
viduals would not choose to be so 
freely critical of Canadian social 
policy). 

Racism is not just about racial 
slurs or overt bigotry. It is an 
invisible system conferring privi- 
lege to certain groups and not to 
others. The lack of any kind of 
express policy at U of T forbjdr 
ding racism and the lack of spe- 
cific procedures for dealing with 
allegations of racial harassment 
supports white privilege that is 
protected at U of T. 

There is also a serious lack of 
accountability for the problem 
both among administrators and 
student leaders. 

The silences and denials sur- 
rounding privilege are a key po- 
litical lotil here. The current stand- 
ards of conduct are vague. The 
Non-Academic Student Code of 
Conduct does not mention race 
and students presently have no 
formal recourse for racial harass- 
ment in the classroom. Nor is 
there any explicit mechanism to 
mediate complaints that are race- 
spccific. 

It is essential to acknowledge 
that within the university, sys- 
tems of domination exist. This 
means that people of colour are 
excluded almost in direct propor- 
tion as white students and admin- 
istrators are made confident and 
comfortable. Such privilege pro- 
tects white people from many 
kinds of hostility, distress, and 
violence which are, in turn, di- 
rected to people of colour. 

Some of these systems of domi- 
nance lake on liberal guises. Free- 
dom of speech — a favorite 
among the lies perpetuated by 
administration — is purported to 
actually exist on this campus for 
everyone. However, this is clearly 
not the case. Hate-speech, for 
example, causes serious harm to 
those who are its targets. Among 
the basic of such harms are psy- 
chological ones. Even when it 
involves no direct threat of vio- 
lence, hate speech can cause abid- 
ing feelings of fear, anxiety and 
insecurity in those at whom it is 
targeted. 

There is also an extremely close 
connection between hate speech 
and the subordination of people 
Please see "Racism", S6 



?BEST 

U ? T 

CLOTHING 



Qu^ lime UUia ^eooLdio^t 

\f tuition hikes and fee increases won^t 
result in mass student protests^ what w^ill? 



Lu Anne Ba 



ins varsi 



itu staff 



/7 war is 



hat would it take to get you to protest in the streets? 
Seven years ago it took a visit by South Africa's Ambassador to 
Canada. Two years later in 1988 students protested U of T's invest- 
ments in South Africa. And U of T President Rob Prichard was 
introduced to campus activists when they occupied his office on his 
first day on the job. The students, many of them members of United 
Coalition Against Racism (UCAR), confronted him with a list of anti- 
racism demands. 

Those protests and others like them of the late 1980s are often 
recalled by campus activists with the same sense of loss and nostalgia 
that '60s hippies would recall peace sit-ins and flower power. Those 
were "good ol' days" when students rallied around issues of equality 
and their 
cries did 
not go un- 
acknowl- . 
edged. 

Indeed the protesters demands for divestment forced the university 
to divest $1.5 million that it had in South Africa and a remaining $20 
million the next year. And the administration conducted a study on 
race relations in response to demands made by UCAR. 

While the adminis- 
tration took notice, they 
often met student de- 
mands with compro- 
mises and temporary 
solutions. Conducting 
studies and forming 
committees were ways 
of pushing the issues 
aside instead of deal- 
ing with them in a 
meaningful way. And 
as activist groups like 
UCAR began disap- 
pearing, the revolution 
began losing momen- 
tum. 

"Movements were 
started by activists and 
ended with student 
councils," says Jason 
Ziedenbcrg, member of 
the Ontario Public In- 
terest Research Group 
(OPIRG). 

With that in mind, it 
is not surprising then 
that this past year when 
the Heritage Front ap- 
peared on campus, the 
student council barely 
reacted, let alone organ- 
ized protests, even 
though many students 
voiced concem over the 
incident. Only a hand- 
ful of students organ- 
ized in order to show 
their disgust with the 
presence of the white 
supremacist group on campus. Debate over the issue was reduced to 
a few opinion pieces and letters to the editor in The Varsity. 

It is also not surprising that many demonstrations are only attended 
by a handful of people. When the issue doesn't affect you directly, why 
protest? The fact is that most students, in between writing essays and 
tests and holding down a part-time job, just don't have time to raise 
their fists and shout a few obscenities. And many students believe that 
issues of equality are already being dealt with by the administration — 
that the 
radical 
ideas, like 
divesting 
funds, 
have pen- 
euatedthe 
m a i n - 
stream. 

B u I now a war against students is being waged. If you haven't 
noticed just take a look at your fee payment stub for tuition and 
compare it to what students paid five, even two years ago, or pick up 
a national newspaper. Read a Globe and Mail editorial and you'll 
understand exactly what kind of war it is. 

It's one that doesn't distinguish who's being targeted. By choosing 
to further your education at this institution of higher learning, you have 
automatically signed up as a victim. You will all be injured and you'll 
have the empty bank accounts and rising debts to prove it. 

Although we have yet to see mass student protests in the streets and 
anti-tuition hikes demonstrations, just wait. It is the calm before the 



/7nd students are automatically 
signed up as victims. 



storm. Strategies are being planned and retaliation will occur. The 
revolution is only beginning. 

"We're fighting an uphill battle," says Ziedenberg. "How much is 
it going to hurt you to do something?" 

The "uphill battle" must be fought on many fronts. Ancillary fees 
at U of T have been increased by over two hundred dollars this year. 
Since 1988 ancillary fees have increased almost 300 per cent. In the 
last ten years, from 1982 to 1992, tuition for full time undergrads has 
increased by 89 per cent. And this is just the beginning. 

Two weeks ago the Ontario Council of Universities announced that 
theywereinfa i»^5-^^ r> ■! vou"" of 

huge tuition 061 nP W3Q6Ua <^^^ 
creases. Ac- ^ ^ cording 

to their proposal, over the next two years tuition for undergraduate 
students will rise 50 per cent and fees for graduate and professional 
programs even more. This proposal has been praised by the Ontario 
Education Minister as being "realistic" saying that increasing tuition 
is the only option left in order to maintain a high quality education. 

There's more. There's a group which is proposing a 30 per cent 
tuition increase, more corporate involvement in university funding 
and research coupled with an income contingent loan repayment plan. 

* Itt > group? 
t If ' The university ad- 

ministration? A 
provincial commit- 
tee? No. The group 
is in fact a student 
organization — the 
Ontario Under- 
graduate Student 
Alliance (OUSA). 

Although the 
Students' Adminis- 
trative Coun^l 
(SAC) is holding a 
referendum on their 
membership in 
OUSA this fall, 
their position is al- 
ready clear. 

Last spring dur- 
ing the SAC elec- 
tion campaign, cur- 
rent SAC president 
Edward de Gale 
voiced his support 
for OUSA. 

"I think that 
(what OUSA is sug- 
gesting) is some- 
thing we should 
move towards." 

It should not be 
surprising then that 
an anti-OUSA 
working group has 
been formed. With 
high chance that a 
referendum on the 
issuewill happen in 
the 

upcoming months, the group hopes to educate students about OUSA. 

'There needs to be a crisis to mobilize students," says Uma Sarkar, 
president of the Arts and Science Students' Union. 

"SAC has been co-opted by the administration. Ten years ago there 
were more progressive people there. We have to look at the people 
there. What are their motives? What do they believe in? They're 
compromising our rights as students (by advocating higher tuition 

fees)," Sarkar says. 

Last fall dur- 
ing a students' day 
rally at Queen's 
Park only 200 stu- 
dents from univer- 
sities across Ontario 
were present. With 
cost of post-second- 
ary school education hitting a record high, it is hoped that a similar 
rally this year will attract more students. 

"We have to go out there to keep what we have," says Ziedenberg. 
"What would it lake to wake people up — a $ 1 000 tuition increase?" 

A realistic enough question considering that if COU's proposal is 
implemented, tuition of over $3000 will be a reality. 

The question is no longer one of who is being singled out. The 
province and the administration are not being discriminatory in their 
proposals — all students will be hit regardless of race, class, age. So 
the question now is not one of who will be targeted or when, but rather, 
how many will retaliate. 




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lournalism Conference 
September 19 
10-6 pm 
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Varsity Staff 
iiery Monday & Th 
at 5:00 

44 St. George St. 




Racism 

on 
Campus 

Continued from S4 

of colour. Racist speech con- 
stnicts the social reality that con- 
strains the freedom of people of 
colour because of their race. It is 
particularly harmful because it is 
a mechanism of subordination; it 
can persuade listeners to accept 
beliefs that can then motivate 
them to commit acts, violent and 
non-violent, against racial minori- 
ties. 

The interests of people of col- 
our are thus considered intrinsi- 
cally less important than the lives 
and interests of the dominant 
white reference group. 

Hate speech, however, must 
be distinguished from a simple 
prohibition of verbal harassment. 
As commonl y defined harassment 
is a pattern of conduct, whether 
the harassment is verbal or not. 
Hatc-spcech rules do not require 
a pattern of conduct. A single 
incident is sufficient to incur vio- 
lence. 

Hate speech is not simply an- 
noying or disturbing, it is violent. 
If the goal of "individual devel- 
opment" requires that people be 
perfectly free to make racist, sex- 
ist and homophobic assertions, 
then they can also learn of the 
deficiency of their views from 
the counter-arguments. This 
would only be fair in a "demo- 
cratic" society which values all 
its citi/ens equally. 

Freedom of speech may be a 
laudable ideology, but it unfortu- 
nately does not exist on this cam- 
pus. Not only arc certain privi- 
leged people allowed access to 
this freedom, but violence arises 
for those who choose to express 
theiroutrage at injustice and some 
are even directly persecuted. 
The wrongs of subordination 
based on race, gender and sexual 
orientation are, historically, the 
principle wrongs that have pre- 
vented and continue to prevent 
"democracies" from being demo- 
cratic. Challenging the lies that U 
of T perpetuates is essential if we 
are toever achieve real freedoms. 

Libby Zeleke and Shaheen Hirani 
are members of the Ontario Pub- 
lic Interest Research Group 
(OPIRG). 




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Manitoba women speak out against sexism at universities 



Dawn 
Buie 



WINNIPEG (CUP) As women, we may go through our entire 
university career never encountering overt discrimination, or be aware 
that is, indeed, what we are encountering. 

But if discrimination is not at work in universities, why do so few 
women enrol in the sciences, particularly engineering? There must be 
some perception of sciences that is keeping women away. 

Other traditionally male-dominated colleges such as medicine and 
law are seeing female students equaling and sometimes exceeding 
male enrollment. Why then, are women still clustered in the lower 
academic ranks in these colleges? Why do women constitute only 17 
per cent of faculty nationally when the national Ph.d pool puts 
women's representation at 30 per cent in general, and 42 per cent in 
the humanities? 

The evidence points to discrimination within the university system. 

Those of us who recognize discrimination say the ways are multi- 
farious and when compounded make us feel like outsiders in our own 
universities. 

The seemingly insignificant experience of being a quiet woman in 
a boisterous male-dominated class, can constitute discrimination. If a 
woman confides to her professor she is afraid to speak up in class, she 
will be told to be more assertive and the men will not be told to learn 
to listen and stop intemipting. 

If our perspective of the world were the same as men's we would 
not be calling for changes to the structure of our universities. 

When Grace Ann Lockhart became the first Canadian woman 
allowed to graduate in 1 875 from Mount Allison University, with a 
Bachelor of Science, our struggle had not ended. 

We discovered our perspectives had been left out of universities 
designed by and for men. Brass urinals and marble stalls without 
female counterparts are subtle reminders that those old buildings 
never anticipated hosting women's bodily functions. 

When we protest the lack of women's voices in literary cannons, or 
insufficient funding for campus day care we encounter unresponsive 
administrations. 

Keith Louise Fulton is the chair of women's studies for the 
University of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba (U of M). She 
says there is enough statistical data compiled from Manitoba univer- 
sities to prove that there is systemic discrimination against women. 

"What systemic discrimination means, is, if we see a disadvantaged 
effect on a group, we can look back to the system and assume 
something in that systcm^aused the discrimination," says Fulton. 

She says this definition is useful when making complaints about an 
institution. 

"You arc no longer trying to prove discrimination on a person to 
person basis," says Fulton, "instead you look at the numbers and say 
"what's wrong with this picture'." 

In January 1990, Fulton and ten other Manitoba women made a 
move they hoped would force Manitoba universities to act on recom- 
mendations women had been making for decades. 

They took the four universities in the province to the Manitoba 
Human Rights Commission (MHRC), with the accusation of systemic 
discrimination against women. The U of M faculty association re- 
cently co-signed the complaint. 

A spokesperson from the MHRC says Fulton's complaint is the 
"largest in scope" the conrmiission has ever dealt with. The case is still 
being investigated. 

This is not the first time women have used the definition of systemic 
discrimination to further their cause. 

In 1987, over 100 women lawyers took Osgoode Hall law school at 
York University to the Ontario Human Rights Commission to protest 
Mary Jane Mossman being passed over as Dean. They won their case 
in 1989, and York invested $750,000 to studying gender equality. 

The president of the faculty association at U of M, Tom Booth, says 
the outcome of the case will lay the groundwork for systemic discrimi- 
nation complaints across Canada. 

"One of the things that piqued my interest in the complaint is it is 
considered to be a national watershed. It is very comprehensive in its 
focus. We're not just talking Manitoba here, we're talking the coun- 
U7," Booth says. 

in listing "the university's barriers to equality of educational 
opportunities," the four page complaint touched almost every area of 
university life for female faculty, staff and students. 

Jeri Bjomson, a complainant, says the primary goal of the group 
was to raise awareness of the issue. 

She says the complaint forced the University of Manitoba to change 
some practises. 



'They got nervous. Women were put on hiring panels, women were 
being hired and considered with more vigor than had been evident in 
the past," says Bjomson. 

A 1 992 study on the status of female faculty at the University of 
Winnipeg found women are concentrated in "lecturer positions, have 
an average salary 77 percent lower than men's, and experience a 
generally sexist atmosphere." 

It stated that despite these reasons for concern it was not until 1 990, 
when the complaint was made to the MHRC, "that these issues became 
the subject of serious scrutiny." 

Women in Academia 

Women going into faculty positions and particularly those with 

feminist slants to their work may encounter a hostile environment. 

Established members of the university community may not be 
hostile to women because of their sex, but to women with different 
perspectives and a desire to change the institution. 

Michele Pujol, another one of the complainants and a women's 
studies professor at the University of Victoria discovered first-hand 
how practising feminist scholarship can wreck havoc with a woman's 
academic career. 

For seven year she taught feminist economics at the University of 
Manitoba in a term position which had to be applied for yearly. 

Most academics apply for tenure earlier in their career, but Pujol 
was told no new tenure positions would be created because of budget 
constraints. 

In 1988 a tenure position opened up. The ad which called for 
expertise in feminist economics seemed designed for Pujol. She was 
surprised to discover no one was hired to fill the position that year. At 
the same time, her job as assistant professor was eliminated. 

That year Pujol, a woman with a Ph.d in economics and a seven year 
loyalty to the U of M, joined the ranks of unemployed in Winnipeg. 

She says it was about a year before she found out what had 
happened during the hiring process. The hiring panel had been split on 
the relevancy of feminist economics, with those approving its inclu- 
sion in the curriculum voting for Pujol, the rest against. In the event 
of a lie the decision is left up to the dean of the college, who in this case 
vetoed Pujol's appointment. 

Some people in the department encouraged heMO run again the next 
year, and that was what she 
planned todo until she heard about 
a job opening up in women's 
studies at the University of Vic- 
toria. She was hired there, and the 
tenure position at the U of M 
went to a woman from outside 
the university, who specialized 
in traditional economics rather 
than feminist economics. 

Pujol says the university took a 
step backward when they got rid 
of the only feminist in the depart- 
ment. 

"Economics is the social sci- 
ence discipline that has the worst 
record for hiring women and in- 
cluding feminist approaches," 
Pujol says. 

She says she felt "ghettoized" 
in the department. 

"If students were asking ques- 
tions about women's role in the 
economy they were referred to 
me." 

She says although women rep- 
resent half the country, the pro- 
fessors who referred students to 
her did not think they had any 
obligation to be aware of wom- 
en's influence on the economy. 

"I was very disappointed in 
many of my colleagues that were 
on the hiring panel," says Pujol, 
"I didn't think there were nega- 



tive sentiments to that extent." 

However, she says she had heard the comment that since she was 
a feminist, she was not really doing economics. 

"That really disturbs me. If someone is doing an alternative 
approach with women, its not considered economics anymore? 
Well, who's making that decision?" asks Pujol. 

Pujol says the confidentiality of the hiring panel protects the 
university from accusations of discrimination. "There are people 
who are fully qualified but because of their ideologies or skin 
colour, they are eliminated in the selection." 

She suggests that hiring panels should have a "watchdog" who 
would not have a vote, but would make sure decisions are not 
discriminatory. 

Changing the Curriculum 

The courses Pujol used to teach on women in the Canadian 
economy are no longer offered. 

The lack of feminist content or contributions from women in 
courses in general, is another form of systemic discrimination. 

Judith Keams who taught English at U of M in the 1 970s and 80s 
says that in classes where feminist approaches were used and 
studied, female students participated more and male students had 
"greater respect for the opinions of their female classmates." 

Out of 20 courses listed in the 1 989 U of M English department 
handbook, 17 per cent of the authors studied are female. 

Because women's studies are financed on "soft money", they 
are the first to go when there are budget cuts. 

Inclusive language and using women as examples do have an 
impact on the perceptions of students as the writing program at the 
University of Winnipeg demonstrates. 

The program is unique in that it uses the pronoun 'she' in all texts 
and reading materials. 

Jen Peters, a first year student in rhetoric says she was "thrilled" 
with the change. 

She says one of the men in her class was confused by the usage, 
and asked the professor who 'she' referred to. 

"When I was growing up it was always "his' bicycle. So, who has 
"he' been all these years?" says Peters. 



varsity (dis)orientation supplement 

editor Bauu designer HaJiel Qiede 
contributors 

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'^M^^ The Tuesday Edition, 7 September 1993 

Review 



Perspective Canada 

Ten years of home-grown filmmaking 



by Hal Niedzviecki 



The majority of us cringe when we hear the 
abbreviation PC. But the letters, which bring to 
mind the cursed term Politically Correct — an- 
other way of saying brainwashed and boring — 
also stand for an event which has long been 
considered one of the most successful promo- 
tions of Canadian film in the world. 

Perspective Canada is celebrating its ten-year 
anniversary this season. Unfortunately, it has 
been a bad year for movies: this will not be a 
memorable Perspective Canada season. De- 
spite the additional 'greatest hits from the last 
ten years of Canadian film' program, the offer- 
ings up for PC seem threateningly uninspiring. 

In addition to the recession, there is also the 
argument that PC is being tainted by the nomen- 
clature it shares with the unfortunate abbrevia- 
tion that has become the bane of so much of the 
arts in this country. To argue that the new liberal 
agenda of con- 

\servatism com- 
- V r<\iC i I \Mi I "^""'y •■eferred to 
IM SUVtll asPoliticallyCor- 

fii i i:> ri\ \i ^^^^ P"^ 

nadian cinema in 

a stranglehold 
would be going 
too far. The 
agenda of repression in the name of the re- 
pressed is a curse on Canadian film — but not its 
end. The National Film Board is turning blue 
from lack of oxygen — it is making politics, not 
movies — but the best films out of this country 
have never been from the NFB. 

What remains to be seen in this tenth year will 
be whether or not small filmmakers can over- 
come the si lent agenda of unspoken rules which 
faces them. They are the ones who have made 
Perspective Canada breathe, the ones whose 
names nobody will know u nti I out of the bori ng 
blur of Canadiana looms the sudden sharp focus 
of a vision. Each year, a couple of films defy the 
odds stacked against them and give the filmic 
masses a brief glimpse of what Canada really is 
for them. This is what has made Perspective 
Canada so great for the last nine years. Will we 
find them this year? 

Zero Patience 
John Greyson 

A wacked-out feature fi Im in the same style as 
his hilarious The Making of Monsters, Zero 
Patience is a victim of form over content, style 
over substance; patience is a necessity for sitting 
through this one. 

The plot is concerns Richard Burton, an eight- 
eenth-century sociological vampire sexologist 
who, still stuck in his century's view of gays 
and lesbians, is setting up a museum exhibit of 
the Greatest Diseases of All Time. The corner- 
stone of the project wi II be his display on the gay 
French-Canadian flight attendant who was ac- 
cused in the early eighties of bringing AIDS to 
North America. 

This fei low. Zero, becomes mysteriously rein- 
carnated as a ghost whom only Burton can see. 
As the two men become after-life lovers. 
Burton's contradictions and preconceptions — 
those of the Victorian age — crumble and the 
didactic polemic of this film is realised in a 
supposedly hilarious way. 

Unfortunately, the film just isn't funny. 
Greyson, obviously worried that his point 
wouldn't be clear enough, just keeps ham- 
ming up the same messages through a series of 
corny songs featuring the members of the local 
ACT UP group. Everything that happens in this 
movie could have been put into a much shorter 
work and made a worthy successor to his previ- 
ous films. 

H,N. 



Kanehsaiake: 270 Years of Resistance 
Alanis Obomsawin 

Leave it to the NFB to crank out Kanehsatake: 
270 Years of Resistance, a superficial, one-sided 
failure of a documentary on the 1990 Oka 
uprising. There are so many things wrong with 
this film that it could be cut into pieces and made 
into a documentary on how NOT to make a 
documentary. 

Obomsawin apparently believes that every 
Native Canadian tells the absolute truth and 
every white person is a racist and a liar. At least, 
that is what appears on the screen of his movie. 
The title pf the film is a joke — 270 years are 
reduced to a five-minute break from two hours 
of blockade footage edited in every way possible 



to make the Mohawks and their supporters seem 
like human deities. Who is blamed in 
Kanehsatake? The soldiers at the blockade, the 
French-Canadians who live in Oka and the 
police. The politicians, for the most part, are 
excused from the situation in favour of more 
shocking and much less edifying footage of 
Native Canadians being harassed, arrested and 
beaten by the armed forces. What happened in 
Oka after the siege ended? Obomsawin feels 
that it is enough to show the same cliched 
footage of Native Canadians beating on drums 
and chanting as many of the Mohawks are led off 
for further mindless persecution in the name of 
a golf course by the all-evil Canadian govern- 
ment. 

H.N. 



The Grocer's Wife 

John Pozer (In the "A Celebration of 1 0 Years of 
P.C." section) 

This is the richly rewarding, darkly hilarious 
comedy that was screened at the 1 991 Festival 
to much acclaim. At a pace like a factory assem- 
bly line, Pozer circumvents paradigms and re- 
invents the black comedy for his own horrifying 
edification. A Canadian low-budget classic in 
the post-societal spirit of films like Delicatessen 
and Brazil. 

H.N. 



Burning Season 
Harvey Crossland 

Sanda leaves her oppressive Vancouver home — 
she isn't getting on well with her husband and 
her in-laws, particularly her autocratic father-in- 
law — takes her child and runs off to a remote 
section of India. She's pursuing her lover, Pat, 
a Rajput prince. Though it's unclear what she 
expects when she arrives there, it's painfully 
clear she doesn't expect something worse. But 
her lover's mother is a strict traditionalist and 
a more devious dictator than her father-in-law. 

Burning Season isn't well written In a con- 
ventional sense; the dialogue is functional at 
best. (For his first feature, Crossland has clearly 
opted for a more "cinematic" way of telling his 
story and, for the most part, he and cinematog- 
rapher Vic Sarin are up to it.) The film has an 
intriguing culture collision set up, opposing 
tradition and personal freedom — the necessary 
resultofthe interaction between traditional East- 
ern cultures and the West. 

However, its resolution is decidedly Western 
and that's basically the only real problem with 
the film. A devout Hindu woman probably 
wouldn't have decided to do what Sanda does. 
In choosing this sort of ending, Burning Season 
elects to take an easier and less interesting path 
than do many Indo-Canadian women who man- 
age to juggle religion, tradition and living in the 
West. The film's not at all bad, but it leaves one 
with the impression that a better, more difficult 
story remains to be told. 

Steve Gravestock 



1 Love a Man in Uniform 
David Wellington 

Mordecai Richler talks of Canada as a 'next- 
door place' where the artistic inhabitants feel 
they haven't quite made it to the promised land 

— just "thissideof jordan," inthe landof Moab. 
And he can talk, because he gets published in 
The New Yorker. It's the age-old Canadian 
anxiety that looking, being, or 'art'-ing too 
obviously Canadian isn't quite deep enough, 
and ifyou really wanttomake an impression you 
must either Americanize, or better yet, genericize. 
The city in / Love a Man in Uniform — Canadian 
writer/director David Wellington's new movie 

— looks like Toronto, feels like Toronto, but does 
not speak to anyone who lives in, or knows 
Toronto. 

Of course, we have our share of senseless 
murder and soul-twisting indifference to vio- 
lence (as long as it doesn't touch us person- 
ally), but Wellington turns our quiet, boring 
streets into Scorsese country, where every sec- 
ond person has a handgun and a gleam of 
psychosis behind the eyes. Don't misunder- 
stand, this is in many ways a very good movie, 
artistically shot — the opening sequence could 
even be called beautiful — with a gripping, 
sometimes quite funny narrative, and a superb 




Tom McCamus 
stars in David 
Wellington's / 
Love a Man in 
Uniform 



cast mixing the local 
and international. I'm 
just not sure what it was try- 
ing to tell me, that I hadn't 
already been told by the nastier 
side of Hollywood. 

Tom McCamus, who makes 
a brilliant transition from To- 
ronto stage to sort-of Toronto 
screen, plays Henry Adier, a 
hapless bank employee/strug- 
gling actor who finally finds 
that elusive 'motivation' 
when he witnesses a police of- 
ficer being blown away in the 
street (the above-praised open- 
ing sequence). Auditioning for 
the part of a policeman in a 
cheap television drama series, 
Henry slips just a bit too well 
into the character, a cop's 



angry authority becom-i n g 
the addictive alternate persona 
to his usual mild manners. 

While AdIer is developing a 
too-good-to-be-true Officer 
Flanagan for the little screen, 
he uses Flanagan's uniform 
to walk the streets in his off 
hours, discovering a tense, 
scummy other side to the shi ny- 
cop coin. Hisdescentand even- 
tual demise will surprise no- 
one who has seen Taxi Driver. 
AdIer becomes what Flanagan 
would despise, shaking down 
dealers, usingcriminal-typesfor 
target practice and coppi ng free 
sex from prostitutes. His ro- 



manticized char- 
acter is patheti- 
cally unprepared to 
negotiate the degen- 
erate street culture of 
whateverthe hell that city 

Excellent performances by 
Brigitte Bako (the not-so ro- 
mantic interest) and American 
veteran KevinTighe(a very bad 
man in uniform) save the film 
from becoming a gratuitous 
photocopy of what it is attempt- 
ing to parody. But in the end, 
the movie's split purpose 
brings it down. Canadian art- 
ists have to make a decision. 
We can either hang out with 
the Moabites making subtle fun 
of the chosen ones, or we can 
cross over and plug in to the 
milk and honey, taking the bad 
with the good. / Love a Man in 
Uniform is about halfway 
across Jordan, and sinking fast. 

John Degen 



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20 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Filmmaking beyond Spaghetti Westerns 

Contemporary Italian directors discover classic American cinema 



by Mimi Choi 
Varsity Staff 

This year's choice for National Cinema is Italy 
and the program is cheekily titled Italian Renais- 
sance. A rather convenient name, isn't it, but 
the intended wit also comes with a price in 
expectation and anticipation. With the bounty 
of centuries of art and the glory of Italian 
Neorealist cinema, one is justified to ask the 
programmers, what is being reborn and are 
these the masters of a new age? 

Though the fol- 
lowing are but a 
sample of the 
lengthy program, 
. I there seems to be 
rPStlVtll ^" overwhelming 
American tone to 
(IF KKSTIV M.'i current Italian films, 

ranging from visual 

references to tech- 
nical styles. 



Flight of the Innocent, 1 992 
Carlo Carlei 

A gunshot ripping into the flesh of a young 
shepherd heralds the opening scene and, in the 
nextten minutes, three generationsof a Calabrian 
fami ly are blown away. It takes a whi le to realize 
this isn't just another day in the south of Italy. 
But when the narrative does establish itself, it is 
unfortunately not hard to guess what happens 
next. 

At the center is Vito (Manual Colao), the lone 
survivor of his family's massacre and one step 
ahead of his own murder. The source of the 
internecine rivalry between the families is an- 
other young boy, kidnapped from a rich Sienese 
family. Charles deliberately blurs the identities 
of both boys. My guess is that he's suggesting 
that the North and South of Italy are, despite their 




Silvio Orlando gets bussed in // Portaborse. 



current divisiveness, the same under the skin. 

M.C. 



But, really, his grandiose but predictably im- 
ages really can't bear the weight of political 
insight. 

Described as an Italian Fugitive, this film 
certainly reflects Carlei's absorption of Ameri- 
can film. The framing, shot/reverse shot se- 
quences and pacing imitate the run-of-the-mill 
American thriller. One image, though, does 
stands out: as a mother hangs the family laundry. 




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Metro HaU, Station 1102 
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Toronto M5V 3C6 
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Deadline for Applications: 
September 13, 1993 




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Mondays 
September 13 - April 18 

Beginners / Level I - 7 pm 
Beginners / Level II - 8 pm 
Beginners / Level III - 9 pm 

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September 15 - April 20 

Beginners / Level 1-7 pm 
Intermediates - 8 pm 

Class Fee: $53.50 (GST Incl.) 
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a gunshot is fired and slowly, the sheet that fills 
the screen turns crimson. 

M.C. 



Marrakesh Express, 1 989 
Cabriele Salvatore 

From the man who brought you Meditenaneo, 
this film is basically an Italian Big-Chill road 
movie. If that sounds like a mix of too many 
genres, you'll be pleasantly surprised to know 
that it actually holds together. Four school friends 
who have become a computer operator, a 

secorxlhand- 
car racket- 
eer, an anal- 
retenti ve 
teacher and 
a back- 
woods man 
reunite to 
rescue a fifth 
jailed in Mo- 
rocco for 
smuggling 
hash. They 
are guided 
from Milan 
through 
Marseille 
and Spain to 
Morocco by 
the girlfriend 
of the victim 
(a la Meg 
Tilly). 

Salvatore 
preoccupa- 
tion with 
American 
cinema sur- 
faces 
through nos- 
talgia, flash- 
backs and 



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renewed friendships that punctuate the journey. 
When they deal with the hotel clerk and prison 
guard in Morocco, the lingua franca is English, 
as is the title of the film. And if it hasn't sunk in 
entirely, Salvatore makes it blatantly clear when 
the group runsout of gas in a Spanish ghost town 
that was a Western film set. But, to his credit, 
Salvatore does reflect the Latin way through a 
nationalistic soccer match organized to settle 
the ownership of the jeep's muffler. 

The Latin way is also about siestas in the sun, 
which is what Marrakesh Express really feels 
like. So, if the crowds and lineups and life in 
general are getli ng to you, chi II out with Salvatore. 

M.C. 



La Scorta (The Escort) 
Rick Tognazzi, 1993 

With the recent bombings in Florence and 
Rome, a film on the elusive, pervasive Mafia is 
timely. Focusing specifically on the everyday 
corruption inTrapani, Sicily, Tognazzi takes the 
perspective of the police escorts (Enrico Lo 
Verso, Carlo Cecchi, Ricky Memphis, Tony 
Sperandeo), bodyguards somewhere between 
the Secret Service and Rambo, who protect the 
special prosecutor investigating corruption. They 
are an elite lot, expressing the grim discipline of 
their profession: "There is no death penalty, but 
we are condemned." Like some of the other 
Italian filmmakers, Tognazzi takes cues from 
American cinema, but he also injects an exciting 
air of tension because the narrative is taken from 
the headlines. It is a heightened, stylized real- 
ism, bolstered by Ennio Morricone's dramatic 
score: even when we remember it is just a film, 
we can admire the pains taken to communicate 
the authenticity. So the un-cinematic ending 
becomes not just plausible but a reminder that 
the real thing is still happening. 

M.C. 



II Portaborse (The Footman) 
Daniele Luchetti 

A sharp dissection of Italian politics with more 
wit and sensibility than anything you're likely 
to see Stateside. Luciano (Silvio Orlando), a 
literature teacher and talented ghostwriter, gets 
hired on as a speechwriter for a flashy up-and- 
coming politician, Cesare Botero (played by 
spoti ighted di rector Nanni Moretti) — and gets an 
intensive seminar in greed and corruption. Botero 
exudesthearroganceofaMacchiavellian prince 
but he's decidedly contemporary, mouthing 
claptrap soundbites about the future and the 
necessity to enter the 21 st century first — while 
his own motivations are a lot more venal. (In 
private, he's prone to making statements like, 
"You must love humanity to take men as indi- 
viduals. They're really intolerable.") 

But the film offers more than just a picture of 
corruption; it contemplates the implications of 
academics and journalists getting in bed with 
political opportunists. Addthefuzzyheadedness 
characteristic of the intelligentsia, and the result 
is a complete lack of effective opposition. // 
Portaborse asks whether journalists and aca- 
demics have neglected the real world for a 
make-believe one. (If you need any other rea- 
sons to see the film, Moretti and Hoffman- 
lookalike Orlando give brilliant sharp-edged 
performances.) 

Sfeve Gravestock 



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TUESDAY 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 21 



. . . and yet morejilms 



by Steve Cravestock 
Varsity Staff 

Child Murders (lldiko Szabo, Hungary) 
The tale of Szolta, a sensitive neglected 1 2- 
year-old who murders another child. Child 
Murders starts numbingiy in a depressingly 
arty style with weird scenes you can't 
quite interpret, odd cuts, a torturously slow 
pace, and a drab electronic score. Surpris- 
ingly, it picks up and takes on a cumulative 
power. The plot hinges on the hero's rela- 
tionships with a young pregnant gypsy runa- 
way who's hiding out in a railroad car by 
the river, and his hellish nemesis Ibi Trattter. 
Ibi has the kind of voice that could clear off 
barnacles and her cheeks have this hei- 
nously ruddy glow, probably from feeding 
off the sore spots of other kids. 

Child Murders can be commended for its 
courage in exploring the bleak conditions 
for children (and adults) in "free" Hun- 
gary. It tackles tough subject matter with 
understanding without flinching even once. 
But that same credibility is the film's major 
flaw: there's an oppressive lack of joy in 
Szabo's vision. Even when the hero and 
his gypsy buddy are cavorting in a ruined 
industrial landscape, there's a 
straitjacketed, thematic feel to the proceed- 
ings. We know we're really only supposed 
to take in one fact — - the absence of emo- 
tional and intellectual outlets forthe charac- 
ters. It would be utterly ludicrous to ask 
Szabo to include joy where he didn't see 
any, especially given the bleak conditions 
in the "liberated" Communist bloc, but in 
shoving this bleakness down our throats 



he's essentially left us outside of his 
hero's mind. Ultimately, all we really 
get a sense of is the environment. 



Ruby in Paradise (Victor Nunez, USA) 
Veteran indie filmmaker Nunez' third 
feature won big at Sundance, and it isn't 
hard to see why. Ruby in Paradise sug- 
gests a Satie piece, minus the precious- 
ness. Gorgeously shot and exquisitely 
acted, the film is more precise emotional 
shifts than ideas, more character than 
plot. And as with Nunez's previous film. 
Flash of Green, there's also the feeling of 
a place keenly and carefully observed. 

The heroir^e. Ruby, emerges as one of 
the most acutely rendered film characters 
in recent years. An escapee from funda- 
mentalist Tennessee, she finds her appar- 
ent destiny working in a retail store in a 
Florida resort town. (It's apparent be- 
cause nothing about this film is closed-off 
or final.) For some, this would be a trag- 
edy, a trap. For Ruby, it's a qualified sort 
of freedom. No doubt some will see the 
movie as too accepting of Ruby's appar- 
ent lack of ambition, but then who gives a 
damn about them? As Ruby, Ashley Judd 
(Sisters and the younger sister of Wynonna 
Judd) imbues the fi Im with her ruminative, 
irresolute beauty. There's a real good 
chancethatthisfilm will be overlooked — 
the screening I wenttoo was rather sparsely 
attended — but don't make the same 
mistake as our local critics. Ruby in Para- 
dise is easily one of the most transcendent 
movie experiences this year. 



Marlowe's devilish handiwork 



by Ceorgiana Uhlyarik 
Varsity Staff 

An angelic devil sings softly to the sounds of a 
squeaky harpsichord. It is the same red skinned 
body that gracefully led us to our seats. But now 
he's throwing confused glances at us and we 
laugh. Clowns make you laugh at the scariest 
things. 

Faustus:A Clown S/70w currently at the Thea- 
tre Resource Centre is a fusion of Christopher 
Marlowe's text of his tale of temptation and its 
physical interpretation by theatrical clowns 
Debbie Tidy as Faustus and Sue Morrison as 
Mephistophilis. As unusual as the mixture might 
seem at first, it works. 

Clown work, a theatrical technique of height- 
ened awareness of one's body and physical 
presence, allows for the play's commentary on 
the fact that absol ute i ntel lectu al boredom drives 
one off the edge and into the abyss. Tidy's 
Faustus starts out as a bored skeptical scholar 
impatiently fingering her ancient books and 
becomes a coy, aroused devil worshiper. 
(Strangely enough, reminiscent of a Meg Ryan- 
like innocent curiosity for the forbidden.) As 
Faustus'temptationisself-inflicted, of all things 
by playing "Twister"(!!), Mephistophilis need 




Faustus under the Big Top 

only slightly nudge her along. Michael Harms, 
the director, has them deliver their lines half- 
jokingly and maximizes the double entendre of 
certain passages. 

Of course, Faustus is to laugh at, until later the 
realization creeps in. We were laughing at our- 
selves. 



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Bed Talk: getting cozy 
with Sara Craig 



by Amber Meredith 
Golem 
Varsity Staff 

Sara Craig, the gifted singer- 
songwriter who hails from the 
west end of Toronto, is one of 
the featured performers at the 
"Let Us Entertain You" Dia- 
betes Benefit on September 1 2. 
She recently let The Vars/rygrill 
her in their own Erica Um ver- 
sion of 20 Questions. 

best place to spot Sara: "Ca- 
nadian Tire. It's my favourite 
pastime." 

first song she remembers 
singing: "The first time I sang 
publicly, the song was 'Frank 
Mills' from Hair. I sang it on 
the swings to my friend. It was 
very public. . . the first time I 
opened my mouth." 

first crush: "His name was 
Adam Smith. It was in grade 
one. I can even see his face. I 
probably liked him because he 
didn't like me, or was afraid 
of me rather. He was cute. With 
freckles." 

comfort clothes: "Men's py- 
jamas." 

edible essentials: "Chocolate. 
And cheese." 

what's on her stereo: "I just 
finished listening to U2's 
Achtung Baby five minutes 
ago." 

pet peeve: "Certain smells at- 




tract me, but I hate perfumes. I 
don't wear any, and in fact, I 
even had to move tables at a 
restaurant the other night be- 
cause of this woman's scent 
near me that was overpower- 
ing. It just made me sick to my 
stomach — all that fake body 
odour." 

on her distinctive "do": " I 
get my hair cut at the Hairem 



Dark and mysterious diva 

on College. It's the best. I 
used to have hair down to my 
bum for the first 23 years of my 
life, but I'd never go back 
now. Now, I just have a long- 
haired wig I wear once in a 
while. It's really neat." 

the best thing about being Sara 
Craig right now: "I'm the 
freest I've ever been. In what 
way? In all ways." 



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22 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



The Oxford Dictionary of Current English 
Second Edition 

edited by Delia Thompson 

Oxford University Press 



kiss and tell 

The Varsity has scads of tickets for True Romance starring mega-babe Christian 
Slater. The movie will be screening at the Cumberland 4 Wednesday, September 
8. Tell us abut your first kiss by phone, fax or in person and win tickets for two. 
tel:979-2831 fax:979-8357 44 St George Street 
Ask for Mimi, Georgiana or Amber. 



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Those who are frustrated by the lack of au 
courant-ness (?) of most dictionaries will be 
pleased with the new Oxford Dictionary of 
Current English's boast that it contains the very 
latest neologisms, such as cyberpunk. 

That seems about as good a place to start as 
any: cyberpunk " n.sciencefiction writing com- 
bining high-tech plots with unconventional or 
nihilistic social values [from CYBERNETICS, 
PUNK]". Punk, in turn, can mean anything from 
" 2 devotee of (anti -establishment and deliber- 
ately outrageous style of rock music)" to " 3 soft 
crumbly fungus-infested wood used as tinder". 
Something tells me that cyberpunk is derived 
partly from meaning 2 of punk, but it's not the 
dictionary. 

In comparison, virtual reality, often mentioned 
in the same context as cyberpunk, is tersely 
defined as "simulation of the real world by a 
computer," which really doesn't give more 
than what you might already suspect. 
Postmodern, another seldom-understood 
buzzword, is given as "adj. (in the arts) of the 
movement reacting against modernism, esp. by 
drawing attention to former conventions," which 
I suppose suffices if you can recall those conven- 
tions of modernism. 

Regrettably missing are in-depth usage guides 
and detailed etymologies as in the larger Ox- 
fords. Especially irritating is the inclusion of the 



popularusageof the noun /ync(sense 2) as "(in 
pi.) words of a song." Although often used thus, 
most people don't know any better, and it is 
WRONG ! Lyric (si ngu lar) refers to the enti re text 
of a song and not a phrase or individual word. 
You often hear someone refer to "a lyric from a 
song," but what they really mean is something 
called a line. 

Etymologies are disappointingly short in this 
Oxford. It is useful to know, for instance, that the 
preposition chez ultimately derives from the 
Latin noun casa ("cottage") but more impor- 
tant is its more recent entry into English through 
French. Some are dubious, too: keelhaul is ap- 
parently of uncertain origin, although I would 
wager it comes from Old Norse (as /cee/ suppos- 
edly does) or Dutch, as do many nautical words 
such as bowsprit, skipperand boom (as in "lower 
the boom"). Similarly, I'd never have guessed 
that narc comes from the Romany nak, meaning 
"nose" and not from the perhaps more obvious 
narcotics officer 

Still, we should be grateful that etymologies 
are included at all in a dictionary this small, 
since compilers usually skimp on such things. 
This dictionary is adequate overall but some- 
thing more substantial would be better for seri- 
ous use. 

Larry Koch 



The Dept of French presents 

• 

She WouU Be The First Sentence 0/ My Not JVouel ' 
by Nicole Brossard | 

■ 

Monday 13 September 1993 4: 15 pm 
George Ignatleff Theatre, Trinity College I 
15 Devonshire Place ■ 



^ ^ratdiiate^nd Part-Time 
Undergraduate Students 

. . . you are automatically members of the Ontario Public 
Interest Research Group - Toronto (OPIRG) through a 
refundable student levy. 

OPIRG is a student organization for research, education and 
activism on environmental and social justice issues. We 
organize educational events, research projects, lobbying, have 
our own radio show and offer volunteers the opportunity to 
develop practical skills and critical analysis. 

Some of our on-going projects include: 

- environmental education, lobbying and activism 

- research and activism on educational issues such as tuition fees, 
accountability of university boards and decision making structures, 
accessibility and public accountability of universities 

- weekly radio show on ClUT 

- Anti-racism working group 

- Safer Sex Education Project 

APUS and GSU members who choose not to be members of 
OPIRG may obtain a refund of their fee from Sept. 7 to Oct. 1 . 
Refunds are available from our office at 445 Spadina Ave., 
Room 201 from September 1 3 to October 1 , 1 2-7 (please call 
978-7770 first). Refunds are also available from volunteer tables 
at the following locations: 

- SidneySmith Hall: Sept. 7-9 from 1 to 5 

- Scarborough College: Sept 1 3-1 6 from 3 to 7 

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University of Toronto Computer Shop 
214 College Street, 3rd Floor 
978-7947 




TUESDAY 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 23 



The past in a Nescafe Jar 

Director Lucian Pintilie revisits Ceausescu-era Romania 



by Georgiana 
Uhlyarik 
Varsity Staff 

There is a Romanian film out, 
you know. And it's enough to 
refer to it like this because none 
came before it, and it will be 
a long while before another 
arrives. 

For the first time, I saw un- 
fold upon the screen the world 
I abandoned eight years ago, 
intact as I remember it - a coun- 
try dismembered, infected and 
wasted. This isthe reality of the 
Ceausescu era, which from a 
safe distance the world saw 
unravel on CNN three Christ- 
mases ago. (After the cameras 
were gone, it patched itself up 
under a different name.) 

Lucian Pintilie, a Romanian 
director of some status and a 
rebellious reputation, returned 
from his 20 years in France to 
immortalize in movingpictu res 
the horrors of a people forced 
to watch their own intellect, 
culture and soul disintegrate as 
they scramble for potatoes and 
bread. 

You see, no one actually 
starves; they just decompose. 
In Romania - of then and now 
- you can live a privileged life 
of blue jeans, coffee and chew- 
ing gum, simply by agreeing to 
meet certain people of rel- 
evance and consequence with- 
out clothes, conscience or hu- 
manity. Option number two: 
you sever off your bleeding 
roots and plant them crippled 



somewhere far. 

In the context of Le Chine, 
one has to ignore these options 
and find out whether there is a 
third. Nela (Maia Morgenstern) 
is a young school teacher edu- 
cated in Paris and brought up 
in a villa acquired by her father 
during his in- 
volvement with 
the secret serv- 
ice. He is both 
the monster and 
the protector, 
and now that he 
is dead she must 
abandon them both. She car- 
ries her father's ashes in a 
Nescafe jar - sign of the privi- 
leged - on her journey from the 
capital to Copsa Mica. 

Pintilie chooses this miser- 
able provincial town purpose- 
fully, for it is one of the most 
polluted areas in all of Europe. 
At the bottom of a hill prowls a 
hideous toxic skeleton of a fac- 
tory producing a chemical 
called smoke black. The hospi- 
tal is a morgue, the water leak- 
ing out of sinks is brown, and 
their faces are black with smog. 

Here Nela meets Mitica 
(Razvan Vasiiescu), a doctor 
surviving because he 
refuses to compromise himself. 
He understands the trade-off 
and is unwilling to make it. At 
any cost. She ultimately learns 
to do the same. 

The rest of the people they 
encounter are caricatures of 
peasants, priests and militia, 
unable to be truly evil, fabri- 



cated partially by Pintilie and 
partially by their horrific real- 
ity. Lurking in the shadows is 
Nela's sister, slowly creeping 
into daylight, until finally she 
reveals herself in her full dia- 
bolic monstrosity. She, ulti- 
mately, isthe incarnation of the 



Romanians once lived in 
privilege with blue jeans, 
coffee and chewing gum. 



trulyevil forces capableofdriv- 
ing a psychological war and 
massacring a country and its 
people. 
Although ail this isvisibieon 



screen, Le Chine remains a 
collage of strongly disturbing 
images real and powerful, but 
lacking a coherent sense of a 
message or vision. His attempt 
to tie it all up at the end by our 
heroes' symbolic sheltering 
under the enduring oak (hence 
the title of the film) 
feels forced. 

Romanian artists 
can, again, express 
themselves after years 
of being silenced. If 
anything is different 
in today's Romania, 
it is that no one is afraid to talk. 
Pintilie can finally let every- 
thing flow out of his head and 
heart. Raw, unedited, 
uncensored and bleeding. 



THEATRE AROUND CAMPUS 

The University of Toronto campus offers a varied number of 
theatre-related activities. For you thespians, Iceep yourself 
updated with this monthly column and get involved! 

F.O.O.T. Festival of Original Theatres started last year by 
members of the Graduate Centre for Study of Drama and is 
currently looking for submissions for the upcoming festival to 
take place February 2 - 6, 1 994. This year the theme is Crossing 
Borders: Bridging Communitieshey hope to explore, in multi- 
disciplinary style, the gulfs and gaps between theory, practice, 
reality, fantasy, communities, TV, essays.... Deadline is Octo- 
ber 1, 1993. Contact F.O.O.T. c/o Graduate Centre at 214 
College St. (in Koffler Building) or call 978 7987. 
Poculi Ludique Societas or simply The Drinking and Playing 
Society) is organizing an exhibition of costumes and props 
from the company's past 25 years of Medieval and Renais- 
sance period playmaking. It is in association with the Records 
of Early English Drama and the U of T Media Centre. The PLS 
society concentrates on performing plays as they would have 
originally been staged. The exhibit takes place in Robarts 
Library, Second Floor from September 7 to 30, 1 993. Ifyou are 
interested in learning more about PLS contact 978 5096. 
The U of T Drama Coalition is an organization formed last 
year by the six amateur drama clubs associated with U of T 
colleges in order to pool resources and energy. They have 
revived an yearly drama festival at Hart House Theatre, a sort 
of competition between the different clubs taking place in 
mid-January. If interested and want to know how to get 
involved call Trevor Rines at 534 9145. 




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vacl 



DIARY 



Texfagenda diary with Magister cover. 
Available at all fine stationers and bookstores. 



24 VARSITY REVIEW 



TUESDAY 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



UNIVERSITY 




Highest quality leather 

Excellent custom 
workmanship in each 
garment 



Leather jacket complete with 
crest, back and sleeve letters. 

Melton jacket with leather 
sleeves, complete with crest, 
back £ind sleeve letters. 




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we treat each order with the 
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TEL -593-1171 



Give a Monkey 
a Brain & He'll 
Swear He's the 
Center of the 
Universe 

Fishbone 

Sony 

Bands that boast a variety of 
disparate influences wind up 



slop of "Lemon Meringue" to 
the nasty biting ska of "Un- 
yielding Conditioning," the 
sound remains all of a piece 
while shifting gears and genres 
effortlessly. The lyrics are terse 
toughminded and just plain 
bizarre. The oddest hybrid is 
"(May Your Dog's Colon be 
Familiar with) The Warmth of 
Your Breath," a bizarre thrash 
chant, which accomplishes 
what Frank Zappa's been try- 
ing to do forever. 

Steve Gravestock 




with a Sound that's peculiarly 
lifeless. In attempting to unite 
their influences, they produce 
a sound that's muddled and 
abstract. While you can appre- 
ciate the democratic impulse 
behind the creation of a new 
hybrid, you can't help miss- 
ing the direct impact that more 
traditional bands have. One of 
the few exceptions is L. A.-based 
Fishbone. 

Their latest, Give a Monkey 
a Brain and He'll Swear He's 
the Center of the Universe, 
combines ska, funk, metal and 
soul without sacrificing any 
energy. From the mosh anthem 
"Swim" to the straight-up funk 



When I Was A 
Boy 

Jane Siberry 

Warner 

The long-awaited and much- 
anticipated When I Was A Boy 
is the sixth offeri ng from Siberry, 
and while the previous five 
never did quite as well as they 
could (should?) have, this one 
never fails to make me tingle. 
With guest vocals by kd lang, 
Rebecca Jenkins, and Holly 
Cole (among others), and pro- 
duction by Brian Eno, Michael 
Brook and Siberry herself, it 



becomes a borderline all-star 
stroke of genius. 

The sweet sorrow of songs 
like "The Vigil" will leave you 
curled up in a fetal position, 
wondering if your heart will 
ever stop bleeding. "Sail 
Across the Water," "Temple" 
and "Calling All Angels" just 
might bring you to your knees, 
raising your hands to the heav- 
ens, thanking Cod for Jane. 

It's a CD about love and 
desire, and likethe woman says, 
"I believe/ that love is the only 
thing/. . .the only thing that can 
heal us all." Amen. 

Robyn Gurney 

Well Gone 
Bad 

The Saddletramps 

Independent 

I own a huge, black, fuzzballed 
cable-knit sweater that I call 
"comfort clothing". On fat and 
ugly days, I can wrap it around 
me and make all the hard edges 
of the world recede. After one 
listen, I realized that if the 
Saddletramps' long-long- 
long-awaited c.d. release. Well 
Cone Bac/, was a piece of cloth- 
ing, it would be this sweater. 

The Saddletramps are more 
than just a warm and fuzzy 
band; they are the purveyors of 
some of the finest independent 
music in this country. After eight 
years together, the Toronto four- 




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some (back to its original lineup 
after a few female additions 
and subtractions) still hold 
down day jobs, but thei r moon- 
lighting music just keeps get- 
ting better. Ear candy (ike 
"Divine Intravenous" and 
"Bound by Love" are melt-in- 
your-mouth pop songs, rock- 
ing and stomping their way 
through singalongable cho- 
ruses and great guitar crunches. 
The rest of the album reads like 
a recipe for c.d. success: acces- 
sible without being "safe", 
familiar rock-pop jangle with- 
out being imitative. It's an 
album for your car, for your 
backyard, for your friends, for 
your fat and ugly days — and, 
after three years of recorded 
silence from the Saddletramps, 
it's definitely an album worth 
waiting for. 

Amber Meredith 
Golem 

Crush 

Doughboys 

A&M 

The Doughboys fourth full- 
length recording promises to 
bri ng them huge success, and it 
would be well deserved. The 
first single, "Shine" is the kind 
of three-minute rock/pop song 
that most musicians dream 
about writing — it's short, 
catchy, and impossible to sit 
still through. The rest of the first 
half is more of the same, with 
"Melt" and "Disposable" 
picking up where "Shine" 
leaves off. "Fix Me" is an in- 
teresting commentary on life in 
the lonely nineties, while still 
pretty groovy. The last song on 
side one of the cassette is call 
the "Sitty Song," and frankly, 
it suits its name, but its the only 
real low point on the whole 
record. The second side is less 
immediately appealing than the 
first, but it did grow on me after 
several times through, espe- 
cially the cool "Fall." The 
band has clearly found a style 
that works, not quite grunge, 
not quite pop, but a perfect 
blend of both. This album is 
great for listening to on the 
Walkman while on the sub- 
way, and it makes equally good 
summer driving (stuck in traffic 
with the windows down...). 
Crush could be the one that 
finally breaks the Montreal- 
based group into Canada's 
mainstream, but if life were fair, 
it would take them much far- 
ther. This is the band that was 
i nvited to be the local act at the 
first Lollapalooza. Buy this not 
only because it's really good, 
but hey, you'd be supporting 
Canada's cash-strapped art- 
ists, too. 

Ginna Watts 




B A K K A 

SCIENCE CICT10N B O O X I T o II ( 




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AND HORROR. SINCE 1972. 

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CO 



Sports 



The Tuesday Edition 
7 September 1993 



BY RiCCARDO SaLA 

The 1993 World Wrestling Championships took place at Varsity 
Arena in the last week of August in front of a mixed crowd of athletes 
and curious spectators. 

Three things happened at these championships. Americans won the 
overall team title — their first ever. Canadians were given a poor shake 
officiating wise. (Read Chris Wilson, eventual bronze medallist in the 
68 KG class, who suffered through a bad call early on in the 
tournament that cost him what many felt should have been a victory 
over Vadim Boguiev of Russia.) And, for the first time, athletes who 
would have once competed under the banner of one powerhouse 
Soviet team, instead wrestled under the flags of 14 newly-independent 
states. 

* * * 

For the Saturday morning session, a 1 5-dollar ticket bought me a 
seat in Section "J", close to the rafters, where officials and wrestling 
aficionados (such as the American Lewis brothers) videotaped the 
action on the mats below. 

Advertised as lasting from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., the session that day 
went only until 1 1 :30. That didn't bode well for one family who had 
arrived during the last match expecting at least one more hour of 
wrestling. 

Spectators of the first match, between Turan Ceylan and Valentin 
Jelev of Bulgaria, were slightly jolted when Ceylan passed out on the 
mat. Jelev was deemed guilty of administering an illegal choke hold, 
and a rematch was ordered for the 74 KG bout. 

Injuries played a role as well in the 100 KG match between Slovak 
Milan Mazac and Tae Woo Kim of Korea. Time out was called to treat 
a cut on Kim's forehead, but despite this setback, the Korean pre- 
vailed. 

One other match pitted Andre Backhaus of Germany, the European 
champion in 74 KG, against Alberto Rodriguez of Cuba. Backhaus 
won and later that afternoon went on to capture the bronze medal in 
his weight class. 

Watching intently as Backhaus wrestled were a large number of his 
teammates nestled directly in front of me. The German wrestlers wore 
fancy cherry and yellow (or colours to that effect) Adidas spandex. 
Along with their while and blue team jackets, with Deutschland 
emblazoned across the back, they were easily the most conspicuous 
athletes at these championships. Unfortunately, selling team uniforms 
was not on the German wrestling squad's agenda. 

The Germans weren't the only team encamped in the stands. 
Athletes from various teams easily look up half the number of seats in 
Varsity Arena, ihe more sweat soaked among them adding to the 
facility's stuffy and slightly malodorous atmosphere. 

In the corridors under the arena stands, action of a different sort was 
taking place. Some teams, the Russians for example, had set up tables 
and sold items such as wristwatches, knives, and pendants from back 
home. Gas money. Another team displayed a chess set with brightly 
coloured figures for sale, and an American wrestler hustled T-shirts 
from other tournaments from out of his bag, stopping short of the 
sweaty one on his back. 



Auto-racing season 
wraps up 



BY Andrew Male 
Varsity Staff 

Both the Indy and Formula 
One series are drawing to a 
close, and for those many 
motor-racing enthusiasts, it 
has been an entertaining sum- 
mer. 

Paul Tracy became the first 
Canadian to win the Toronto 
Indy, and following last 
week's race in Vancouver, he 
currently stands third behind 
Emerson Fiitipaldi and points- 
leader Nigel Mansell. 

In Formula One, as we get 
ready for the Italian Grand 
Prix at Monza, the points 
leader and probable world 
champion is Alain Prost. The 
Frenchman and Williams 
'conducteur' took over from 
Mansell when the latter's fi- 
nancial requirements bumped 
him over to the Indy series. 

But as usual during this time 
of year, the races are over- 
shadowed by rumours of 



where each driver will be next 
season. Already Michael 
Andretti's abysmal display 
with Maclaren has assured him 
of an embarrassing return to 
Indy cars. The question is who 
he will be driving for, more 
than likely returning to 
Newman Haas and Papa 
Mario. 

And Mansell, will he, as 
expected, make a triumphant 
return to Formula One, de- 
spile his less than convincing 
praise of racing in North 
America? And if so, where 
will he be driving? Maybe with 
Benetton who recently re- 
leased Italian veteran Ricardo 
Palrese. Who knows? And for 
many of you, surely, who 
cares? 

But for those of us on cam- 
pus, and we are many, who 
enjoy watching hours of roll- 
ing billboards orbiting a race 
track, the next few weekends 
will offer entertainment a 
plenty. 




Paul Tracy at the Toronto Indy. 



(Andrew MaleA/S) 



Black Mariceteering at 
Wrestling Championships 





A Korean and a Cuban locked in a stalemate. 

In the parking lot outside Vaisity Arena, there were still a lot of 
people half an hour after the morning session had ended. 

I ran into Reza, an Iranian who I remembered from the days 
at York University. Like many non-students who wrestle, Reza was 
drawn to York, where he worked out regularly with the varsity team. 
The program doesn't exist anymore, so these days when he wants to 
wrestle, he goes to Knox College at U of T, where a newly-formed 
group meets every Monday and Wednesday. 



J 



(Rodger Levesque/VS) 

NOTES: In other wrestling news, Christine Nordhagen and Janna 
Penny of Canada won medals at the 1993 World Female Wrestling 
Championships in Norway August 6-8. 

Nordhagen settled for the silver in the 70 KG category when she lost 
to Yayoi Urano of Japan in the final, and Penny took bronze at 65 KG 
after wins over Australia, Norway, and Switzerland. 

Canada fielded a team for the first time in the six-year-old event 
Anyone interested in wrestling at U of T should contact Peter Brown 
at 693-4302. 



DAR severs ties with ClUT 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

After more than 22 years of broadcasting Varsity Blues games, U of 
T's community radio station will break tradition in 1993-94. 

Because of a number of technical complications, and the last- 
minute cancellation of a broadcast of an entire game, as well as only 
the partial broadcast of two others, the Department of Athletics and 
Recreation (DAR) decided to remove its game coverage and its 
weekly report on U of T sports, "Blues News," from CIUT. 

"We've agreed (with CIUT) that until they get their act together, 
we'll cancel everything," said Norm Woods, marketing director at 
DAR. 

"As a result of poor technical production, I fellour public image was 
just not acceptable," Woods added. 

CIUT's station manager, David Ackerman, admitted that the sta- 
tion had difficulty engineering a competent live broadcast. 

"We were too over-extended," said Ackerman, who look over the 
management of the station from interim manager Nilan Pereira, in 
January 1993. 

Ackerman said he doesn't want to use a band-aid approach to the 
technical problems that have become nothing new to Blues broad- 
casts. 

"We want to sil back and assess the situation. We're trying to 
reorganize our technical operations," said Ackerman, pointing to the 
building of a new studio. 

Ackerman said the problem is not only one of equipment breaking 
down, but also the lack of interest among CIUT's largely volunteer 
base. 

"So much of it depends on the right person coming forward and 
making a commitment to the station. I'm waiting to see that person," 
he said. 

But according to Paul Carson, sports information director at DAR, 
CIUT already has interested volunteers. 

'There are at least two or three people who have indicated to us that 
they wanted to do the games," he said. 

Carson added that it is up to Ackerman and the station to provide 
volunteers with support. 

After the cancellations by DAR, the only time allotted to sports at 
CIUT is a daily five-minute update at noon Monday through Friday 
and a cricket show on Wednesdays at 12:30. 

And DAR says that will be it, unless Ackerman acts. 

"I'm wide open," Woods said, "and it's really in his court to come 
back to us. 

"I havf, to be convinced that the philosophy of the station includes 
sports and recreation." 

In January, Ackerman said he initiated negotiations with DAR but 
that CIUT's annual fundraising drive delayed further discussions. 



DAR sent a letter to Ackerman in eariy May, revealing its intention 
to discontinue its association with CIUT, but, according to CIUT 
sports director, Milan Maglov, "Ackerman did absolutely nothing 
about that. He has not made any proposals." 

According to Woods and Carson, CIUT's lack of commitment to 
broadcasting Varsity sports became evident when the station refused 
to pre-empt its regular programming in favour of broadcasting the 
CIAU national hockey finals last March. They emphasized that the 
station's decision was particularly alarming since the hockey final was 
the first time in ten years that U of T had made it that far. 

"If you're gonna do play-by-play of games during the season and 
the home team makes it to the finals, then it would seem like a logical 
request (to broadcast the game)," said Woods. 

Ackerman, however, said he was concerned with the effect that the 
interruption would have on regular listeners. 

"(The Nationals) was an extraordinary event, but taking into 
context what was going on at the time, in terms of both the production 
value of the games (and the program that was scheduled), I think it was 
the decision that was in the best interest of the station," he said. 

"We (the program director and Ackerman) arc supportive of sports, 
and certainly I'm a big fan of Varsity athletics and amateur athletics. 
But the problem is that it has got to be done right, otherwise there's no 
point in doing it." 



FUN 
STUFF! 

Department of Athletics and Recreation 

PLAY A SPORT 
LEARN A NEW SKiU 
OR JUST REC-REATE! 



DISCOUER THE ATHLETIC CENTRE 



at Harbord and Spadina 
(Free admission with student card) 

Come vitit our booth on front campus durin) Carnival 
Day, September tO, and win prizes! 



-1j 



26 VARSITY SPORTS 



TUESDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Exercise is a 
IVER Y 
important part 

lot 

EVERY 

Istudents' life! 

Each day of the 
I week there are 
Lifestrides 
I fitness classes 
at the 

Athletic Centre. 
There are 45 
classes a week to 
choose from! 

To participate 
you must 
purchase a fitness 
shoe tag starting . 
September 13 at 
the Main Office of 
the Athletic 
Centre - (it's a big 
grey building at 
I the corner of 
Harbord & 
Spadina with an 
Olympic size 
I swimming pool in 
it - you really 
I can't miss it!) 

For more 
information call 
978-3436 

Bring this ad to 
register! The first 
50 people with 
this ad will re- 
ceive a F R E E 
water bottle! 



While you're at 
the Athletic 
Centre pick up an 
Eneroizer - (The 
booklet that 
contains descrip- 
tions of all the 
great programs 
offered at the 
I Athletic Centre! 
COME 
0 N 

Id OWN! 



The return of The 
Squirrel and his friends 



BY DUARTE BaRCFXOS 

After nearly losing iheir football 
program because of budget cuts 
this year, a resurrected U of T 
Blues team kicked-off a new cam- 
paign with a pre-season coup of 
the defending national champion 
Queen's Golden Gaels. 

In front of a crowd of 1 ,650 at 



jbluesj 

Rowing 

U of T students were instru- 
mental in the North Ameri- 
can Championships which 
took place last month in St. 
Catharines. 

"Danielle Guertin and Fiona 
Milne: gold medal in inter- 
mediate lightweight women's 
pair and silver medal in sen- 
ior lightweight women's pair 
—Sue Inglis and Natalie 
Bcn/.ing: gold medal in inter- 
mediate lightweight women's 
straight four 

-Natalie Bcnzing, Danielle 
Guertin, Sue Inglis, and Fiona 
Milne: gold medal in light- 
weight women's eight 500m 
dash 

--Fiona Milne and Toni 
Pinkenon: gold medal in sen- 
ior lightweight women's four 
with coxswain 
-Mats Zurowski and Jerome 
Hass: bron/£ medal in senior 
men's lightweight pair 

Athletic 
Centre 
Construction 

Usmg funds from its capital 
budget, the Department of 
Athletics and Recreation 
(DAR) is rebuilding its main 
office, which should be ready 
for students this week. 

"The reason we are doing 
it is to inaugurate what we 
call one-stop shopping," said 
Paul Carson, the spons infor- 
mation director at DAR. 

"Now the average user can 
do all their bureaucratic stuff 
in one place," he said, refer- 
ring 10 the programs and the 
special memberships avail- 
able at (he Athletic Centre. 

CIAU Football 
Scores 

Canada West Conference 
(regular season) 

Alberta 40 
Manitoba 37 

Calgary 43 
UBC 29 

Inter Conference Elxhibition 



St.Mary's25 
Sask. 14 

McGill 31 
Windsor 4 



Bishops 45 
Western 10 

Waterloo 1 1 
Concordia 01 



Ottawa 14 Guelph 20 
McMasier 6 Carlton 07 



Varsity Stadium, the Blues hum- 
bled the Gaels with a 42-10 
trouncing. 

Right from the outset, Toronto 
set the tone with some tough in- 
your-face defence. Richard 
Fisher, in his return from a year- 
long knee injury, caused havoc 
for Queen's quarterbacks all day, 
sacking them on three separate 
occasions. 

With 8:17 remaining in the first 
quarter. Blues wide receiver 
Francis Eticnne got his first of 
two touchdowns on the day when 
quarterback Mario Sturino hit him 
with a 69-yard pass and run. 

Three minutes later, Toronto 
cashed in with another touchdown 
as fullback Brad Muxlow broke 
three tackles while running up 
the sideline, setting U of T up for 
a 14-0 lead. 

"We've tended to start off re- 
ally well in pre-season gamesover 
the years, mainly because of our 
training camp and preparation," 
Blues head coach Bob Laycoe 
said. 

The Blues are ranked fourth in 
the nation based on last year's 
record and on iheircore of return- 
ing players. But that fails to im- 
press Laycoe. 

"Rankings mean nothing right 
now. What counts is what hap- 
pens on the field." 

And what happened on the field 
against Queen's was record-set- 
ting. The Blues' David Richer, 
an OUAA all-star and a gifted 
track and field athlete, ran in a 
106-yard score from scrimmage, 
establishing the new benchmark 
for running backs at U of T. 

Taking a commanding 28-0 
lead into the second half of the 
game, the Blues continued their 
steady attack. 

Led by dynamite punt returner 
Glenn "The Squirrel" 
McCausland, the special teams 
were awesome. By reluming a 
punt 95 yards for a touchdown in 
the third quarter and igniting the 
crowd, McCausland showed the 
form he demonstrated last Sep- 
tember 15 in a game against 
McMcaster in which he scored 
three touchdowns on kick returns. 

Queen's scored its first points 
of the game in the third quarter on 




(Andrew Male/VS) 
U of T Blues Glenn "The 
Squirrel" McCausland 

a Rob Weir 35-yard field goal 
and later added a touchdown in 
the fourth quarter. 

Doug Hargrcaves, head coach 
of the Gaels, approached the game 
as a learning experience for the 
young players on the team and as 
an opportunity to assess his squad. 

"We're just looking to gel bel- 
ter each week," he said. 

Hargreaves is convinced To- 
ronto is a legitimate contender 
this year. 

"The Blues may be the team to 
beat in the Ontario conference," 
he said. "They're a very strong 
team with a lot of talent." 

Hargreaves said the key to the 
Blues success lies with their 
linebacking core and their strong- 
armed starting quarterback Mario 
Sturino. 

Based on Sturino's leadership, 
the Toronto offence was in mid- 
sea.son form, moving the ball ef- 
fectively, setting up the big play, 
and executing to perfection. 

In his first game since last sea- 
son when he separated his shoul- 
der, Sturino threw for 216 yards 
on eight completions and three 
touchdowns against Queen's. 

"We made no mistakes loday," 
he said. "We played within our 
system, and everything was click- 
ing. Hopefully we can keep it up 
for the whole season." 

The Blues open the regular 
season Saturday against the War- 
riors in Waterloo. 





Victorious Blues last Saturday against Queen's 



I 



TUESDAY, 7 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY CLASSIFIEDS 27 



CO 



Classifieds 



Varsily Classifieds cost S8.50 for 25 words and S6.50 each for 6 or 
more ads(Sludenl rale: S3. 25 for non-business ads). 20c enisforeach 
word dfler 25. Additional bold lype S2.00. Drawer rentals SIO per 
monlh. No copy changes afler submission, no telephone ads. Submit 
in person or send with payment to Varsity Classifieds, 44 St. George 
St., Toronto, Ont. M5S 2E4. Deadlines: Monday issue - Thursday 
noon, Thursday issue - Monday noon. Enquiries 979-2836. 



ACCOMMODATIONS 



WANTED 



RESIDENCE SPACE AVAILABLE 

Single and double rooms for grads and 
undergrads for the academic year 1993- 
94. Women only, meals included. Ewart 
College, 156 St. George St., Toronto, 
979-2501. 



BATHURST/LAWRENCE - 2 
BEDROOM 

BSMNT Apartment, hardwood floor, large 
eat-in kitchen, 4 pc bathroom, central air, 
walking distance to Yorkdale subway. 
September 1/93, $650.00, No Pets, Ref. 
781-2307. 6-9pm 

PROFESSOR'S APARTMENT FOR 
RENT 

Large, modern, 1 bedroom, private, main 
floor, 40' from "506" Carlton TTC stop, 
own laundry, October 1st, very clean, 
quiet. 929-5507. 

ROOMMATE NEEDED 

Share in secure warehouse: 1 300 sq ft, 
fully equipped gym & Dojo, free parking / 
1 block from subway. $375.00 / mo - must 
build own room. 



ROOMS BLOOR & DUFFERIN 

8' X 10': $225, 11' x 11': $275, including 
utilities. Nonsmokers only. Share kitchen, 
bathroom, living room and laundry. Ben 
862-31 93 (day); 534-0967 (eve & wkend). 




PHYSICAL IMMORTALITY 

Want eternal life and eternal youth? 
Skeptical of spiritual claims for afterlife? 
Science may have the solution, through 
anti-aging research, cryonics and 
nanotechnology. Thursday, September 
23 at 7:00pm Hart House Meeting Room 
(Second Floor) Free presentation. 862- 
3193 for more info. 




FUTONS FUTONS FUTONS 

Factory direct for U of T students. Delivery 
available. Call the Futon Factory at 66- 
55-88-4 for prices or visit us at: 940 Alness 
Street #16 (Dufferin-Finch) 

CONCERNED ABOUT SECURITV? 

Call Totally Secure' at 282-4925. Per- 
sonal attack alarms for ladies, plus alarms 
for bikes or other possessions; also home 
& auto alarms. 

MODERN HOUSE FOR SALE 

Spacious separate areas set up for pro- 
fessional to live and work. 40' from "506" 
Carlton TTC stop. Faces a main street. 9 
rooms, 2 kitchens, 3 baths, 2 laundries, 
alarm, large drive and garage. 929-5507 

DESK FOR SALE 

65 inches long, 32 deep, 28 high. 3 drawer 
solid wood unit. Breaks down into 3 pieces 
for easy transportation. 591-8821. 



WORK FROM HOME 

and earn $1 .83 for each envelope you re- 
direct to the U.K. We pay the postage. 
Send self-addressed envelope and two 
international response coupons (available 
from post offices) for details to: Castle 
Publishing, Dept CV C4, 37b New 
Cavendish Street, London, W1M 8JR, 
England. 



WANTED: FIGURE SKATING COACH 

for Varsity team. Mustbe Level I Certified. 
For freeskate, precision and choreogra- 
phy. Oct. to Feb. Call Heather 590-9070 
eve. 



PART TIME POSITIONS 

Telephone Receptionist, $8.00 per hour. 
Downtown location. Looking for friendly, 
articulate people. Flexible hours. The 
Answering Service - Ellen Irving, 967- 
9295. 



EXTRA $$$ 

Stuff envelopes at home in your spare 
time. $2/envelope! Send a self-addressed 
stamped envelope for free details to SSA, 
Box 51 4, Station J, Toronto, Ontario M4J 
4Z2. 



ARTS / CRAFTS WANTED FOR 
STORE AT BLOOR / YONGE MALL 

We sell, you get 90% of sale. Yes, you can 
make money. Act now. 969-9319. 

CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM 

Volunteers needed. Springboard is a com- 
munity based social service agency in 
which professionals and volunteers sup- 
port the rehabilitation and reintegration of 
our clients, including young and adult 
offenders and others at risk. Spring board 
volunteers receive comprehensive train- 
ing in an innovative workplace offering 
opportunities for personal growth and 
development. Call Springboard Volun- 
teers at (416) 785-3666. 



CAMPUS REPS 

Student travel agency requires two U of T 
students to act as Campus Reps. You 
must be outgoing and willing to wori< 
approx 20-25 hours per week. This part- 
time job pays houriy wage as well as 
travel incentives. Please call Robert at 
979-2506. 

GAIN VALUABLE BUSINESS 
EXPERIENCE 

While earning extra money. We are look- 
ing for students to help develop the mar- 
ket for long-distance telephone service. 
Full support provided. For more infonna- 
tion, please call Dan or Kim collect at 
(613)547-9527. 




PENPALS 

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(GST included). Acne, freckles. Introduc- 
tory offer: pay two - third free. Bay St. 
Clinic, 1033 Bay. Tel. 921-1357. 

ARE YOU PREGNANT 

and distressed? Call Birthright - 499-1 1 1 1 
ordrop by our campus office in Teefy Hall, 
Room 6 (downstairs) any weekday after- 
noon between 1:30 and 4:30 p.m. Our 
services are free, confidential, and non- 
judgmental. Birthright can help - we listen 
we care, we follow through. 




WANT TO SURVIVE UNIVERSITY? 

Ask for WAY TO AN 'A': STUDENT SUR- 
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Worid's Biggest Bookstore downtown. 
Don't Be A Statistic! 



TUTOR PH.D ENGLISH 

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former full-time English Professor, editor, 
and published poet. Teach essay writing, 
analyzing literature. Marianne, 481 -8392. 

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and reasonable rates. Downtown loca- 
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more ads (Student rate: $3.25). 20 cents foreach word after25. Submit 
payment in person or send with payment to: Varsity Classifieds, 44 St. 
George St., Toronto, Ont., M5S 2E4. Enquiries: 979-2856. 

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events calendar 



Tliursday, September 9 

LAYMEN'S EVANGELICAL 
FELLOWSHIP - Bible study. 
Hart House - South Sitting 
Room. 

Saturday, September 11 

HOMO HOP - The Lesbians, 
Gays and Bisexuals of U of T 
are kicking off the 93/94 year 
with another one of their INFA- 
MOUS QUEER dances! SAC 
Hangar, 100 St. George St 
Doors open at 9PM $5 Stu- 
dents / $6 Others. Hot DJ. 
Very Casual. Make friends. 
HOMO HOTLINE 971-7880. 



Wednesday, Septembers 

THE QUEEN'S BEROOM - 

Wendy Hopkins. 583 Markham 
Street at Bloor 

THE BLACK SWAN - The 

Wednesday Jam featuring the 
Swan Rhythm Section with 
special guest Blue Willow. 1 54 
Oanforth Ave., (Broadview 
Subway). 



Thursday, September 9 

THE BLACK SWAN - Little 
Joe & The Werewolves. 154 
Danforth Ave., (Broadview 
Subway). 

Friday, September 10 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - 

Jenni Burke 583 Markham 
Street at Bloor 

THE BLACK SWAN - The 

Cameo Blues Band. 154 
Danforth Ave., (Broadview 
Subway). 

Saturdqy, September 11 



THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - 

Donna Barber Jazz Duo. 583 
Mari<ham Street at Bloor 
THE BLACK SWAN - The 
Cameo Blues Band. 154 
Danforth Ave., (Broadview 
Subway). 

Sunday, September 12 

THE BLACK SWAN - Kenny 
Brown and the Pervaders. 1 54 
Danforth Ave., (Broadview 
Subway). 

HARD ROCK CAFE - Growl. 
283 Yonge Street. 



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More Festival of Festivals coverage than you ever dreamed possible inside.. .p. 15 



THE VARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 5 



SENDING OUT LUV SINCE 1880' 



THE MONDAY EDITION. 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Toike Dike 
gets serious 

The university's engineering paper, 
the Toike Oike, is trying for a new 
respectability. 

The first issue of the new year sees 
the Toike, long renowned for its sa- 
tiric and sometimes offensive hu- 
mour, sporting a one-page news sec- 
tion and only a few quips. 

New editor Henry N. Pedro said 
he wanted the paper to have a news 



varsity 



section 10 increase readership. 

"It was the only way to go," Pedro 
said. "Many people had become dis- 
interested." 

The first Toike news section of the 
year has articles about new academic 
appointments, and the return of the 
Walksafer program. 

"I've always had my opinion of 
how a paper should be and when the 
opportunity arose I look it," said 
Pedro, a third-year chemical engi- 
neering student. 

The Toike has also drastically cut 
itscirculation, from 16,000 to 10,000. 
Pedro said the decision was taken out 
of financial need, not environmental 
concern. 

Pedro said reaction so far had 
mostly been favourable. But engi- 
neering student Chris E)rosl wonders 
whether there is anything to be gained 
by putting out a serious engineering 
newspaper. 

"I don't think we need another 
serious paper. It was kind of nice to 
have a paper that didn't take itself 
seriously," said Drost, who cautioned 
he had yet to read the current Toike. 

The Toike Oike has been pub- 
lished, somewhat erratically, once a 
month since 1906, making it the sec- 
ond-oldest university paper after the 
Varsity. 

In October of 1988 the Engineer- 
ing Society suspended the paper after 
the university president at the time, 
George Connell, criticized it, saying 
the paper "derides, debases, and de- 
humanizes people." 

Connell was referring to the pa- 
per' s jokes section, which often made 
derogatory references to women and 
homosexuals. 

The Toike' s suspension was lifted 
a month later after an Engineering 
Society referendum showed over- 
whelming support for the paper. 

G. Bruce Rolston 

Importing hatred 

France' s ultra-right icon, Jean-Marie 
Le Pen, is visiting Canada this month 
amid a storm of reluperation. 
Christine Cuk discusses why the 
xenophobia that has infected French 
politics must not be allowed to prolif- 
erate here. 

See Opinions, p. 8. 

Death and 
rebirth at UBC 

The attempted stifling of UBC's stu- 
dent newspaper did not go unno- 
ticed. Graham Cook of Canadian 
University Press describes the 
Ubyssey's summer-long struggle to 
continue its tradition of confronta- 
tion and controversy. 
See Features, p. 10 



Tree-huggers go on trial in B.C. 



BY Dave Clements 



VICTORIA (CUP) — Suits and tie-dyes 
joined forces Aug. 30 to protest the mass 
trials of anti-logging activists arrested at 
Clayoquot Sound. 

Almost 500 people were arrested in 
the southwest of Vancouver Island this 
summer while trying to block the clear- 
cut logging of old-growth rain forests on 
Native land. 

The first 52 defendants, including 
blockade organizer and former U of T 
activist Tzeporah Berman, were greeted 
by a vigil of drumming and chanting 
after the court adjourned for lunch on 
their first day. 



"The uials raise very serious ques- 
tions about the judicial process," said 
William Thomas, spokesperson for the 
Friends of Clayoquot Sound. 

The protesters were arrested for tres- 
passing, after the B.C. government won 
an injunction against interfering with 
logging in Clayoquot. 

Many of those arrested on the block- 
ades will be uied en masse, and plans 
such as the renting of the Newcombe 
theatre at the Royal B.C. Museum to try 
approximately 200 at once have envi- 
ronmentalists and lawyers concerned. 

"There is a lot of pressure on people to 
plead guilty," said Thomas. "One woman 
said we've already been sentenced — to 
one month in the Newcombe." 



"They need to balance the concern of 
moving quickly with giving the defense 
time to adequately prepare," said defense 
counsel Glen Orris. "However, I'm not 
saying that trying so many [people] stops 
them from being treated as individuals." 

After most of the defendants had left, 
the crowd of about 300 walked through 
the downtown core, waving banners and 
chanting often-used slogans. 

Tourists and businesspeople scamp- 
ered out of the path of the throng. Ger- 
man tourist Gunier Schaub commented: 
"These are the same problems as Ger- 
many... clearcutting is a problem. There 
should be another way." 

The terminus of the journey saw a 
rally outside the Ministry of Forests, 




Students slag Tory proposals 



BY SlMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

Prime Minister Kim Campbell's pro- 
posed reforms to post-secondary educa- 
tion are being met with skepticism by 
student and university groups across the 
country. 

Campbell made the proposals in a 
speech Aug. 17 in Kitchener. In her 
address, Campbell defended the lack of 
federal funding increases to education, 
saying she sees education as a provincial 
responsibility. 

Carl Gillis, chair of the Canadian Fed- 
eration of Students, said that although he 
was encouraged that the Prime Minister 
is promising some of the changes CFS 
has advocated, the proposals are belied 
by the last nine years of Conservative 
rule. 

"How can you say these things when 
you have been involved in systemic cuts 
to post-secondary education?" asked 
Gillis. 

Campbell ' s election proposals include; 

- an increase in the annual Canada Stu- 
dent Loan maximum from $3,500 to 
$5,100 for full-time students and to 
$4,000 for part-time students; 

- an increase in the educational tax credit, 
which is currently $80 per month for 



full-time students, and extension of the 
credit to part-time students. A child care 
deduction would also be inU"oduced. 

Campbell said funding for the changes 
would come from existing money, with 
changes to take effect in August, 1994. 

But Gillis questioned why changes 
cannot take effect immediately, as they 
do not need legislative approval. 

Other groups said the proposed 
changes do not address student indebt- 
edness. 

Claude Lajeunesse, president of the 
Association of Universities and Colleges 
of Canada, pointed out thai if imple- 
mented, the changes may help students 
in the short term but will also result in 
higher final debt loads. 

Lajeunesse identified rising debt loads 
as a serious problem. In 1985 only 589 
students had to pay $ 1 5,000 or more - by 
1992, 6,000 students were in that posi- 
tion. 

"The problem is how not to saddle 
students with enormous debts, so that the 
only students who will be able to afford 
university will be those who have the 
ability to repay," said Lajeunesse. 

Ron Duhamel, the Liberal Party's 
education critic, attacked Campbell's 
suggestion the federal government is 
only marginally responsible for educa- 
tion. He said if implemented, the Prime 



Minister's proposals would make stu- 
dents pay for problems created by the 
federal government's decreased funding 
for colleges and universities. 

"These proposals are coming from the 
party that has cut back education funding 
for the provinces by S9 billion." 

In Ontario, federal transfer payments 
for education amounted to $2 billion in 
1991, but will only total $1 billion by 
1994-5. 

Duhamel also questioned whether the 
proposals would be implemented if the 
Conservative government continues to 
view deficit reduction as their primary 
aim. 

"What if they [the Conservatives] say 
we wanted to do these things, but there 
was no money there?" said Duhamel. 

In a second speech on Aug. 26 in 
Toronto, Campbell also promised sev- 
eral other measures: 

- the restoration of funding to the Centres 
of Excellence program, cut in this spring' s 
federal budget; 

- the establishment of a national intern- 
ship for MB A students to work for Cana- 
dian trade missions in Latin America; 

- a scholarship program for Latin- Ameri- 
can students; 

- and setting up of a training fijnd for 
Canadian economics and business stu- 
dents to study Spanish and Portuguese. 



where protest organizers gave brief 
speeches. 

Terry Brown, one of the first arrested 
at the blockade, 

criticized the B.C. government for spend- 
ing $1.5 million to set up a publicity 
office in Brussels. The office was cre- 
ated to combat the international knowl- 
edge of B.C.'s clearcutting practices, he 
said. 

Protesters vowed to continue the fight 
to save the Sound, and to reform logging 
practices in the province. 

"We will stand on the line until the 
Clayoquot decision is reversed," said 
Berman. 

THE MARTLET 
For more national news see p.l2 



Refuse rubbers, 
choose chastity, 
group says 

BY Brian David Di Leandro 
Varsity Staff 



An allcmpt by Respect Voorself, a non- 
campus group that advocates chastity, to 
remove condoms from Erindale's orien- 
tation kit has failed. 

Citing what it calls documented evi- 
dence, the group insisted that condoms 
do not prevent pregnancy, AIDS, or 
STDs. Members also argued that the 
inclusion of condoms in the first year kit 
not only condoned sexual activity, but 
actually encouraged it. 

But on September 7, Erindale College 
Student Union (ECSU) unanimously 
voted to allow the package of three con- 
doms, provided by the Peel Region board 
of health, to remain in the kits. (Erindale 
did not purchase the SAC kits distributed 
downtown.) 

Although Respect Yourself s request 
was denied, the group did purchase rep- 
resentation in the orientation package. 

For a fee of $50, their literature was 
included for all first year students to 
read. The material consists of a flyer 
called 'Condom Sense' and a pamphlet 
primarily detailing the effects of abor- 
tion on women. 

Mary Costa, president of ECSU, said 
that although she welcomed the chance 
for Respect Yourself to have access to 
first year students, she was dismayed 
that their message seemed to focus on the 
issue of abortion. 

'To be honest, had there been a policy 
in place able to screen material, I'm not 
sure that Respect Yourselfs literature 
would have been sanctioned. It isn't 
censorship. It's just that their literature 
seems misplaced in the context of an 
orientation kit." 

Respect Yourself made a similar re- 
quest to ban condoms from kits last year. 
At the time, the group based its position 
on information which it said linked con- 
dom use to the "promotion of violence 
and rape against women." That request 
was also unanimously voted down. 

The focus this year was what the group 
termed the "absolute ineffectiveness of 
condoms." 

"What exactly is safe about throwing 
on a piece of latex?" asked John McCash, 
Respect Yourself spokesperson. 

"The promotion of condom usage pro- 
motes sex. Simple. To include (con- 
doms) in the kit assumes that everyone is 
Please see "Respect", p.l4 



Discover HART HOUSE at 

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on Wednesday, September 15th 
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MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 ^SS^ffTSI^ 




Native students encouraged 
to succeed at Orientation 



BY Rodger Levesque 
Varsity Staff 

At last Friday's orientation day 
for native students, members of 
First Nations House were told the 
university wants to see more of 
them. 

The day was organized by First 
Nations House. 

Native Students' Association 
spokesperson Denyse Sutherland 
said involvement was key for first 
nations students. 

"NSA is going to be run the 
way the students want it to be run. 
In order for that to work you're 
going to have to get involved," 
she said. 

Also speaking at the event were 
representatives of professional 
faculties and graduate studies. 

Undergraduate admissions sec- 
retary Carol Allen encouraged 
students to enrol in professional 
programs. 

"They [faculty heads] feel that 
first nations people are 
undcrrepresented in the profes- 
sional faculties and they're try- 



ing increase the number of first 
nations students in these areas 
because they offer a special and 
unique contribution," Allen said. 

Currently, 28 native students 
are enrolled in first-year programs 
in U of T's professional faculties. 
Over half, 15, are in law. 

She emphasized the consid- 
eration given to native students 
applying for entry into profes- 
sional programs, such as a spe- 
cial access program, support pro- 
grams and counsellors and finan- 
cial assistance specifically geared 
toward native students. 

Graduate student Maurice 
Sands thanked First Nations 
House for the encouragement and 
assistance it gave him in getting 
into grad school. 

"I was thinking about applying 
to the MB A program and I didn ' t 
really think I fit the profile of a 
typical MBA student. I got an 
application but I didn't send it in 
because I didn't think I'd get ac- 
cepted," 

Richard Soberman, from the 
school of graduate studies, also 
gave students a pep talk, encour- 



aging them to study and go to 
grad school. 

Soberman said graduate stud- 
ies can be a means of improving 
communities through knowledge. 

"We have to place some value 
on intellectual wealth and high- 
level education," Soberman said. 

The round of speeches ended 
with an inspirational success story 
told by Olympic gold medalist 
Alwyn Morris. Morris said his 
experiences showed the need for 
support systems to overcome the 
success-failure pressure that 
comes with being a role model 
for the community. 

'There's a strength that comes 
with a sense of community," he 
said. 

Also during the open house at 
563 Spadina Ave., program di- 
rectors from First Nations House 
described the services they offer 
native students, such as personal 
counselling, academic tutoring 
and financial planning. 

The Native Students' Associa- 
tion is meeting at First Nations 
HouseTuesday, Sept. 21 at 3:30. 



Spring exams marlced by tlieft 



BY Aaron Paulson 

A marked increase in recent exam 
thefts on the St. George campus 
has raised concerns about secu- 
rity procedures protecting exams. 

According to campus police 
reports, four separate theft at- 
tempts occurred between last 
April and May, three of which 
were successful. 

Sergeant Len Paris said that 
investigations are continuing in 
all four cases and that they have a 
single suspect for thefts from 
rooms in Lash Miller and Sydney 
Smith. 

In one case, the exams, which 
had been written by the students 
earlier that same day, were taken 
from a professors' office that was 
unlocked and unoccupied. 

"It's not a monumental prob- 
lem, but it's something worth 
looking into," said Paris. 

'The whole issue of the secu- 
rity of exams, of protocol, is some- 
thing that (campus police) are 
interested in." 

"We hope to work closely with 
the university this summer and 
fall on guidelines." 

David Neelands, assistant vice- 
president of student affairs, said 
he recognized the need for in- 
crea.sed security. 

"All principals and deans have 



been advised about the thefts. 
Procedures must be tightened up," 
he said. 

Currently there is no standard- 
ized security protocol for exams. 

"Each faculty develops their 
own protocol for exam security. 
The gist of them all is that exams 
should be carefully stored before 
they are written," Neelands said. 

"We're a pretty open, trusting 
community, and not everybody 
deserves that trust." 

Lack of standardized security 
protocols may not be the only 
explanation for the rise in thefts. 
Students face tougher competi- 
tion and higher expectations in 



the current job marketplace, ac- 
cording to Marge Marriott, Learn- 
ing Skills Counsellor at the Coun- 
selling and Learning Skills Serv- 
ice. 

The pressure on students to 
compete in limited programs, and 
to get into good graduate schools, 
may be forcing some to resort to 
desperate means to obtain good 
marks, Marriott said. 

"If one thing stands out, it's the 
added pressure to get into grad 
school," she said. 

Neither Erindale or 
Scarborough campuses reported 
any exam thefts during the same 
period. 



Prelim, hearing lield in 
U. Waterioo murder case 

WATERLOO — A University of Waterioo student accused of 
second-degree murder had his preliminary hearing in late July. 

Kris Eric Warkentin is charged with the Jan. 1 slaying of Waterloo 
graduate student David Zaharchuk. 

Zaharchuk was found beaten to death in a university engineering 
building. Only weeks away from completing his PhD in chemical 
engineering, he was given the degree post-humously at Waterloo's 
spring convocation. 

Warkentin turned himself in to police on Feb. 1 . He was also a 
chemical engineering student. 

A publication ban has been imposed on all evidence presented at the 
preliminary hearing. A trial will commence this fall. 

IMPRINT 



Hurtig targets what's 
lef t of the l eft 

National Party calls for free tuition 



BY John Woods 



National Party leader Mel Hurtig 
affirmed his party's committment 
to post-secondary education, 
while campaigning in Toronto 
last week. 

"It's a national tragedy, wast- 
ing a generation of young people 
who can't get the education they 
need because tuition fees have 
gone up, and students can't find 
part-time jobs to support them- 
selves." 

The National Party was formed 
less than a year ago and now has 
about 3,000 members nationwide. 
Hurtig plans to run 150 candi- 
dates nationwide, with about 75 
in Toronto. 

Originally an Edmonton pub- 
lisher, Hurtig followed upon the 
success of his anti-Free Trade 
book. The Betrayal of Canada, 
by founding his own party in 
1992. Members of the party in- 
clude authors Timothy Findley 
and Farley Mowat. 

Hurtig says that while politi- 
cians and businessmen say a more 
highly educated work force is 
needed, their rhetoric does not 
match the level of support pro- 
vided for education. 

"The National Party's policy 
is straightforward," Hurtig said. 

"No tuition fees of any kind for 
post-secondary education." 

"Students would pay back the 
cost of their education after gradu- 
ation through a progressive tax 



Errata 



In the July 1 3 issue, a quotation 
in the article by Tanya Lena 
was wrongly attributed. 'The 
protest was organized, in part, 
to discourage Tamil youth from 
resorting to violence to combat 
violence," was said by Nadu 
Guna, spokesperson for the 
group Tamil Eelam, not 
Sbarminl Penes as was origi- 
nally staled. 

In the Sept. 7 issue, OPIRG co- 
ordinator Andrea Calver was 
incorrectly referred to as the 
"president of OUSA." 

Also in the Sept. 7 issue, the 
date of the sentencing of Amit 
Anand and Sapna Seth was in- 
correctly given. The correct 
date was Aug. 19. 

In the Sept 7 issue, two figures 
in the SAC budget breakdown 
were incorrect. The corrected 
budget figures are; 





199 V4 


1992-3 


Salaries 


291,000 


276,166 


SAC Office 


98.800 


96,810 


Ofientidion 


32,000 


27^00 


Ptomotknu 


42,400 


24,030 


Comnutsioitt 


80,000 


88,440 


Sutxiiin 


41,000 


40,000 


CWentalion 


34,000 


18,600 


Electionj 


15.000 


15,000 


Other 


52,600 


99,940 


Total 


691,000 


686,486 


•categories may not correspond to 


SACs, 







system. Corporate lawyers and 
doctors who have benefited more 
from their education would pay 
more, while homemakers with 
BAs would pay nothing." 

Hurtig added that his party is 
also committed to establishing a 
high level of employment.' He 
said that while education is im- 
portant, the economy must be 
strengthened to provide jobs for 
graduates. 

"The fundamental economic 
policy of our new party is full 
employment, and all other eco- 
nomic policy will flow from that 
one," he said. 

In contrast to the Conserva- 
tives' gloomy prediction of con- 
tinued high unemployment, 
Hurtig claimed that, "the National 
Party can reduce unemployment 
to four percent in four years." 

Without giving specific pro- 
posals to reduce unemployment, 
Hurtig was quick to point out 
what he believes to be the main 
causes of Canada's current eco- 
nomic problems: ill-advised mon- 
etary policy, poor exchange rate 
policies, and excessive corporate 
concentration. 

He was critical of the exces- 
sive amount of foreign owner- 
ship tolerated by Liberal and 
Conservative governments in 
Canada. 

"Foreigners are only interested 
in maximizing profits which they 
do not reinvest in the country, 
and we are the only party making 
foreign ownership and control an 



issue." 

Hurtig, who campaigned 
vigourously against the original 
Canada/U.S. free trade agree- 
ment, views free trade as another 
factor causing high unemploy- 
ment in Canada. 

'The National Party is the only 
party calling for a binding refer- 
endum on NAFTA." 

Although shut out of the 
upcoming television debate 
among the other party leaders, 
and largely ignored by the media, 
Hurtig mainuins an optimistic 
stance. 

"There is going to be a minor- 
ity government after the next elec- 
tion, and we believe our party can 
hold the balance of power." 




Smilin' Mel reinvents 
socialism 




283 Yonge Street 



With 
Student 
I.D. 




8:00pm to Close 
Starting Sept. 16th 



THE VARSITY 

U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario. M5S 2E4 
Editorial: 979-2831 Advertising: 979-2865 FAX: 979-8357 
ISSN 0042-2789 



Simona Chiose, E^tor 
G. Bruce Rolston, News Editor 
Lisa Hepner, Opinions Exlitor 
Rodger Levesque, Photo Editor 
John Beresford, Sports Editor 
Associate News Editors 
Sean Tai, Kale Milberry 



Edward Pussar, Interim Chair 
Darrel Femandopulle. Business Manager 



Production Manager, Rachel Giese 

Review Editor, Mimi Choi 

Features Editor, Anne Bains 

Graphics Editor, Nicole Graham 

Science ExJitor, Gord Squires 

Associate Review Editors 

Amber Meredith Golem, Georgiana Uhlyarik 



Interim Vice President, Jeff Vance 
Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Ad Design, John Hodgins 

Quote of the Day: 'what exactly is sq^e about throwing on a piece of latex?" 
John McCash, Respect Yourself spokesperson and fashion daredevil suggests a 
Chanel scarf keeps out the elements better than a prophylactic. 

Dazed & Confused 



We're dazed. 

We re more than a little confused. 

This whole orientation thing frightens us. 

We were still in an age of innocence, not quite 
ready for what we've found here. 

We were more than a little dismayed when we 
first set sight on our new home away from home 
just over a week ago. 

A room, it's true, but just barely. 

Yet, true to our stoic spirit, we worked with it. 
We said curtains. We said paint. We said post- 
ers. 

We finally said keep the lighting very, very 
dim. 

We tried to conceal our horror at what our new 
roommate saw as a fashion statement. We were 
confused at first. Was it a retro look they were 
after? Was it ironic and post-modem? Was it 
legal? 

We were confused when they spoke of their 
musical tastes. While we love a big, bouncy, 
Broadway musical in way few have ever loved, 
we grew quickly tired and somewhat homicidal 
when they insisted on acting out all the best 
parts. We resisted indulging our weaker in- 
stincts. Work the hair, we'd say, content in 
remaining gracious and kind. 

We did the Carnival of Clubs Day. 

We became more and more confused. 

So many clubs, so many choices. Did we join 
the group whose spokesperson we were sure 
we'd recognized from America's Most Wanted? 
Did we join the club with the most guns? We 
have often found, after all, that it isn't a club if 
it doesn't have loads of firearms and encourage 
the unsanctioned use of sheer brute force. 

We thought how way cool we'd be. Radicals. 
Bad hair. Even worse fashion sense. Fighting 
the MAN. Whoever the MAN be. Feeling op- 
pressed and talking oppression. In a freewheel- 
ing Bob Dylan kind of way, of course. We'd 
preach social justice, disrupt our classes with 
cool-like-that rants about heterocentrists, happy 
when we would elicit frightened and deeply 
scared looks from all those around us. 

We realized our parents would quickly cut us 
off, so we attempted to make more informed, 
slightly civilized choices. 



We've joined the euchre club. 

But we grew more and more anxious, con- 
vinced we'd made the wrong choice. 

Where were we going? We'd seen the news. 
Slackers. Gen — Xers. Who were we kidding. 
We were shiftless, aimless, skilless, and com- 
pletely lacking any regard for realizing societal 
norms. 

Doomed, we thought. Big time. 
Angst set in. 

We smoked. Heavily. We indulged. We bathed 
less and less. We received complaints from 
those around us. Stop whining, they said. These 
will be the best years of your life, we were told. 
Four (or five or six) years when the only respon- 
sibility we'll have is to ourselves. If we wanted 
to, wc could professionally wrestle all night long 
and sleep all day. We could lake courses that 
didn't offer us the opportunity to better our- 
selves. We'd take courses that would damage 
and alter forever our vision of reality. We'd be 
amused when those loved ones around us would 
talk of a better life. Wake up to reality, we'd 
shout. This is as gcxxl as it gets. 

We'd write a haiku extolling baseball, paci- 
fism, cool and inexplicably annoying jazz, and 
male a cappella vocal groups popular with 
disengaged suburbanites. 

We'd laugh madly at all, secure in the knowl- 
edge that true hipriess had come only to us in a 
way few can only dare to dream. 

We'd quickly recant. 

We'd instead choose to attain some kind of 
establishment validity. Buy into some fabu- 
lously collegiate clothes, a Gap kind of \ock 
structured around some good basics in easily 
adaptable colors. Hawk the harmonica we so 
often played "Blowin' in the Wind" on. 

We'd shed a tear, u^e, but if meant that we 
could avoid drawing the stares and scorn of 
those around us who felt wc were wasting pre- 
cious and irretrievable time. Chaste once more, 
family, friends, and utter strangers would be 
prone to embrace us as we jauntily made our way 
to our first class. 

Dazed and confused no more, we'd found our 
stairway to heaven, here where we least ex- 
pected to find it. 



28 Years Ago in The Varsity 



Students reading their newspapers this week- 
end, will have noticed the efforts of Canada's 
two major political parties to attract the student 
vote. While not wishing to take sides with one or 
another of Canada's potential leaders, we think 
it wise to warn U of T students about the danger 
of believing electionpromises — particularly as 
they relate to university aid. 

In Canada's last federal election the present 
prime minister promised, in an indirect way, the 



establishment of national scholarships for uni- 
versity students. Once in office, he and his party 
established a loan program instead, a program 
which they have since proceeded to make more 
restrictive. 

We would urge students to question all can- 
didates in their local ridings, and to determine 
for themselves whether these promises of fi- 
nancial aid are intended seriously, or are merely 
interpreted as campaign pipe-dreams. 



Contributors: Dave Clements, Brian D. DiLeandro (2), Andrew Male, Norman Hui, Paula Jardine, 
Duarte Barcelos, Larry Koch, Adrian Willsher, Steve Gravestock (2), Paul Matusek (2), Christine 
Cuk, Chung Wong, Graham Cook, Hal Niedzvecki, Jaggi Singh, Glenn Sumi, Am Keeling, Paul 
Nigol, Kristin Andrews, Aaron Paulson, John Woods. 



The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to Incite violence or hatred towards particular 

individuals or an Identifiable group, particularly on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, 

gender, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (GUP) 

Second Class mail registration number 5102. 




BACKTALK i^^t^^^s the editor 



No to OUSA 

Despite the delay of almost one 
year, the Students' Administra- 
tive Council (SAC) has finally 
agreed to a referendum date on 
U of T's membership in the 
Ontario Undergraduate Student 
Alliance (OUSA). On October 
6 and 7, all full-time under- 
graduates will have the chance 
to decide whether OUSA is in 
their best interests. 

For the record, OUSA has 
publicly called for a 30 per cent 
tuition hike to be matched by a 
proposed government funding 
increase. As well, OUSA 
envisions an income-contingent 
loan repayment plan (ICLRP) 
that will mean even more 
unwieldy debt loads for 
students. OUSA supports the 



notion that education is not a 
right for academically qualified 
individuals but merely a 
partnership between the 
government, corporations and 
students. Perhaps most 
absurdly, under OUSA's grand 
scheme it will be wealthier 
students who receive discounts, 
not those with low incomes. 

The NO TO OUSA Working 
Group was formed by con- 
cerned U of T students to 
provide critical information on 
OUSA, and to ensure its defeat 
in the upcoming referendum. In 
our elfort to address the issues, 
we challenge Ed De Gale, SAC 
President, and Merry-Ln Unan, 
SAC External Commissioner 
(the two most senior propo- 
nents of OUSA at SAC) to a 
public debate on OUSA. 
After all, it's your education 



they're playing with. 
Uma Sarkar 

ASSU President on behalf of 
the NO TO OUSA Working 
Group 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers. 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 words and must 
be accompanied by the 
author's name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request. 
Letters will be published at 
the discretion of the editor 
and may be edited for 
length. Letters that attempt 
to incite violence or haired 
against an identifiable 
group will rK>t be published 
We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members 
Pnonty will be given to new 
wnters and timely topics. 



— M' ^ ■ -^w _f-fc_ -■ I - I I The Monday Edition 

I (OPINIONS "'^"^"i 



It's tough to give a 
shit these days. 

—Lou Reed 

{But not impossible,) 




Your opinion won't fall on 
deaf ears at The Varsity. 



Introducing four new 
columns for your input: 

The Global Village 

!A. perspective on intemationaC sUident issues 

OffScene 

UofTs sociaf scene re-e?(amined 

Gender Issues 

Se?(uaC poCitics in the nineties 

SexExchange 

ACfyourse?(uafqueries-not/un0 is too per- 
sonaCoT too fiumouTous 



S 



ubmit your 600-700 word 
contributions to : 



Lisa Hepner, Opinions Editor 
Tel. 979-2831 
Fax. 979-8357 
44 St. George St 




77ie Ubyssey 
battles for autonomy 



BY CHUNG WONG 

M M national magazine has called them the University of British 
\/\^ Columbia's thought police. A national newspaper has la- 
belled them assassins. Now they are scratching their heads wondering 
why they have been implicated as fascists last July by Macleans and 
the Globe and Mail. 

'They" are the student politicians at the Alma Mater Society ( AMS) 
who have received an onslaught of media flack for temporarily 
shutting down one of the country's most prestigious student newspa- 
pers. The Ubyssey, shortly before its 75th anniversary. 

And it has drawn the ire of the paper's alumni, who include 
Vancouver Sun movie critic Katherine Monk, Province reporter 
Gordon Clark, Macleans columnist Allan Fotheringham, national 
columnist Peter Worthington, Toronto Star columnist Val Sears, the 
CBC's Joe Schlesinger, historian Pierre Berton, former Prime Minis- 
ter John Turner, Globe and Mail reporter Virginia Gait, many of the 
Georgia Straight crew and countless others across the country who 
realize the value of UBC's prized publication. 

After a controversial issue on sexuality, the AMS decided to punish 
this year's paper by stepping up supervision that borders symbolically 
on editorial control. Such supervision is enough to make any journalist 
uneasy and is usually undertaken by an authoritarian government. 

The new supervisory structure called the Publications Board was 
created without any consultation from any media expert — making it 
appear ever so politically manipulated. 

In addition, the AMS cancelled a planned summer edition of The 
Ubyssey, citing an undocumented deficit. It cancelled The Ubyssey 
during a sunmier with two homicides, one of the largest fires ever on 
campus, and high profile development protests. The community was 
left in a news vacuum. 

Shutting down a newsroom shuts down the nerve centre of informa- 
tion for a community and a chamber of unreported knowledge. One 
cannot have the narrow vision that a newspaper is simply based on 
what it prints — a mistake the AMS made. 

The newspaper offers other services which were severed during the 



C/V/co/e GrahaniA/S) 

shutdown. Each week hundreds of calls come in with information 
about the campus. Or in times of emergency, it helps students find 
assistance. 

But this summer, victims of crime who called in search of counsel- 
ling received no answer. In the past, they came to confide in staff 
members. I was personally contacted in over a dozen unreported cases 
of sexual assault in the last five years. Other editors have had people 
with AIDS or victims of domestic abuse arrive on their doorstep. 

When a newsroom is shutdown, so are all these stories of social 
injustice. 

Clearly, the AMS went too far in their punitive measures. To say the 
political wands were waved in response to last year's public pressure 
is making a scapegoat out of a decent newspaper trying to survive 
alongside an ineffective student government. 

Chung Wong was editor of The Ubyssey from 1989 to 1990. This 
editorial appeared in its first issue of 1993. published last Thursday. 



STARVING STUDENTS 



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5V2 WEEKS ONLY!!! BEGINS SEPTEMBER 29TH 



ROYAL ALEXANDRA THEATRE, 260 KING ST. W., TORONTO 



MOND AY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 7 



Beneath the Media Mire 

COU AND OUSA NOT SO STRANGE "BEDFELLOWS" 



OUSA 



I watch 

> 



BY JAGGI SINGH 

The Council of Universities\COU) recent call for a 50% increase in 
tuition is not really all that surprising. The Council (which represents 
only university presidents, not faculty, staffer students) has been on 
record since at least 1989 as supporting higher tuition fees as a major 

means of curing chronic govern- 
ment underfunding. Indeed, U of 
T's very own president and sen- 
ior COU member, Robert 
Prichard, is constantly described 
in the media as a supporter of 
tuition hikes. 

What is striking about the 
COV s Discussion Paper on Tui- 
tion Fee Reform is how its de- 
fenders have slyly attempted to make tuition hikes more palatable by 
making them an issue of fairness, as in "students must pay their fair 
share." The implication being that students, unlike frugal university 
administrators, are economically privileged members of society. 

In making their case, the COU argues that tuition fees only account 
for 20 per cent of the operating income of Ontario universities. This 

rate is compared to "the early 1950's [when] as much as 35 per cent 
of the operating income 

of Ontario universities 

came from tuition fees." 

In other words, the 
COU wishes to return to 
the status quo of the 
McCarthy era. Seemingly, 
one is expected to believe 
that these proponents of 
fairness have been judi- 
ciously silent for four dec- 
ades and have only now 
realized the free-ride stu- 
dents are getting. It's a 
sloppy argument at best. 

Moreover, the COU's defenders (Peter George, Susan Mann, 
Prichard et al.) fail to mention that tuition as a percentage of operating 
income has steadily increased since 1976. Meanwhile, the Canada 
Student Loans Program hasn't raised its maximum limit since 1984. 
It becomes apparent, to anyone who cares to consult the public record, 
that any claim that students aren't paying their so-called "fair share" 
is patently false. 

The COU represents the most senior university administrators in 
the province, which makes their crudely argued Discussion Paper all 
the more shocking. For example, in one section of the paper, tuition 
fees in Ontario are compared to private American universities. Evi- 
dently, the fact that tuition at Harvard and Yale is upwards of $20,0(X) 
is reason enough to convince students in Ontario to cough up $1000 
more per year. 

Yet the COU proposal was embraced by the mainstream press. The 



Globe and Mail claimed that "something very interesting, something 
very exciting is about to happen to the Canadian university" while 
ending its thoroughly patronizing editorial with the words "class 
dismissed," (Raising tuition, raising accessibility, August 26). 

At least Canada's self-proclaimed "Business Voice," the Financial 
Post, had the honesty to admit that tuition hikes "shift the burden to the 
users (students) and have them pay for the service they are getting (an 
education)," (Students must pay fair share, August 27). In their 
scheme, education is defined as a service to be bought and not a right 
for all academically qualified individuals. The Post also approvingly 
described higher tuition as part of the trend of "privatizing the public 
debt." 

But of most interest to U of T students is the Ontario Undergraduate 
Student Alliance's (OUSA) response to the COU paper. OUSA claims 
to represent all U of T undergrads through the Students' Administra- 
tive Council (SAC) and the Association of Part-Time Undergraduate 
Students (APUS). 

In The Globe, OUSA busybody. Rick Martin, described the coun- 
cil's proposals as "completely out of line." This is odd since the COU's 
position practically mirrors OUSA's. 

For the record, the COU's Discussion Paper, in part, calls for a hike 
in "standard formula fees [by] 30 per cent by 1 995-96" while support- 
ing "the establishment of an income contingent repayment plan 
[ICLRP] for increased student aid." OUSA, in its own Students for 



It would be helpful if OUSA cared 
as much about the average 
student as the average taxpayer 



Change proposal (described as "the basis for the long term recovery 
of the province's ailing system of higher education"), similarly 
proposes "a tuition fee increase of $200 for each full-time student for 
each of three years [i.e. 30 percent]." OUSA goes on to argue that "this 
increase is only feasible with the implementation of a reformed 
student aid program," which means ICLRP. 

Incredibly, OUSA even surpasses the proposed COU hike by 
arguing that "it is our belief that, in the long run, the full cost of 
education should be covered by ICLRP." If the "full cost of education" 
is conservatively estimated at $12,0(X) per year, that means a 600 per 
cent hike. These facts render OUSA's public denunciations of the 
COU report farcical. One wonders if OUSA is engaging in simplistic 
political deception or is just grossly ignorant of its own policies. 

Indeed, the COU proposal points out that "it is noteworthy that our 
proposals are consistent with the recommendations of other organiza- 
tions" and proceeds to cite OUSA in a section titled "Calls for 



Increased Fees." Actually, both the COU and OUSA literally feed off 
each other, with the Students for Change proposal citing liberally from 
past COU documents to support its dogmatic claim that tuition doesn't 
really affect accessibility. 

To quote from OUSA's proposal, the organization argues that 
"there is a desperate need to unhook the debate surrounding accessi- 
bility from the issue of tuition" and goes on to claim that "it is only 
realistic to acknowledge that tuition fees will increase in order to 
provide more revenue." OUSA even mimics the "fairness" argument 
of the COU by pointing out that their policies represent "a shift in the 
financial burden away from the average taxpayer to those who stand 
to gain the most from their post-secondary education." It would be 
helpful if OUSA cared as much about the average student as the 
average taxpayer. 

To give OUSA some sympathy, perhaps they are suffering from 
denial, realizing the damage their irresponsible tuition position has 
already done. Critics of OUSA argued last year that if a student lobby 
group asked for tuition hikes (no matter how it was rationalized) they 
would get them. And so, for the last year OUSA's only role seems to 
have been to undermine and misrepresent students at Queen's Park as 
well as provide tuition hike supporters with more ammunition. 

Fortunately, full-time undergraduates at U of T will finally have a 

chance to end their tawdry association with OUSA since SAC has 

called a referendum vote for October 6 and 7. It seems APUS is run 

by diktat and will not 

trust its membership to 
a vote. 

The referendum will 
conveniently offer a dual 
opportunity for U of T's 
32,000 full-timers to 
send a clear message to 
the COU, Queen's Park 
and other tuition revi- 
sionists that hikes are 
unacceptable while si- 
multaneously rendering 
the ideologically bank- 
rupt OUSA a sterile force in Ontario. It's a chance that should not be 
missed. 

Jaggi Singh is a student at Trinity College and a member of the NO TO 
OUSA Working Group. 




HART HOUSE 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 




Meeting 

with ^ 



Lynn Farrell 

Photo Editor, The Financial Post 

Wednesday y September IS, 

7:30 pm 
Hart House Music Room 

Please join us. 



The U of T Sexual 
Education and Peer 
Counselling Centre 

is looking for new 
voiunteers for the '93 - '94 
academic year. For more 
information and an 
application call 591-7949. 

ATTN; Past SEC Volunteers 

All past SEC volunteers 
interested in volunteering 
again at the Centre are 
invited to our Sun., 
Sept. 19th meeting at the 
International Student's 
Centre at 2pm. RSVP 
by calling 591-7949. 




Sept. 15th 
5:50 pni 

Halt House Debates Room 

sponsored by the 
H^rt House Debates Committee 



HART HOUSE 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 



VARSITY OPINIONS 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



NOTICE TO ALL 
GRADUATE STUDENTS 

The Graduate Student's Union 
Fall Wine & Cheese Party 
Will Take Place on 
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22* 

5 - 8 pm 

All Graduate students are invited to 
join the GSU Executive and staff 
at 16 Bancroft Ave. 

*Please note the change of date from Wed., Sept. 15 



Importing Hatred 

LE PEN MUST BE SILENCED 



BY CHRISTINE CUK 

During the week of September 
19th, members of France's ultra 
right-wing political party, the Na- 
tional Front will be attending a 
conference of mayors in Mon- 




Tpe KebirW of Leamm a 




•\'""^' "^'th 

♦f ^•HwM »»-H»|r 



Lemtdrfto's stuiy for t/« jKrpetual re^neratim of knowled^. c J490. 




lAYC A BUCK 



RCCYCIC n BOOK 




The bookstore sells used 
textbooks, when available, 
at 75% of the publisher's 
list price. That's a great 
"discount"! 



lAYE 

iAGAin> 



The bookstore will buy back any 
textbook that has current market 
value. If it's on a course list for 
the coming term, you'll get back 
50% of the publisher's list. And 
you're creating a reusable 
resource for other students. 



SoohA®*®* University of Toronto 

Bookstores 




214 College Street, 978-7900 Mon-Fri 9 am to 6 pm, Sat 10 am to 5 pm. Sun 12 noon to 5 pm. 
Extended Hours in September: Sept. 13-16: to 9 pm, Sept. 20-24: to 8 pm, Sept. 27-30: to 7 pm. 



ireal. Not only is leading member 
Jean- Yves Gallou expected to at- 
tend, but the Globe and Mail re- 
cently reported that the party's 
leader, Jean-Marie Le Pen, is also 
widely expected to appear. It is 
crucial that Le Pen not be granted 
a platform for his blatantly xeno- 
phobic and anti-immigrant ideas. 

There can be no doubt that Le 
Pen's views arc racist. This is a 
man who has staled that the gas 
chambers used during the Holo- 
caust are "a mere detail of the 
Second Worid War," in addition 
to voicing his other anti-Semitic 
and generally racist sentiments. 
In fact, he has been convicted 
three times of violating France's 
1972 law prohibiting the incite- 
ment of race-hatred. 

Jews, however, are only one of 
the National Fmnt's targets: North 
African immigrants are more fre- 
quently the brunt of political at- 
tacks. The party often claims that 
France is in acute danger of be- 
coming "Islamici7£d", conjuring 
up images of "invading Muslim 
hordes". The National Front also 
advocates the removal of immi- 
grants (particularly Arab immi- 
grants) as the cure for the ailing 
French economy. 

Unfortunately, the other main- 
stream parties in France have 
jumped on the racist bandwagon 
as they jockey for influence 
among the French electorate. In 
this context, it came as no sur- 
prise when a French government 
agency found that 76 per cent of 
those polled thought that there 



"threshold of tolerance" for im- 
migration was reached in the70's. 

But anyone who thinks that 
such racism is confined to the 
realm of mere talk should note 
the rise in the number of racially 
motivated violent acts accompa- 
nying this shift in the political 
climate. A European Parliament 
report cites numerous cases of 
physical violence against immi- 
grants that have taken place so far 
in the nineties, and which were 
motivated solely by race-hatred. 
Oftentimes, the sentences meted 
out for such crimes are so lenient 
as to spark an angry response, 
like when the father of a slain 
immigrant youth went on a hun- 
ger strike to protest the release of 
his son's killer. Moreover, it is 
significant that some individual 
members of the National Front 
itself are responsible for direct 
acts of violence. 

What we see here is the con- 
currence of a right-wing political 
atmosphere and the rise of racist 
violence on the streets. If this 
scenario seems familiar, that's 
because it is occurring right now 
in Toronto. In the political arena. 
Bob Rae's NDP government is 
proposing to cut health care ben- 
efits to refugees; meanwhile, this 
summer three Tamil men were 
beaten in racially motivated at- 
tacks. When govemmcnus launch 
political assaults against immi- 
grants, or scapegoat them for the 
poor state of the economy, it le- 
gitimizes popular sentiment 
against people of colour and other 



If these racist attacks 
seem familiar, that's 
because they're 
occurring right now 
in Toronto 



were too many Arabs in France. 
In order to pander to this senti- 
ment, politicians from the main- 
stream parties have echoed Le 
Pen's xenophobic rhetoric. For 
instance, former president 
Jacques Chirac of the Gaulist 
Rassemblemcnt pour la 
Republique (RPR) party has sug- 
gested draconian anti-immigrant 
measures, which would include 
(among other things) an end to 
immigrant family reunification, 
and the withdrawal of some so- 
cial security benefits from immi- 
grant families. 

Former interior minister 
Michel Poniatowski of the Union 
pour la Democratic Francaise 
(UDF) has compared the immi- 
grant presence in France to the 
Nazi occupation of France dur- 
ing World War II. And even the 
current president, Francois 
Mittcrand. has stated that the 



minori ty groups. To that extent, it 
helps to create a climate in which 
the far right can gain confidence 
and grow in numbers. 

All this highlights the need for 
a broad-ba.sed, united fightback, 
encompassing immigrants, peo- 
ple of colour, students, lesbians 
and gay men, the labour move- 
ment, and the left. This unity is 
indeed possible, as was proven at 
a demonstration this summer in 
Toronto of over 2,500 people, 
sponsored by more than 70 or- 
ganizations, to protest the attacks 
on the Tamil community. Simi- 
larly, over 50 groups have united 
together to call a mass anti-fas- 
cist demonstration to oppose the 
presence of the National Front in 
Montreal Such protests have pre- 
viously yielded concrete results: 
when Le Pen planned a visit to 
Please see "Unite", p.9 



WANTED: 
Japanese or Korean 

students, 20-30 yrs old, bom in North America 
needed to answer alcohol/allergies question- 
naire and to donate 6 mis of blood for analysis. 

$30.00 will be paid. 

Call Eva 978-2724, University of Toronto. 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 9 



United opposition 
proven effective 




Continued from p.8 

the Greek island of Corfu recently, a demonstration of 5000 people sent him an unequivocal message that 
he was not welcome. As a result he cancelled his visit. Similar mass mobilizations have thwarted Le Pen's 
plans to visit Edinburgh and Dublin. 
This is what the present situation demands. 

Christine Cuk is a member of U ofT's International Socialists 



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10 VARSITY FEATURES 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER1993 



START 



THE 




The student newspaper at the University of B.C. is back on the stands 




VANCOUVER - The death of a news- 
paper is no small event. Even when 
the paper in question is one which 
is operated, written and edited by stu- 
dents on a limited budget, the death 
does not go unnoticed. 
It should be of no surprise then that the 

death of The Ubyssey, the student paper at the 
University of British Columbia (UBC), resulted in 

an onslaught of protest by media types from across ihe 
country demanding to know how this happened. How was it possible 
that a 75 year-old institution like The Ubyssey cou\d be silenced and 
ultimately shut down, asked Allan Fotheringham in Maclean s, as 



(Nicole Graham/VS) 

did The Globe and Mail. Their criticism was directed toward the 
Alma Mater Society ( AMS), the UBC student union because it was 
the AMS who decided to cut funding to the paper. 

According to the AMS, the paper was financially irresponsible and 
many members of the editorial collective and staff were not actually 
students. According to the AMS, this lack of student participation 
meant that the paper was not representative of the student body. 

Other organizations on campus objected to paying for a paper 
whose content they often disagreed with. 

Jason Saunderson, vice-president of the Young Conservatives, 
told a rcponer last fall that he didn't like the political stance of the 
paper. 

"The editors use it for their own political agenda. A paper that 
propagates the views of the left is the wrong place for the AMS to be 
putting its money," Saunderson said. 

The Young Conservatives tried to revoke the paper's levy last 
October, but failed. 

Although last year The (/fcv.M^v continued with its long-standing 
tradition of confronting controversial issues head-on, the question of 
whether shutting the paper down completely was the appropriate 
way of handling the situation still remains. 
. Alaync Armstrong, president of Canadian University Press (CUP), 
an umbrella organization representing many campus newspapers 



across Canada, said what the AMS did is not just about petty campus 
politics, but about issues of freedom of press and speech. 

There is a trend where people are saying, 'I don' t like what you're 
publishing, so we're going to shut you down,'" said Armstrong. 

Armstrong said that at most campus papers, if students don't like 
what is being printed, they have the option of writing themselves, or 
becoming staff and getting involved with making editorial decisions. 

But, according to Armstrong, if funding for a paper is cut. the paper 
has very few options if they want to continue publishing. 

"It is no easy process to become autonomous," Armstrong said. 

According to Vaughn Palmer, a former [/feyijey editor who is now 
a columnist at the Vancouver Sun. last year's AMS wasn't the first 
council to want to shut the paper down — it was just the first to be 
organized enough to do it. 

But AMS President Bill Dobie doesn't sec it that way. 

"The intention was not to shut down the paper," Dobie said. "We 
were uncomfortable with the lack of formalization of relations 
between the AMS and The Ubyssey," he said. 

But last spring while The Ubyssey editors were in the process of 
creating a new constitution that would meet the AMS' demands for 
accountability and fiscal responsibility, while still trying to maintain 
editorial freedom, the AMS executive pui forward a proposal for a 
new Publications Board — one that would have the power to fire 
editors, stop individual UBC students from writing for the paper, or 
shut down publications entirely. 



by Graham Cook 
Canadian University Press 



While The Ubyssey' scoUecli\e scrambled to show the flaws in the 
Publications Board document, the AMS accepted the new proposal 
for the Publications Board. The Ubyssey was officially deconslituted 
— by a near-unanimous vote. 

"Vm confident of the duties the student body has give the Publi- 
cation Board," Dobie said. 

"They are duties the AMS had always had, and the Publications 
Board had just formalized that," he said. 

The debate over The Ubyssey 's future, and the wrangling over the 
Publications Board, meant that there was no summer newspaper. 

So began a three month struggle of press releases and mediacvcnts 
designed to get out the story of 77?^ Ubyssey 's death, as the editors 
saw it, to the public and especially to UBC students. 

The defunct newspaper garnered huge amounts of support. (//>yi5fj 
staff w ere inundated with outraged letters from other student papers 
around North America and in the pages of the mainstream press. 

The AMS did finally set up the new Publications Board, and after 
much soul-searching The Ubyssey 's editorial collective decided to 
apply for status as a Publication. 

The application was accepted and on August 24 The Ubyssey was 
back in business. 

And as students at UBC began a new school year this September 
so did The Ubyssey. Although the first issue of the paper came out last 
week, the chances for upcoming problems still exists. 

According to the AMS Code of Procedures the board has the 
power to shut down a publication if it publishes anything deemed to 
be "detrimental to the interests of the Alma Mater Society." 

With files prom Anne Bains and New Liberation News Service 



STOLEN 



PAPERS, 



STOLEN 



SPEECH 



A recent rash of college newspaper thefts across U.S. campuses 
has raised an outcry from editors who say violations of First 
Amendment rights are being dismissed as "college pranks" by 
students and administrators who don't understand the workings of 
the free press. 

'There has been a recent upswing in the practice of confiscating 
student newspapers nationwide," said Mark Goodman, an attorney 
with the Washington-based Student Press Law Center. 

In many cases, said Goodman, school administrators are viewing 
the incidents as harmless pranks and not taking proper steps to protect 
the newspapers. 

'This is a sad indication that 
many people, from administra- 
tion to students, just don ' t under- 
stand the role of the free press in 
our society," Goodman said. 

"We are seeing a trend. We 
have gotten a rash of calls from 
college publications." 

Most of the papers confis- 
cated had published opinion pieces which student groups on campus 
found objectionable. A group of black students at the University of 
Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, angered by the views of a conservative 
columnist, trashed 14 200 copies — the full press run — of the April 
15 Daily Pennsylvanian, the student newspaper at the university. 

Editor Stephen Glass said he was certain the thefts were due to 
columns by conservative writer Gregory Pavlik, who has questioned 
Martin Luther King as a black hero, admission standards for blacks, 
homosexuality, and most recently, wrote an unflattering story about 
a black honor society. 




Copies of another campus newspaper. The Uonhearted, were 
recently confiscated by members of several women's groups and 
burned in the yard of a Pennsylvania State University trustee's home 
in University Park. The trustee, Ben Novak, is the founder of the 
conservative paper, which is critical of women's studies and gay 
rights. 

Students at Southeastern l^ouisiana University in Hammond, La., 
recently ousted a popular student government president who admitted 
that he stole over 4,000 newspapers that were critical of his adminis- 
tration. 

Other campus newspapers in California, Connecticut, Wisconsin. 
Kansas, Florida, Massachusetts and New Hampshire have reported 
recent thefts of newspapers that contained information, opinions or 
photographs. 

Goodman said he urges editors to realize that taking large quanti- 
ties of a publication involves criminal activity, and they can press 
charges. Many editors, however, report a reluctance on the part of 
local law enforcement officials and university administrators to press 
criminal, charges against the culprits. 

"Even if it is free, and there is an invitation to take a copy, or a 



couple of copies, that does not include stealing or taking large 
quantities," Goodman said. 

"We urge publications to pursue criminal charges through their 
police and prosecutors." 

At the University of Pennsylvania, Glass said he acted on advice 
from lawyers, quickly printing and distributing an additional 6,000 
copies after the paper was confiscated. 

"A newspaper does not condemn or condone," Glass said. "But we 
stand by the right to publish." 

Glass said he was disappointed that University President Sheldon 
Hackney had not come forward to condemn to the action. 

"He has still never said it was wrong," Glass said. 

In the Louisiana case, Mark Morice, the student government 
president who was voted out of office, faces criminal charges and 
disciplinary action by Southeastern Louisiana University. He and an 
accomplice allegedly stole more than 4,000 copies of the March 4 
Lion 's Roar, the student newspaper that published a story criticizing 
the management of student government funds. 

"I am grateful that most of the students were ecstatic that he lost, and 
Continued on p. 11 



Newspaper thefts arouse First Amendment 
Concerns across US college campuses. 

by Karen Neustadt College Press Services 



I 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY FEATURES 11 



From p. 11 

it was because of what he did to the (Lion 's Roar). It was a vote of 
confidence for the paper," said Dori Colona, editor of the newspaper. 

Colona said she was concerned that the administration was treat- 
ing the theft of the papers, which caused a deep division witiiin the 
student body, as a college prank and not taking it seriously. 

Colona said she was also pressured by University President G. 
Warren SnnJth, who suggested that she back down from her position. 
She also said that Morice was campaigning for re-election by shaking 
hands with students saying, "Hello, I'm the person accused of 
stealing the newspapers." 

Others, however, say the incident didn't warrant such an emo- 
tional outcry. 

"It was a shock, like they are putting more into the story than there 
was. It was blown out of proportion,": said Brian Hill, president of 
Delta Tau Delta fraternity of which Morice is a member. However, 
Morice also faces possible expulsion from the fraternity. 

When the Yale Daily News Magazine in Connecticut recently ran 
an article about a conservative student political organization, all of 
the magazines vanished within hours of distribution. The article — 
titled "Ladies..of the Party of the^Right" — focused on the role of 
women in the male-dominated political group. 

Publisher Grace Yang said members of the conservative group 
objected because they said the writer failed to inform them she was 
publishing the piece and said she was writing it for an English class. 
The writer was also harassed and threatened, Yang said. 

"We know that they were responsible. We had anonymous phone 
calls admitting that they did, and they didn't like the way we 
portrayed them," Yang said, noting that as many as 2,500 copies 
could have been taken. 

"We are an expensive magazine," Yang added. 

In an article in the Yale Daily News, Joshua Hochschild, Party of 
the Right chairperson, denied knowledge of the missing magazines, 
but he also questioned whether stealing free college news magazines 
constituted a theft. 

"If you're talking about theft, you need to be talking about 
property," he told a reporter. He also suggested that the magazine 
staff misplaced the publications. 

Yang said she pursued legal recourse for several weeks, demand- 
ing financial compensation and the cost of reprinting 1 ,000 copies, 
but the administration and campus police were reluctant to support 
the magazine. 

"They were troubled by it, but we weren't happy with the level of 
support. They could have been a lot more aggressive about it," said 
Yang. 

Staffers at the Florida Review, a conservative independent paper 
at the University of Florida at Gainesville, are so accustomed to their 
newspapers being stolen they laughingly term it "dumping." 

"It seems like we were getting dumped a lot last year," said Chris 
Sharp, production director at the 5,000 circulation newspaper. "We 
used to have to stake out the boxes, but we haven't caught anybody 
in a while." 

The Highlander, the newspaper for Highland Community College 




in Highland, Kan., was recently criticized for running a photograph 
of a wrecked car in which a student was killed. Later, the paper 
disappeared, with friends of the dead student claiming responsibil- 
ity for the deed. 



(Nicole Graham/VS) 

"We were the grieving process for these kids, they turned their 
anger onto the paper,' said Franklin Mark Kyle, a journalism 
instructor at the college. "But we wanted to go let them know this was 
unacceptable behavior in a free press society." 




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J-school in 
jeopardy 

LONDON —The University ofWest- 
em Ontario's journalism department 
is fighting for its survival. 

This month, the university admin- 
istration plans to bring before the uni- 
versity's senate and board of gover- 
nors a proposal toclose the journalism 
school after this academic year. 

But supporters of the 47-year old 
journalism school aren't raising the 
white flag yet. 

Peter Dcsbarats, dean of journal- 
ism, says the April announcement that 
the school would likely be closed came 
as a surprise. 

"Over the years [the program] has 
built up a reputation of being the best 
in the country," he said. "That makes 
the announcement that the school in- 
tends to close it bizarre." 

Desbarats said the administration 
was causing "immense damage." 

"This is the first lime a university 
has announced the closing of a top- 
rated program, especially the oldest 
and best of a discipline." 

But Western vice-president Tom 
Collins said Western can no longer 
justify supporting the school. 

"There are other areas where the 
university feels it has its lop priorities, 
and the journalism school is not seen 
as one of them." 

The closure is estimated to save the 
university $385,000 a year in salaries, 
as well as $500,000 lhal could be 
recovered from the school's endow- 
ment. 

Collins said Western will probably 
continue to offer iis popular under- 
graduate journalism classes even if 
the degree program is eliminated. 

If the sch(X)l closes, many of its 
professors anticipate moving to 
Carleton University. But Carleton 
joumalismdirector Peter Johansen said 
Carleton would not make professors 
an offer until after the Western deci- 
sion is final. 

Addressing the spring convocation 
for Western' s graduate journalism stu- 
dents, journalist-activist June 
Call wood criticized the decision, call- 
ing it "a very great pity." 

THE WESTERN GAZETTE 



Changes to loan 
program hurt students 



BY Arn Keeling 



OTTAWA (CUP) - The government 
introduced long-awaited changes to the 
Canada Student Loans program this sum- 
mer — but they will end up costing 
students. 

Bernard Valcourt, federal minister of 
human resources and labor, announced 
in a summer press release that the three 
per cent guarantee fee paid by students 
will be eliminated as of Aug. 1. 

What the press release failed to men- 
tion, however, is that the six month inter- 
est-free period on loans after leaving 
school would also be canceled Aug. 1 . 

For the past two years, students who 
received student loans have had to pay a 
three per cent premium up front on the 
amount of their loan. The government 
said the money was used to cover the 
costs of defaults and also to combat the 
national deficit. 

"The fee was implemented to offset 
the rapidly increasing cost of imple- 
menting the [loan) programs," said 
Michelinc Racette, Valcourt' s press sec- 
retary. 

"The measure was successful." 

As well, students had a six-month 
grace period after finishing full-time 
schooling during which the govemment 
made interest payments on students' loans 
for them. 

The measures were originally pro- 
posed in the Tory budget of February 
1992, but it was not until Feb. 4 of this 
year that the Conservatives passed Bill 
C-76 that made the changes law. 

Ron Duhamel. Liberal education critic, 
said the elimination of the interest-free 
period would cost students leaving school 
an extra $35 million per year in interest 
payments on their loans. 

Students will only save $25 million 
with the three per cent tax gone, accord- 



ing to Duhamel. This means students 
will lose money in the long run under the 
new measures, he said. 

Carl Gillis, chair of the Canadian Fed- 
eration of Students, said his organization 
worked hard for two academic years to 
secure the elimination of the tax. But he 
added the cancellation of the interest- 
free period made the victory bittersweet 
at best. 

"There's a side of me that's cynical," 
said Gillis, who admitted the move may 
have been a pre-election ploy as much as 
it was a CFS lobbying triumph. 

Racette said the government's deci- 
sion to eliminate the tax was not a result 
of pressure from the CFS, but the change 
is "part of larger reforms" planned for 
the loans system. She said she could not 
comment of the nature of further re- 
forms. 

The changes will affect student loans 
negotiated after Aug. 1, said Linda 
Fleming, a financial aid administrator at 
Carleton University. Studpnt loans will 
still be administered in the same fashion, 
except that the tax will not be removed 
when the student takes their loan to the 
bank to receive their money. 

Racette said the elimination of the 
interest-free period will not be a burden 
to students because they will be finished 
school and trying to find a job. She said 
the $6, 1 30 average yearly loan amount 
is "well within the repayment ability of 



most borrowers." 

But Duhamel said the lack of an inter- 
est-free pericxl will devastate students 
already facing a tough job market and 
increasing debt loads. 

"Now there will be no reprieve," he 
said. 

(There still might be in Saskatchewan. 
According to the University of Saskatch- 
ewan newspaper The Sheaf, the prov- 
ince's NDP govemment has offered to 
pay interest on all student loans for the 
six months after leaving school.) 

Racette disagreed that student loan 
defaults — which occur nearly twice as 
often as consumer loan defaults — will 
increase due to immediate interest pay- 
ments. 

"We don' t agree that this will contrib- 
ute to these problems." she said. 

Gillis said the two measures as well as 
the proposed privatization of loan ad- 
ministration will further threaten acces- 
sibility. 

A govemment report, made public 
earlier this year, suggested turning over 
more of the administration to one or two 
private banks. 

Gillis said under the govemment plan, 
private banks could turn away students 
who are considered a bad credit risk. 
Under the current program, a student 
merely has to establish financial need to 
qualify for a loan. 

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Feds says students 
not really poor 

OTTAWA (CUP) - A federal govemment committee wants to change the definition 
of poverty to exclude students. 

A report from the Standing Committee on Health and Welfare. Social Affairs, 
Seniors and the Status of Women recommends full time students without dependents 
should not be included in new bench-marks evaluating poverty and income inequal- 
ity. 

The committee also says families headed by full-time students should answer 
questionnaires to establish their level of economic hardship. 

"We're just trying to see who's really poor," says the committee chair. Progressive 
Conservative MP Barbara Greene. 

"[The report] is just another measure of poverty, an accurate one." 

But Francois Dumaine, acting direaor for the National Anti Poverty Organization, 
says the report is not accurate at all. 

"They (the committee members] are trying to sidetrack from poverty," says 
Dumaine. 

He says his organization withdrew from the committee last year because it felt 
Greene was pushing an agenda to "redefine" poverty rather than fight it. 

Dumaine says the exemption of students from poverty statistics shows how 
insensitive the committee is to poverty. 
"It marginalizes the reality of many Canadians," he says. 
In fact, Dumaine says, student poverty is on the rise. 
"We've seen a very big increase in the number of food banks 
on university campuses across the country," he says. 
But the report says poverty is a student's choice. 
"Postsecondary students make their choices voluntarily. 
Most students do not suffer a low standard of living in the same 
way as do truly poor persons." 

Jocelyn Charron, communications officer for the Canadian 
Federation of Students, says students do suffer from low 
incomes and are suffering even more from govemment cut- 
backs. 

"It may be uiie [that students] choose to go to school, but 
they don ' t choose the conditions where grants are cut, aid is cut 
and tuition is raised," he says. 

Under the heading "The Case of Students," the report says 
students "choose to forego current income in exchange for 
expectations of higher future income and in exchange for the 
intangible benefits associated with greater learning." 

But Charron says the report reveals the government's mis- 
understanding of the conditions faced by students and the 
supposed benefits obtained from a post-secondary education. 
"They look on student poverty as a given," he says. "That 
mentality really shows their [the committee members'] age." 

The report's recommendations are now being reviewed by 
various govemment committees and won't be adopted until 
after the next election, providing the Tories are re-elected, says 
Greene. 

THE CHARLATAN 



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Brock secretary 
fights dismissal 

HAMILTON — A former Brock Uni- 
versity secretary is pursuing a com- 
plaint before the Ontario Human 
Rights Commission, saying she was 
fired because she reported sexual ac- 
tivities between a professor and his 
students. 

The hearings continued in Hamil- 
ton to determine if Mary Warner's 
dismissal in August of 1986 was jus- 
tified, or if she was the victim of job 
discrimination. Warner is fighting to 
regain her position in the Brock his- 
tory department and to obtain com- 
pensation for lost wages. 

Warner said "the problems in the 
[depanment ] started in 1 984." but said 
there were signs of trouble much ear- 
lier. 

Warner told the conmiission stu- 
dents had confided in her since as 
early as 1 97 1 they fell Sutherland was 
giving preferential treatment to a stu- 
dent he was living with. 

Another student testi fied to the com- 
mission that Sutherland often pursued 
relationships with young female stu- 
dents. The student, who claimed to 
have had a relationship with the pro- 
fessor from 1 976 to 1 984 said Suther- 
land liked the "power over budding 
women" his job provided. 

"I tended to be a little on the inse- 
cure side... that was something he 
wanted to maintain, that sort of father 
figure," said the witness. 

Warner said she protested to the 
university's sexual harassment com- 
mittee when Sutherland attempted to 
boost another female student's mark 
in a history course retroactively. The 
secretary said she came under harass- 
ment by several members of the de- 
partment for doing so. Attempts by 
Warner to find another job were un- 
successful, and in 1 986 she was fired. 

University lawyer Tom Curry de- 
fended the university's dismissal of 
Warner. 

"She [Warner] had become in- 
volved in matters that were beyond 
her authority and she would not agree 
to stop her involvement." 

So far, Warner has spent over 
$100,000 in legal fees pursuing her 
case. 

Sulheriand left Brock in 1986 after 
threats that he would face disciplinary 
proceedings. 

THE BROCK PRESS 



No party for 
Carleton grads 

OTTAWA (CUP) — Carleton Uni- 
versity has canceled this fall's gradu- 
ation ceremony to save money, and 
graduating students are angry they 
weren't told. 

"Certainly in the fall of 1993. there 
will not be a November convocation." 
said Pal O'Brien, Carleton's pubhc 
relations director. "It's definitely 
canceled." 

It will still be possible for Novem- 
ber graduates to have a ceremony — 
they will just have to wait until June 
1994. 

Kaihelijne Keeren, a fourth-year 
political science student, is upset. She 
has relatives from Holland who 
planned to Hy out for her grad cer- 
emony. "We wouldn't have planned 
for November graduation if we had 
known." she said. 

Don McEown, executive assistant 
to university president Robin 
Farquhar, said the decision is a re- 
sponse to the university's financial 
problems. 

O'Brien said the university will 
save around $40,000 in costs by can- 
celling the convocation, traditionally 
held at the National Arts Centre. 

THE CHARLATAN 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Riot wimmin at 
U. Watyrloo 

WATERLOO — The University of 
Waterloo' s student federation is clash- 
ing with its women's centre over the 
ofTicial spelling of the word "women." 

The centre, which spells the word 
as "womyn" in its advertising and 
promotions, has been instructed by 
the federation to stick to the tradi- 
tional spelling. 

A July 27 memo by federation presi- 
dent Catherine Coleman states any 
other spelling is "unacceptable." 

"Any variation is still perceived as 
radical and that would, in fact, alien- 
ate a lot of students on campus," she 
said. 

But centre co-ordinator Tammy 
Speers says the ruling is censorship. 

"It's just been an autocratic deci- 
sion. It hasn't come from the stu- 
dents," she said. 

But Coleman said that since the 
women's centre is paid for from the 
student federation's budget, the fed- 
eration had control over how the cen- 
tre presents itself. 

IMPRINT 



There goes 
the farm 

WATERLOO - Two of the prov- 
ince's five agricultural colleges are to 
close next spring, as part of the On- 
tario government's budget-cutting 
moves. 

But Ontario farmers and other peo- 
ple in the agriculture and food busi- 
ness have sworn to fight the move. 
And seven students have filed a class- 
action suit to keep one of the agricul- 
tural colleges — Centralia, near Ex- 
eter — from closing. 

The ministry of agriculture sup- 
ports English language colleges of 
agricultural technology at Centralia, 
Kemptville, New Liskeard, and 
Ridgetown, and a French-language 
college at Alfred. 

The ministry has said both Centralia 
and New Liskeard will close their 
doors next spring . About 1 70 students 
study at Centralia and 100 at New 
Liskeard. 

Students who have just finished 
their first year at either college will be 
allowed to complete their two-year 
program. But new students will have 
to apply to another college 

Southern Ontario farmers have 
formed the Friends of Centralia coali- 
tion to try to keep the college open. 
Northern Ontario farmers have done 
the same for New Liskeard. 

The student lawsuit says that they 
will suffer from the "loss of post- 
secondary education, permanent im- 
pairment of earning capacity, lost 
employment opportunities, dimin- 
ished ability to successfully operate 
their own farm operation, and dimin- 
ished quality of life." 

IMPRINT 




Manitoba gov't cuts bursaries 



BY Paul Nigol 



WINNIPEG (CUP) - For those students who depend on the 
Manitoba Bursary Fund, the summer break may be longer than 
expected. 

On May 4 Manitoba's Tory government eliminated the 
province's bursary program, which provided grants to finan- 
cially disadvantaged students. 

Education and Training Minister Rosemary Vodrey an- 
nounced that Manitoba would join other provinces in replacing 
its grant-based program with loans. Currently about 3,300 
students receive some level of aid from bursaries. 

To replace the bursary fund, the government has created a 
loan program. The government insists, however, that there will 
still be grants available for the most needy students. 

According to University of Manitoba Student Union direc- 
tor of communications Brian Kelcey, this decision has the 
potential to further reduce the accessibility of post-secondary 
education. 

In protest to the cuts, on May 21 he and other university 
students presented a "bounced cheque" to PremierGary Filmon 
for the sum of $2.3 million. 

"This cheque equals the additional loan burden forced on 
students by cutting the bursary program - a cut which hurts the 



Manitoba economy by driving the needy and enterprising 
students away from the educational system," Kelcey told the 
Premier. 

Kelcey said he has also used more traditional forms of 
protest to lobby the government, including phone calls and 
meetings with the minister. 

"What is important to us is if the government wants eco- 
nomic recovery, we need an educated and trained work force. 
Any education, especially post-secondary, has proven to be 
both a social and economic contributor adding to the diversity 
of the province," added Kelcey. 

According to Jean Friesen, the NDP post-secondary educa- 
tion critic, the government's education policy has consistently 
taken away from those who have the least. 

"Student loans were first introduced to widen access to 
students when they had a reasonable expectation of work 
during the summer and upon graduation, which does not exist 
today." 

"Instead of improving the loan system or investing in 
student employment, both levels of Tory government are 
placing their economic problems directly onto students' shoul- 
ders and abdicating their responsibility for investment in this 
province's future," said Friesen. 

THE MANITOBAN 



Native-run store sells texts sans tax 



BY Kristin Andrews 



MONTREAL (CUP) — The Mohawk 
Nation Bookstore in Kahnawake, Que- 
bec sells textbooks to university students 
at below-market rates, in an attempt to 
expose students indirectly to first na- 
tions literature. 

While they regularly stock only litera- 
ture by and about native people, the 
bookstore can order any book printed by 
a number of major publishers. Accord- 
ing to store manager Carol McComber, 
most of the books used as textbooks at 
nearby McGill University are accessi- 
ble. 

Books at the Nation Bookstore are 1 5 
per cent cheaper than across the bridge in 
Montreal because there are no taxes in 
Mohawk territory. An additional 10 per 
cent discount is offered to students on 
schoolbooks which aren't regularly 
stocked. Students are asked to purchase 
a $15 student discount card which lasts 
for one year. 

The Mohawk Nation Bookstore is 
collectively owned by the Kahnawake 
Longhouse, and all profits are returned 
to the community. McComber and other 
members of the Women's Society of the 
Longhouse manage the store. 

The McGill Bookstore, on the other 
hand, sells books at market prices. All 
potential profits are used to pay off the 
16-year mortgage on its new building. 

The Mohawk bookstore was founded 
in the aftermath of the Oka crisis of 1 990. 
"People started asking about books," 
said McComber. "We realized that there 
really wasn't a store anywhere which 
specialized in native literature." 

Initial funding for the store came out 
of profits from the controversial sale of 
imported cigarettes in Kahnawake. 
"Cigarette profits were meant to initiate 
other businesses,"McComber said. 



The Nation Bookstore currently pro- 
motes native writers with readings and 
book signings. 

"The Bookstore is a tool to network 
information," McComber said. "We net- 
work with the education system here. 
[Visiting writers] sometimes meet with 
students at the Kahnawake Survival 
School. It gives students the incentive to 



do their own writing." 

By offering the student discount on 
school books, the bookstore will not 
make a profit, McComber said. 

"We hope that when [the students] 
come by for the discount, they might be 
exposed to first nations literature they 
otherwise wouldn't have noticed." 

THE MCGILL DAILY 



July showers bring floods 

WINNIPEG (CUP) — It was a typical July day on the University of Manitoba 
campus when a staff member encountered a beaver. 

"It came swinuning up to see what vias going on," says physical plant manager Ed 
Rzeszutek. 

Staff on the university's Fort Garry campus spent days mopping up, after record 
rainfalls flooded most campus buildings on the July 24-25 and August 7-8 weekends. 
The downtown Bannatyne campus was not seriously affected. 

"There was so much water that the [drainage] system couldn't handle the volume," 
says Rzeszutek. 'The type of rain we had saturates the ground and then it has to go 
somewhere." 

Estimated to have exceeded 200 mm in some parts of the city, the downpour began 
causing trouble on Saturday. Fire alarms went off all over campus, the sensors 
affected by extreme humidity or leaks. 

The University Centre was badly hit, with ceiling leaks throughout the building 
and an inch of rainwater flowing across the Hoor of the newly-built Copy Centre. 

"Apart from one photocopy machine, the damage is relatively minor, mostly paper 
supplies - what was on the floor," says Copy Centre production coordinator Howard 
Almdal, who stayed on campus Saturday morning to stave off the waters. 

Two weeks after the initial flooding, the grounds outside the Copy Centre were 
rimmed with sandbags and plastic to stabilize slipping earthwork and to act as a dike 
against future floods. 

An evening thunderstorm that weekend released up to 90 mm of rain in a few hours 
and killed a young Winnipeg boy who was swept under the surface of Sturgeon 
Creek, normally a stream easily stepped across by adults. Since then, three others 
were drowned in the rain-swollen Red River. Nobody on campus was injured. 

The cost of the flooding and leaks have not yet been assessed, and although 
weekend overtime salaries may top the damages, Rzeszutek says it was money well 
spent. 

"We had quite a few people out. There were five or six people on twoor three shifts. 
We'd have been in deep water if [the staff] had not been there." 

THE MANITOBAN 



VARSITY NEWS 13 



Silly student! 
Tricks are 
for kids! 

WATERLOO — An individual who 
allegedly ran a prostitution service in 
the University of Waterloo's married 
student apartments was evicted by the 
university in June. 

Waterioo's director of security, AI 
MacKenzie, said that former student 
Greg Nikolic was evicted because he 
was no longer enrolled at the univer- 
sity. Nikolic was also "hnked to ad- 
vertisements offering sex services by 
appointment," MacKenzie said. 

Advertisements for the "Black Or- 
chid Escort Service" were first seen 
on campus in May. The flyers con- 
tained a price list, phone number, e- 
mail address, and a description of how 
the service operated. 

The price list gave prices for "oral," 
"intercourse," or "combined." 

The flyer also asked for any women 
interested in a "well-paying, flexible 
job" to contact the service. 

The phone number on the fiyer and 
the bank account into which deposits 
were to be made were both registered 
to Nikolic. The apartment from which 
the service operated was sublet to him 
as well. 

Campus police said Nikolic's room 
was not being used for prostitution, 
but "strictly for an answering serv- 
ice." 

The flyers said the service was "per- 
fectly legal," because "escorts" were 
not paid directly by the client. How- 
ever, the Criminal Code says procur- 
ing a person, or solicitation for the 
purpose of prostitution is illegal. 

IMPRINT 



Attack of the 
toxic dirt 

LONDON (CUP) — A University of 
Western Ontario employee has been 
commended for alerting the univer- 
sity about PCB-contaminated soil on 
a university sports field. 

Grounds maintenance manager Jim 
Galbraith discovered in July that soil 
brought on campus for the upgrade of 
the field contained PCBs and heavy 
metals. 

"It was at the insistence of Jim 
Galbraith, who was at the site, that 
tests were performed," university vice- 
president Michael Gourley told the 
university's board of governors. 

Galbraith said the soil, supplied as 
part of a joint project with the City of 
London, was supposed to be uncon- 
taminated dirt from construction ex- 
cavation. But when the soil arrived, it 
did not look or smell right, he said. 

"I suspected it almost as soon as it 
came in," he said. "It was more of a 
topsoil and it had an odor to it." 

The site was cordoned off and 
placed under constant surveillance by 
a security guard, until the soil was 
removed in early August. 

THE EXCALIBUR 




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14 VARSITY NEWS 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



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Bank of Montreal 

We're Paying Attention 




(Brian David DiLeandro/VS) 
Orientation : Winning the big prize at Carnival Day. 



Respect Yourself fails again 



Continued from p.l 

or should be sexually active. I 
think that as students, especially 
first year students, we should not 
be pressured into activities which 
hold a serious, emotional conse- 
quence." 

Vince Dc Marinis, ECSU vice- 
president of finance, staled that 
while Respect Yourself is wel- 
come to inform students of the 
option of chastity, theclaims made 
against the effectiveness of con- 
doms were unfounded. 

"Respect Yourselfs literature 
was at least five or six years old, 
most dating back to 1986. When 
we asked to see more recent in- 
formation substantiating the 
group's claim, John McCash 
would say it was 'in the car,'" De 
Marinis said. 

ECSU told McCash his group 
would have to provide evidence 
to support its claim before the 
union could consider the request 
to ban condoms. 



"He simply did not provide 
such information. Condoms do 
work," De Marinis said. 

Costa argued that the orienta- 
tion kit was meant to serve as an 
educational tool for first year stu- 
dents and "give them a sense of 
skills in a comfortable way," and 
that Respect Yourself s insistence 
that their view is the only view 
was invalid. 

"We want to offer choices to 
first year students and trust that 
they are both able and want to 
make their own informed deci- 
sion." 

"Clearly, saying no is a choice, 
but it is only one of the many." 

For McCash and Respect Your- 
self, this is the second time around. 
They mounted the same protest at 
Erindale during last year's orien- 
tation, with no more success. As 
happened this year. Respect Your- 
self s views were rejected unani- 
mously by the Erindale council. 




Orientation: engineers at play. 



(Norman Hui) 



IB 



Reduce. 

Reuse. 

Recycle. 



Review 



The Monday Edition 
13 September 1993 



A. in 



by Mimi Choi 
Varsity Staff 




initially expected the audience to desire horror films, but 
now I see what they really want is violence and blood," laughs 
Noah Cowan. He's talking, with some flippancy, about Mid- 
night Madness, the program in the Festival of Festivals tradition- 
ally home to fringe horror films. The formula of good vs. evil 
resembles your typical suburban-mall horror flick, but over the 
years, many of the films featured have been foreign, adding an 
exotic twist to the same old story. Australia and New Zealand 
have been notable contributors with the likes of Peter Jackson's 
Brain Dead 992) and this year's Fraudsby Stephan Elliott and 
Jack Be Nimble by Garth Maxwell. 

Cowan has been choosing the films in Midnight Madness since 
1989. The program was actually initiated in 1988 when a few 
programmers. Cowan included, viewed a handful of offbeat films 
and decided to screen them during the Festival. 

"That year was really different," Cowan remembers, "be- 
cause we didn't really know what we were doing, or what we 

were looking for." 

Although the horror image 
of Midnight Madness has be- 
come solidly entrenched, and 
it has found its audience among 
the young and hip. Cowan still 
employs a casual selection 
process. Starting at Cannes, he 
views bits of films and pursues 
othertitles suggested by friends 
and film-industry types. After 
prioritizing a list of approximately 70 films, he narrows it down 
to about 1 6 or 1 7, before looking for a balance, and maybe some 
kind of agenda. 

"You want to make sure certain things are represented. It's 
not a decision of 'I like it, I like it; I'll take it." 

But Midnight Madness has not always been about horror films. 
In 1 988, eight films were screened at the Bloor Cinema, and only 
two, Tony Randel's Hellraiser II and Frank Henenlotter's Brain 
Damage, were identifiable as horror. It is interesting to note now 
that horror was actually outnumbered by music films, with Chris 
Blum's Big Time about Tom Waits, Amos Gitai's Brand New 
Oayabout Eurythmics' Japanese tour, and the very memorable 
The Decline of Western Civilization, Part II: The Metal Years by 
Penelope Spheeris. The indel ibie stamp of horror seemed to come 
the following year, heralded by DarioArgento's Opera (Argento 
returns this year with Trauma). Since then, Midnight Madness has 
become the cinematic equivalent of the big, scary rollercoasters 
from childhood: you dare your friends to go, just to conceal your 
own fear of going. 

"In the late eighties," Cowan notes, "I was looking much 
more at underground stuff, particularly low-budget horror films. 
That was the final ebb in the eighties that was born out of the 
massive video distribution industry. It spawned a fantastic indus- 
try: directors could get anything financed with a video sale, and 
it was really edgy stuff." 

But direct-to-video films have become so common, placing 
many potential selections out of contention for the program. As 
well, the audience's taste has grown within Midnight Madness. 



Chills, Thrills, Spills 

Talking to Noah Cowan about Midnight il/iadness 




I've got an Excedrin headache this big (still from Wicked City, Hong Kong, 1992) 



"There is a Midnight sensibility that goes beyond horror," 
Cowan insists. 

"The same excitement that drives horror fans bleeds into other 
genres. It's important the program reflects this. It would be great 
if we could have a whole horror sidebar. On the other hand, 
there's something to be said about putting them all together; 
then you start to see them in light of each other." 

The broadening of Midnight Madness is represented by Asian 
action and European art films such as 1 991 's A Chinese Ghost 
Storyllland 1992's C'est Arrive PresDe Chez Vous(popularly 
known as Man Bites Dog) from Belgium. Both films drew large, 
appreciative crowds and express what Cowan calls "the spirit of 
Midnight Madness without its look or genre pay-offs." 



And this year, music will return as a significant portion of the 
Midnight Madness program in the form of music videos (Thurs. 
Sept. 16). Included are Lenny Kravitz's "Is There Any Love in 
Your Heart?" (Mark Romanek, France/USA, 1993), the Black 
Crowes' "Sometimes Salvation," Smashing Pumpkins' "To- 
day" (both Stephane Sednaoui, USA, 1993), the Cult's "The 
Witch," Raging Slab's "Take a Hold" (both Paul Boyd, USA, 
1 993), Matthew Sweet's "Time Capsule" (Douglas Gau, USA, 
1 993), Digable Planets' "Nickel Bag" (Nick Egan, USA, 1 993), 
Alice in Chains' "Down in a Hole" (Nigel Dick, USA, 1993), 
The Shamen's "Comin' On" (Nico Beyer, GB/France, 1993) 
and En Vogue's "Free Your Mind" (Mark Romanek, Please see 
"Freaked", p. 1 7 



Life's a bitch and then you die 

But sometimes in the movies you can still find love 



by Hal Niedzviecki 



If you go to the movies too much you end up 
thinking of life as one cinematic opportunity 
after another. It's a bizarre state that under- 
mines one's senses, transferring them to a 
plane where existence and truth lie only in the 
dusty corners of some long forgotten celluloid 
dream. 

Films are strange entities: they imitate life, 
recreate it and contort it, but never capture it. 

What many 
film buffs for- 
get is that peo- 
ple are 
trapped not in 
the world of 
cameras and 
soundtracks, 
but iVi their 
own minds. 
Films, which 
will never be 
able to recre- 




ate human consciousness, must ultimately fail. 
Many people crave the weird, the bizarre and 
the horrifying. They sense that true, real life can 
never be filmed: they embrace the warped tan- 
gents of reality that mark out the only territory 
the narrative movie ever truly occupied. 

The Festival of Festivals is a rare opportunity 
to see the best of the wei rdo movies i n the world. 
There are two programs — Midnight Madness 
and The Edge — devoted to the kinds of films 
which haunt the underside of every catered 
Hollywood production. But, of course, all Festi- 
val classifications, from Contemporary World 
Cinema to Italian Renaissance, contain the lurk- 
ing sharp shadows of projections gone awry. 

These movies represent a student paradise of 
alternative life-styles and, in many cases, after- 
life life-styles. Unfortunately, the Festival makes 
it its business to discourage students from spend- 
ing a week at the movies. The timing is all wrong 
for those who don't want to miss their first 
week of classes and anyone not in the city during 
August (when the discount passes are to be had). 
As well, the new system of booking in advance 
forces individual ticket buyers to know what 



they want to see weeks in advance. But never 
mind that. Tickets to some of these movies can 
still be had at the box-office any day before they 
are screened and at the actual cinema at the day 
of the screening. These are the alternatives, ill- 
attended screenings that dare to move forward 
without a principal cast of stars, a well-known 
director or, as is often the case, even a plot. 

Of course, not everything that follows could 
be said to be alternative — there are some main- 
stream films worthy of attention. What is really 
documented here is something almost as strange 
as life: a collection of lost possibilities and well- 
deserved triumphs strung on a big wheel and 
filtered through a high-watt lamp onto a large 
white surface. We sit and stare and hope for 
something beautiful. It's weird. But so are the 
movies. 

Mosaferan(Travellers; Bahram Beizai, Iran, 1 992) 

The Iranian Director Bahram Beizai is clearly 
a man who understands that a film is first and 
foremost a visual experience. Mosaferan (Trav- 
eller^ is a vision of contemporary Iranian soci- 



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with Kelsang Tharchin 

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Wednesdays 7:30 pm Sept 22 - Oct 27 

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(suggested donation - $6.00) 



contact: 535- ISU 




ety told through a series of symbolic entrances 
and departures that act as sign-posts on a haunt- 
ing and uncertain journey, yielding only ghosts 
and those who would set them to rest. Sweeping 
colours — whites become black as a wedding 
becomes a funeral — define the changing mood 
of this movie. Meanwhile, traditions and para- 
digms are brought to bear on a real life that 
becomes increasingly less substantial. Like the 
relatives who arrive at the ceremony, we can 
only stare at the spectacle that unfolds before us 
wondering if the tears being shed are tears of joy 
or sobs of sorrow. 

H.N. 



I Wanted to See Angels (Sergei Bodrov, Russia/ 
USA, 1992) 

Freedom is Paradise {Sergei Bodrov, USSR, 1 989) 

Set in an after-glasnost Moscow populated 
almost exclusively by hustlers, pimps, assassins, 
bikers and corrupt officials, Bodrov's most 
recent film, / Wanted to See Angels, is the story 
of the small-town kid in over 
his head. To a soundtrack of 
Russian alternative rock 



tuneage, our hero falls m love 
and dreams of his favorite 
movie. Easy Rider, in which the 
bikers died young but "knew 
how to live." An uncompro- 
mising work which uses cin- 
ematic techniques like punches 
in the face. See Angels is truly 
the edge of longi ng: no one can 
pull another into the chasm of 
belief. Like See An 
Please see "Hacks" p.1 8 



16 VARSITY REVIEW 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 




111 



> 



Smorgasbord for film addicts 



by Steve Gravestock 
Varsity Staff 



Daens (Stijn Coninx, Belgium, 1 992) 

This leftist tale of a late nineteenth century priest who disobeys the 
Pope in order to help the oppressed cotton factory workers of 
Aalst isn't as cloying as it sounds. In fact, with the exception of 
a few scenes where the score lays it on way too thick, Daens is 
relatively restrained, affecting even. There are some truly horrify- 
ing sequences detailing the dismal working conditions in the turn- 
of-the-century Europe, and many of the scenes involving the 
factory owners have a telling sort of currency. We hear the same 
claptrap today about remembering to respect those who feed us. 
Some of the more hardline right wing owners deliver whoppers 
that could have been written by Rush Limbaugh. Cautioned about 
cutting wages when the workers are already starving, one of the 
owners shrugs and comments, "In every war there are casual- 
ties." The entrenched party system Daens battles is as corrupt and 
useless as our own and Daens himself is essentially a liberation 
theologian. (Sometimes Coninx pushes this linkage too far. The 
women in the film are probably meant to suggest Vermeer, but 
they're closer to Katie Moss.) 

Coninx has picked a fertile period and he does it justice. The 
film makes some intelligent, historically valid points about the 
disaster that resulted from the shifts in the power struaure that 
accompanied capitalism. The most obvious disaster, of course, is 
that there's no one left who will assume responsibility for the 
poor. The Church, no longer the power it once was, is more intent 
on placating business interests while the businessmen are utterly 
ruthless. The situation hasn't really changed all that much. 

Coninx is a capable director who's aware of the pitfalls of this 
sort of sentimental political filmmaking and manages to avoid 
most of them. And he's a genius at casting interesting faces. As 
Daens, Jan Decleir has the kind of craggy integrity that people 
erroneously attribute to Gerard Depardieu. 

The War Room (Chris Hegedus and D.A. Pennebaker, USA, 
1993) 

One of the major figures in the cinema verite rrxjvement of the 
sixties, Pennebaker has been completely ignored by critics since 
then, largely because his work lacks hipness — it's not sexy — and 
consequently doesn't get the kind of release or hype that 
fraudulent stuff like Roger arid Me does. If The War Room, an 
analysis of the spin doctors who manufacture political candi- 
dates, is representative of the other work Pennebaker's done 
since the seventies, this may be one of the greatest critical gaffes 
in film history. 



THERE'S A WHOLE WORLD 




Co-directed with wife Chris Hegedus, The War Room follows 
Clinton's campaign managers from last year's primary to his 
election. The film doesn't offer anything earth-shattering; it 
basically argues that politics has deteriorated into showbiz and 
outlines the easy way the press managers manipulate the press. 
(They don't always succeed but they certainly know which 
buttons to push.) This isn't new but The War Room is probably 
the most intelligent film to look at this subject. It's distinguished 
by its conscientious refusal to lay the blame glibly or irresponsi- 
bly. (See, for a counter example, /?oger and Me.) The spin doctors 
aren't evil. In fact, they're quite likeable. Pennebaker and 
Hegedus opt for a more difficult systematic analysis, and though, 
they don't offer solutions, they do provide a comprehensive 
document analyzing the problem. 

Combination Platter, (Tony Chan, USA, 1 993) 
Tony Chan's debut is a little too slow for my taste and probably 
everybody else's. But the film does have an earnest doggedness 
that's sort of winning. Chan shows the lonely, rather bleak life 
of his conscientious waiter hero Robert (Jeff Lau), who's desper- 
ately trying to get a green card, in crawling rigorous detail. There 
are aspects of the immigrant experience you haven't seen before 
— at least you likely haven't seen it presented in this manner. 

Robert's biggest problem is the language, an obstacle that's 
humiliating to him. He's dating a white woman who he hopes 
to marry and thereby end his worries about deportation. Since his 
English isn't that great, though he spends most of his time 
pretending he understands what she's talking about. One of the 
more interesting psychological flourishes is that Robert isn't as 
troubled about deportation as having to live a lie. 

Chow doesn't really seem wildly talented or inventive, either 
as a scriptwriter or a director, but then talent isn't always the be- 
all and end-all. He has an interesting subject which may be in fact 
be preferable. And here it carries you over the dull spots. 

Cf/enRichard GlaUer, USA, 1993) 

Set in an office that produces a dismal, screamingly ludicrous TV 
show called the Love Judge, Grief has a rather collegiate feel at 
least stylistically speaking. The set-ups are simple and direct at 
best. What isn't collegiate is the script which has been carefully 
worked out. It's as finely, professionally honed as any sitcom, 
offering up a laugh a minute. Writer-director Clatzer (who 
worked on Divorce Courthr five years) focuses on the affairs and 
dalliances of the people responsible for the show and their 
ongoing battle with the homophobic producers. 

On the whole, the movie is a little sticky sweet morally and 
psychologically. It could be easily reduced to statements like: 
honesty is the best policy, don't run away from your fears, etc., 

and I'm not sure if a sitcom 
style piece about AIDS is ex- 
actly appropriate (even if the 
film doesn't treat the disease 
lightly). 

But, in a sense, Crief does 
successfully subvert the cliches 
of sitcoms by includingcharac- 
ters major networks would 
never green-light and there are 
a couple of truly thoughtful 
moments. Radical gay Jeremy 
turns out to be more conserva- 
tive than anyone else (at least 
where relationships are con- 
cerned) while there's a truly 
funny speech by Jackie Beat 
aka Kent Fuher about labelling. 
(Fuher plays the tough, bitchy 
producer with a heart of gold. 
It's a great cliche, and Fuher 
gives a performance worthy of 
Divine.) Besides, the cast is 
composed of skilful comic ac- 
tors, especially Fuher. 



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MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 17' 



Freaked, dazed and wicked at midnight 



Continued from p. 1 5 

USA, 1993). 

It may seem cumbersome to list all, including 
musician and director, but Cowan wants to 
foreground the filmmakers and emphasize the 
videos as visual art pieces, distinct from the 
musician's iconography. 

"As a journalist, I've been fighting for a 
long time that they should be reviewed not as an 
adjunct to music. That goes contrary to the MTV/ 
MuchMusic concept as a cultural resonating 
whole, that you can tune in or out of. That's not 
true anymore; people talk about music videos 
individually." 

The challenge, then, is to view them in an 
auteuristic way. None of the video directors are 
a household name. Cowan points out that record 
companies tend to assign them assembly-line 
fashion, like the Top-40 songwriters twenty and 
thirty years ago. But some of those people, like 
Carole King and Neil Diamond, madetheirown 
mark. And, although music videos are normally 
1 6mm films, we can't overlook the irony that 
something intended to be viewed on television, 
probably as you're channel-surfing, will be 
magnified and in stereo. 

Certainly, there have been some real dogs in 
Midnight Madness. But the program succeeds 
largely because graphic subject matter and de- 
piction can be often justified as iconoclastic and 
irreverent. Who wouldn't be curious when 
hearing tales of gore and camp the morning 
after? You can't beat it for youth culture snob 
appeal. 

So, you may be stuck in this week's di- 
lemma, do you go with the new Dave or Mid- 
night Madness? If you're smart and hip, set 
your VCR (or cajole a friend to) to Dave, and 
head out to the Bloor Cinema. 

W\cked C/ty (Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Japan, 1987; 
Mak Tai Kit, Hong Kong, 1 992) 

Wicked City. Two movies with the same name 
showing in a double bill at the Bloor theatre as 
part of the Midnight Madness series on Septem- 
ber 17. The original, from Japan, is animated. 
The second, a treatment of the same story (and 
better of the two), is a big budget, live-action 
version adapted by Tsui Hark and the Film 
Workshop in Hong Kong. 

The common story line, which owes a lot to 
Blade Runner, has malevolent, form-changing 
creatures, and humans trying to peacefully co- 
exist. 

The first film, made in 1 987, is worth seeing for 
the animation, which is above average and very 
stylish. In Japanese animation, being stylish also 
means lots of breasts being squeezed by scaly 
hands. The story of a male human and female 
creature uniting to breed the perfect race is 
ultimately simple and disappointing. 

Perhaps in a conscious effort to out-do the first, 
the second, directed by Mak Tai Kit in 1 992, is 
an over-the-top, fast-paced action film, done in 
the hyper-edit style that HK films are known for. 
There are lots of stunts similar to those of The 
Heroic Trio, and A Chinese Ghost Story, which 
was a previous hit at the Festival, as well as 
seam less computer effects. The artdirection also 
does much more with the art deco, post techno 
redux theme only hinted at in the animation. 
Interestingly, this film has many references to 
1997; as the year draws near, the balance be- 




I told you your face would freeze that way. 



tween good and evil becomes increasingly un- 
stable. 

Even though the stories and treatments are only 
remotely similar, seeing the films together al- 
lows a unique opportunity to compare the two 
most exciting genres in current film: Japanese 
animation and Hong Kong action films. 

Ashley Thomas 



Freaked (Tom Stern, Alex Winter, USA, 1993) 

Cross-germinate Bill and Ted, National Lam- 
poon and a touch of Python; throw in tons of 
slapstick, put an enviro-mare spin to it all and 
then you'd have Freaked. 

Rick Coogin, a Jason Priestly alter-ego, goes to 
South America to endorse a killer bio-genetic 
fertilizer. Coogin, his sidekick, and the hyper- 
militant leader of the environmental group pro- 
testing Zygrote-24 stumble into a freak show 
where the mad ringmaster morphs them into 
genetic mutants using the very same goop. 

Freaked seems like it should be a good film, 
but somehow it isn't. The frenetic pacing, at 
first funny, soon becomes tiring, and of course, 
there's no time for character development. 
The slapstick degenerates at times simply into 
gratuitous violence, which then sort of toxifies 
the rest of the antics. The sight gags are as 
groaningly literal and the one-liners as tedious 
as anything from the Airplane film. 

Okay, the special effects and the art direction 
are pretty wild and there are some quirky ap- 
pearances — Mr. T as the Bearded Lady, Larry 
"Bud" Melman as himself (from the Letterman 
show — how could you forget him?), the hysteri- 
cal voice of Bobcat Coldthwait as Sock Head — 
but people, please, there are lots of other films 
out there. Wait for it to come out on video. 

Paul Matusek 



Dazed and Confused (Richard Linklater, USA, 
1993) 

The director of Slacker returns with another 
hundred-character, episodic ramble. Dazed and 
Confused is simultaneously less effective and 
more interesting than its predecessor. Set in 
1 9 76, the fi Im offers up some crafty observations 
about decade mongering, decade festishists 
(Dazed takes some excellent shots at sixties 
heads) while rewriting, or, more accurately, 
correcting the notion that the seventies was the 
worst post war decade. As Linklater presents 



them, the seventies were hedonistic and dumb, 
but they were also freer in the sense that people 
weren't already straitjacketed into empty po- 
litical rhetoric. 

Dazed has a curiously neutral style largely 
because it's presented through the eyes of a 
freshman who sees high school life without 
judging it, as something he has to get through. At 
first, this neutrality is bothersome. But the movie 
sticks with you and, in retrospect, the film seems 
richer than you first thought. 

5feve Gravestock 




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18 VARSITY REVIEW 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Varsity hacks take on the festival 



Continued from p. 15 

gels, the principle theme in Freedom is Paradise is just that, 
freedom. But here, Bodrov does not need to rely on the existential 
despair of a man free to go where he pleases: instead, he evokes 
the haunting prisons and reform schools where Russia's crimi- 
nals and criminals-to-be are housed. Not as accomplished as his 
latest movie, this is an oddly haunting film which purports to be 
a homage to childhood and becomes a homage to Bodrov's 
principal obsession, the authoritarian structure of the new post- 
everything Russia. 

H.N. 



Libera (Pappi Corsicato, Italy, 1992) 

Big-city Italy gets the wacky treatment with three vignettes 
concerned with the sexual frustrations that seem inherent to the 
plight of Italians in Italian cinema. The director has a penchant for 
the off-beat, but he doesn't really get started until the last of the 
stories, which would have made a great short film. Otherwise, 
ears are hacked off, rich women are left destitute by their 
philandering husbands and apartments drop bones from their 
ceilings all to no effect. It is just barely worth sitting through the 
first two stories to see poor Libera's too-sick-to-work cheating 
husband finally get what he deserves. 

H.N. 



A Day at the Beach (Simon Hesera, CB, 1 970) 

If drink is ever to be removed from student life, this will be the 
movie to precipitate the end of reckless imbibing. For eighty-two 
minutes, our main character (Mark Burns) staggers, vomits and 
quaffs across the beach with acting as unstable as his personality. 
The poor little girl in tow tugs on his hand and repeatedly suggests 
that he give up on his drinking spree and take her home. He 
doesn't. This movie should be shown at Campus Beverage 
Service training sessions. It is the product of an early Roman 
Polanski script given to a first-time director. Paramount, upon 
seeing the movie, let it age like wine for twenty years. The film 
went sour with its arty pretensions, bad acting, and horrible 
cinematography... in the end, booze kills. 

H.N. 



Le Sexe des Etoiles (Paule Baillargeon, Canada, 1993) 

1993 has not been kind to transsexuals on screen. If you're a 
celluloid transsexual, either you're degraded, go nuts, are made 




Denis Mercler stars in Le Sexe des Etoiles 

to feel guilty and repentant, or any combination of the above, 
before things can end happily. Jaye Davidson's character in The 
Crying Came gels jerked around, acts the fool for love (cutting her 
hair and dressing as a man to please her man). LeSexedes Etoiles, 
although a thoughtful and emotionally compelling film, hits 
similar pitfalls. 

The film focuses on Camille, a girl who escapes the vicissitudes 
of adolescence — school, her nxither, sexuality — each night living 
through her telescope, gazing at the stars. When her "father," 
Pierre-Henri returns as Marie-Pierre, Camille's mother forbids 
her to see him. 

Mostly out of desperation with school and home life, Camille 
determines to win her father back. She applies herself at school 
to impress Marie-Pierre; she reminds Marie-Pierre of the times 
they had before s/he went away and "changed"; Camille shows 
her old family photos and finally brings her old (male) clothes in 
one painful scene which triggers Marie-Pierre's descent into 
guilt for abandoning her past life. 

Marie-Pierre is also a "star" gazer. She spends her time 
looking at fashion magazines and sewing herself new outfits, 
despite the fact that she can't even afford a phone. But Camille 
refuses to listen to Marie-Pierre's hopes and dreams. To make 
matters worse, an older, street-smart boy gives her a crash course 
on transsexuality. 

LeSexedes Etoiles' strength is in its portrayal of the emotional 
wake left by adolescence and the pressures of an internalized 
belief in the nuclear family, not in its exploration of the issues 
surrounding transsexual life. 



Denis Mercier gives a highly moving performance as the 
benign Marie-Pierre who patiently tries to let Camille down easy, 
telling her again and again to "be reasonable." 

Marianne-Coquelicot Mercier is a natural as Camille in her first 
screen appearance. 

Marie-Pierre, like Jaye Davidson's Dill, gets her freedom, but 
only at a price. She and Camille part on good terms, but the irony 
is that when Marie-Pierre finally gets a chance to tell her story (the 
film closes with her voice-over addressing Camille), she ends up 
"repenting," asking for another chance at the very thing which 
nearly killed her — family life. 

Paul Matusek 



Thirty-Two Short Films About Clenn Could (Francois Girard, 
Canada, 1 993) 

Francois Cirard's documentary of (in)famous pianist and all- 
round eccentric Glenn Gould is notable for what it leaves out, 
what it /sn 't. There isn't a patriarchal NFBish narrator. There 
isn't the usual documentary format, with talking heads inter- 
spersed with archival footage. And this film isn't one of those 
dreaded musical bio-pics, like Song o/^/Vonvay, which attempt to 
show a gifted musician caught between love affairs. 

Instead we are given thi rty-two coldly elegant and concise films 

— the number is a nod to Gould's famous interpretation of 
Bach's "Goldberg" Aria with Variations (recorded in 1 955 and 
1982). Attempting to render different aspects of this enigmatic 
man, each film is a variation on the theme of Glenn Gould. 

Following the chronology of Gould's life, the films vary in 
style and tone, ranging from an autumnal Norman Rockwell 
scene at Lake Simcoe (with little Glenn listening to Wagner and 
reciting math sums), to an exalted look at the inside of Gould's 
own piano, labelled CD31 8. Reenactments of scenes in Gould's 
life are shown side by side with interviews with friends and 
relatives. Underscoring each film, of course, is Gould's music 

— interpretationsof Beethoven, Hindemith,Scriabin,Schoenberg, 
and Bach, as well as Gould's own compositions, one of which 
gets a sequence of its own. 

While some of the sections have a slick "classical music 
video" look (I can imagine them playing at HMV stores across the 
country), this inventive film adds up to something more than its 
thirty-two parts. (Actor Colm Feore, playing Gould with icy 
precision, has something to do with this.) 

Eccentric, orderly, and beautifully crafted, this bold film has all 
the elements of Gould's playing. Above all, though, it has taste 

— the filmmakers leave out Gould's personal life, and never 
once do we see Colm Feore's hands at the piano. 

Glenn Sumi 








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MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 19 



Giant Steps 

The Boo Radleys 

Creation/Columbia 

When the Boo Radleys' 
1992 album Everything's Al- 
right Forever appeared, it 
seemed as if they had hit upon 
a magical formula for 
reinventing thethree-and-a-half 
minute pop song. Mixing gui- 



keyboard there, etc. 

Carr has obviously felt the 
need to avoid painting himself 
into a corner, so on this outing 
the songs have become darker 
and the arrangements are still 
more adventu rous, with stri ngs, 
horns and woodwinds featur- 
ing iRcreasingly prominently. 
The down side is that to a cer- 
tain extent the tunes have gone 
out the window, with a few 



tarist-songwriterMartin Carr's 
gift for infectious, melancholy 
melodies with a production that 
reveled in sonic 
unpredictabi lity proved to work 
miraculously. Unfortunately, it 
was in danger of becoming just 
that: a formula. Repeated lis- 
tens told you that, for example, 
after a soothing acoustic pas- 
sage you could learn to expect 
a controlled blast of distortion, 
some horns here, a deliberately 
misplaced cheap-sounding 



notable exceptions ("I Hang 
Suspended," "Leaves and 
Sand"), in favourof studio wiz- 
ardry. Ciant Steps is rife with 
backwards tapes, distorted- 
megaphone singing and a host 
of other effects, including the 
tiresome Donovan-"Hurdy 
Curdy Man"-wobbly-voice 
("The White Noise Revisited") 
and the shuddering Pink Floyd- 
Dart Side Of The Moon- 
Doppler-effect one (the truly 
scary "Run My Way Run- 



way"). None of these improves 
the songs. 

In fact, it seems that the Boo 
Radleys' sonic strategy has 
already been codified in one of 
their songs: "take what you 
know / break it up and re-ar- 
range it." It seems all too tempt- 
ing and facile to say that their 
approach is to introduce dispa- 
rate elements into a song and 
knead them together, but then 
what to think of a song such as 
"Upon 9th and Fairchild" 
which marries screeching, 
squalling. Fender-bending 
feedback to a reggae bassline? 

Carr also seems to be fond of 
adding little bits that are sup- 
posed to remind you of the 
glories of music from twenty- 
five or so years ago — he has 
recently gone on record as say- 
ing there should be only three 
groups: "the Beatles, the 
Stones and us." So out come 
the token sixties references — a 
little Beach Boys a cappella 
harmonising, a pinch of Straw- 
berry Fields guitar, ef voila — 
but for no real reason. If he ever 
wants his band to be among the 
greats, he had better starting 
writing some tunes. 

Larry Koch 



Pledge of Allegiance: The Americanization of 
Canada in the Mulroney Years 



Lawrence Martin 

McClelland and Stewart 



Lawrence Martin has attempted to give a par- 
ticularly Canadian spin to all the hot new 
world topics, including regionalism, 
globalization and the supremacy of multina- 
tional corporations over political parties in the 
decision-making process. His focus is free 
trade with the United States, which Martin 
argues, is the central process by which the 
Mulroney government introduced the world's 
changes to Canada. Unfortunately, the flip- 
pancy of his title gives the game away: the text 
is not so much an objective analysis of changes 
within the nation as it is a journal of follies, 
many well known to the Canadian public, 
committed by the Tories during their almost 
nine years in power. 

Martin's history of free trade spans nearly 
the entire history of Canada, from early unsuc- 
cessful attempts at reciprocity, Brian 
Mulroney's youthful singing for American 
bosses (I remember a brilliant Aislin cartoon 
about this, reprinted in his 1 988 anti-free-trade 
booklet with Rick Salutin), and the early nego- 
tiations through to contemporary reactions to 
the deal. Of course, and this is the real prob- 
lem, that doesn't stop Martin from comment- 
ing on virtually every foible of the era, includ- 
ing Meech Lake, Mulroney's affection/obse- 
quiousness for Presidents Reagan and Bush, 
the various summits, John Crow's policies 
and endlessly on. 

There are, to be sure, a few insights as to why 
many influential Tory politicians and advisers 
embraced free trade and continentalism and 
seemingly reversed the course of Canadian 
history. John Crosbie and Derek Burney, for 



example, lived so much under the influence of 
Washington during their youths (they were 
called "border boys"), that it was natural for 
them to contemplate some form of economic 
integration. And Mulroney himself comes 
across as a man less motivated by ideas and 
facts than by his ego — it's almost as if the 
reason for his political career was a desire to 
appear beside the American president singing 
Irish dance songs. 

But perhaps because Martin worked as a 
journalist through the 1 980s, he tends toward 
anecdotes. This may be a relevant method 
when recounting political history — it is prob- 
ably impossible to avoid — but unfortunately 
Martin extends itto other topics. Globalization, 
for example, istreated by numerous interviews 
with conservative business and political lead- 
ers with the same depressing banality. David 
McFadden is reported as saying that "people 
in Ohio will soon have more in common with 
people in Ontario than Ontarians with 
Maritimers," and it is the most profound thing 
about the issue we get from him. 

This form of superficiality (we are continu- 
ally left with the feeling that business people 
have less than average intelligence) is the 
greatest use of straw men I have observed in 
quite a while. Certainly there are considerable 
problems with the government's policies, 
but one wishes that someone else will try again 
where Martin has failed. 

Unfortunately, as Martin himself points out, 
many Canadian publishers have disappeared 
or have been sold. 

Adrian Willsher 



1 CornillTEE ON IHOilBtt 

invites all people who are interested to 
attend the first meeting of this term on 

Friday, Sept. 17, 1993 
12 Noon - 2 PM 
In the 
Alice Moulton Room 
Level A 
SIgmund Samuel Library 

Subsequent meetings in the same room on 

Friday, Oct. 15 from 12 - 2 PM 
Friday, Nov. 19 from 12 - 2 PM 



happiness 

Lisa Germano 

Capitol/EMI 



It's often said that all music 
critics are just aspiring or ex- 
pired musicians. If that'strue, 
then I'll admit it: this month, 
I want to be Lisa Germano. 

I want to be her because I 
want her brilliance, her brutal- 
ity, and her breezy irony. I 
wanted all these a lot when I 
heard the haunting single, 
"you make me wanto (sic) 
wear dresses" — and this al- 



bum delivered, i want all mu- 
sic by and about women to be 
this strong and this intricately 
sexual. While women like PJ 
Harvey are shrill with rage, this 
wispy-voiced Indiana violinist 
talks softly and carries a big 
stick. The result is intensely 
listenable music that doesn't 
flinch. Germano can be funny 
(like in her kick-out-the-jams 
version of "these boots are 
made for wa I kin'") or she can 
hurt like hell (like in "the dark- 
est night of all"), but whatever 
she conveys, it is powerful, frag- 
ile and affecting. 



After livinginthebackground 
as a session player for the likes 
of U2, Simple Minds, and John 
Mellencamp, Germano is fa- 
miliar enough with the spot- 
light to put out a polished, ac- 
cessible album on her own, yet 
quiet enough to play in the 
shadows of pop. happiness is a 
chuckle at the darkness — of 
being human, of falling in love 
and being burnt, of living with 
liars and ugliness. 

And for once, happiness is 
something that can be bought. 

Amber Meredith 
Golem 




You make me wanto wear army boots. 




The Markstrat 
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USING A TOUCH 
TONE PHONE 

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VARSITY 
SPORTS 
STORE 

D OF T 
ATHLETIC CENTRE 



because you've skipped yet another doss, beCQUSe you're o misunderstood artistic genius, beCQUSe 
you're tired of asking questions and not getting answers, beCQUSe your favourite book isn't on any reading 
lists , because it you could be born again you'd want to be Lois Lone, because you'll never have the 
money to go to Columbia and even if you did, you'd spend it at The Gap, because you've never 
understood the system where people sleep at night and ore awake during the day and you certainly haven't 
subscribed to it, because you can't stand one more story about how eating lentil soup every night con really 
stretch those student loan dollars, becauSe sometimes TV isn't that exciting, because you have a free half 
hour before the kids have to be picked up at daycare, because you've always said that if you have to go 
down at least you'll be fighting all the way, because you're not just a number, damn it, because the 

revolution is not coming, and because you've always gotten in trouble for talking too much... 

THE VARSITY 

Ws your money, its your paper 

Learn how to research, interview and write. Become o design artiste and take those desktop publishing skills anywhere. 
Get involved in running a paper, from editorials to recruitment campaigns like this one. Meet other student journalists 
and find out about the national network of campus media. 



^ OPEN HOUSE ^ 

Monday, September 1 3 

44 St.George Street 
^ 10-7 pm ^ 



The Varsity is undergoing some changes. 
We think newspapers are irreplaceble — 
browsing a CD-Rom disk over morning 
coffee is not the same, not to mention you 
can't read it in class. And we can't afford 
to use fully recycled paper yet. But we 
have decided to cut our circulation by 
almost ten percent to 23,000 copies twice 
a week from 25,000. We've also incorpo- 
rated the recycling logo in our design — 
so, pick up the paper, pass it on to a 
friend, then use it to clean your windows. 



Student 
Journalism 
Conference 

Sunday, September 19 
Hart House 
10-6 pm 

Krom the basics of grammzir to investigative 
reporting — one day of real education to 
surpass four years of university. Come hear 
what the campus media is all about and how 
it can be more. 

5:00 - 6:30 Panel Discussion with 
Eleanor Brown, XtroJ magazine; Deanne 
Fisher, former CUP President and Phil 
Vassell, publisher of Metro Word magazine. 



Once a month, we'll only be publishing 
once a week, on Tuesdays. So if you don't 

see the paper on Mondays, don't despair — we'll be out the next day, with our regular news, review 
and sports coverage, plus a supplement. Watch for our Election supplement on October 13, full of 
indespensible information and questions about the price of education and who's controlling it, about 
women in politics, and about the people shaping the election images. 
If you want a voice this election, call 979-2831 and ask for Anne. 

You will also notice a new insert in The Varsity — "On Campus", a publication of the Students' Coun- 
cil. The insert is a paid advertisment and The Varsity \s not responsible for any of the views in the insert. 
We do, however, urge you to take a look at the Calendar of Events included in "On Campus" and the 
student clubs profiles, you might find something you like. Needless to say, we continue to welcome 
recognized campus clubs in our Events Listing, free of charge. 



Sports 



"1 — The Monday Edition 

■ ^ m^B 3 September 1 993 



BY DUARTE BaRCELOS 



After more than a convincing win September 4 in an exhibition 
game ovcrthe defending VanierCupchampions from Queen's, 
the U of T football Blues opened the regular season with a decisive 22- 
3 victory over the Warriors in Waterloo. 

And the team seems poised to claim its place among the elite of the 
CIAU, taking no prisoners in the process. 

Toronto struck early on a strange bounce as the Waterloo punter 
played the ball much like a Mets shortstop. He botched the snap from 
the centre, and the teams batted the ball around until Toronto fullback 
Brad Muxlow cradled it in and scored the game's first touchdown. 

Mario Sturino, the Blues' starting quarterback, picked up where he 
left off in the pre season with an impressive performance against the 
Warriors, throwing for 177 yards on 10 completions and one touch- 
down. Most of the Toronto offence came on a third-quarter, ten-play 
drive that culminated in a 12-yard touchdown pass from Sturino to 
slotback Scott Mitchell. 

Mitchell spent two years at an American college before transferring 
to U of T, but he did not play for the Blues last season because of 
eligibility restrictions on transfer players. 

Although he made a sparkling four catches for 58 yards, Mitchell 
gave the credit to his quarterback. 

"Mario spread the wealth around to all the receivers, and he made 
some key throws when he had to." 

Not to go unnoticed, kicker Stuart Brindle contributed a healthy ten 
points to the U of Tcause, nailing down two field goals and adding two 
converts and two single points. 

The Blues defence set the tone throughout the game, bending 
slightly but never breaking, by holding Waterioo to 224 yards total 
offence. Defensive-ends John Raposo and Richard Fisher led the 
brigade of blue with help from linebacker Lou Tirio and an intercep- 
tion by Rob Mooncy. 

U of T head coach Bob Laycoe approached the Waterloo game 
cautiously. 

"The Warriors are an intensely physical and aggressive team that 
always plays us tough," he said. "Our game plan was to have a 
balanced attack on offetice and to take away the running game and 
short passing game on defence." 

Accordingly, U of T's running game complemented its passing 
game, led by running-back David Richer who contributed with 103 
yards rushing on 22 carries. 

Much of the success of the Blues this year, however, will be built 
in large part on the effectiveness of the offensive line, the unsung 
heroes of football and the real soul of any team. 

U of T possesses two standouts at offensive guard — All Canadian 
David Scandiffio and third- year player Peter Vasilis. 

"Our offensive line enabled us to run the ball well and effectively 
set up the play-action pass," said Laycoe. 

On special teams, Glenn "the Squirrel" McCausland drove the 
Warriors nuts with his stellar punt returns. He sparkplugged the Blues 
with 90 total yards on seven punt returns. 

"We were sputtering a bit on offense in the first half," said 
McCausland, "so we had to remind ourselves that the victory was there 
if we wanted it." 



Poised and dangerous 

Football Blues win season opener 




U of T players huddle around assistant coach Eugene Buccigrossi, last year's CIAU MVP. 



(Andrew Male/VS) 



And no doubt the Squirrel wanted it enough that he added a 39-yard 
rush on a reverse-fianker play that caught Waterioo off guard. 

"We are optimistic about our chances," said McCausland, "but I 
don't think we have played up to our full potential yet." 

Mitchell agreed. 



"We have a good shot to go far this year, but we're taking it one 
game at a time. We are not taking anything for granted." 

U of T's first home game of the regular season is this Saturday 
against the Windsor Lansers at Varsity Stadium. Kick off time is 2:00 
p.m. 



Making the rounds and 
leading tlie pacic 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

U of T placed first at the Guelph 
Cross Country Open last Satur- 
day. 

Despite the absence of two 
veteran runners from the wom- 
en's team and the presence of 
only two runners on the men's, 
the Blues finished 22 points ahead 
of second place Waterioo and 35 
points ahead of Guelph, who took 
third. 

Sara Hunter paced U of T run- 
ners with the fastest time by a 
university competitor on her way 
to a second place finish in the 
women's4.7 km event. She trailed 
the winner, Jill Perola, a non- 
university runner, by only seven 
seconds and finished ahead of 
Kathy Butler, who was success- 
ful against Hunter last year. 

Brendan Matthias, a semi-fi- 
nalist at the Barcelona Olympics, 
won easily the men's 9.5 km race 
in 29:52. Even though the Open 
was his first competitive event 
since an injury sidelined him May 
31, it took an entire 46 seconds 
before another runner crossed the 
finish line. 

"This is the start of a terrific 
season for us," said U of T cross 
country coach Peter Pimm, who 
coached both the men ' s and wom- 
en" s Blues teams to the Canadian 
championship in 1991 and to a 
national third place finish last 
year. 

"This is the strongest team I 
have ever had — ever," he said 
emphatically. "I say the wom- 



en's team will have no trouble 
winning the Ontario champion- 
ships, and our chances are very 
good for the (Canadian champi- 
onships)." 

Pimm said the women runners 
are especially strong, referring to 
the new blood supplied by rook- 
ies Elaine Coubum (eighth in the 
women's portion of the Guelph 
Open), Sarah Gardner ( 1 6th), and 
Elaine O'Reilly (22nd), not to 
mention Michelle Buisson ( 1 3th) 
and the two who sat out the 
Guelph Open, Tammy Roberts 
and Sandra Tenaglia. 



Before sustaining his injury, 
Matthias set a Canadian record in 
the 3 ,000 metre event at the Worid 
Indoor Championships last 
March. He had to missed the 
World Outdoor Championships 
in August, an event he had been 
intently training for. 

But that's irrelevant now. 
Pimm is looking towards the 
comeback of Matthias, who in 
1991 was the OUAA and CIAU 
champion. 

"We are hoping to see him do 
that again," said Pimm. "He's 
certainly on his way." 



FUN 
STUFF! 

Department of Athletiet and Recreation 
PLAY A SPORT 
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OR JUST REC-REATE! 



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It's an old recipe Polish craftsmen have been using for 
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Until September 30, 1993, get 10% off, just by mentioning 
this ad, on leather bags that look better than they taste. 



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VARSITY SPORTS 



MONDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



JAPANESE 
LANGUAGE 
COURSES 

NEW CLASSES BEGIN: 
SEPTEMBER 18, 1993 
ADUU LANGUAGE COURSES: 
BEGINNER, INTERMEDIATE 
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Blues rowers win medals 
at World Championships 



BY Paula Jardine 



Michelle Darvill and Emma 
Robinson buoyed the spirits of 
the Varsity rowing team when 
they rctumcd last week from the 
World Rowing Championships 
in Roudnice, Czech Republic, 
with medals in hand. 

They now join Olympic gold 
medalist Kay Wonhingion as the 
most notable rowing Blues. 

Darvill, a national team vet- 
eran, added to the gold medal she 
won at the World Univcrsiad as 
she took a commanding two boat- 
length lead on her way to victory 
in the lightweight women's sin- 
gle scull. 

Robinson, who won silver at 
the same Uni versiad Darvill com- 
peted in, was a member of the 
bronze medal open women' s four. 
She joined forces with fellow 
Varsity Blue Clare Wilkinson, 
and the two won gold medals in 
the women's eight. 

Darvill. who graduaiedin 1989, 
last competed for U of T as part of 
(he 1989 lightweight women's 
eight. That team won silver at the 
Dad Vail championships, which 
is the largest iniercollcgiale re- 
gatta in the world. 

Darvill competed as a heavy- 



weight for two years before re- 
turning to row as a lightweight at 
Vail's. When she weighed in four 
pounds overweight, she was 
forced to do a sweat run, to which 
former U of T rowing coach Peter 
Cookson jocularly commented, 
"Well Michelle, I guess your lighl- 
weight days are over." 

Even the best don't get it 
right all the time! 

Robinson, a fourth year immu- 
nology student at Trinity Col- 
lege, is a newcomer to the na- 
tional team. She began her row- 
ing career as a novice at U of T in 
the fall of 1990. Early promise 
was evident when in the spring of 
1 99 1 she won a gold medal at the 
Vail's as a member of the novice 
women's coxed four. It was U of 
T's first gold medal at Vail's in 
10 years. 

The national team coaches 
spotted Robinson last summer, 
and she quickly established her- 
self as a member of the wom- 
en's team. She is unable to 
row for the Blues this year be- 
cause OWIAA eligibility rules 
prevent national-carded athletes 
from competing. 

However, U of T women's 
coach Rob Stewart said 
Robinson's presence is help 
enough. 



i 

amopmptm you 


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If there's one thing we know about students, 
it's that sometimes they run on a tight budget. 

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something we've kept in mind. 

If you're a full-time college' or university student, 
you're eligible for the Scotia Banking Advantage* 
package. This package includes a daily interest 
chequing account, an automated banking machine 
card, a Classic VISA card" and for qualified gradu- 
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With Scotia Banking Advantage, you can also 



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So drop by your nearest Scotiabank branch 
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"Emma s success has given 
the team a tremendous amount of 
momentum to build on." he 
said of Robinson, who will assist 
the team as a coach this year. 

'The head coach of U of T's 
rowing team, John Moulding, who 
plans to focus on the novice pro- 
gram this year, hopes the success 
of U of T rowers like Robinson 
and Darvill will generate interest 
in the team. 

"The novices are a very valu- 
able pan of our program," 
said Moulding, a former Olym- 
pian, "and the success of these 
athletes proves it. We can, and 
hope to, continue to produce 
world class athletes from these 
programs." 



Field hockey 

team on 
solid ground 
this season 



BV John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

The women's field hockey team 
wrapped up its first tournament 
of the season a day early, but it 
wasn't like they needed more 
time. 

The Blues did not surrender a 
single goal in the Red and Blue 
Invitational, an exhibition event, 
as they demolished all five of the 
teams they faced on Friday and 
Saturday. 

St. Mary's fell 2-0. Guelph, 
Western, and a selects team from 
Toronto all lost by 4-0 scores. 
The University of Alberta put up 
a fight but lost 1-0. 

No overall winner was de- 
clared. What would be the point? 

Mistorically, U of T has domi- 
nated field hcKkcy. Under 19ycar 
veteran head coach Liz Hoffman, 
the team has won 14 OWIAA 
championships and seven CIAU 
titles. And according to Beth Ali, 
a fourth year assistant coach with 
the Blues, everything is status 
quo. 

"We have a solid group of vet- 
erans and good rookies and sec- 
ond-year players returning this 
season," said Ali, who is coach- 
ing the team while Moffman and 
third-year players Dana Anderson 
and Wendy Johnstone are away 
at the Junior World Cup in Spain. 

"I think we ■ 11 be a suting team." 
she said. "The players will gel 
together." 

The Colaco sisters, Nicole and 
Michelle, will be important Blues 
to watch for. Both of them are on 
the Canadian National team, 
which went to the Intercontinental 
Cup this summer and qualified 
for next year s World Cup. 

U of T has won the past two 
OWIAA championships and can 
go for a third, backed by goal- 
keeper Sandra Seaborn and last 
year's team captain and highest 
scorer Claire Thurgur. 

But no matter what happens 
this season, U of T will be in the 
CIAU championships by virtue 
of hosimg it. Ali, however, says 
the comfort of a guaranteed entry 
doesn't diminish the work ethic 
of the team. 

"Whenever we play, we play 
to win. We don't need any 
external motivation." 



MONDAY, 13 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY CLASSIFIEDS 23 



CO 



Classifieds 



Vtusily Cltissitieds cosi S8.S0 tor 2S words and S6.50 each for 6 or 
more ads (Sliideni rale: S 5.2S tor non-business ads). 20renlstoreach 
word dtler 2S. Additional hold lype S2.00. Drawer renlals SIO per 
month. No copy changes alter sul)mission, no telephone ads. Submit 
in person or send with payment to Varsity Classifieds, 44 St. George 
St., Toronto, Ont. M5S 2E4. Deadlines: Monday issue - Thursday 
noon, Thursday issue - Monday noon. Enquiries 979-2856. 



ACCOMMODATIONS 



RESIDENCE SPACE AVAILABLE 

Single and double rooms for grads and 
undergrads for the academic year 1993- 
94. Women only, meals included. Ewarl 
College, 156 St. George St., Toronto, 
979-2501. 



ROOMS BLOOR & DUFFERIN 

8' X 10': $225, 11' x 11': $275, including 
utilities. Nonsmokers only. Share kitchen, 
bathroom, living room and laundry. Ben 
862-31 93 (day); 534-0967 (eve&wkend). 




PHYSICAL IMMORTALITY 

Want eternal life and eternal youth? 
Skeptical of spiritual claims for afterlife? 
Science may have the solution, through 
anti-aging research, cryonics and 
nanotechnology. Thursday, September 
23 at 7:00pm Hart House Meeting Room 
(Second Floor) Free presentation. 862- 
3193 for more info. 




FUTONS FUTONS FUTONS 

Factory direct for U of T students. Delivery 
availaljle. Gall the Futon Factory at 66- 
55-88-4 for prices or visit us at: 940 Alness 
Street #16 (Dufferin-Finch) 

CONCERNED ABOUT SECURITY? 

Call Totally Secure' at 282-4925. Per- 
sonal attack alarms for ladies, plus alarms 
for bikes or other possessions; also home 
& auto alarms. 



CONCERT TICKETS 

Lennie Kravitz - Sept. 22 - Maple Leaf 
Gardens - Preferred seats only. *368- 
0726* or leave message; will call back 

CANADIAN AIRLINES TICKET 

1 way Toronto - Vancouver - Use anytime 
before Nov. 12/93 - Contact: Avery Mann 
(202) 362-3188 - $175 o.b.o. - Will ar- 
range delivery 

FUTON & FRAME, FACTORY DIRECT 

Great for sleeping, great for couch. Dou- 
ble $1 45. Queen $1 65. Single $1 30. Free 
Delivery. Phone - 968-1645. 

MAC CLASSIC & PRINTER FOR 
SALE 

Both in excellent condition and still with 
box. Many programs and paper included. 
$990 o.b.o. 461-5329 




EXTRA $$$ 

Stuff envelopes at home in your spare 
time. $2/envelope! Send a self-addressed 
stamped envelope for free details to SSA, 
Box 514, Station J, Toronto, Ontario M4J 
4Z2. 



CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM 

Volunteers needed. Springtward isa com- 
munity based social service agency in 
which professionals and volunteers sup- 



port the rehabilitation and reintegration of 
our clients, including young and adult 
offenders and others at risk. Spring board 
volunteers receive comprehensive train- 
ing in an innovative wori<place offering 
opportunities for personal growth and 
development. Call Springboard Volun- 
teers at (416) 785-3666. 



SMALL CONSULTING FIRM 

Needs a Salesperson pari time to visit 
possible clients 3 to 6 hours a week (flex- 
ible hours) Bay & Bloor area $7.00/hour 
(+Commission) to start. Please call 
George Rigo at 416 926-0991 




PENPALS 

Make friends from around the worid: 1 56 
Countries. For more info, write: Interna- 
tional Penfriends, P.O Box 28062, Terry 
Town P.O., 2369 Kingston Rd E., 
Scarborough, Ont. M1N 1T0. 

LSAT - MCAT - ORE 

Comprehensive 20-hour weekend 
courses; experienced instructors; com- 
prehensive study materials; simulated 
exam; free repeat option; full money-back 
guarantee. MEDLAW SEMINARS 969- 
3404. 



ELECTROLYSIS 

1/2 hour - $23, 1 hour - $40, facials - $35 
(GST included). Acne, freckles. Introduc- 
tory offer: pay two - third free. Bay St. 
Clinic. 1033 Bay. Tel. 921-1357. 

ARE YOU PREGNANT 

and distressed? Call Birthright - 499-1 1 1 1 
or drop by our campus office in Teefy Hall, 
Room 6 (downstairs) any weekday after- 
noon between 1:30 and 4:30 p.m. Our 
services are free, confidential, and non- 
judgmental. Birthright can help - we listen 
we care, we follow through. 

GETTING MARRIED? 

For professional photographic services, 
at reasonable rates - Call Chris at 783- 
0741 



LEARN TO SKATE 

and basic figure-skating registration Sept. 
23 Info call 963-5519 




WANT TO SURVIVE UNIVERSITY? 

Ask for WAY TO AN 'A': STUDENT SUR- 
VIVAL GUIDE at U of T Bookstore or 
Worid's Biggest Bookstore downtown. 
Don't Be A Statistic! 



TUTOR PH.D ENGLISH 

Dissertations, letters, essays edited by 
former full-time English Professor, editor, 
and published poet. Teach essay writing, 
analyzing literature. Marianne, 481 -8392. 

"* ESSAY & THESIS EDITING *" 

History, Philosophy, Social Sciences. 
Research assistance. M.A./A.B.D. 
Twenty-one years' writing and years' 
teaching experience. Reasonable rates. 
Call Bob 533-0053. 



MATH TUTOR 

Intro/Business/Vector Calculus Linear 
Algebra, Complex Variables Differential/ 
Difference Equations Discrete Math, 
Combinatorics Statistics, Finance, Eco- 
nomics. 6 yrs university teaching experi- 
ence, 10 yrs tutoring MA math BSc math 
specialist phone 486-3908. fax 322-5890 



HELP FOR ESSAYS, THESES 

Experienced professional editor; master's 
degrees in social sciences. Honours B. A., 
Princeton. Specialties: Psychology, Edu- 
cation, Sociology, Philosophy. Have ed- 
ited six Ph.D. theses this past year. Help 
in planning, proofreading. Phone 533- 
6657 



CHEMISTRY 

U of T Ph.D., with teaching experience 
will offer assistance with basic courses in 
the Chemical Sciences. Reasonable rates. 
Convenient location. Tel. 398-6806. 



WORD 

PROCESSING 



1 RST CLASS - FAST RESUMES - 
ESSAYS 

Word Processing, Resume, Essay. Laser 
Printing. Software Rental - Mac & PC. 203 
College St. #302 MacroMind 348-0985. 



TYPING EXPERT 

WordPerfect 5.1. Will type your thesis, 
term papers, resumes, essays, etc. Laser 
print. Low rate. Phone: 465-3602 24 hrs. 



WORD PROCESSING 

Specialize in thesis, novels, essays ($1 .50/ 
page) Very accurate. Professional 
resumes ($5/page). On campus location. 
Laser printing. Call 581-1540 10AM to 
10PM. 



WORD PROCESSING - EDITING - 
TUTORING 

3 minutes from campus. Experienced 
Graduate in all the Social Sciences. Gram- 
mar & Spell Check (free). FAST & PER- 
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EDITING - TUTORING, WORD 
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Prof, editor, tutor, designer: Grad., expe- 
rienced in all areas of arts & science. 
Papers, thesis, brochures, articles. Fast - 
close - reasonable. 



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ORDER FORM 

Classifieds cost $8.50 for the first 25 words and $6.50 each for 6 or 
more ads (Student rate: $3.25). 20 cents for each word after 25. Submit 
payment in person or send with payment to: Varsity Classifieds, 44 St. 
George St., Toronto, Ont., M5S 2E4. Enquiries: 979-2856. 

Deadlines: Thursday Noon for Monday issue 
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THE VARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 6 EXPLORING THE WACKY, FUN-FILLED WORLD OF LIBEL SINCE 1880 THE THURSDAY EDITION, 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Graffiti found at 
Sandford Fleming 

A slew of computer paper signs in- 
sulting particular U of T administra- 
tors was found in an engineering 
building over Orientation week. 

Last Thursday, university staff re- 
moved the graffiti hung in the 
Sandford Fleming Building during 
the previous night. 

One of the signs targeted a female 



varsity 



administrator with a sexually threat- 
ening message. 

Library technician Doug Bowman 
said along with the signs posted on 
the walls damage was also done to 
part of the engineering library, lo- 
cated in the building. The library's 
return box was damaged and glue 
was poured on the locks of the library 
doors. 

David Vcndramini, president of 
the Engineering Society, said it is 
difficult to determine who was re- 
sponsible for the signs and vandal- 
ism because the building is accessi- 
ble to all students. 

"As to whether it was engineering 
students is doubtful. Anyone could 
have just run in," says Vendramini. 

"We can't determine whether it 
was engineering students or not, but 
certainly it's not anything we con- 
done." 

Lee McKergow, manager of po- 
lice services, said the incident is cur- 
rently under investigation. 

Anne Bains 



Luv vs Love 

Everybody, it seems, is talking about 
sex. But no one is talking about love. 
Brian David DiLeandro and Rachel 
Giese, "the Scigfried and Roy of 
Love and Dating," give five easy 
lessons to lovers in the Gender Issues 
column see p. 6. 

Soccer Blues 

The Women's Soccer Blues 
have begun their ninth season, but 
the team that has done consistently 
well in the past must overcome the 
loss of several key players. John 
Beresford reports... see p. 13. 



Asian Horizons 
at Festival 

It has been twenty years since the 
confiict in Vietnam ended, and Hol- 
lywood has been occupied with ex- 
cising the poisons of that of that war 
from its collective consciousness. 
Now it's long past time to take 
another look at this part of the 
worId...see p. 9 

Bargain at 
half the price 

By suggesting that students should 
cover a third of the operating costs at 
universities, the Council of Ontario 
Universities is saying U of T students 
should pay more than American Ivy 
League students do. Emechete 
Onuoha talks about the fallacy of 
tuition reform see p. 7 




Where's Waldo? 



(Rodger LevesqueA/S) 



Student population drops 



t^Y Anne Gasteuno and 

SiMONA ChIOSE 



The student population at U of T is 
shrinking. 

This year an estimated 1,660 fewer 
students will be attending one of U of T' s 
three campuses. 

Dan Lang, assistant vice-president for 
planning, said the decrease in the size of 
the student population will improve the 
quality of education. 

"The university will be less crowded. 
Our instructional resources, labs, librar- 
ies will be more accessible," said Lang. 

The decreasing enrolment is partly the 
result of the uni versity ' s four-year enrol- 
ment-cutting plan, as well as the gradu- 
ation of the larger classes of the late 
1980s and early 1990s. 

While there were no cuts in the number 



of first-year students admitted this year, 
first-year Stjots were cut by 325 in 1^91- 
92 and 729 in 1992-93. This year the 
number of admittance spots stayed at the 
1992-93 levels. 

Enrolment cuts were achieved by rais- 
ing the first-year entrance mark. 

Lang explained the cuts were made 
necessary by the province cutting back 
on its extra funding for universities that 
are over-enrolled. 

But some student groups say that while 
the decrease in enrolment may benefit 
students who are already in university, it 
decreases overall accessibility. 

"Obviously, you need to uphold a 
certain [academic] standard, but it should 
not be too high. When you have 80 per 
cent, you should be able to get in," said 
Uma Sarkar, president of the Arts and 
Science Students' Union. 

Sarkar added that the university could 
save money by cutting back in other 



departments. 

"They could streamline the adminis- 
tration and put the money into hiring 
more faculty," she said. 

U of T started cutting enrolment in 
September, 1991 in response to the pro- 
vincial govermeni's withdrawal of "Ac- 
cessibility Funds." The funds were an 
addition to regular operating grants 
started in 1 987, that allowed universities 
to exceed their enrolment quotas. 

Since 1991, the provincial govern- 
ment has gradually decreased these funds. 
In response, U of T plans to return its 
levels of enrolment to those planned in 
1987. 

Lang admitted that the "Accessibility 
Funds" helped more students enter uni- 
versity in the late eighties. 

"Many students found a place in uni- 
versity who ordinarly wouldn't have got 
in." 

Please see "Enrolment", p.2 



Canada Customs seizes 
university textbooi(s 



BY Nina Kolonovsky 



TORONTO (CUP) — Imagine you are a student (it happens) 
trying to buy a crucial textbook for one of your courses. You 
are told your university bookstore doesn't have the book you 
need. Instead of the usual excuses about late orders and lost 
shipments, you get a new one — it was detained at the border. 



You are left won- 
dering why Caught 
Looking, a feminist 
book about censor- 
ship, was detained 
by Canada Customs. 

If you were tak- 
ing summer courses 
at Manitoba, Water- 
loo or McMastcr universities, this scenario would not have 
been a suetch of the imagination. Shipments to those univer- 
sities from Inland Books, an American book distributor, got 
detained in April and May of this year. Inland is the largest 



feature 



American importer of Canadian books written by and for gays, 
lesbians and other minorities. 

There were no problems with the books themselves. They 
came in shipments with materials that Customs officials con- 
sidered questionable. 

In total, 46 bookstores and libraries across Canada experi- 
enced detainments and seizures of their materials, in what 
Canadian booksellers are calling one of the biggest book 
detentions in the history of Canada Customs. 

While a few titles that are seized at the border may actually 
contravene the law as set out in the Canadian Criminal Code, 
much of the material that customs officials detain is not illegal. 
Some booksellers lose revenue on books and magazines that 
were merely shipped with "offending" material. 

Even worse, it is up to individual customs officers to 
interpret the law. Booksellers, readers, teachers and distribu- 
tors are also frustrated by the arbitrary power this gives the 
border guards. 

Small book publishers and anti-censorship activists say 
Customs is targeting lesbian, gay and other minority public- 
Please see "Lesbian ", p.8 



Course 
calendar, or 
course of 
history? 

BY Sean Tai 
Varsity Staff 



U of T's Slavic languages department 
has changed to respond to the pressures 
of ethnic confiict in the Balkans, but 
some students say it is not enough. 

The program formerly called "Serbo- 
Croatian Language and Literature" has 
become the "Croatian and Serbian Stud- 
ies" program in the 1993-94 calendar. In 
addition, the names of courses in the 
program have been changed so that the 
term "Serbo-Croatian" is no longerused. 

According to Christopher Barnes, 
chair of the department of Slavic lan- 
guages and literatures, the changes re- 
flect the changing political situation out- 
side the classroom. 

"Ethnic awareness has been there for 
a long time. The civil war has caused the 
whole problem to boil." 

He said most complaints about the 
program had come from parents of stu- 
dents and other non-campus groups rather 
than from students themselves. 

"I had the impression that most pro- 
tests came from outside the university." 

Despite the change. Loris Buzdon, 
president of the U of T Croatian Student 
Association, said his group still seeks a 
separate Croatian studies program. 

'The changes to a certain extent are 
superficial," he said. 

"We're happy that they've made this 
distinction but they're still pushing a 
Yugoslav culture course." 

Buzdon said that some U of T students 
had been taking a purely Croatian course 
offered at York University, but last year 
U of T refused to give them a letter of 
permission for the course. 

"People wanted to lake a course where 
they knew what they were studying was 
Croatian, and not something called Serbo- 
Croatian." 

Barnes said his department had found 
the York course unacceptable. 

"We found that the course content and 
format were not really compatible." 

Professor Ralph Bogert came to U of 
T two years ago to help develop the 
program. He said that the changes have 
not affected course content and both 
cultures will continue to be taught in the 
same classroom. 

'The only change is that I have more 
courses and I'm teaching more courses 
than before." 

Bogert said he has Croatian, Serbian, 
and mixed students in his classes. He 
said the conflict in Europe had not been 
transplanted to U of T classrooms. 

"If anything it's a very fruitful climate 
for discussion because of the differing 
cultural viewpoints." 

Andrew Dimitrijevic, president of the 
Serbian Students Association, said he 
didn't feel the changes made much dif- 
ference. 

'Traditionally it has been called Serbo- 
Croatian. In my view it's just labels, I 
don't think much of it [the changes]." 



Please 

recycle 

this newspaper. 



2 VARSITY NEWS 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 




evesqueA/S) 

Student line-ups: maybe we could \ose some people 

Total enrolment 
keeps dropping 

Continued from p.l 

The enrol mem reduction plan will be complete by 1995-96. 

"It will take one more year to reach the level originally planned for 
1987-88," Lang said. 

Other universities are encountering similar problems. While U of T 
has not cut its first-year enrolment this year, York University cut its 
first year places by l,(K)0 in January and 900 for the fall. 

According to Jeff Zocllcr, president of the York Federation of 
Students, students must have averages around 78 percent to get into 
York. 

Those students who arc admitted to U of T this year say they have 
not seen any improvement in the quality of their education. 

"My classes are gigantic. Bio 150 is held in Convocation Hall and 
there are about 1 ,600 students in my class. The professor has to speak 
into a microphone." says first-year student Christine Shin 

Lang said that while the university's enrolment plan was intended 
10 save money and reallocate the savings to existing resources, other 
recent decreases in provincial operating grants have meant the univer- 
sity's plan has not achieved its targets. 

The planned enrolment of full and part-time students for Nov. I, 
1 993 is 50,838, a three percent decrease from 52,498 studentsenrolled 
in 1992-93. 




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Scarborough libel suit ends 

Underground pays $3,000 plus to ex-VP 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 

Colin Campbell says the com- 
pensation he received from the 
Scarborough College student 
newspaper is "fully satisfactory ." 

In July, lawyers for the 
Scarborough Underground set- 
tled out of court with the former 
student politician, who sued them 
for libel in May 1992. Although 
the exact amount remains confi- 
dential, Campbell said it is equal 
to the legal fees he incurred in the 
suit, which he estimates as more 
than $3,000. 

"Basically there was a settle- 
ment made that was fully satis- 
factory," Campbell said. "I went 
through a hell of a lot." 

Campbell says he is glad his 
one-year struggle to get compen- 
sation from the paper is over, but 
he doubts he will ever be free 
from the notoriety granted him 
by a February, 1992 issue of the 
Underground. An article by Hans 
Cespedes Wittig accused 
Campbell, who was then 
Scarborough's student council 
vice-president for finances, of 
misappropriating student funds. 

But Campbell says his greatest 
regrets are for the Scarborough 
student body, which ends up pay- 
ing thousands of dollars to his 
lawyer through no fault of its 
own. 

"Everyone lost," he said. 

Underground editor Jason 
Pasquale declined to discuss the 
settlement, or the legal fees the 
paper has incurred over the last 
ycarandahalf. but says he is also 
pleased the matter had been re- 



solved. 

"It's nice not to have to deal 
with it," he said. 

The legal battle began in 
March, 1992, when Campbell 
threatened to pursue a $50,000 
civil libel case against the Under- 
ground and the Newspaper, which 
had reprinted portions of the Un- 
derground's article. 

Campbell agreed to drop the 
suit, in exchange for a printed 



apology. But problems with the 
apology led him to launch a 
$3,000 small claims case against 
the Underground, its staff, and 
contacts, in May of last year. 

"There were a lot of discrepan- 
cies with the apology," he said at 
the time. "They did everything in 
their means to try and downplay 
the retraction." 

Campbell, who graduated in 



1992, has harsh words for the 
Scarborough student paper. 

"You could say anything you 
want in the newspaper," he said. 
"I wish there would be a little 
more accountability." 

Writer Hans Cespedes Wittig 
remains unrepentant. He contin- 
ues to stand by his original story, 
even though Pasquale, a former 
personal friend, has deserted him. 



Stadium sale threatens our 
ambience, Painter says 



BY G. Bruce Roi>ston 
Varsity Staff 

Some members of the U of T community say the 
thought of a pro basketball stadium where Varsity 
Stadium is now worries them. 

Bryan Davies, vice-president for administration, 
told the U of T Business Board on Sept. 14 that 
several people, including Trinity College provost 
Rob Painter, had approached him with concerns 
about the possibility of a National Basketball Asso- 
ciation expansion team being housed so close to the 
university. 

Davies promised he would try to respect those 
concerns if, and when U of T enters into formal 
negotiations with prospective stadium builders. 

Painter .said his objections stemmed around the 
effects of a 20,000-seat arena on the atmosphere at 
UofT. 

"I think a major sports complex of the size and 
kind they are contemplating would have very seri- 
ous effects on the ambience of the university cam- 
pus." 

Davies said the possibility of U of T selling the 
Varsity Stadium land to a potential franchisee was 
far from remote, should the NBA decide to expand 



to Toronto. 

"The proposal is interesting enough to keep 
being examined," he said. 

But Davies said the university would not sign a 
deal that was not clearly in the best interests of the 
university. 

"There's no shotgun to anyone's head that I know 
of," he said. 

U of T engaged in exploratory negotiations this 
summer with one of the potential franchisees, the 
Palestra Group. 

The group, headed by businessman Larry 
Tanenbaum and supported by the Canadian Impe- 
rial Bank of Commerce, has stated it is looking for 
a 20,000-seat arena that could house both NBA 
basketball and Maple Leafs hockey. 

Spokespersons for Palestra have said the group is 
interested in buying the stadium because of its 
proximity to the subway. 

Palestra is one of three groups seeking a major- 
league basketball team for Toronto. The duo of 
businessman John Bitove Jr. and former premier 
David Peterson want to build an arena near the 
Eaton Centre. Entertainment mogul Michael Cohl 
and former NBA star Earvin "Magic" Johnson arc 
interested in a site at Exhibition Place. 



SAC funds Scarborough elevator 



BY G. Bruce Roi^ton 
Varsity Staff 

A Scartxirough accessibility el- 
evator cancelled by the U of T 
administration is being built after 
all, thanks to the Students' Ad- 
ministrative Council. 

Original plans for wheelchair 
access at the Scarborough drama 
centre were left out of the final 
plans in May. Janice Oliver, as- 
sistant vice-president for opera- 
tions and services, said the uni- 
versity could not afford the extra 
funds that would be needed to 
make the centre wheelchair-ac- 
cessible. 

In July, the SAC wheelchair 
access committee approved an 



allotment of $146,000 to build 
the elevator. Scarborough offi- 
cials had asked SAC to put the 
money towards the elevator, in- 
stead of another project at 
Scartxirough that the comnultee 
had previously earmarked. 

"They wanted the money for 
the theatre project instead," said 
SAC vice-president Marc 
Tremblay. 

MarionZimmer, 
Scarborough's manager of de- 
velopment and public relations, 
said she was grateful for SAC's 
help with the elevator project. 

"It's really exciting because it 
makes the drama studio totally 
accessible to the disabled," she 
said. 

SAC's wheelchair access fund 



was created in 1990. For three 
years, each student paid a $30 
refundable levy into the fund. In 
addition to Scarborough, funds 
have been used to improve acces- 
sibility at Sidney Smith Hall, 
Robarts Library, and St. 
Michael's College, as well as 
Erindale campus. 

The wheelchair access com- 
mittee is currently considering 
another project at Sigmund 
Samuel Library. 

Even without the accessibility 
funds, students have already paid 
the greater pan of the $800,000 
price tag for the new drama cen- 
tre, located near the bookstore in 
S-wing, in an old TV studio. 

Students had raised nearly 



$400,000 to help build 
Scarborough Hall, a proposed 
theatre/art gallery, but that project 
was axed in November of 1991 
for being too expensive. Money 
from that project was instead u.sed 
for the drama centre. 

Additional funds have been 
raised from alumni, faculty and 
staff fundraising. 

The new centre will house the 
drama department and an inde- 
pendent student drama club. 

The difficulties with finding 
funding for the project also led to 
delays in construction. Originally 
scheduled to be completed by 
early September, the centre prob- 
ably will not be completed until 
sometime next month. 




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Errata 



In the Sept. 1 3 issue, the name of Erindale College Student 
Union president Mary Kosta was misspelt. 




Also in the Sept. 13 issue, a photo was incorrectly captioned 
as "Engineers at play." The students in the photo are from 
Scarborough College. 



/ 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY NEWS 3 



Council demands OUSA changes 



BY SiMONA ChIOSE 
Varsity Staff 

With three weeks to go before a 
campus-wide referendum is held 
on SAC's membership in the 
Ontario Undergraduate Student 
Alhance, the council is still nego- 
tiating the terms of their partici- 
pation in the organization. 

According to SAC external 
commissioner Merry-LN Unan, 
if the council does not achieve the 
changes it wants to the OUSA 
constitution , it will consider drop- 
ping out of the lobby group. 

"1 am hoping the other mem- 
ber schools will see our concerns 
— otherwise we can' t support the 
organization," said Unan. 

If the other member schools, 
which include Queen's, Water- 
loo and Wilfrid Laurier do not 
agree to the changes by the Oct. 6 



referendum date, SAC will con- 
sider cancelling the referendum 
and ending their membership in 
OUSA. 

SAC's concerns are focused 
around what a memo from Unan 
and SAC president Ed de Gale 
suggests is the undemocratic 
structure of the organization. 

Currently, OUSA is made up a 
general assembly and a steering 
committee. In the assembly, mem- 
ber schools are alloted representa- 
tives based on the number of full- 
time undergraduates at their uni- 
versities, up to a maximum of 
eight. 

Without the cap, SAC says, U 
of T would be entitled to ten 
representatives. 

'The way it stands, U of T's 
power is mitigated. We are the 
only school (large enough) to be 
in this position," said Unan. 



SAC's second proposal would 
see the power allowed to the steer- 
ing committee, which allots one 
representative to each member 
school, weakened. 

"Because the steering commit- 
tee can now veto any policy com- 
ing from the assembly, it becomes 
the threshold any policy has to 
pass, so schools are given a lot of 
power regardless of their size," 
said Unan. 

The smaller schools in the or- 
ganization could see a substantial 
decline in their policy-making 
influence within OUSA if U of 
T's suggestions go ahead. But 
they also have to consider what 
happens to OUSA if SAC drops 
out, says Wilfrid Laurier student 
president Sean Taylor. 

"It's ajuggling act to say what's 
good for OUSA and what's good 
for our campus. But ultimately, I 
have to think whether this is for 



the greater good and U of T is a 
high profile school," said Taylor. 

Catherine Coleman, president 
of the Waterloo Federation of 
Students, said U of T's concerns 
were understandable. "I under- 
stand SAC's concerns — you're 
not representing students fairly if 
you have one school, one vote," 
she said. 

SAC had some of the same 
concerns when it dropped out of 
the Ontario Federation of Stu- 
dents (OFS) in 1989. Unlike 
OUSA, which is in favour or tui- 
tion increases, coupled with an 
income contingent loan repay- 
ment plan and increased public 
and private funding for universi- 
ties, OFS, now the Canadian Fed- 
eration of Students-Ontario (CFS- 
O), advocates a zero tuition fee 
policy. 



Erindale opts out of Carnival Day 



BY Kate Milberry 
Varsity Staff 

Erindale College boycotted this year's Carnival Day on the St. George 
campus in favour of its own. 

Mary Kosia, president of the Erindale College Student Union, said 
Erindale avoided orientation activities sponsored by the Students' 
Administrative Council because of too many bad experiences in the 
past. 

She said many Erindale students complained about the way the 
Council ran orientation last year, especially about entrance to the SAC 
pub, the Hangar. 

"Last year our students didn't get into the Hangar. They had already 
paid for their frosh kits and they were very, very upset." 

"It's been done more than just once. It's a pattern that happens 
constantly," Kosta said. 

According to Kosta, no one was upset when Erindale' s administra- 
tion booked the day normally reserved for SAC orientation (Carnival 
Day) for its own activities. 

But council president Ed de Gale said this year's orientation was 
designed specifically to be inclusive of the suburban campuses and 
avoid the problems of previous years. 

"We tried to find out what went wrong last year. There was a 
problem with the night event - the Hangar can only hold 400 people. 
Thai's not a realistic number." 

This year's event was switched to Hart House to avoid space 
problems, de Gale said. 

De Gale said the council made every effort to make Erindale feel 
welcome at this year's orientation. 

"We wanted equity with respect to all colleges. It's not the suburban 
campuses' fault that they 're so faraway . They shouldn't be marginalized 
because of distance." 

The council met with ECSU several times this summer and offered 
to help subsidize the cost of transportation to the downtown campus, 
but no agreement was struck. 

"Our principal concern was for the frosh. After the first few 
meetings with Erindale, it was clear that their principal concern was 
money." 



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De Gale said ECSU requested free transportation and food, as well 
as half price orientation kits. 

"We were unwilling to pay to have them here above and beyond 
what we were willing to give other colleges. In giving them more it 
would have to come from the rest of the community," said de Gale. 

However, Kosta feels the requests were justified. 

"Realistically speaking, we did ask for half-price kits and part of the 
bussing costs, and we wouldn't be participating in any events, so it 
wouldn't make sense for our students to pay." 

Kosta maintains that money wasn't the only issue, but logistics, 
time constraints and schedule conflict made it impossible for first-year 
students at Erindale to participate in the events downtown. 

Although Kosta has no regrets about the end result, de Gale feels it 
was a big mistake. 

"I think the decision-makers were looking at historical enmities. 
Problems in the past took precedence over building bridges in the 
present. The decision was not made in the best interests of their 
constituency." 



Referendum question 
remains undecided 



by Eijssa Lansdell 



SAC still has to determine what 
the wording of the question on 
the October 6 and 7 ballot, asking 
students whether SAC should be 
a member of the Ontario Under- 
graduate Student Alliance, will 
be. 

The absence of a question has 
not held up the education cam- 
paigns of both sides about the 
provincial student lobby group. 

SAC external commissioner 
Merry-ln Unan said the wording 
of the referendum question will 
not be decided until Sept. 1 7, less 
than three weeks before voting. 

Unan says the exact wording 
of the question is "not that major 
an issue." 

But OUSA opponent and mem- 
ber of the No-to-OUS A Working 
Group, Uma Sarkar disagrees. 
She says it is hard to run a fair 
referendum campaign when one 
is uncertai n about the exact sides. 

"We don't know what kind of 
arguments they're going to use," 
she said. 

Unan said she is more con- 
cerned with informing students 
about OUSA. The council has 
budgeted $3,500 to the Yes side' s 
education campaign. 

"We hope to clear up a lot of 
misconceptions during this cam- 
paign. We think they [students] 
will vote yes just based on the 
facts." 

But No-to-OUSA Working 
Group member Jaggi Singh, feels 
the council does not have the 
right to spend student money on 
its campaign. 

"They can recommend that stu- 
dents vote yes, but they shouldn't 



be spending student money to do 
that." 

Sarkar says the No-to-OUSA 
campaign is being funded by con- 
tributions from other campus 
groups, including the University 
College student council and the 
Ontario Public Interest Research 
Group. 

The Arts and Science Students' 
Union, of which Sarkar is presi- 
dent, will also be donating money 
and resources. 

"Basically, it's going to be a 
few hundred dollars for buttons," 
she said. 

Sarkar says the group will not 
be spending more than $500 on 
the campaign, much less than the 
$3,500 SAC has budgeted. 

But Unan said the council's 
mandate to be accountable to stu- 
dents justified the spending of 
money for education on the is- 
sues involved. 

"We're spending students' 
money on educating them about 
something that affects them. We' 11 
be providing them with informa- 
tion about OUSA. SAC has to do 
this in a way it sees fit, and I think 
we've done that." 

Both sides say their campaigns 
will be unbiased and informa- 
tive. Unan said the Yes side's 
campaign "should not have any 
bias unless the SAC board votes 
otherwise." 

The Ontario Undergraduate 
Student Alliance was founded last 
year as an alternative to the Cana- 
dian Federation of Students-On- 
tario. 

Last week, SAC's elections 
committee announced Oct. 6 and 
7 would be the referendum days. 

with files from G. Bruce Rolston 



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THE VARSITY 

U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 Si. George Slreel, Toronto, Onlario. M5S 2E4 
Editorial: 979-2831 Advertising: 979-2865 FAX: 979-8357 
ISSN 0042-2789 



Simona Chiose. Editor 
G. Bruce Rolston. News Editor 
Lisa Hepner. Opinions Editor 
Rodger Levesque, Photo Editor 
John Beresford, Sports Editor 
Associate News Editors 
Sean Tai, Kale Milberry 



Edward Pussar. Interim Cliair 
Dairel Femandopulle, Business Manager 



Production Manager, Rachel Giese 

Review Editor, Mini Choi 

Features Editor, Anne Bains 

Graphics Ekiitor, Nicole Graham 

Science Editor, Gord Squires 

Associate Review Editors 

Amber Meredith Golem. Georgiana Uhlyarik 



Interim Vice President, Jeff Vance 
Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Ad Design, John Hodgins 



Quote of the Day; "There's no shotgun to anyone's head that I know of 
Admin. Veep Brian Davies either has a basketball in his pocket or is just 

happy to see us. 



Too many students 
or too little vision? 



U of T is not decreasing its first year enrol- 
ment this year. It doesn't need to. 

In the past two years it has cut its enrol- 
ment by 1,000 students. One thousand stu- 
dents doesn't seem like a large amount, 
maybe 3 per cent of the university "s total full- 
lime student population. 

But consider that at the same time, York 
University, which until this fall was the only 
other Toronto-area university, has cut its 
enrolment by 1 ,200 from last year. And that 
cut is in addition to a reduction last year of 
700 first-year spots. So students applying for 
entry into a Toronto-area university this year 
really have 3,000 less spots available to them 
than two years ago. 

To gain entry to either U of T or York, a 
high school student has to have final marks 
averaging from 78 to 81 for this Harvard of 
the north, and in the mid 70s for York. If high 
school marks arc any indication of academic 
sucess in university, perhaps both universi- 
ties will, in four years, graduate an elite 
group of students whose potential for achieve- 
ment will be limitless. 
Many of them could choose to go on and 
pursue graduate studies. 

That seems to be what U of T is hoping. By 
gradually decreasing class sizes and thus 
also improving the amount of contact under- 
graduates have with the faculty, U of T's 
administration argues that the quality of edu- 
cation will improve. Between 1 990 and 1 994- 
95, however, federal funding for education 
in Ontario will have decreased by almost $ 1 
biUion, a cut that has been refiected in de- 
creasing provincial grants to universities. So 
the cuts in enrolment, the administration 
argues, have merely lessened what may have 
otherwise been an overwhelming burden on 
the university's resources. 

The argument assumes, as do calls for 
students to pay a higher share of their tuition 
costs, that the university system in general, 
and U of T in particular, is broke — or that if 
it's not yet broke, it soon will be unless we all 
share a bit more of the burden. Why then, has 
the number of graduate awards and scholar- 
ships increased by almost 400 since 1987? 
Why then, 

can the university find an acceptable solution 
to its social conu^act negotiations that does 
not unduly penalize employees by cutting its 
contributions to a pension fund that is earn- 



ing sufficient interest, but still keep from dip- 
ping into the $130 million endowment adjust- 
ment fund, even as thousands of high school 
students are being turned away from post- 
secondary education? 

Graduate work should be funded. Many 
graduate students have families and have made 
a commitment to graduate work that should be 
recognized. And university employees should 
not be unduly penalized in a recession. But 
benefits to cither group, or at least the dulling 
of pain, cannot be achieved at the expense of 
undergraduates. It is undergraduates who earn 
the university not only tuition fees, but also the 
bulk of provincial operating grants. 

Prioritizing undergraduate education is not 
simply, however, a question of financial fair- 
ness. In its search for world class standing, U 
of T seems to be sacrificing undergraduates to 
what, after all, is a very limited idea of excel- 
lence. If with Prime Minister Kim Cambcll, 
we believe that the way to a more competitive 
(leaving aside the whole issue of "competi- 
tiveness") Canada, is through scholarships 
awarded only toeconomics and MBA students 
for the study of Latin America (namely, busi- 
ness opportunities in Latin America), then 
maybe U of T is on the right path. 

But education, or an excellent education 
anyway, is more than specialized skills train- 
ing for those high school students who have 
already set their career goals and achieved the 
marks to attain them. The vice-president for 
planning says that with enrolment cuts, those 
students who are already in university will 
enjoy a higher quality of education. Even if 
that were true, what about the students who 
will never gain entry to U of T? Apart from the 
extra thousand students who applied to univer- 
sity this year, competing with 58.000 others 
for 47,000 spaces, there are also part-time 
students returning to school, many for eco- 
nomic reasons. 

Wc may be creating an excellent graduating 
class in the short term, but in the long run, the 
prophets of competitveness may have to ask 
themselves where to find, not just potential 
grad students or an educated work force, but an 
educated electorate. They might remember 
the want-to-be students of the early 90s, who 
sought admittance to one of their worid class 
institutions, were willing to pay for it or as- 
sume a massive debt load, but were bluntly 
told they were just not good enough. 



Contributors: Sharon Ouderkirk, Hal Niedzviecki. Ashley Thomas, Ginna Watts(2), Ricard 
Baker, Robyn Gumey, Kerri Huffman, Ingrid Ancevich, Kyle Milne, Anne Castelino, Emechetc 
Onuoha. Michael Axmilh, Kale Kaul, Erin Gill, Norman Hui. Elissa Lansdell, Caroline Novak, B.D. 

Di Leandro(2). 



The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-time undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to incite violence or hatred towards particular 

Individuals or an identifiable group, particularty on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, 

gender, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 

Second Class mail registration number 51 02. 




BACKTALK letters to the editor 



Rippity 
Wrap-Up 

In The Varsity on 10 August and 
again on 7 September great sport 
is made with the stupid phrase 
"Rippity rappity ree," alleged to 
be pan of the lyrics of the univer- 
sity song "The Blue and White." 

But these syllables are not 
meant to make sense. They're 
playful vocables for singing, in 
the same lime-honored category 
as "Hey nonny" (Shakespeare) 
and "Dooby doo" (Ella 
Fitzgerald). 

Moreover, as I pointed out in a 
previous letter (in the pan you 
didn't have room to print on 7 
SeptCinber), they don't form part 
of any known version of "The 
Blue and White," and are irrel- 
evant in any discussion of it. 

The lyricist Rev C.E. Silcox 
was indeed guilty of writing in 
1909 the offensive opening line 
"Old Toronto" (i.e.. University 
of, not City oQ, mother ever dear 



(i.e.. Alma Mater)," now thank- 
fully amended. But "rippity 
rappity ree" was not his style. 
Perhaps another of your readers 
can say where it came from. 
John BecVMith 
Prof. Emeritus 
Faculty of Music 



Proud to be 
Vic 



We are writing to express our 
indignation at the portrayal of 
Victona College in the 1993/94 
Varsity Handb<x)k. Wc object to 
the generalizations made regard- 
ing the selection of our college: 
not all students at Victoria Col- 
lege are here strictly to party and 
none of us are so mmdless as to 
select a college primarily on the 
basis of architecture. 
Victoria College not only has the 
most diverse student population, 
but it IS also a closely-knit com- 



munity. Our college provides a 
wide variety of special programs 
and strongly emphasizes aca- 
demic achievement. Unfortu- 
nately, these positive aspects were 
overlooked in your superficial 
summary. 

Sandy DiMartino on behalf of 
some concerned Vic students 
Vic If! 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers. 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 words and musi 
be accompanied by the 
author's name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request 
Letters will be published at 
the discretion of the editor 
and may be edited for 
length Letters that attempt 
to incite violence or hatred 
against an identifiable 
group will not be published. 
We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members 
Priority will be given to new 
writers and timely topics 1 



J 



The 



Real 



Issues 



Behind Planned 
Parenthood 

More than just a 
question of race 



BY KATE KAUL 

I was pleased to see someone 
bring up the Margaret Sanger, 
Planned Parenthood, eugenic 
thing this summer . This has been 
an uncomfortable but volatile con- 
versation in feminist circles, and 
an effective attack on a pro-choice 
organization. Suddenly we' re be- 
ing asked to choose; antiracism 
or choice? The way the debate 
has been presented, we have two 
options, and they seem to be in- 
compatible. This is achoice which 
throws feminist ideology into 
confusion. 
Planned Parenthood' s embar- 

It's time to 
make the past 
public, not to 
disavow an 
ugly piece of 
history just to 
be politically 
correct. . . 

rassed and awkward defense plays 
into what seems like a deliber- 
ately distorted debate and shows 
the same ignorance of the real 
issues involved as the original 
attack by SAC board members. 

The SAC members of council 
who brought up the motion to ban 
Planned Parenthood from Orien- 
tation, are right to question 
Margaret Sanger's motivation; 
but I question theirs. 

That Margaret Sanger was a 
racist is indisputable. But if Greg 
Todd had to discover the racist 
writings of Margaret Sanger, as 
he describes them, (you can dis- 
cover them in Robarts; they're no 
big secret), I wonder if he actu- 
ally read them. I question the 
validity of separating out racism 
from Sanger's views. 

If Margaret Sanger had her 
way, I would not have children; 
nor, perhaps, would you. Sanger 
encouraged birth control for the 
working class, and sterilization, 
or at least permanent segregation 
in labor camps for more danger- 
ous groups; not just for 
"nonwhite" people, but for "idi- 
ots, alcoholics, the poor, the nerv- 
ous, the defective, the epileptic, 
the irresponsible and especially 
the feeble-minded," who, she felt, 
represented a particular peril to 
racial progress. 

You don ' t have to quote out of 
context to find this stuff, as 
Planned Parenthood' s representa- 
tive claimed. The list of the unfit 
is repeated in book after book, 
with some variations: "Morons, 
mental defectives, epileptics, il- 
literates, paupers, unemployables, 
criminals, prostitutes and dope 
fiends." 



It was no coincidence that a 
disproportionate number of peo- 
ple of color and the poor (and 
everyone else on the Sanger list) 
fell into the category of the "fee- 
ble-minded," and that the new, 
culturally biased, psychological 
tests which classified them so 
conveniently were popular at the 
same time. Sanger, and many of 
the people around her at the time, 
advocated eugenics on the 
grounds of race, poverty, disabil- 
ity, and any other imperfection at 
a time when most imperfections 
were believed to be inherited. 

For Planned Parenthood to 
"disavow" Sanger, however, as 
has been suggested, would be a 
mistake. Margaret Sanger fought 
for access to birth control for all 
women, regardless of economic 
circumstance, she openly urged 
working class women to limit the 
birth of children who would be 
bom into a system which ex- 
ploited their labor, and she criti- 
cized colonialist expansion. 

But this kind of disavowal also 
makes me nervous; it looks too 
much like erasure. Margaret 
Sanger, and the early phase of the 
"reproductive rights" movement 
which she and her way of think- 
ing represents, is an important 
part of history . And yes, the move- 
ment took advantage of the "race 
suicide" hysteria that got it the 
funding and support it needed 
from the private sector. 

We shouldn't feel we have to 
prioritize sections of history to 
protect our credibility. Margaret 
Sanger: birth control advocate or 
racist?" How about both: and we 
should be aware of this mixed 
and problematic history. 

This is an excellent opportu- 
nity for Planned Parenthood to 
state their real priorities and to 
make their past public, not to 
disavow an ugly piece of history 
just to be politically correct. For 
Planned Parenthood to say that 
"if Sanger did make any racist 
remarks, Planned Parenthood 



disavows any and all of them" is 
naive. Eugenic sentiment, based 
on race and disability, has had a 
powerful impact on the shape of 
the choice movement. This 
doesn' t mean we should disavow 
the choice movement; just that 
we should be aware of this and its 
implications. 

Kate Kaul is a collective member 
of U ofT's Women's Centre. 




Planned Parenthood House 



(Rodger Levesque/VS) 



SAC'S irresponsible behaviour 



BY ERIN GILL 



This summer, SAC, specifically 
Forestry Representative Greg 
Todd and Women's Issues Of- 
ficer Rheba Estante, threatened 
to repeal S AC's offer of space to 
Toronto's chapter of Planned 
Parenthood for Carnival Day. In 
the end, the plan failed with a 
SAC vote 13 to 9 in favour of 
honouring their promise to 
Planned Parenthood. 

At the U of T Sexual Educa- 
tion and Peer Counseling Centre, 
we read and heard about this 
bullshit with wide eyes, worry- 
ing that SAC representatives 
might prove to be even less capa- 
ble than usual of thinking clearly 
through an issue. You see, Greg 
Todd and Rheba Estante argued 
that Planned Parenthood should 
not be allowed to "consort" with 
students because the founder of 
Planned Parenthood, Margaret 
Sanger, was racist. They an- 
nounced their findings with the 
self-righteousness of those who 
believe they have discovered an 
hitherto unknown truth. 

So why wasn't I impressed with 
SAC'S attempt to eradicate rac- 



ism? 

Margaret Sanger is dead so we 
can't ask her. On the other hand, 
Planned Parenthood did send me 
an information pack. Their litera- 
ture told me things I had already 
guessed: that Sanger did not say 
many of the things attributed to 
her; that Sanger was a product of 
her lime, and that her time was 



mation packs yet. 

What this whole fiasco sug- 
gests is that SAC doesn't know a 
thing about racism. If they did, 
they might feel a little odd attend- 
ing U of T and holding positions 
at SAC, both of which have racist 
pasts. 

Boycotting Planned Parent- 
hood would not only have been 



Denying information on sex 
and health issues should not 
be the mandate of U of T's 
Women's Issues Officer... 



one of overt racism where theo- 
ries favouring eugenics were 
widely supported. 

Sanger's opinions regarding 
race, class, and gender are of 
profound importance. However, 
Sanger is an historical figure and 
does not represent today's views 
of Toronto's chapter of Planned 
Parenthood. Why isn't SAC in- 
terested in finding out the organi- 
zation's stance in 1993? An or- 
ganization is always more than 
its founder. Maybe Rheba and 
Greg just haven' t read their infor- 



blatantly tokenistic, but it would 
have denied U of T students ac- 
cess to information regarding their 
general and sexual health. If 
Estante wanted to address those 
concerns, she would be able to 
identify the more insidious as- 
pects of racism, and not attempt 
to boycott an organization which 
is starting an outreach program 
for the Black and Italian youth 
population of Toronto. The S AC's 
Women's Officer should realize 
how important it is to address 
these issues. 

Erin Gill is a coordinator of U of 
T's Sexual Education and Peer 
Counselling Centre. 




THE 



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6 VARSITY OPINIONS 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



The Varsity 



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All welcome. 



Lessons in Love 

BY BRIAN DAVID DILEANDRO AND RACHEL GIESE 



Safer sex. 
Good sex. 

Homo sex and helero sex and bi sex. 
Female ejaculation and the G-spot. Sex 
phone lines. Sexual healing. Sex Addicts 
Anonymous. Sex for sale. Sex for rent. 
Sex for lease. Madonna's Sex. I want 
your sex. My name is I was I Prince I sic ] 
and I am sexy. Waif sex. Gen-X sex. 
Cyber sex. Virtual sex. Tantric sex. Sex 
goddesses. S/M sex. Sex between friends. 
The sex trade. Transsexuality. Sex vid- 
eos. Creative masturbation. Interactive 
phone sex. E-mail sex. Mail order lov- 
ers. 

Everybody, it seems, is talking about 
sex. 

But no one is talking about love. 

Between the orgasm and the snore, 
lies the possibility of love. Unfortunately, 
love has been polluted by luv. Luv is 
confessions on a Geraldo show, women 
who love too much and the men who 
love them, mass marriage at the March 
on Washington, Chuck Woolery, Hall- 
mark directives featuring Cathy cartoons 
and Michael Bolton outdoor concerts. 
We find love to be .something more pro- 
found, more monumental, indeed more 
stylish. We work love. And it looks good 
on us. It could look good on you too. 

Lessons, therefore, in love. 

First of all, love doesn't come ea.sy 
though it should. How many limes have 
we all cried, "My God, 1 wish I were in 
love!" Far, far too many times. Love, 
understand, doesn't Just come across a 
crowded, smoke filled room, offering a 
Margarita and promises of life-long fi- 
delity. You have to approach it. 

Lesson two. The object. Appropriate- 
ness, we find, is key. Your friends, you 
see, will no doubt ask, "Are they a good 
dancerT' If you enjoy cutting a rug, a 
partner who can Lambada, the forbidden 
dance of pleasure, will make a good 
mate. Those, however, who will only 
dare to dream to do the Moonwalk are 




Fabulous is within us all. 

entirely inappropriate for anyone who 
seeks true love and should be avoided at 
all costs. 

Lesson three. The sheer i mportance of 
the appropriateness of acouplingand the 
physical attraction betwixt them can 



never, ever be underestimated. Trust us, 
a little lust helps to fan the Hames of love. 

Lesson four. The fabulous quotient. 
Fabulous is more than an adjective. You 
may just be saying to yourself, "Hold it, 
what docs fabulous have to do with 
being in love?!"To be fabulous, we find, 
denotes an unbridled willingness to stand 
and shout, "Hello! Shante, Shantay, Eve- 
rybody Say Love !" A sure fire chick and 
dude magnet if there ever was one. Being 
fabulous is the spice of life, the pop in the 
com, if you will. More than an attitude, 
its a collection of today's most popular 
songs. Being Fabio is not being fabu- 
lous. Where being fabulous is most im- 
portant, is when you must win over the 
object of your affection. But please do 
not fret. Fabulousness does not discrimi- 
nate. It is inside of all of us, waiting to be 
awakened. Just by reading this column, 
you've increased your level of fabulous- 
ness; therefore, increasing your chances 
of finding that true love. 

Lesson five. Going in for the kill. Tres 
important. You found the appropriate 
object of your affection, there is mutual 
lust, and you have the fabulous thing in 
the bag. What now, you may ask. Temp- 
tations to demand your partner begin 
addressing you as Lieutenant, Sir or even 
Surgeon General should be squelched at 
all costs. We find it leads to feelings of 
resentment and general malaise. Relax. 
The hard part is over. Love is here to 
stay. While occassionally requiring main- 
tenance, it is now firmly in your grasp. 
Ignore those who suggest if you love 
something set it free. Hang on to it with 
all your might. You've found love and its 
poorer cousin, luv, will never seduce 
you again. 



Brian and Rachel, theSeigfriedandRoy 
of Love and Dating welcome all letters 
and questions. Please. No requests for 
marriage. We've been spoken for. 



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THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 7 



There's a reason we don't go to Harvard 



cou 

RESPONSE 



BY EMECHETE ONUOHA 

In several weeks, Minister of Education and 
Training Dave Cooice will be making a tuition 
fee announcement that will determine how much U 
of T students will be paying in tuition fees for the 
1 994-95 academic year. On August 20, the Minister 
lold university and college student leaders that 
tuition fees would "have to increase substantially 
next year" and in the same breath said he would hold 
off on specific numbers until assessing recommen- 
dations from the Council of Ontario Universities 
(COU). A mere forty eight hours after the Minister 

made his re- 
marks COU 
released its 
highly con- 
troversial 
and poorly 
researched 
tuition fee 
policy paper 
calling for a 
50 per cent 

increase in undergraduate tuition fees and a 100 per 
cent increase in graduate and professional program 
fees. 

In its tuition fee paper, COU compares our uni- 
versities to their American counterparts (Harvard, 
for example) and suggests that our tuition fees 
(which are on average $2,021 ) should be increased 
to cover 35 per cent as opposed to 20 per cent of the 
current $9,962 average operating cost per student at 
Ontario universities. 

However, COU did not publish the actual aver- 
age operating costs of the various American univer- 
sities. As a result, readers would not know that 
despite its $21,196 tuition fee, the average operat- 
ing cost per student at Harvard is $65,0(X). Students 
at Harvard end up covering approximately 32 per 
cent of the operating revenue of the university with 
their tuition fees. 

By suggesting that students in Ontario should 
cover at least 35 per cent of the operating cost of our 
universities, COU is actually recommending that a 
student studying at U of T, a public post-secondary 
institution heavily subsidized (approximately 80 
pe^ cent) by tax payers dollars, should pay propor- 
tionately more for their education than they would 
if they were attending one of the single most elite 




and expensive private universities in the U.S. 

Clearly Minister Cooke and the COU are playing 
a game of "good cop bad cop". Now that the COU 
has made its outrageous tuition fee recommenda- 
tions, the Minister of Education and Training will 
probably announce an unprecedented increase in 
tuition fees. We can expect an increase less "sub- 
stantial" than the one called for by the COU to give 
the impression that the Minister struggled to reach 
a reasonable compromise between a zero per cent 
increase and a 50 per cent increase in tuition fees. 

Following the announcement, students in On- 
tario are supposed to trudge to university bearing 
one of the largest tuition fee increases in Canadian 



history on their backs. 

Given that the university community at U of T 
consists of students, staff, faculty and the citizens of 
Toronto, the Canadian Federation of Students in 
Ontario (CFS-0) questions the legitimacy of Min- 
ister Cooke's reliance on the recommendations of 
the COU. The COU consists of the president and 
one academic colleague from each of the 1 7 Ontario 
universities. As a result it neither includes nor 
represents the interests and concerns of the aciual 
university community. 

Despite this, COU's budget (which in 1 990 was 
approximately $2.8 million) comes from students 
and taxpayers who contribute funds that support U 



(Nicole GrahamA/S) 

of T and all other public universities in Ontario. 
Interestingly enough, when I asked the COU for 
their 1993-94 budget I was told that it was "not a 
public document". 

Perhaps it's time for the student senators at U of 
T to ask theirtwo representatives to COU (President 
Robert Prichard and Prof. Edward Chamberlin) 
whether or not they support the COU tuition fee 
recommendations and why students, staff and fac- 
ulty were kept in the dark until the policy paper was 
released to the entire province. 

Emechete Onuoha is the Chairperson of the Cana- 
dian Federation of Students in Ontario. 



TVONTARIO TELEFEST '93 




I s 



8 VARSITY NEWS 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Lesbian and gay materials stopped at border 



Continued from p.l 

ations. 

"Someone at Canada Customs has labeled Inland 
a pornographic distributor," says Dennis Mahoney, 
Inland's customer service manager. 

Most of the books and magazines held at the 
border in this latest seizure contained "unconven- 
tional" sexual material. 

Among many others, Fagrag #127 and Taste of 
latex #8 were prohibited outright. Other material 
was detained and forwarded to Ottawa for examina- 
tion. These included Doc and Fluff, by Pat Califia, 
a well-known writer, and The Lesbian S/M Safety 
Manual. 

School textbooks included in the shipments were 
also held. 

Alan Borovoy, chief council for the Canadian 
Civil Liberties Association, calls the situation "le- 
gal state censorship." 

"The whole exercise is a dubious one," he says. 

"The criteria used are inevitably too vague, and 
so wind up authorizing suppression of legitimate 
material. It is therefore not surprising that the en- 
forcement is uninformed." 



WHILE anti-censorship activists consider the law 
loo vague to prevent discrimination against minor- 
ity groups, the main complaint from people in the 
book business is its unfair application by customs 
officials. 

David Wilk, president of Inland, claims in a news 
release that smaller publishers and bookstores are 
being "routinely inspected" for material conunonly 
sold by mainstream booksellers. 

But Diana Adams from the Prohibitive Importa- 
tion Unit of Canada Customs in Ottawa states 
categorically: "There is no targeting going on here 
of any kind." 

As if to support her claim, the recent incidents 
have involved 'mainstream' stores, such as Coles, 
and university bookstores. But Greg Jenish from 
Censorstop in Toronto says that this is a recent 
strategy. Until then, only gay, lesbian, feminist and 
left-wing bookstores were consistently affected by 
materials held at the border. He sees recent customs 
sweeps as being "expansive, so that Canada Cus- 
toms can say that they are not just targeting mar- 
ginal voices." 

There is little doubt, however, that gay and 



1 N / 




L A 


SS BY ITSELF 





lesbian literature is the subject matter being tar- 
geted. 

For instance, although anal sex is perfectly legal 
to perform among consenting adults, Customs has 
interpreted the law in such a way that the depiction 
of anal sex is considered obscene and degrading 
enough to be permanently seized at the border. 
Jenish points out that The Joy of Gay Sex, which was 
banned on the grounds of anal sex, has less refer- 
ences to anal sex than the heterosexual version of 
the book, which is widely available. 



"CUSTOMS has no idea how the book business 
works," says Dan Bazuin, co-owner of This Ain't 
the Rosedale Library bookstore in Toronto. "It 
becomes a form of harassment." 

Stores are not reimbursed, says Toshiya 
Kuwabara, an employee at Toronto's Glad Day 
bookstore and a member of the Canadian Coalition 
Against Customs Censorship. "We just lose the 
material." He adds that when magazines are de- 
layed, the store loses the revenue even if they are 
retumed. since by that time they are out of date. He 
also notes that books often come back damaged 
from Customs. 

University bookstores, professors and students 
can also be inconvenienced when key texts are held 
up in shipments at the border and don't arrive in 
lime for the beginning of classes. 

But universities are more likely to have public 
opinion on their side. An example was the recent 
detention of a book written by bell hooks, a promi- 
nent African-American feminist scholar. The book. 
Black Looks: Race and Representation, is used as a 
textbook at many universities. It was cleared and 
released in record time following heavy media 
attention. 

By contrast, booksellers often take months to 
reclam shipments. Some smaller stores, which can't 
afford expensive lawsuits, are unlikely ever to 
regain their material. "Customs generally rejects 
appeals." says Kuwabara. 

According to Customs' Diana Adams, border 
officials use strict guidelines when deciding what 
gets into Canada. If the material is "obviously" 
illegal, such as child pornography or extreme vio- 
lence, it can be seized on the spot. If the customs 
inspector cannot make that decision, the material is 
sent for review by a commodity specialist, who has 
had more training in a specialized area. 

The Canadian Criminal Code sets the standards 
for what is acceptable for the public. Revenue 
Canada then interprets this information and sets out 
the procedures to be followed by Customs employ- 
ees in the Customs Tariff. 



The Customs Tariff does make provisions for 
artistic and scientific merit when judging the admis- 
sibility of material. Customs Canada also keeps a 
list of banned materials, which is regularly updated. 

Adams insists that "there is a fairly high degree 
of consistency in how we measure material." 

People whose books have been seized disagree. 
"There is no rhyme, reason or pattern" to the sei- 
zures, says Jenish. "They take what they want." 

"The system is inconsistent, uncultured and arbi- 
trary," says Lucinda Johnston, an employee at 
Pages Bookstore in Toronto and a member of 
Censorstop. 

Many people feel customs inspectors do not 
have sufficient qualifications. "The customs in- 
spector [at the border) is the couri, judge and jury of 
artistic and scientific merit. They are making the 
decisions that judges should be making," says 
Johnston. 

The minimum educational requirement for a 
customs inspector is a high school education. In 
addition to that, they undergo 16 weeks of training 
in every facet of Customs operations. The employee 
then has the opportunity to specialize in a certain 
area, such as chemicals, steel, or obscenity. 

IT IS OFTEN difficult to predict why some content 
would be deemed unacceptable. Mahoney specu- 
lates that it may often be based simply on how a title 
sounds. 

A recently banned lesbian comic book. Hot 
Head Paisan #7 , is accused of "degradation to 
men." Another comic book. Weenie Toons, is ac- 
cused of "degradation to the male penis." Neither 
contains explicit descriptions or depictions of harm- 
ful and degrading sexual activity, which is required 
for a charge of obscenity. 

One of the problems with enforcing morality at a 
cu.sioms booth is that definitions of obscenity change 
with changing mainstream cultural tastes. Books 
that were banned earlier this century, such as D. H. 
Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover, Henry Mill- 
er's writings or The Story of O are now widely 
available and considered tame. 

Borovoy and the Canadian Civil Liberties Asso- 
ciation, which opposes censorship in any form, say 
that the attentions of censors are not only mutable; 
they arc also misplaced. To Borovoy, unusual sex 
practices are the least one of the many threats to 
society. 

"If you list all the material capable of causing 
harm," said Borovoy, "there are more compelling 
candidates for suppression than the things presently 
chosen. Exposure to The Communist Manifesto, 
The Bible , or even the eleven o'clock news have 
been cited as an impetus to perpeuate horrific acts." 



Pharmacy adds a year to program 

BY Caroline Novak sharing between professional pharmacists and aca- 

demics. 

According to Cummins, U of T's pharmacy 
Although most pharmacy students like recent school will now meet the standards of other phar- 
changes to their curriculum, some say the faculty macy schools in Europe and North America, 
may become less accessible as a result. "U of T was lagging behind, and the university 

Starting this year, pharmacy students must spend had to face it", 
their first year in general sciences, before entering The faculty of pharmacy is receiving an addi- 
the four-year degree program. Previously, students tional $978,000 over five years to finance the 
were admitted directly into the four-year program, changes, which passed Governing Council in June. 

As well, the program, the only one in Ontario, The decision to spend so much on pharmacy did 
will now be admitting 40 fewer applicants yearly, not pass without opposition. James Burke of the 
down from 1 60. department of Spanish and Portuguese, who chairs 

The new admittance requirements are intimidat- a committee of the Academic Board, expressed 
ing, .said Cindy Peart, a first-year science student disappointment with the limited time and informa- 
who hopes to enter the pharmacy school. She said lion he had to look through the proposals, 
the old program gave more of an advantage to high- Burke said he was given only one day to review 
school entrants. the new program. 

"Now I must compete with students with a higher "It was difficult to judge the recommendation on 
education". its merit." 

Second-year pharmacy student Courtney Pharmacy dean Donald Perrier said the new 
Chansavang agreed. program siill had to be accredited by the province. 

"It was easier to get in ■■lBiite,.,_.^MM^MHMaiiMHMHHBIIIflV*V'VTTVnri 
straight from high school". 

However. both 
Chansavang and Peart said 
the new program is more 
attractive because it in- 
cludes a 16-week work 

term. The old program had • ^ 

only two weeks for work 

experience. fl^^^H ' ^^BV< V ^Bl' 

As well, both said the ■■■^R^ ^ ^^^S Jl L4.WJ1 

greater focus on patients 
will be advantageous. 

Erindale professor Ray 
Cummins chaired the com- mtmir 1 
mittee that reviewed the lip 

changes to pharmacy this ' » » ^ _ ^ ^ 

summer ~ — 

Cummins said he be- 

lieves the program will re- (Rodger Levesque/VS) 

suit in more information- Faculty of Pharmacy: we could be here awhile 




by Sharon Ouderkirk 
Varsity Staff 

Asian Horizons was established as a regular 

segment in the Festival as recently as 1991. Prior to that year, 
Asian films were mixed into the stew of Contemporary World 
Cinema, butthe talent, imagination and humour of so many Asian 
films seemed to demand the respect of a separate status. Asia has 
long been a huge market capable of supporting its own film 
industry as well as Hollywood fare, (a programme note indicates 
that India and Hong Kong produce more films than Hollywood 
and France combined — a real jolt to the "Hollywood equals 
film" equation that we Westerners imbibe daily.) 

The impact of this vital industry is being felt in Hollywood. 
Hong Kong director John Woo, formerly a contributor to the Asian 
film segments, is now directing in Hollywood. His big budget 
film. Hard Target, is indicative of the "have talent, will travel" 
potential of Asian cinema. Similarly, the Hollywood movie. The 
yoyLucH: C/u6portrays the experiencesof Asian immigrants in this 
film version of Amy Tan's novel. 

It has been twenty years since the conflict in Viet Nam ended, 
and Hollywood has been occupied excising the poisons of that 
war from the collective consciousness. The result has often been 
racist, objectified portrayals of Asians as America dealt with its 
guilt and grief. Now, it's long past time to take another look at 
thispartof the world, and I can't think of a better beginning than 
to take in some of the films presented this year. The stories these 
writers and directors tell aboutthemselves are far more interesting 
than anything Hollywood has ever said on the subject. Of 
particular note isthe luminous presence of writer-director-actress 
Sylvia Chang, subject of last year's Spotlight. I haven't seen 
this year's film, Mary from Beijing,, but she's a major talent to 
watch for. 



Moonlight Boy, Yu Wei Yen, Hong Kong, 1 993 (Taiwan/China, 
1993) 

Moonlight Soy is an absorbing story about a young boy's search 
for his identity. The hitch that makes this film so different is that 
the boy has actually been comatose for several years. He's not 
searching for himself as much as he is trying to find the way back 
to who he was. The search takes place i n an imagined dreamworld 
of comic book characters, elliptical conversations and romantic, 
moonlit settings that evoke the loneliness of the young boy. The 
presentation is initially very confusing. But as the film progresses, 
one is able to see the connections between the ideas — it's a 
collage created by one dreamer. 

The film cuts between shots of the sickroom where the boy has 
lain for twenty years, and the free movement of his spirit as he 
wanders around his town. A comic book character acts as a 
spiritual advisor to him, and it is this link between his spirit and 
his former adolescent reality that makes the film touching without 
being maudlin. 

Moonlight Boy is a quiet film, well suited to a thoughtful, 
solitary frame of mind. But don't be fooled into interpreting this 
as code for boring. Although the film is not what one would call 
a "masterpiece," it does make legitimate demands on one's 
intellectual energy. It's a really different way of thinking about 
life and the meaning that is left behind when the body is no longer 
functional. The film is a reminder that we are the sum total of our 



I Review 



The Thursday Edition 
16 September 1993 



Asian Horizons : Jilms 
under eastern eyes 




Zohra Segal and Surendra Kochar in Bhaji on the Beach 



dreams and the dreams of the moonlight boy are the stuff that his 
reality was made of. 

s.o. 



92 The Legendary La Rose /Vo/re(Joseph Chan, Hong Kong, 1 992) 
92 The Legendary La Rose Noire is a delightful comedy from 
Hong Kong. Although fairly typical of the rollicking fast-paced 
humour of the Asian comedies that I have seen over the years, it 
is not, I think, the best of its kind. However, even second-best is 
a pretty fair couple of hours of entertainment. 
The closest equivalent to Western film to which I can compare 



this film would be the screwball filmsof the 1 930's. La Rose has 
the same kind of bubbly absurdity that induces giddiness. But 
there is a major difference. The films of the thirties were created 
in a more innocent time — mass media was not quite as mass, and, 
consequently, the world was a bigger, more mysterious place. La 
Rose, and other comedic offerings from Asia, are created in a 
different time. The comedic tension is to be found in the disparity 
between the innocence of the characters and the sophistication 
of the audience. We are not invited to laugh at them, but rather 
to laugh at our own buried, but not forgotten, dreams of perfect, 
romantic love. 
Please see "Legends", p.1 0 



Journalists who never sleep review 
the festival that never stops 



Boxing Helena Oennifer Lynch, USA, 1993) 
Boxing Helena is not a film about a female 
pugilist. Julian Sands plays Nick Cavanaugh, a 
successful but troubled neurosurgeon, ignored 
and mentally abused as a child by his rich 
parents. His girlfriend, Anne (Betsy Clark) loves 
him, but he is unable to forget a distant one-night 
stand with the aloof, dark-haired Helena, played 
by Sherilynn Fenn. When his parents die, he 
moves into their house and throws a party to 
which he invites Helena. She appears, but re- 
buffs him and leaves with a young stud, hoping 
that Nick will forget about her. He doesn't and, 
with her forgotten handbag, he creates a ruse for 
a fateful rendezvous. 

Because first-time director Jennifer Chambers 
Lynch happens to be David Lynch's daughter, 
this film has been generating ringside attention 
since Madonna and Kim Basinger expressed 
interest in the lead. But this titillation is periph- 
eral to the film itself. 

On the surface, the film, about an obsessive 
man dismemberi ng a woman so he can keep her 
in his home, sounds like it would just be asking 
for controversy. Indeed, the film has been criti- 
cized for glamourizing violence against women. 
It doesn't; in fact, there is no gore or on-screen 
violence, or even boxing. It has been called 
perverse, and Fenn's character has been called 
a "calloui sexpot," as if it's a bad thing. 
Certainly, Nick's desire to cripple Helena seems 
ghastly, but Lynch useshisactions to metaphori- 
cally show the effects of a love that is not love, 
to show how crippling it can be to try to possess 
someone, mentally and physically. 

Sands' portrayal of the brilliant but obses- 
sive Dr. Cavanaugh is very detailed and con- 
vincing, and justifies Nick's behaviour. As the 




Boxing Helena's Jennifer Lynch and Sherilyn Fenn 



kept woman, Fenn creates depth and realism in 
a character that could easily be maudlin. And, 
curiously, there is Art Carfunkel, who starred in 
Nicolas Roeg's Bad Timing: A Sensual Obses- 
sion, which explores similar ground as Boxing 
Helena. 



Even though the film starts to lose its focus 
near the end (punch drunk?), and uses the thor- 
oughly irritating Wizard of Oz ending, it is still 
impressive. Inspired by a statue of Venus de 
Milo, Jennifer Lynch's lushly shot Boxing 
Helena is more black-comedy Merchant-Ivory 



than horror. But, mostly, it is a fascinating and 
surreal story about the extremes of obsession. 

Ashley Thomas 



The Piano Oane Campion, Australia, 1993) 

Jane Campion's third film is as revealing as 
her first {Sweetie) and as riveti ng and poignant as 
her second (An Angel At My Table). But, best of 
all, this frightening journey through the muddy 
landscape of a claustrophobic New Zealand 
defies preconceptions: The Piano lives, breathes, 
and creates on its own terms. Holly Hunter as the 
pinched woman who speaks only through her 
music rings as true as the perfect note. The rest 
of the cast are like gilded insects. They buzz 
through this woman's triumphs and catastro- 
phes, with the visual splendour and perfect pace 
that one expects from master filmmakers. This is 
a tormented revision of that still potent theme: 
the power of love. 

Hal Niedzviecki 



Kalifornia (Dominic Sena, USA, 1 993) 

All murderers are serial-killer psychopaths, 
says this flawed Hollywood thriller. Not that 
Kalifornia's premise isn't entertaining, but 
it's also chock full of over-simplistic motifs and 
contorted cinematography. The filming is in- 
dicative of a movie which starts out with possi- 
bilities but ends up dropping into a lukewarm 
ocean of boredom. The opening scenes are 
dark, morose obtuse angles. These promising 
shots quickly give way to typical close-ups of 
terrified victimsand blood spattered walls. Juliette 
Please see "Oodles", p.10 



VARStTY REVIEW 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Slater slays 
them with 
Romance 



True Romance, Quentin 
Tarantino's newest offering, 
promised gore and violence, if his 
last movie. Reservoir Dogs is used 
as an example. Written by 
Tarantino and directed by Tony 
Scott of Top Gun fame, the film did 
not disappoint in the body count. 
But it also offered a whole lot more. 
The flick is remarkably similar in 
content to David Lynch's Wild at 
Heart, but succeeds where that 
movie failed. 

The two characters, one a pros- 
titute named Alabama (Patricia 
Arquette), and the other a lonely 
comic book store clerk called 
Clarence (Christian Slater), meet 
and fall in love. He kills her pimp 
and the two set off on the road 
together, running from the mob. 
Along the way they meet a variety 
of sleazy and hilarious characters. 
Everyone in thismovie does a great 
job. Slater, horrible in Untamed 
Heart, redeems himself fully, and 
Arquette is great in her first nnajor 
role. 

But the cameos make the movie. 
Gary Oldman is wonderfully dis- 
gusting in his role as Alabama's 
pimp. Clarence's father is played 
by Dennis Hopper, who nearly 
takes the movie with an awesome 
nwnologue. Clarencetakes advice 
throughout the film from the ghost 
of Elvis, with Val Kilmer in the role. 

The movie is extremely violent, 
and, true to Tarantino's roots, 
nearly everyone dies in gory, hor- 
rible ways, so anyone with a weak 
stomach should beware. But the 
violence is always tempered with 
a more uplifting or comical scene, 
and so isn't as draining to the 
viewer as it might be. 

The best scene in the movie is 
the one where Alabama beats off 
her attacker alone. From a writer 
whose last movie didn't include 
any women at all, it's a pretty 
powerful and uplifting scene for a 
woman to watch. This movie isn't 
pretty or fluffy, but it's easily the 
most powerful film I have seen this 
year. 

G'inna Watts 



Oodles and Oodles ofjilms 




M. Butterfly's Jeremy Irons 



( Kyle Milne) 



Continued from p. 9 

Lewis (the girl from Cape Feai) saves the movie with her hilarious hi-I'm-a- 
brain-dead-hick-from-hell acting. Similar to the occupants of the state the 
movie is named after, the rest of the cast look far better than they are. 

H.N. 



M. Sufterfly (David Cronenberg, Canada, 1993) 

David Cronenberg movies have unflinchingly given us the guts, gore and 
camp they have always craved. The man has been credited with genuine genius 
since the early seventies, but his reputation can only be sullied with this over- 
done dud. Cronenberg moves too far from his typical terrain in M. Butterfly, the 
filmic reprise of David Henry Hwang's Broadway hit. The movie is like the 
flapping of soft powdery wings: Things move too fast to appreciate the fine 
combination of detail and action so essential to a production of this kind. In the 
end, finesse and pace become contorted and sacrificed for the vast and finely 
tuned appreciation Cronenberg has for style. The overly embellished screen- 
play (written by Hwang) should have worried less about the details of 
Communist China and embassy life and rrwre about the naked lunch that is 
love. 

H.N. 



I Don't Want to Talk About /f (Maria Luisa Bemberg, Italy/Argentina, 1993) 
This is cinema which manages to entice the viewer by a subtle, but intense 
pull at one's emotions. 

Leonor (Luisina Brando) is forced to realize on her daughter's second 
birthday that Charlotte is a midget. She proceeds to destroy all evidence which, 
in their small town, expresses the distinction between her daughter's appear- 
ance and that of the rest of the world. She also ensures that Charlotte becomes 
educated in the arts in order to make up for what she perceives as too much of 
a grain against conformity to ever be deemed acceptable. 

Her attempt to ostracize Charlotte is interrupted by the entrance of Ludovico 
D'Andrea (Marcello Mastroianni) into their lives. He eventually proclaims a 
deep felt love for Charlotte and marries her. This is a shock for not only all those 
women in the town whose hearts are shattered by the announcement, but 
Leonor, who reacts with a mixture of disbelief and in a weaker rrxjment, actual 



shame. 

Director Maria Luisa Bemberg introduced her film with the comment that 
Charlotte represents all that does not comply in the world to the rules of 
conformity. The ending of the film tempts one to take this message too literally: 
Charlotte runs away, and it is up to us whether or not it is with the circus passing 
through the town. Bemberg voiced hope in her post-screening remarks that the 
audience does not simply decide that Charlotte escapes with the circus. The 
film successfully communicates that there is much more to the ending than that. 

The film has several moments of pure cinematic beauty which urges the 
viewer to scratch below the plot's surface presentation. This in turn creates a 
mood which nurtures the emotion the story entails. 

This is a fairy tale which communicates much about moral reality; it is, 
however, up to the discretion of the viewer to decide just what this is. A work 
of definite value and importance. 

Ingrid Ancevich 



Music Videos (Various Directors, 1 993) 

I'd sincerely like to believe that music videos can be taken seriously. Video 
directors like Julien Temple, Herb Ritts, and even our own local Floria 
Sigismondi have certainly demonstrated their indelible stamps. The format is 
perfect for up-and-coming talent with a 16mm camera, which means a huge 
cash outlay is not always necessary. 

But to take them seriously, we have to see stuff out of the norm, and a good 
part of the MuchMusic fare does induce boredom. But this inaugural program 
of music videos in Midnight Madness is questionable since three, Matthew 
Sweet's "Time Capsule," the Black Crowes' "Sometime Salvation" and 
En Vogue's "Free Your Mind," are already on medium to heavy rotation. I 
had a chance to preview a sample of the evening's offerings: Digable 
Planets'"Nickel Bag," The Shamen's "Comin' On" and Matthew 
Sweet's "Time Capsule," and I must admit I viewed them on a video monitor, 
which means I can only guess their impact on the big screen. 

More importantly, however, it would seem that truly risk-taking videos (and 
not just the ones deemed "Too Much for Much,") have been overlooked. 
These were all pleasant and visually appealing in that bland, MuchMusic way. 
The most interesting aspect was watching "Time Capsule" with Czech 
subtitles (please, Noah, show thisone!), followed by phonetic translations (e.g., 
"Digh Et Uph"). It's perfect for the burgeoning industry of karaoke bars in 
Prague, but I'm sure the director had no participation in this manifestation. If 
videos are included next year, I have only one suggestion: be more adventur- 
ous. 



Mimi Choi 



Wittgenstein (Derek Jarman, GB, 1 993) 
A tad bloated. 

Derek Jarman's films often promote a kind of haughty aesthetic meant 
primarily to bewilder and disorient an audience. 
He too frequently succeeds. 

Wittgenstein, tells the life of the German philosopher in a familiar elliptical 
style. Written by Jarman and Terry Eagleton, the film plays with notions of 
language and its meaning in a way that suggests a dismal grad school lecture, 
if grad school lectures flirted with homo-erotic subtexts. The theme considers 
the nature of language and how, even in the absence of a physical object, 
language is somehow able to attach meaning. 

Dense. 

Wittgenstein fought against philosophers who wanted to muddle their 
discipline with grandiose gestures that alienated and confused. He railed 
against principles that avoided the oblivious so it is surprising that Jarman 
would choose to create a film that so deliberately mystifies. 

Brian David DiLeandro 



Legends and moonlight on the beach 




Scene from La /7ose Noire 



Continued from p.9 

The plot of La Rose involves mur- 
der, a television heroine, a parody of 
a hot matinee idol of the sixties, and a 
Whatever-Happened-To-Baby-Jane 
subplot starring a real-life former child 
actress who sends up her own image. 
Although knowledge of Cantonese TV 
shows might add to the hilarity, 1 
found the humour to be quite accessi- 
ble. The dramatic posturing of the 
matinee idol needs no translation, nor 
does the infantilized former child star 
who never got over being the cutest 
kid around. The film communicates 
through its use of "types." If you 
have the well-developed narrative 
sensibility of any former child TV ad- 
dict, you will recognize the heroes 
and villains even without the subtitles 
to guide you. It's a fun film. 

s.o. 



Bhaji on the Beach, Gurinder 
Chandha, 1993 

A group of Asian women go to a 
beach resort in Blackpool, England, to 
get away from their everyday rou- 
tines. Their tranquillity is threatened 
when their problems follow them 
there. But don't underestimate these 
Steel Magnolias; they are determined 
to have a good time. 

There have been a lot of films lately 



about Asians in foreign countries (Mis- 
sissippi Masala and The Burning Sea- 
son), but they all take on Western 
solutions when faced with the prob- 
lem of tradition versus adaptation. 
Bhaji on the Beach is different from its 
cousins in that it takes neither side. It 
just makes a mockery of everyone 



with great fun. It makes you feel pretty 
foolish but also makes you giggle lots. 
These women are the motliest crew 
since the Canterbury Tales. They em- 
body the closest coming together of 
opposites, combining young and old, 
black leather jackets and saris. 
Butitisnot entirelyahappy coming 



together; these poor women end up 
not really belonging anywhere. This is 
made painfully clear when one 
woman from Bombay shows up in a 
hot pink number much to the dismay 
of her British peers in their saris. 

They are shocked into realising that 
they are sadly out of tune with the 



India they once knew and are so des- 
perately trying to preserve. Even the 
young women who have adapted to 
the west (almost) are still clearly out of 
sync with that too. Their alienation is 
symbolised by the fact that they are 
surrounded by carnivalesque charac- 
ters. The result of this alienation is 
frustration and a lot gets vented in this 
film. 

Driven to desperation one young 
Hashida attacks back putting a prud- 
ish aunt and a local shopkeeper in 
their places at one go. 

The tension created by the culture 
combination is relieved by making 
the film wildly colourful and funny. 
S/jay / on f/7e Beach i s I i ke a pa rade, fu 1 1 
of crazy characters in costume. If you 
are a Hindi movie lover there is a 
'dancing-around-trees scene' and 
even a fight at the top of a tower for 
you and it is all in English. The music 
includesabizarrerangeof Hindi songs 
to a song by U2 ("I Still Haven't 
Found What I'm Looking For") and 
even a Hindi version of "Summer 
Holiday." 

This is a great film if you need 
cheering up. All the devils are van- 
quished and the good guys win and 
you can leave the theatre with a warm 
happy feeling even if the culture clash 
leaves you a bit dizzy. 

Attne Castelino 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY REVIEW 11 



Yes Pat, rd like to buy an "h " 



by Cinna Watts 
Varsity Staff 

Men with small lights attached to their head swarm the 
stage. Is this an invasion? No, it's just a part of Rymes 
(sic) with Orange's nifty stage act. For an indie band, it's pretty 
rare to find costumes and lights as part of the act. The Ultrasound 
was about a thousand degrees that night, but the band still put on 
their long-sleeved outfits for the sake of the fans. What dedication. 

Rymes with Orange in its original incarnation was actually a 
band called the Nightwatchmen from Vancouver in 1988. By 
1 991 , they had renamed themselves and were ready to take on 
the scene with a whole new sound to boot. The band's sound 
most closely resembles British indie pop rather than your typical 
Canadian fare, but don't hold that against them. Their live 
performance proves that they do not need to rely on production 
and studio tricks to prop up their songs. Their debut CD Peel is 
professional and slick, although there are a few weak spots, and 
the songs do tend to run into each other. But this is a band with 
a great deal of potential, especially for the dance charts. 

Criticism doesn't bother them at all, and even a record review 
comparing them to Poison is taken with a grain of salt. As guitarist 
Rob Lulic jokes, "We're a lot like Poison. I won't play without 
two hai rdressers: one for backstage and one for onstage touchups." 

The British connection is clear, as lead singer Lyndon Johnson 
moved over from Manchester a only few years ago, but the band 
definitely see themselves as Canadian, and all the songs are 
written by the band as a collective. They actually don't really 
understand the comparisons to English dance bands. 

"We all come from different backgrounds musically," says 
drummer Niko Quintal, "so our sound is a blend of everyone's 
tastes. But it doesn't really bother us." 

Relentless cross-country touring is finally paying off for the 
band, and well over 5000 copies of the CD have already been 
sold. Rymes With Orange have no plans to sign a major d«al, said 
Quintal, "unless we get one that offerstoursupport, merchandis- 
ing and lots and lots of beer." Since Molson hasn't made an offer 
yet, the band is happy remaining independent. As Johnson points 
out, "we have our own record company (Citrus Soul Produc- 
tions) and we're self-managed. What more do we need?" 

Rymes With Orange are actually having difficulty keeping up 
with their radio success. Recently, their cover of the Small Faces 
tune "Itchycoo Park" began to get good radio airtime across the 
country, so now the band has to quickly make a video for their 




Lyndon Johnson prays for rain in a sweltering Ultrasound 



(Rodger Levesque/VS) 



next single, "Memory Fades," for which they already have 
VideoFact funding, before they can make one for "Itchycoo 
Park." It's a problem that most indie bands in Canada would 
love to have. 

Rymes With Orange will be playing around Toronto a few 



times in the next month or so, first of all at the Rivoli this Friday, 
September 1 7 and Lee's Palace October 2. Their live show, 
headlights and all, is pretty impressive, so it's a good bet if you 
need something to do on those dates.. 



never coming 
down 

Rail T.E.C. 

Intrepid/EMI 

I'd like to like Rail T.E.C. 
They're clever, they're slick, 
they're handy with a sampler 
and even handier with self-pro- 
motion. Any Toronto band 
whose first-evergig was open- 
ing for Curve's 1992 Opera 
House show deserves a listen, 
right? Well, maybe. 

The trouble is. Rail T.E.C. is 
boring. They're too clever, 
too slick, too much glamour 
and not enough guts. If you've 
shaken your bootie to the 
dancefloor 'hits' "Guilt" 
and "I'm So High," you can 



coming down is like eating too 
much candy: pleasant, but it 
only gives you cavities and a 
funny feeling in your stomach. 

Amber Meredith 
Golem 



Joy and Blues 

Ziggy Marley and the 
Melody Makers 

Virgin 

This is Ziggy's latest strong 
release. Although some people 
might find that this is too "pro- 
duced" for a reggae album, the 
clear sounds work well with 
the material. The keyboardscan 
create an irritating 80's wash 
at times, such as on "Talk," 



expect forty-seven more min- 
utes of the same dance floss on 
their debut never coming 
down. Maybe it's because Jas 
Campbell, the creative brain of 
the group, has about a three- 
note vocal range and insists on 
foregrounding his voice on al- 
most every track. (Give it up, 
Jas — let the girls sing.) Maybe 
it's because the band seems 
tailor-made for a "Break Free" 
commercial, with their 
sanitized rave image. .Maybe 
it's because the best track on 
this disc is a gleeful plastic cover 
of "I Want Candy" — and hey, 
it's hard to fuck that song up. 
Whatever it is, listeningto never 



but it is pretty much solid mid- 
tempo reggae and the odd in- 
trusion by a drum machine 
doesn't take away from the 
album. In fact, Stephen Marley 
is the "DJ Vocalist" for the 
more dancehall-styled "Head 
Top." The poppy leadoff sin- 
gle, "Brothers and Sisters," is 
by no means the best or most 
representative of the album, 
which basically means that 
one has to listen to much of the 
albumtotruly appreciate it. Itis 
diverse but still focused — to- 
gether, making for an entranc- 
ing listen. 

Richard Baker 



Everybody 
Else Is Doing 

It. So Why 
Can't We? 

The Cranberries 

Island 

Everybody /sdoingit — forming 
a band, that is. What every- 
body else isn doing is mak-' 
ing music quite as stunning as 
the Cranberries. It's easy to 
play spot the influence on the 
debut disc from this Irish quar- 
tet: the Cocteau Twins, the Sun- 
days, Sinead O'Connor, the 
Smiths, and even some Breed- 
ers echo i n the bars of the twelve 
compositions. Add a big-shot 
producer like Stephen Street 
and a dose of ga-ga press, and 
you've got one suspiciously 
sellable record. But, as Melody 
Maker said about them, "get 
ready to fall in love again" — 
and truly, madly, deeply, the 
Cranberries are a band to care 
about. Delores O'Riordan has 
a voice that could stop traffic, 
and she wraps it around three- 
minute packages of pop that 
ache, vibrate, jump up and 
down, and dri p out of the speak- 
ers. If you still lovingly haul out 
your dusty vinyl copy of "The 
Queen is Dead," it's time to 
find out about the Cranberries. 
They might just be a new best 
friend. 

A.M.G. 



New York 
Fever 

The Toasters 

Raw Energy/ A&M 

Good party music! This album 
is pretty much typical modern 



ska, and like all bands doing 
this, they are much betterto see 
and skank to I i ve. The fast songs 
are jumpy and catchy, while 
the slower ones groove. The 
band also covers "Night 
Train," which is of course not 
James Brown but is worthwhile. 
The album's originals are 
strong but none stand out, since 
the weakly recorded vocals re- 
ally detract from the sound. 
But, the horns are strong, the 
guitars are great, and on the 
whole not much of an album, 
rather just a collection of good 
old dance tunes. 

R.B. 



Just Over This 
Mountain 

Skydlggers 

fre 

The latest CD from the 
Skydiggers is bound to become 
one of thosp albums that makes 
me lie back, close my eyes, and 
think about the one I like to 
kiss. 

It's full of the kind of songs 
that the 'Diggers are known 
for — slow, sweet ones like 
"Pull me Down," "I'm 
Wondering," and "She Comes 
Into the Room." They're 
songs about love, tenderness, 
and overcoming obstacles. This 
is the stuff they do best, and the 
disc has plenty of it. 

As good as these songs are, 
however, I'm still left want- 
ing more. So Tiany of these 
songs seem I ikc sequels to ones 
on previous CDs. The 
Skydiggers are slipping into a 
formula, and I keep waiting for 
them to break free and take a 
risk. They almost do it with 
songs like "80 Odd Hours" 
and "Just Over This Moun- 
tain," but they never quite make 



the climb. But, because what 
they're doing is still so damn 
good, the Skydiggers shall be 
forgiven. 

Robyn Gurney 

Kinky 
Machine 

Kinky Machine 

MCA 

Well, it's nice to know that 
self-indulgence and shameless, 
empty hype hasn't quite dis- 
appeared in popular music. 
Welcome to the latest triumph 
of style over substance: Kinky 
Machine. It's too easy to slag 
a band like this — four London 
boys with attitude, jumping on 
the "glam revival" band- 
wagon (read: Suede wanna- 
be's) and releasing one (count 
'em, one) vaguely cool tune, 
"Supernatural Giver.". The 
rest of this debut album is filled 
with derivative guitar, dancey 
drum beats, and asinine lyrics. 
A sample? "And just like rail- 
way tracks were built for land- 
ing aeroplanes. . . you are my 
monkey on a string." Clever, 
boys — go back to art college. 
And quit listening to Ziggy Star- 
dust records. Kinky Machine is 
a lemon. 

A.M.G. 



Siamese 
Dream 

Smashing Pumpkins 

Virgin 

Some really great bands just 
never seem to make it, and 
then some so-so bands make it 
simply by luck or more likely, 
because of timing. This seems 
to be the case with Smashing 
Pumpkins. Though from Chi- 



cago, they have been cnught 
within the tidal wave of grunge 
sound. They were even hip 
enough to have a track 
("Drown") on the Singles 
soundtrack. 

Siamese Dream is not a 
grunge record like Ten or 
Nevermind. Like other grunge 
bands Smashing Pumpkinstake 
the heavy guitarAjass sound but 
can't quite capture the me- 
lodic and passionate vocals of 
Eddie Vedder or Kurt Cobain. 
Due to the apathetic vocal 
stylings of Billy Corgan the al- 
bum has a moody quality that 
becomes monotonous. The 
music behind him is strong, 
loud and occasionally interest- 
ing, but more often than not 
has all been heard before. 

Smashing Pumpkins seem to 
work best when they are doing 
slower, darker tunes such as 
"Soma" and "Disarm," 
which has an incredibly beau- 
tiful string arrangement. "To- 
day" is much more of a pop 
song than any of the other cuts 
and it seems to work because 
of that. 

The best thing about Smash- 
ing Pumpkins is that they are 
not without humour. "Today" 
begins with Corgan's slightly 
nasal, completely ambivalent 
voice singing "today is the 
greatest day I've ever known," 
and "Spaceboy" cries out, 
"feel it break your bones, Mr. 
Jones, taste me as I bleed, taste 
my need," but those preten- 
tious types might just see all of 
this as being very profound. 

Siamese Dream is pretty 
much hit and miss. If it was 
playing on the stereo in my 
house I wouldn't turn it off, 
but then, I wouldn'thave been 
the one who put it there in the 
first place. 

Kerri Huffman 



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Solving the 
salary crisis 



BY Michael Axmith 



Economics creates problems no 
matter where it ventures, and 
unfortunately, it has plagued the 
world of sports. 

When players have off years, 
they are ridiculed for making the 
enormous amounts of money they 
do. The public, however, should 
not condemn players simply be- 
cause they're wealthy. 

Salary levels are built up so 
much by the media, and exacer- 
bated by the public, that in a 
couple of years, we may pick up 
a hockey card of Eric Lindros, 
and on the back of it will be his 
goals, assists, penalty minutes, 
and — yearly income. 

What the obsession is with an 
athlete's income is hard to under- 
stand, and that the public must 
make it its own business is shame- 



keep him, and the Toronto Blue 
Jays won him out in a bidding 
war. In terms of talent, the rich 
got richer and the poor got poorer. 

Where is the competitive spirit 
that used to be the dominating 
factor in baseball? It becomes the 
war of the rich tycoons called the 
owners. 

Another problem arises with 
the specific terms of contracts. 
There comes a time when a major 
league player rests on his laurels 
after signing a big contract. 

Kelly Gruber made nearly four 
million dollars a year as a Blue 
Jay. But when he got hurt, ru- 
mours started about him water- 
skiing when he was supposed to 
be nursing his injury. 

Baseball is a financial disaster, 
but maybe there's still a chance 
for hockey. Bob Goodenow, the 
president of the NHL Player's 
Association, and Gary Bettman, 



varsity sports opinion 



ful. 

What's it to us? 

Felix "the Cat" Potvin, the tal- 
ented new netminder of the To- 
ronto Maple Leafs, is demanding 
(or rather his agent is demanding) 
two million dollars a year, even 
though he is without a complete 
year of NHL experience. And 
since Patrick Roy, the Montreal 
Canadien's goaltender, has been 
awarded four million annually, 
Potvin will no doubt build on, or 
at least stand pat with, his de- 
mands. 

The question is whether he 
deserves it. The answer is yes. 

When Potvin helped lead the 
Leafs to the conference finals last 
season, the Toronto organization 
made millions in everything from 
box-office sales and merchandis- 
ing to T.V. revenues and adver- 
tising dollars. 

And what if Felix the Cat gets 
injured? Does he not have the 
right to be financially secure, es- 
pecially when establishing a new 
career is no easy task? If some- 
one's contribution to a business 
is so great, they are entitled to 
their share of the revenues. Peo- 
ple who complain about the sal- 
ary system should realize that 
like everything else, sports is a 
business. 

Yes. Players are entitled to the 
big bucks. But sometimes the 
salary system can get out of con- 
trol. 

For nearly twenty years, Paul 
Molilor was a hero to the 
Milwaukee Brewers. But because 
Milwaukee has a small market, 
the Brewers could not afford to 



the NHL president, along with all 
the club owners, should learn from 
the catastrophes in baseball. 

The question is where to draw 
the line between player demands 
and league survival. The National 
Basketball Association has come 
up with a plan that can prove 
effective: a salary cap. Meaning, 
every team has the same budget 
and is strictly prohibited from 
surpassing it. 

Therefore, the Charlotte Hor- 
nets can be equally competitive 
with the New York Knicks, even 
though the Big Apple has a much 
larger market. 

Professional sports owners 
should also prohibit past-times 
such as water-skiing when draw- 
ing up the contract. Professional 
athletes should recognize their 
physical skills are needed to earn 
their money, and that it can be 
costly to both the athlete and the 
team if an unnecessary injury 
occurs. 

Ideas such as creating a salary 
cap sound simple but are far from 
easy to implement. Stubborn ne- 
gotiations between both sides are 
becoming a major fact of life in 
sports. Before hockey becomes 
as bad as baseball, Gary Bettman 
should play a stronger role in 
having the 26 NHL teams work 
collectively instead of individu- 
ally, both on the ice and in the 
front office, to come up with a 
solution that will keep the league 
economically sound. 

If not, the real losers will be the 
fans who have spent years enjoy- 
ing the game. 



this weekend in sports 

Rugby (men): Saturday September 1 8. Royal Military College at U of 
T. 1:00 p.m. at back campus west. 

Football (men): Saturday September 18. Windsor at U of T. 2:00 p.m. 
at Varsity Stadium. 

Field Hockey (women): Sunday September 19. Trent at U of T. 9:00 
a.m. at Lamport Stadium. 

Soccer (men): Sunday September 19. Laurentian at U of T. 1 :00 p.m. 
at Varsity Stadium. 



Dr. Sam Dicaita 

Mirvish Villaee Health Center 

600 Markham St. W. 
Optometrist 
536-6623 

Practice limited to eye testing 



CO 



Sports 



The Thursday Edition 
16 September 1993 




- Ir J. 




(Rodger Levesque/VS) 



Women's soccer team running through a drill in practice Tuesday at Varsity Stadium. 

Women's Soccer still kicking 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

The women's soccer Blues have begun their ninth season, but the team 
that has done consistently well over its lifetime must overcome the loss 
of key players whose eligibility has expired. 

The team's top two scorers from last year are gone. Striker Celia 
Pires, a former all Ontario and all Canadian, and Nancy Lewis, a half 
back who was an all Ontario three times and an all Canadian once, will 
leave an offensive void to be filled. 

The biggest loss, though, is that of Carlee Cardwell, a stopper on 
defense and a four-time all Canadian and all Ontario. 

"I think Carlee was the best player in Canada," said Niki Nicolaou, 
U of T's head coach, who has been with the team since its inaugura- 
tion. 

"I don't think anyone else has ever been an all Canadian four times. 

"But we can't ponder over last year and the loss of players. We have 
to look to this year." 

And despite injuries to second year players Jody Russelle and Susan 
Anderson, things look good so far. 

'The veterans will be balanced off by a few very good rookies," said 
Nicolaou. 'Three or four of them (rookies) will definitely help the 
team." 

Mid-fielder Krista Samson, a nursing student who returned to the 
team after sitting out for two years, will also help fill the gap left by 
the departing players. 

"She' 11 add depth to our team," said Nicolaou of Samson, "because 
she has the experience we need." 

Returning players from last year will provide Nicolaou with a fairly 
solid core of players to work with. The team's captain, striker Ann- 
Marie Fleming, will bejoined by winger Joanne Ainslee, mid-fielders 
Cathy Randall and Heather Laing, full-back Julie Rossi, sweeper 
Joanne Vaillancourt, and goalkeepers Shelley Gautier and Marife 
Villagonzalo, among others. 

In exhibition play at the Old Four Tournament last weekend, the 
team defeated Ottawa 2-0 on goals by Fleming and Laing and then 
played McGill for the gold and won 3-0. Fleming once again led the 
way, scoring a goal, and Ainslee and Samson netted the others. 

"I was very encouraged by what I saw last weekend," said Nicolaou. 

"We have a good mix of rookies and second , third, and fourth year 
players. And that's what you need to get the right chemistry. 

"Sure, we're rebuilding. But we always look to win. Hopefully we 
can do something better and better every game." 



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Regular season performance, though, means less than the post- 
season, Nicolaou cautions. Last year, the Blues won the eastern 
division, but finished fourth in the Ontario conference when they lost 
1-0 in the conference semi-final to Western. 

"The big win seems to have escaped us to date," Nicolaou said, even 
though the team is usually ranked in the top five nationally at the start 
of each season. 

"It's nice to be ranked," she said. "But it's not where you begin that 
counts, it's where you finish." 

Anyone interested in trying out for the women 's soccer team should 
call the intercollegiate office at 978-6469, or come to a practice at 
Varsity Stadium: tonight, Thursday September 16, at 7:00 p.m. or 
Monday September 20 from 6-8 p.m. 



WANTED: 
Japanese or Korean 

students, 20-30 yrs old, born in North America 
needed to answer alcohol/allergies question- 
naire and to donate 6 mis of blood for analysis. 

$30.00 will be paid. 

Call Eva 978-2724, University of Toronto. 



Library and academic 




Get a headstart. 
Come to tours and classes on 
using the library successfully. 

Pick up a brochure at any library. 




UNIVERSITY OF 
TORONTO LIBRARY 



VARSITY SPORTS 



THURSDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Calling All 
Sports Writers 



Want a sports beat? 

*get in free to any sports event you cover 
♦champion /vindicate the sport you love 
*join U of T's rich sports tradition 



Interested in writing columns? 

Culture: sports in different cultures 
Health: health and sports-related health issues 
Yesterday's Blues: retrospectives on former U of T athletes 
Opinion: got one? Let's hear it 



Explore the world of sports journalism! 

Sports is not just a man 's game 
Call John Beresford 979-2831 



Rookie rush elates 
men's soccer coach 



GRADUATE STUDENTS 

If you are a full-time or part-time post-programme student you are 
automatically covered by the Graduate Students' Union 

^ 

Sickness and Accident Insurance Plan 



information on coverage and forms are available in the GSU lobby in 
trays on the bulletin board, 
OlSE GSA Office (8th Fl.), U of T Health Services, 
and Aerospace, Erindale and Scarborough student lounges. 



Family Coverage is available for $88.56 It is in effect 
as long as you are registered in your department up until 
August 31/94. Apply next Sept. for the new academic year. 

You may opt-out if you already have equivalent insurance. 
You must fill in an opt-out form and return it to the GSU. 
Refunds are $33.48 for 2 terms, and $1 6.74 for 1 term. 

Deadline to apply: October 1/93. 



Pick up your GSU Information package at 16 Bancroft Ave. 

It contains a Survival Handbook, health insurance information, etc. 

Call 978-8465 for more information. 



BY John Beresford 
Varsity Staff 

A very excited Jim Lefkos, head 
coach of the men's soccer team at 
U of T, doesn't want to slop talk- 
ing about the bright young pros- 
pects who will play for him this 
year. 

Listening to him speak, you 
get the sense he feels this could 
be the year the soccer Blues go to 
the national championships. 

If they do, it will be a monu- 
mental accomplishment, consid- 
ering that their best players ap- 
pear to be rookies. 

"Tommy's a great player," 
Lefkos says and repeats in vari- 
ous ways about Tom Kouzmanis. 
Kouzmanis is the rookie from 
whom big things are expected 
and the player who will most 
likely lead the Blues in scoring, 
as well as to anything they ac- 
complish this year, and for many 
years to come. 

Kouzmanis, a potent striker, 
has been on Canada's Olympic 
team for the past three years. 
Colleges have scouted him, of- 
fering full scholarships, European 
teams have asked him to earn his 
living playing for them, and 
Lefkos can' t believe the luck that 
has landed Kouzmanis at U of T. 

"He's very talented," Lefkos 
starts again. "For him to come 



here is a coup for us." 

At the Old Four Tournament 
last weekend, the traditional ex- 
hibition event between U of T, 
McGill, Queen's, and Western 
(Bishop's replaced Western this 
year), Kouzmanis scored four of 
U of T's six goals, an indication 
of what is to conrK. 

Another rookie, Fonda 
Mikrogianakis,amid-fielderwho 
must be referred to by first name 
only, scored U of T's other two 
goals. Rookies, then, at least scor- 
ing wise, won the Old FourTour- 
nament for the Blues, the first one 
since 1988. 

Lefkos can't help but take this 
as a good omen, since the Blues 
won their last national champi- 
onship that same year. Indeed, 
the coach has good reason to be 
happy. 

"It's the first time I have so 
much talent coming in at the same 
time," he says of Kouzmanis, 
Fonda, and three other rookies 
with tremendous promise, Joe 
Demiglio, Stewart Black, and 
Dommic Albanesc, all of whom 
wi 1 1 be starters on this year' s team. 

■ "These are not your usual kids," 
he says. "They're gonna push 
some of the veterans out of the 
line up." 

"I'm also very impressed with 
their character. Our program is in 
good hands for the next four or 
five years." 



Eben first again 

On September 8, the Ontario Universities Athletic Association an- 
nounced the first ever inductees to its Football Legends Hall of Fame. 

Mike Eben, a U of T student in the mid sixties, was one of five 
inductees selected after consideration of over 40 candidates. 

Being a part of inaugural events is nothing new to Eben. He scored 
the winning touchdown in the first Vanier Cup game ever played 
(1965) and won the inaugural Hcc Crighlon Trophy as the most 
outstanding player in Canada (1967). 

As a wide receiver with the Varsity Blues, Eben was a league all star 
in each of his four seasons from 1 964- 1 967 and an all Canadian in his 
final three years. 

Before moving on to a ten year career in the Canadian Football 
League, playing mostly with the Toronto Argonauts, Eben finished at 
U of T with 115 catches for 1 ,87 1 yards. 

STAFF 



The U of T Sexual 
Education and Peer 
Counselling Centre 

is looking for new 
volunteers for the '93 - '94 
academic year. For more 
information and an 
application call 591-7949. 

m Past SEC Voliinteers 

All past SEC volunteers 
interested in volunteering 
again at the Centre are 
invited to our Sun., 
Sept. 19th meeting at the 
International Student's 
Centre at 2pm. RSVP 
by calling 591-7949. 



THURSDAY, 16 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY CLASSIFIEDS 15 



Classifieds 



Varsity Classifieds cosi S8..S0 for 25 words and S6.S0 each for 6 or 
more ads (Sludenl rale: S3.2S lor non-business ads). 20 cenls for each 
word afler 25. Addilional hold lype S2.00. Drawer renlals SIO per 
month. No copy changes after submission, no telephone ads. Submit 
in person or send with payment Kj Varsity Classifieds, 44 St. George 
St., Toronto, Ont. M5S 2E4. Deadlines: Monday issue - Thursday 
noon, Thursday issue - Monday noon. Enquiries 979-2856. 



ACCOMMODATIONS 



RESIDENCE SPACE AVAILABLE 

Single and double rooms for grads and 
undergrads for the academic year 1993- 
94. Women only, meals included. Ewart 
College, 156 St. George St., Toronto, 
979-2501. 



ROOM BLOOR & DUFFERIN 

$275, including utilities. Non-smokers 
only. Share kitchen, bathroom, living room 
and laundry. Ben 862-3193 (day); 534- 
0967 (eve & wkend). 




ANNOUNCEMENTS 



PHYSICAL IMMORTALITY 

Want eternal life and eternal youth? 
Skeptical of spiritual claims for afterlife? 
Science may have the solution, through 
anti-aging research, cryonics and 
nanotechnology. Thursday, September 
23 at 7:00pm Hart House Meeting Room 
(Second Floor) Free presentation. 862- 
31 93 for more info. 



ARE YOU A STUDENT WHOSE 
FIRST LANGUAGE IS NOT 
ENGLISH? 

Do you think you might be Gay, Lesbian 
or Bisexual? A new discussion group is 
forming foryou! First meeting is Wed. Oct. 
6 at 6pm at the Intemational Students' 
Centre. Call 591 -7949 for more info. Free! 



FREE, NON-JUDGEMENTAL AND 
CONFIDENTIAL PEER 
COUNSELLING, 

information and referrals on ALL sexuality 
and relationship concerns. U of T Sexual 
Education and Peer Counselling Centre. 
591-7949. 



FUTONS FUTONS FUTONS 

Factory direct for U of T students. Delivery 
available. Call the Futon Factory at 66- 
55-88-4 for prices or visit us at: 940 Alness 
Street #16 (Dufferin-Finch) 

CONCERNED ABOUT SECURITY? 

Call Totally Secure' at 282-4925. Personal 
attack alarms for ladies, plus alarms for 
bikes or other possessions; also home & 
auto alarms. 



CONCERT TICKETS 

Lennie Kravitz - Sept. 22 - Maple Leaf 
Gardens - Preferred seats only. *368- 
0726* or leave message; will call back 

FUTON & FRAME, FACTORY DIRECT 

Greatforsleeping, greatfor couch. Double 
$145. Queen $165. Single $130. Free 
Delivery. Phone - 968-1645. 

MAC CLASSIC & PRINTER FOR 
SALE 

Both in excellent condition and still with 
box. Many programs and paper included. 
$990o.b.o. 461-5329 



in an innovative workplace offering 
opportunities for personal growth and 
development. Call Springboard 
Volunteers at (416) 785-3666. 



SMALL CONSULTING FIRM 

Needs a Salesperson part time to visit 
possible clients 3 to 6 hours a week 
(flexible hours) Bay & Bloor area $7.00/ 
hour (+Commission) to start. Please call 
George Rigo at 416 926-0991 



WANTED: TUTOR / COMPANION 

for two boys aged 8 and 12 in French 
immersion for weekday aftemoons from 
3:00 - 6:00. Car preferable not essential. 
Days flexible. Call 534-4049, 205-6953. 
Bathurst & Davenport. 



MODELS: 

Male models needed for U.S. nude 
magazine work. Fantastic pay, easy work, 
Canadian exposure optional. Impact 
Photographies. 631-3853. Must be over 
18. 



ARE YOU PREGNANT 

and distressed? Call Birthright - 499-1 1 1 1 
or drop by our campus office in Teefy Hall, 
Room 6 (downstairs) any weekday 
afternoon between 1:30 and 4:30 p.m. 
Our services are free, confidential, and 
non-judgmental. Birthright can help - we 
listen we care, we follow through. 

LEARN-TO-SKATE 

and basic figure-skating programmes - 
Registration Sept. 23 - For info call 963- 
5519 



CHEMISTRY 

U of T Ph.D., with teaching experience 
will offer assistance with basic courses in 
the Chemical Sciences. Reasonable rates. 
Convenient location. Tel. 398-6806. 



WORD 

PROCESSING 




V5 





EXTRA $$$ 

Stuff envelopes at home In your spare 
time. $2/envelope! Send a self-addressed 
stamped envelope for free details to SSA, 
Box 514, Station J, Toronto, Ontario M4J 
4Z2. 



CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM 

Volunteers needed. Springboard is a 
community based social service agency 
in which professionals and volunteers 
support the rehabilitation and reintegration 
of our clients, including young and adult 
offenders and others at risk. Spring board 
volunteers receive comprehensive training 



PENPALS 

Make friends from around the worid: 1 56 
Countries. For more info, write: 
Intemational Penfriends, P.O Box 28062, 
Terry Town P.O., 2369 Kingston Rd E., 
Scarborough, Ont. M1N 1T0. 



LSAT - MCAT - GRE 

Comprehensive 20-hour weekend 
courses; experienced instructors; 
comprehensive study materials; simulated 
exam; free repeat option; full money-back 
guarantee. MEDLAW SEMINARS 969- 
3404. 



ELECTROLYSIS 

1/2 hour - $23, 1 hour - $40, facials - $35 
(GST included). Acne, freckles. 
Introductory offer: pay two - third free. Bay 
St. Clinic, 1033 Bay. Tel. 921-1357. 



WANT TO SURVIVE UNIVERSITY? 

Ask for WAY TO AN 'A': STUDENT 
SURVIVAL GUIDE at U of T Bookstore or 
Worid's Biggest Bookstore downtown. 
Don't Be A Statistic! 

TUTOR PH.D ENGLISH 

Dissertations, letters, essays edited by 
former full-time English Professor, editor, 
and published poet. Teach essay writing, 
analyzing literature. Marianne, 481-8392. 

*" ESSAY & THESIS EDITING "* 

History, Philosophy, Social Sciences. 
Research assistance. M.A./A.B.D. 
Twenty-one years' writing and years' 
teaching experience. Reasonable rates. 
Call Bob 533-0053. 



MATH TUTOR 

Intro/Business/Vector Calculus Linear 
Algebra, Complex Variables Differential/ 
Difference Equations Discrete Math, 
Combinatorics Statistics, Finance, 
Economics. 6 yrs university teaching 
experience, 1 0 yrs tutoring MA math BSc 
math specialist phone 486-3908, fax 322- 
5890 



HELP FOR ESSAYS, THESES 

Experienced professional editor; master's 
degrees in social sciences. Honours B.A., 
Princeton. Specialties: Psychology, 
Education, Sociology, Philosophy. Have 
edited six Ph.D. theses this past year. 
Help in planning, proofreading. Phone 
533-6657 



1 RST CLASS - FAST RESUMES - 
ESSAYS 

Word Processing, Resume, Essay. Laser 
Printing. Software Rental - Mac & PC. 203 
College St. #302 MacroMind 348-0985. 



TYPING EXPERT 

WordPerfect 5.1. Will type your thesis, 
term papers, resumes, essays, etc. Laser 
print. Low rate. Phone: 465-3602 24 hrs. 



WORD PROCESSING 

Specialize in thesis, novels, essays ($1 .50/ 
page) Very accurate. Professional 
resumes ($5/page). On campus location. 
Laser printing. Call 581-1540 10AM to 
10PM. 



WORD PROCESSING - EDITING - 
TUTORING 

3 minutes from campus. Experienced 
Graduate in all the Social Sciences. 
Grammar & Spell Check (free). FAST & 
PERFECT Call Georgia 969-8658. 

[TYPING $1.50 A PAGE] 

Computer specialist available to type 
essays, correspondence, etc. Also 
available for other computer work like 
data entry, mailing lists. Chris 757-6533. 



WORD PRO: 

Grade enhancing. Essays processed by 
mature student; experienced, efficient, 
ovemight service; pickup & delivery; $1 .50 
page, double spaced. Phone 536-8744. 

COMPUTER RENTALS UNLIMITED - 

Rentals for$1 1 0. per Month. Free Selivery 
and Assistance. Ask about our special 
Student Rate, 967-0305. 




Thursday, Sept. 16 

JEWISH STUDENTS' UNION - Rosh Hashanah 
learning non-service. Learn the spiritual meanings of 
the new year and its rituals at this special program. 923- 
9861 for info. MARKHAM ST. SCHUL, 397 
MARKHAM ST. 10AM-NOON. FREE. 
ST. MICHAEL'S STUDENTS UNION - Used Texts 
collected for book sale. You set the asking price and 
you get all the money back. For info call SMCSU at 
926-7268. SMCSU OFFICE, BRENNAN HALL. 
LAYMEN'S EVANGELICAL FELLOWSHIP - Bible 
Study. HART HOUSE SOUTH SITTING ROOM. 
12:15PM 

Friday, Sept. 17 

JEWISH STUDENTS' UNION - Rosh Hashanah 
leaming non-service. Learn the spiritual meanings of 
the new year and its rituals at this special program .923- 
9861 for info. MARKHAM ST. SCHUL, 397 
MARKHAM ST. 10AM-NOON. FREE. 
ST. MICHAEL'S STUDENTS UNION - Used Texts 
collected for book sale. You set the asking price and 
you get all the money back. For info call SMCSU at 
926-7268. SMCSU OFFICE, BRENNAN HALL. 
INTER VARSITY CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP - 
Dynamic Large Group Meeting. 978-7969 for info. 
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCES, STAFF 
LOUNGE. 7PM. FREE. 

Monday, Sept. 20 

THE READING SERIES PRESENTS: Canadian 



author Joy Kogawa. Call 978-7288 for information. 
SCARBOROUGH CAMPUS ROOM S361, 10AM 
AND UNIVERSITY COLLEGE MEDIA ROOM (RM 
179), 4PM. 

JEWISH STUDENTS' UNION - Blowout Bar-B-Q. 
CROFT CHAPTER HOUSE QUAD, WEST SIDE OF 
VC, 11:30-2:30. 

DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS (MEDECINS 
SANS FRONTIERES) MSF - CANADA STUDENT 
ASSOCIATION - Information Forum for those 
interested in emergency relief in areas of conflict or 
areas afflicted by man-made or natural disaster. 
Presentations by recently returned field workers in 
Former Yugoslavia, Somalia, etc. For more info call 
366-6702. SANFORD FLEMING BLDG. RM 1105, 
7:00PM 

Tuesday, Sept 21 

WOMENS'CAUCUSOFTHEJEWISH STUDENTS 
UNION - Film & Discussion - "Half the Kingdom" - 
features 7 women discussing feminism and Judaism. 
SID SMITH RM 2118, 5PM. 
STUDENT CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT - General 
Meeting - All interested in spirituality and social 
justice welcome. HART HOUSE RECORDS ROOM 
B. 4:00PM. 

Wednesday, Sept. 22 

NO-TO-OUSA WORKING GROUP - Concerned 
about the future of your education? Get involved. All 
welcome. For more information phone OPIRG at 
978-7770. EVERY WEDNESDAY AT 5:00PM, 
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS' CENTRE. 



music 
around 
toronto 



Thursday, Sept 16 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Sheila Gostick. 583 
Mari<ham Street at Bloor. 

THE BLACK SWAN - Spock's Brain. 154 Danforth 
Ave. (Broadview Subway) 

Friday, Sept 17 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Carole Pope. 583 
Mari<ham Street at Bloor. 

THE BLACK SWAN - Jackson Delta. 154 Danforth 
Ave. (Broadview Subway) 



Saturday, Sept. 18 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Carole Pope. 583 
Markham Street at Bloor. 

THE BLACK SWAN - Kidney Stew. 154 Danforth 
Ave. (Broadview Subway) 

Sunday, Sept. 19 

HARD ROCK CAFE - Alix Anthony, 283 Yonge St. 
THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Help Spread Comfort 
and Joy Across the West. 583 Markham Street at 
Bloor. 

THE BLACK SWAN - Kenny Brown and the 
Pervaders. 154 Danforth Ave. (Broadview Subway) 

Monday, Sept. 20 



THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM 

Markham Street at Bloor. 



Honeyman. 583 



Tuesday, Sept. 21 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Honeyman. 583 
Markham Street at Bloor. 

Wednesday, Sept 22 

THE QUEEN'S BEDROOM - Nancy White. 583 
Markham Street at Bloor. 

THE BLACK SWAN - The Wednesday Night Jam. 
1 54 Danforth Ave. (Broadview Subway) 



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ROYAL ALEXANDRA THEATRE, 260 KING ST W., TORONTO 



Inside... at last the SAC Supplement! Clubs listings and events calendar galore 



THE VARSITY 



VOLUME 114, NUMBER 7 THE FIRST LADY OF AMERICAN MUSICAL THEATRE SINCE 1880 



THE MONDAY EDITION, 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



Hearing held in 
sex assault case 

Former U of T athletic therapist 
Joseph Piccininni was committed to 
stand trial on three charges of sexual 
assault after a preliminary hearing on 
Friday. 

Piccininni - who was employed by 
U of T for close to twenty years - was 
charged with two counts of sexual 



varsity 



assault in November of 1992 after 
two women, both former U of T 
students, came forward to complain. 

Police laid a further charge in Janu- 
ary of this year after a third woman 
came forward with complaints also 
stemming from the time Piccininni 
worked at U of T. 

After hearing evidence from the 
Crown over a two day period. Judge 
William Babe conceded Friday there 
was sufficient evidence for Piccininni 
to stand trial on the three charges. 

Details regarding evidence given 
at the hearing cannot be reported due 
to a publication ban requested by the 
counsel for the defence, Richard 
Stern. The ban on preliminary evi- 
dence will hold until the trial is over. 

Lawyers for U of T were also 
present at the hearing, as was Richard 
Hummel, the U of T engineering 
professor disciplined for sexual har- 
assment in 1989 after a woman com- 
plained he was leering in the Hart 
House pool. 

Until U of T fired him in August of 
1991, Piccininni worked as the head 
athletic therapist at U of T's David L. 
Macintosh Clinic. He later worked a 
sessional instructor at Sheridan Col- 
lege's sports injury management pro- 
gram but was suspended earlier this 
year after the charges were laid. 

Piccininni appears before the 
courts again on Nov. 24 for a trial set 
date. 

Nicole Nolan 



Rotate This 

Musical tastes reflect as much about 
people as their politics. Review 
writer Amber Golem polls campus 
personalities on their current fave 
tunes, see p.l5 

At Play in 
the Fields of 
Queen's Park 

In this issue. The Varsity begins a two 
part look at the Ontario Undergradu- 
ate Student Alliance — its history, its 
members and its controversial poli- 
cies. Does OUSA represent the voice 
of undergraduate students in Ontario, 
or has their agenda played into the 
government's cost cutting platform? 
see p.8 



Please 

recycle 

this newspaper. 




You couldn't get Into grad school? I couldn't even get Into daycare. (Rodger Levesque/vs) 



Daycare turns away 
100 applicants 

Newly opened centre booked until January 



BY Tanya Lena 



U of T's long-awaited part-time day care 
facility only opened last Monday, but it 
is already proving to be far too small. 

"We've already outgrown that facility 
and we've been there for a week," said 
supervisor Catherine O'Hanley. 

The centre, which can accomodate 1 5 
children per day, is full until January. 

O'Hanley said she was forced to turn 
away 62 students with infants or toddlers 
and almost 50 staff and faculty mem- 
bers. 

"It was really hard turning people 
away, said O'Hanley. 
"Many of them said, 'Now I've got to 



drop a course.' They are really desper- 
ate." 

The majority of the enquiries came 
from women. 

Ninety per cent of the space in the 
centre is reserved for students, with the 
remainder allocated for children of fac- 
ulty and staff members. 

Betty Dondertman, a 38 year old lin- 
guistics major, was lucky enough to get 
spaces for two of her children. 

"I'm ecstatic about the service - when 
I picked my three-year-old up on Mon- 
day he didn't want to go home!" she said. 

"The centre makes everything possi- 
ble that wasn' t before. Without it I would 
be restricted to taking night courses. 
That makes a lot of difference if your 



degree is taking ten years to complete." 

Dcanne Fisher the staggering demand 
for the service has one positive conse- 
quence. 

"We've proven there's a need within 
a week - all I had before was anecdotal 
evidence," said Fisher, who lobbied for 
the centre on behalf of the Association of 
Part-time Undergraduate Students. 

Former Ontario MPP Nancjf Jackman 
donated $85,000 to the project. Jackman 
saw the centre as a breakthrough for 
women wanting to continue their stud- 
ies. 

The provincial government offers sub- 
sidies for full-time child care but the 
waiting lists are currently over a year 
Please see "Daycare", p. 10 



Palestinian treaty viewed 
with cautious optimism 



BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 

Palestinian and Jewish groups on campus are reacting with the 
same cautious optimism as the rest of the world to the news of 
a Palestinian-Israeli settlement. 

"It offers up a lot of optimism," says Susu Sieitieh, from the 
group New Generation for Palestine. 

"You really want this peace, and you know it's beneficial for 
both parties. On the other hand, you're afraid." 

Jon Blumberg says he is confident about the future. Blumberg 
is a member of Jews for a Just Peace, a university group that 
lobbies for an end to Jewish occupation of the West Bank and 
Gaza Strip. 

"I think it's better to be talking and negotiating rather than 



fighting," he said. 

In the spirit of the accord, the New Generation for Palestine 
and Jews for a Just Peace will be occupying a joint table at 
Clubs Days at Sidney Smith Hall, Monday through Wednes- 
day. 

"I think we are paralleling exactly back home," said Steitieh. 

Blumberg says the agreement offers Palestinian-Canadians 
and Jewish-Canadians the chance to achieve a better under- 
standing of each other. 

"I'm looking forward to a whole new atmosphere," he said. 

"Both sides are saying it's in the interests of Israel and 
Palestine. These are very positive steps." 

University professors with personal knowledge of the Mid- 
dle East tend to agree that the road looks promising, despite the 
potholes. 

Please see "Middle East" p.lO 



SAC 

threatens to 
sue U of T 

BY G. Bruce Rolston 
Varsity Staff 



The Students' Administrative Council 
claims it has been swindled out of tens of 
thousands of dollars by the university's 
Campus Beverage Services. 

The dispute centres around a 100 per 
cent markup CBS has been placing on 
beer sold to student pubs, an arrange- 
ment that council president Ed de Gale 
said he believes to be illegal. 

'The present situation is outside the 
regulations," he said. 

University officials denied that there 
was any deliberate wrongdoing on their 
part. David Neelands, assistant vice- 
president for student affairs, said the 
university was willing to change the 
arrangement CBS has with college pubs, 
if the Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario 
demands it. 

"The university certainly wants to do 
it the right way," Neelands said. "If what 
that means is change the arrangement, 
fine, we can change the arrangement." 

"We arc unconvinced thai anything 
illegal is going on." 

That may not be enough for de Gale. 
Council lawyers have prepared, but not 
sent, a legal statement of claim, stating 
the markup on beer has cost the council 
$150,000 over the last three years. De 
Gale said he wants the money back. 

In the meantime, SAC has closed its 
alcohol serving operations at the Hangar, 
saying that they are clearly no longer 
legal under the current licence. 

The council is basing its case on a 
letter sent to the manager of the Hangar 
pub by Liquor Board chair Andromache 
Karakatsanis in July. It states the univer- 
sity's arrangement for the resale of alco- 
hol by CBS "is contrary to the legisla- 
tion, particularly Section 16 of the Liq- 
uor Licence Act." 

Since the Act was amended in 1990, 
Section 1 6 prohibits liquor licence hold- 
ers from reselling alcohol other than 
directly to the consumer. According to 
Karakatsanis, CBS broke this rule by 
acting as a middleman for campus pubs, 
purchasing the alcohol and then reselling 
it to the pubs at a tremendous markup. 

Liquor Board counsel Steve Grannum 
said he wrote another letter to U of T 
explaining the problems with their ar- 
rangement in July of 1992. He could not 
explain why U of T had not then revised 
their arrangement with the student coun- 
cil. 

"Maybe they felt they were in compli- 
ance, I don't know," he said. 

U of T administrators are meeting 
with the Liquor Board on Wednesday to 
confirm whether or not the university 
has committed a serious breach of the 
law. 

"I don't think anyone thinks this is a 
high-handed illegality," Neelands said. 
"(The] letter doesn' t suggest it' s a matter 
of life and death." 

The beverage service justifies the 
markup as delivery and supervisory costs, 
costs SAC says are unnecessary. Ac- 
cording to de Gale, student pubs, espe- 
cially college pubs like Ned's at Victoria 
College's and Reznikoffs at University 
College, do poorly because of the huge 
markups. 

"Campus pubs under the present situ- 
ation cannot be viable entities," he said. 
Please see "Pubs", p.lO 



THIS WEEK AT 
HART HOUSE 



Special Events 



The Hart House Drama Club & Hart House Theatre present Tom Stoppard's 
The Real Inspector Hound on September 23-25 at 8 p.m. Hart House Theatre. 
Tickets available at the Theatre Box Office 978-8668 or the Porter's Desk 
Film Festival Fanatics: Join the Hart House Film Board and make your own 
films Gala Screening and Open Meeting Thursday, September 23rd at 6 p.m. 
JAZZ in the Arbor Room - The Paul DeLong Quartet performs on Friday, 
September 24th at 8 30 p m Licensed No cover 

Art 

The Justina M. Barnicke Gallery - Selections from the Hart House Permanent 
Collection: Figures & Portraits: The Canadian Identity; Out from the Backwoods: 
Canadian Art in the Post-War Era. 

Registration now on for Basketry, Bookbinding, and Painting on Silk. 

Activities & Clubs 

Bridge Club Orientation Night - Tuesday . September 21st at 6 p m in the Map 

Room Everyone welcome Refreshments 

Camera Club - Darkroom and Photography Wort<shops Pre-register in the 
Program Office Film Processing Presentation - Tuesday, September 21st at 7 
p m. in the Camera Clubroom Black & White Pnnting Presentation - Thursday, 
September 23rd at 7 p m in the Camera Clubroom 
Debating Club Open Debate - Tuesday, September 21st at 7 p m 
Investment Club - Wednesday, September 22nd at 6:00 p.m. in the East 
Common Room 

Revolver Club - Mandatory Open Meeting for new members on Wednesday, 
September 22nd at 615 p m in the Music Room 

Rifle Club - Mandatory Safety Courses Monday. September 20th at 4 p m. and 
5 p m and Wednesday September 22nd at 4 p m and 5 p m 
Yoga Club - Mondays and Wednesdays - Beginners and Intermediate. Contact 
the Program Office at 978-2446 for more information and class schedule 

Literature 

Library Committee - First meeting on Thursday, September 23rd at 12 00 
Noon. Join us and you could win a book courtesy of the U of T Bookstore 

Athletics 

Fitness Class Schedules and Athletic Instruction Class information is available 
in the Membership Services Office or call 978-2447 Registration is on now 

Music 

Chorus - Sign-up for auditions on Monday, September 20th at 6 p m and 7 p m 
and Tuesday, September 21st at 6 p m and 6 30 p m First rehearsal is 
September 22nd 

Symphonic Band - Open Rehearsal and auditions on Tuesday, September 21st 
at 7 30 p m 

^v^v^A^^i^ HART HOUSE ^j^^j^j^^j^j 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 



1 n K V u f I K o o k s i i) fi E yVritCTS 

Poets 



€ • E • R - I - E * S 



■& 




Derek 

WALCOn 

Michael 

ONDAATJE 



Winner of the Nobel Prize in 
Literature. 

READING 
FROM 
THEIR 

WORKS 




Winner of the Booker Prize and 
Governor General's Award, 1992 
for The English Patient. 



Thursday, Sept. 30th, 8 pm Convocation Hall , Tickets: $3 ($2 students/seniors) 



HirperOJlins 
CanaJaLtJ 



Vintage 
Canada 



Please call U of T Bookstore to reserve 
tickets 978-7908 or 978-7907 



tsporworedby IfiiiversHy of TorcMito 

The Centre for Comparatlye Lto-ftture BookstOFGS 
Mid Th» Department of EjrjgWeh ^nlverstty of Toronto 





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MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY NEWS i 



Universities face unequal burdens under government cutbacl^s 

The Brave New World of the Social Contract 



BY Tanya Talaga 



Although this summer's Social Contract 
Act affected Ontario's post-secondary 
institutions differently, most managed to 
avoid the serious disruptions that had 
been predicted. 

Many universities avoided the brunt 
of the province's expenditure-control 
legislation by the use of anticipated pen- 
sion fund surpluses. On the whole, uni- 
versities fared better than colleges, where 
a settlement was imposed by the prov- 
ince. 

In the university sector, no two insti- 
tutions resolved matters the same way. 
The province allowed each university's 
governing body to negotiate separately 
with its own unions. 

This factor, combined with the differ- 
ent financial situation at each university, 
meant some institutions were hit harder 
than others. 

All univcrsiliesended up freezing sala- 
ries above the $30,000 mark for the three 
years of the contract, although in some 
institutions this was mitigated by once- 
only bonuses, and the retention of 
progress-lhrough-the-ranks schemes 
(PTR). 

Universities varied, however, on the 
number of unpaid days off they would 
have to give staff to save the necessary 
funds. 

Hardest hit was the University of 
Western Ontario. In addition to the sal- 
ary freeze. Western staff will be taking 
17.5 unpaid days off over the next three 
years, at an estimated saving of $8 mil- 
lion. 

Other schools took fewer days off. At 
the University of Toronto, only six un- 
paid days were needed to make up the 
govern mc ni ' s expcndi turc reduction tar- 
gel. I • 

Asked to cut $ 17 million a year from 
a S500 million budget, U of Tcut admin- 
istrative contributions to the employee's 
pension fund by $14 million. This left 
only $9 million to be made up by days 
off. 

Michael Finlayson, U of T's vice- 
president for human resources, said the 
university's pension fund, which has 
benefited substantially from good in- 
vestments in recent years, could afford 



the $40 million cut. 

At Western, assistant vice-president 
Bill Trimble said his university did not 
have such an option. 

"Our pension surplus is too small," 
said Trimble. "That option wasn't avail- 
able to us." 

U of T could even afford to retain a 
limited progress-through-the-ranks 
scheme under the settlement that admin- 
istration and employees reached. U of T 
employees also received a $500 one- 
time only pay bonus this year. 

"People who work hard ought to be 
rewarded. This argument applies to both 
the administrative staff and faculty," 
Finlayson said. 

Other universities fared as well as U of 
T, or worse. The University of Waterioo 
will take three days off the course of the 
year, while McMaster University man- 
aged to avoid any days off at all. 

In contrast to the universities, the 
majority of the province's community 
college employees did not settle before 
the Aug. I Social Contract deadline. 
Unlike the universities, the individual 
colleges did not negotiate separately, but 
all together. All colleges had to settle for 
the same agreement, imposed by the 
province. 

Social Contract secretariat David 
Wellesley said the provinces' college 
unions held out too long and were penal- 
ized as a result. 

"The union representing most of the 
college staff [the Ontario Public Service 
Employees' Union] decided not to sign 
the contract," he said. 

"So, they were fail-safed. This means 
their wages are automatically frozen for 
three years and they have to take off 1 2 
days unpaid." 

A 1 .5 per cent pay increase the union 
was fighting to keep was also elimi- 
nalcd. — 

Gary Polonsky, president of Durham 
College, and a spokesperson for the other 
college presidents, said there would be 
no layoffs in the college sector as a result 
of the Social Contract. 

"We hit the magic figure," he said. 

The Social Contract began as an at- 
tempt by the province to negotiate a 
wage freeze with the entire public sector. 
When government-union talks broke 
down in June, the Rae government passed 



the Social Contract Act, which forced 
employees to come up with wage sav- 
ings by the first week in August, or have 
a settlement imposed upon them. 
The province stipulated that only em- 



ployees earning more than $30,000 per 
year could be affected by the contract. At 
universities, this meant somewhat over 
half of the total staff was affected, mostly 
drawn from the faculty and staff associa- 



tions. 

To allow for the unpaid days of leave, 
most universities and colleges will 
lengthen existing holidays such as Christ- 
mas. 

with files by Bruce Rolston 



CBC establishes Barbara 
Frum scholarship at U of T 

BY Dario p. Dfx Degan 

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is financing a new scholarship program at 
U of T in memory of broadcaster Barbara Frum. 

Frum was a CBC journalist and U of T history graduate. She died in March, 1992. 

First-year students can bid for one of the 1 1 scholarships, the most prestigious 
being a S5,000 award, renewable for four years. The other 10 non-renewable awards 
of $1,000 will be offered to a student from each province. 

The scholarships will be awarded to students with a "rigorous commitment to open 
inquiry". 

Karel Swift, associate university registrar, said the awards are not necessanly 
intended for students interested in journalism. 

"We are looking for students with intellectual enthusiasm, analytical abilities and 
independence of thought," Swifi said. 

Swift spoke of possibly merging the awards with the history department's Barbara 
Frum lectureship in history sponsored by friends and family of the late journalist. 

"We hope to join the two together, someday." 



social contract timeline 



Apr. 4: The Public Service Gjalition, an umbrella 
group of public service unions, including faculty and 
staff at U of T, forms to oppose Premier Bob Rae' s 
stated intention to legislate wage restraint. 
Apr. 23: The provincial government issues its ex- 
penditure control plan, which calls for a reduction of 
$2 billion per year in public sector salaries, achieved 
through a negotiated "social contract." 
May 7: Public service unions issue counter-proposal, 
calling for $3 .3 bill ion in tax increases, rather than pay 
cuts. 

May 12: Province begins wide-ranging social con- 
tract talks with employer and employee groups. The 
objective remains to cut $2 billion per year from the 
public sector payroll, through a three-year pay freeze, 
and up to 12 days per year of leave without pay. 
Employees earning less than $30,000 per year are not 
to be affected. 

May 31: The province unveils its university subsector 
proposal. This outlines how the province wants to 
remove $118 million per year from university sala- 
ries. U of T's share is $21 million per year. The 
proposal also allows each university administration to 
negotiate with its unions separately. 
June 2; Unions walk out of provincial talks, citing 
massive disagreement. Province continues to negoti- 
ate with university administrators. 
June 7: Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance cal I s 
for a legislated rollback of faculty and staff wages. 
June 14: Province tables Bill 48, the proposed S'ocial 
Contract Act, which enforces a pay freeze and wage 



rollback through unpaid days off, on all public sector 
negotiating units. The university sector is given until 
Aug. 1 to hammer out agreements for all its bargain- 
ing units; if done on time, the target figure drops from 
$21 million to $17 million. 
July 7: Queen's Park passes the Social Contract Act. 
July 8: The Council of Ontario Universities, repre- 
senting university administrations, and the province 
come to agreement on the terms of a social contract 
for universities. University rights to bargain with its 
own unions are confirmed. 

July 27: U of T's administration tables its proposed 
local agreement for U of T, beginning intra-univer- 
sity negotiations. 

Aug. 1: U of T's unions sign on to a local agreement 
with the University. The agreement calls for a three- 
year pay freeze, six days unpaid leave off over the 
next three years, and a limited pay bonus and progress- 
through-the-ranks provision. 
Aug. 2: Fmance Minister Floyd Laughren aimounces 
a "framework deal" to be in place in the university 
sector, meaning university unions have until Aug. 10 
to come to agreement with their university adminis- 
tration on their social contract package. {At U of T, a 
local agreement has already been approved.) 
Announcement that a deal is in place also cuts the 
expenditure control target for U of T down to $17 
million. 

Aug. 3: U of T's business board approves U of T's 
local contract deal. 



Part-time students want OUSA vote 



BY Anne Bains 
\arsity Staff 

Part-time students at U of T say they 
should be able to vote in the upcoming 
OUSA referendum. 

The Ontario Undergraduate Student 
Alliance is made up of councils from 
various universities across Ontario. Cur- 
rently both 
the Stu- 
dents' Ad- 
ministra- 
tive Coun- 
cil and the 
Associa- 
tion for 

Part-Time Undergraduate Students are 
members of the alliance. 

Although full-time undergraduates at 
the university will be able to vote in the 
referendum scheduled for Oct. 6 and 7, 
part-time students will not. 

Anusia Govindasamy, a third-year 
part-time student, says it is unfair that 
part-time students do not get to voice 
their opinion in the referendum. 

"When I found out they [APUS] 
weren't holding a referendum, my first 
question was why can't we vote," says 
Govindasamy. 



OUSA 
WATCH 



"It bothers me that the organization 
that represents me doesn't let me vote." 

AssociaUon liaison officer Rick Mar- 
tin, however, says APU S doesn' i need to 
hold a referendum partly because it 
doesn't plan to charge a student levy. 

"We are going to pay for OUSA 
through our internal budget," added 
Martin. 

Although Martin said he does not have 
exact figures on how much APUS will 
donate, he estimated that it will be a third 
of the approximately 95 cents each full- 
time student will be expected to pay if 
their student government is part of the 
alliance. With approximately 1 8,000 stu- 
dents each paying about 30 cents, APUS 
would pay almost $6,000 in fees to the 
alliance. 

Uma Sarkar, president of the Arts and 
Science Students Union and member of 
the No-lo-OUSA Working Group, says 
part-time students should be able to vote 
regardless of whether or not APUS is 
asking for a student levy. 

"APUS is making positive statements 
supporting OUSA and they are making 
policy statements to the government on 
behalf of part-time students,"Sarkar says. 

"And part-time students are affected 
equally, if not more, by [OUSA's] poli- 
cies." 



Sarkar says in Australia where a pro- 
posal similar to the one OUSA is advo- 
cating was put into place, part-time and 
mature students were the most affected. 

"Part-time students usually incur more 
debt because they are in school longer, 
so in terms of debt, loan repayment and 
accessibility they are negatively af- 
fected," Sarkar says. 

Although Martin said APUS ' s assem- 
bly, made up of course representatives 
for evening courses, voted to endorse te 
alliance last spring, other student groups 
representing part-time students say their 
constituents have not had a voice in the 
decision. 

According to Happie Testa, vice-presi- 
dent of the Woodsworth CollegeStudent 
Association, part-time students have not 
been informed about APUS's involve- 
ment in the group. 

"Things are getting extremely politi- 
cal on campus and a lot of issues need to 
be discussed and we haven't been made 
aware of them," Testa says. 

Testa says because Woodsworth i s the 
largest college, representing nearly 10 
000 part-time students,' it is ridiculous 
not to include them in the referendum. 

"I have a feeling there has been a 
breakdown in communication. The is- 
sues are not being publicized," she says. 



ROTTERDAM 

600 KING ST. WEST ^68-6882 




40 DIFFERENT DRAUGHTS 





THE VARSITY 

U OF T'S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1880 

44 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario. M5S 2E4 
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Production Manager, Rachel Giese 

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Associate Review Editors 

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Vice President, Jeff Vance 

Ad Sales Manager, Sharon Payne 



Ad Design. John Hodgins 

Quote of the Day: "I lost my mind on hard acid rock in 1973, " Veep David 
Neelands encourages students of the 1990s to learn from his mistakes and 
choose Tom Jones instead. 

Provincial Intervention 



Wait a second. Let's just get this straight. The 
province cuts $17 million from the U of T 
operating budget, and all we lose is two days off 
and a whole lot of pension contributions we 
didn't need anyway? 

As Marvin Gaye used to say, "What's goin' 
on?" 

When the Rae government first decided the 
public sector didn't need any more wage in- 
creases, it was feared U of T would never look 
the same again. After all, it was said, you can't 
cut that kind of cash without devastating service 
to students. U of T, which had just swallowed a 
$4 million cut in 1992-3 amidst devastating 
acrimony, student incidental fees, forestry and 
football cutbacks, etc., looked ill-prepared to 
deal with a slice four times as large. 

What made all the difference, of course, was 
this time U of T was granted the permission to 
reopen all its labour contracts, and impose, not 
only a salary freeze, but a $14 million cut in the 
administration contribution to U of T's perenni- 
ally overswollen pension fund. 

That left only $3 million a year to be made up, 
by taking two days off - a burden, perhaps, but 
not a painful one. 

(Actually, the university has pulled this skim- 
ming-cash-off-lhe-pension-fund trick sooftcn it 
ceases to surprise. At first, they dumped all the 
overflow in an "Endowed Adjustment Fund," 
and used the interest from that to support the 
budget; when the numbers in that account got 
too obscene, they just slopped paying at all for a 
year, wiping out the university's debt. One 
wonders how much longer the same old rabbit is 
going to be dragged out of the same hat. One also 
wonders who the business wizard behind these 
massive investment gains is, and whether he 
gives free advice.) 



For students, gains seem to outweigh losses. 
First of all, we have a substantially decreased 
chance of strikes over the next three years; 
except for the always-petulant teaching assist- 
ants, there's precious little labour relations left 
lo do here. 

Nor did this round of cuts really hurt the 
university experience. Two more holidays, one 
of them in the summer, will hardly cripple 
anyone's year. 

That is not to justify the province's heavy- 
handed treatment of the sanctity of collective 
bargaining, which, if unavoidable, was certainly 
a horrendous precedent for a pro-labour party to 
set; nor is it a defense of the student leaders who 
addlepatcdiy said they supported talks the prov- 
ince deliberately excluded them from. 

What it does mean is that perhaps greater 
provincial involvement in university manage- 
ment isn't that bad an idea. Rob Prichard and the 
Council of Ontario Universities, steadfast de- 
fenders of university autonomy that they are. say 
university governing councils should be left 
alone: that provinces should enact some mini- 
mum standards, then throw niilliunsof dollars in 
grants at places like the U of T without paying 
that much attention to what we do with it. What 
the Social Contract showed, if anything, was 
that provincial administrators can play a role in 
redesigning the Ontario university, without the 
adverse affects the gainsayers predicted. 

One hopes education minister David Cooke 
and the Rae government, having reined in staff 
salaries, will now look at regulating how much 
universities can charge in incidental fees - a 
classic case of "independent" universities run- 
ning amok with their students' interests. That 
would be a contract students really see as socia- 
ble. 



Daycare Crunch 



It may come as a surprise to some that the newly 
opened part-time day-care facility on campus 
has already had to reject over 100 applications. 
Michael Finlayson, vice-president for human 
resources, certainly doesn't seem to have ex- 
pected that the centre would face such an over- 
whelming amount of applications for itsl5 
spaces. How else to explain Finlayson's com- 
ment that despite the obvious need for more 
services for working parents on campus, it is too 
early to "go making plans" about building an 
additional one or two day-carc centres? 

The chronic lack of day-care options on cam- 
pus, as evidenced by the fact that reservations 
for the day-care spots are booked until January, 
is not, however, a new phenomenon. In its 1990 
survey of part-time students, the Association of 
Pan-time Undergraduate Students found that 
out of approximately 3.000 students who an- 
swered its questionnaire. 300 had children. Out 
of those 300 almost half were working full-time. 
If the results are extrapolated to the Associa- 
tion's 18,000 members, as many as 1,800 stu- 



dents on the U ofT campus could be students as 
well as parents — and 900 may be juggling child 
care with full-time employment. It is abalancing 
act that falls especially hard on women who 
must often choose between attending classes 
only in the evening when it is easier to make 
child care airangements with friends or rela- 
tives, or paying for day care during the day and 
profiting from the larger selection of courses 
available. 

And that is a choice many women don't even 
have the luxury of making. In the 1990 APUS 
survey, almost 90 respondents out of the 300 
with children said they received some form of 
financial aid. 

What a part-time day-care centre offers to 
those parents is a more affordable child care 
option, where they can pay for as many hours as 
they need. With students returning to school in 
record numbers and taking longer to complete 
their degrees while working part or full time, 
building more day -care spaces on campus doesn' t 
need to be studied any longer. It has to be done. 



Contributors: Ingrid Ancevich, Steve Schroeder, Lisa Bryn Rundle, Tanya Talaga, Dario P.Del 
Degan, Steve Gravestock, Larry Koch, Mark Redinger, Yehuda Poch, Duarte Barcelos, Seema 
Mundy. Tanya Lena, Nicole Nolan, Caitlin Hume (2), Diana Tepper. 

The Varsity is published twice weekly during the school year by Varsity Publications, a student-run 
corporation owned by full-time undergraduates at U of T. All full-lime undergaduates pay a $1 .25 levy 
to Varsity Publications. 

The Varsity will not publish material attempting to Incite violence or hatred towards particular 

individuals or an identifiable group, particulariy on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, 

gender, age. mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. 

The Varsity is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) 

Second Class mail registration numt)er 5102. 



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BACKTALK ^^^^^^^^ to the editor 



Rubber- 
Necking 

Forgive me for pointing out the 
obvious but since when has 
wearing a condom been vital in 
having sexual intercourse. I was 
always under the impression 
that sex simply required two (or 
more) people on the quest to 
"stimulate each other". 
Might I add that I have yet to 
hear of a rapist who had 
bothered to wear a condom. It 
would seem that Mr. McCash, 
the spokesperson for "Respect 
Yourself, has not taken it upon 
himself to respect our intelli- 
gence. The millions of pregnant 
women. AIDS/HIV positive 
patients. STDs sufferers etc., 
the majority of whom have had 
sex without the use of a 
condom, make your assenion 



that "the promotion of condom 
usage promotes sex" invalid 
and moreover utterly ridiculous. 

In the same vein, it would 
also seem that the status of the 
SAC Women's Issues officer 
has been upgraded from 
comatose to simply brain dead. 
Could you please explain to me 
how the omission of condoms 
from this year's frosh packages 
was "cost effective"? Lack of 
funds serves no excuse: were 
you not aware that the Depart- 
ment of Public Health could 
have given you the rubbers for 
free or indeed that the Wom- 
en's Center would have happily 
given you their supply (we have 
six thousand at the moment)? 

Or was this simply another 
case of bad planning on the part 
of SAC? 

Frankly the issue is not that 
condoms promote sex. The 
issue is that people are having 



sex without a condom. 

Chastity is a valid choice, no 
doubt, but also valid is the 
choice to have sex safely. 
Kristine Maitland 
UC Alumni '93 



Varsity Letters Policy 

The Varsity welcomes 
letters from its readers 
Letters must be no longer 
than 250 words and must 
be accompanied by the 
author's name and phone 
number. Names will be 
withheld upon request 
Letters will be published al 
the discretion of the editor 
and may be edited for 
length Letters that attempt 
to incite violence or hatred 
against an identifiable 
group Will not be published 
We do not accept letters 
from Varsity staff members 
Prionty will be given to new 
writers and timely topes 



>- The Monday Edition, 20 September 1 993 

1 Opinions 



When Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman 
Yasser Arafat shook hands at the White House last Monday, 
the much anticipated moment was met with a mixture of guarded 
hope and skepticism. Members of the Jewish and Palestinian commu- 
nities are just beginning to analyse the accord's implications. Today 
the \/ars/ty hears from two members of the Jewish Students' Union, 
while Thursday the forum continues with the President of the New 
Generation for Palestine giving her perspective. 



No More Blood 



BY MARK REDINGER 

T 

■ have often argued in favor of Israel negoti- 
I ating with the PLO. But I am not a pacifist. 
I firmly believe in Israel's right to self 
defense. I also believe that Israel's occupation of 
Palestine and its 1.8 million citizens is a greater 
danger than any foreign army. Until Monday, any 
discussion of the issues was pure speculation and 
hypothesis. It is no surprise then, that I joined many 
others in glueing myself to the TV on Monday 
morning to watch the ceremony in Washington, and 
was impressed with the difficult handshake that 
sealed the agreement. I listened to a humbled Yitzhak 



reverse holds true; that a treaty between Palestin- 
ians and Israelis was becoming necessary is unde- 
niable, but that the PLO represents them is of 
secondary importance. As The Economist states: 
"that you listen to your neigbours is important, that 
you like them isn't." The fact remains that Israel 
could not afford to continue in the direction it had 
taken in dealing with the Intifada. 

Since the beginning of the Intifada in 1987, 
hundreds of lives have been lost on both sides, and 
an entire generation of Israelis and Palestinians 
have known nothing but street fighting and insecu- 
rity. Economically, Israel has been forced to spend 
millions of dollars in the territories to maintain 
order, while simultaneously losing precious tour- 



To talk peace is to invoke the memory 
of Israel's founders who wanted a 
homeland in which Jews could live 
without fear of war. 



Rabin call the declaration a 'personally difficult' 
event. I also listened to Yasser Arafat claim East 
Jerusalem as the capital of a renewed Palestine. For 
me and others, those moments put an end to a belief 
in Israeli invincibility, and infallibility. Neverthe- 
less, 1 believe that while this agreement is not 
perfect, it is the beginning we all needed. 

Setting sentiment aside, I have always confined 
my arguments on the merits of negotiations with the 
PLO to what I felt was best for Israel, the country 
and the people. 

To paraphrase an Israeli author, while some 
Israelis believed that negotiating with the PLO 
endangered the stale of Israel, I believe that the 



ism revenue and international aid. 

Israeli society was becoming more divided on the 
issue, and increasingly radical and inconclusive 
about a solution. To compound the problem, the rise 
in extremist groups (ie. Hamas), who wanted no 
part of peace, 
brought terror- 
ism to the 
streets of Jeru- 
salem. By pur- 
suing a policy 
of non-nego 
Please see 
"Inq)erfe(l"p.6 




The Masjid al-Aqsa in East Jerusalem 



(Mark Marshall) 



Israel's Security 
Threatened 



BY YEHUDA 
POCH 

T have just returned from a 
summer internship in Israel 
where I had the opportunity to 
extensively tour the areas of Judea 
and Samaria. This article is an 
attempt to put politics aside and 



instead write about what I saw on 
these tours. 

It is not lost on many people 
that the recently concluded agree- 
ment between Israel and the PLO 
will eventually lead to the crea- 
tion of a fully independent Pales- 
tinian state between Judea and 
Samaria. While this agreement is 
certainly welcome news, a signal 
that peace may at last be around 



the comer for the Jewish state, it 
causes strategic nightmares for 
planners from the United States 
Defence Department and 
throughout the Western world. 

The areas of Judea and Samaria 
contain mountainous terrain. 
These mountains, better known 
as the Judean Hills, rise from the 
coastal plain along the Mediter 
Please see "Elements", p.6 



ARTS AND SCIENCE COUNCIL 
BY-ELECnON 

Nominations open on Monday, September 20, for 
positions on the general commitee and ottier committees 
onthefacultyofArtsandScienceCouncil. 

Nomination forms and a list of vacancies are available at 
tlie Office of the Dean, Office of the Faculty Registrar, 
departments, offices of college registrars and student 
organizations. Completed forms must be received in the 
Office ofthe Dean no laterthan 4:00 p.m., Friday, 
October 1 , 1 993, in order to be valid. 




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VARSITY OPINIONS 



Imperfect, but 
still a 
beginning 



Continued from p.5 

tiation with the Palestinians, Israel was only 
self-destructing. 

With all the rationale for peace, there are 
still those who have maintained that negotiat- 
ing with the PLO is a mistake. Some believe 
that Israel should hold onto the territories for 
security reasons. But this ignores the reality 
of the situation. To assert the necessity of 
retaining the occupied lands presupposes the 
ability and rationale to do so (both of which 
Israel lacks). 

Finally, to formulate a policy based on the 
past injustices would ultimately lead Israel 
into a conflict of Bosnian proportions. In 
short, it was time for Israel to cut her losses. 
What other choice did Israel have, or for tliat 
matter, what choice did the PLO have? 

The Declaration is not a defeat for Israel, 
nor is it a liability. In fact to talk peace with 
Israel's neighbours is to invoke the memory 
of Israel's founders who wanted a homeland 
in which Jews could live without fear of war. 
While the Declaration is far from perfect, and 
may well turn out to be flawed, it is at least a 
beginning. It is the beginning of the end of a 
terrible chapter in Israeli history. 

Although the road to Palestinian autonomy 
will be a long and uncertain one, it is still my 
hope that this road is marked with sweat and 
tears rather than blood. 

Mark Redinger is a second year student at 
University College and a member of U ofT's 
Jewish Students ' Union. 



MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



9 



i I' 



Subversive 
Elements 
Dangerous 





A street in East Jerusalem 



(Mark Marshall) 



Continued from p.5 

ranean coast to 3000-5000 feet. 
Beyond the Judean Hills lies a 
narrow valley and another range 
of mountains slightly lower in 
altitude. And beyond these is the 
Jordan River valley, containing 
the lowest geographical point on 
earth, the Dead Sea. 

The coastal plain varies in 
width from 15-18 miles in the 
area south ofTel Aviv. The moun- 
tainous regions of Judea and 
Samaria arc anywhere from 35 to 
50 miles wide, and make up the 
vast majority of Israel's territo- 
rial width. 

These hills are the only secu- 
rity which Israel has. The argu- 
ment that in t(xlay*s missile age a 
little extra land is meaningless is 
totally backward. Rather, in to- 
day's age of missiles, a proper 
defence means early warning and 
detection. This early warning is 
provided by radar installations 
on the heights of 'he Judean and 
Samarian mountains. 

I toured a number of such in- 
stallations and they arc by no 
means worthless. They are the 



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reason Israel managed to have 
ten minutes warning of Scud at- 
tacks during the 1991 Gulf War. 
Repositioning these installations 
on the coastal plain eliminates 
any detection of activity on the 
other side of the mountains. 

Currently, Israel holds the stra- 
tegic high ground. Climbing 
6000-7000 feet from the Jordan 
River to the heights of Samaria is 
too difficult for most invading 
forces to accomplish, especially 
if tanks are involved. But bring- 
ing such heavy force down from 
the mountains is almost too easy. 
A ground attack launched from 
the mountains on Tel Aviv or 
Netanya or Haifa could be con- 
cluded in a matter of four to five 
hours. And again, early detection 
is nearly impossible because of 
the geographic barrier provided 
by the mountains. 

There is a third issue involved 
in this strategic equation. The 
United States maintains its size- 
able sixth fleet just outside the 
limit ol Israel's territorial waters 
in the Mediterranean. For repairs, 
they dock in Haifa harbour. At 
their cruising grounds or in Haifa 
harbour these American ships 
come under direct threat from 
mobile and shoulder-launched 
missiles in the mountains. Even a 
completely demilitarized Pales- 
tinian state being monitored by 
Israel cannot totally ensure that 
one lunatic could not get a missile 
into (he mountains and blow up a 
sensitive position. 

And there are plenty of Pales- 
tinians in the Middle East who 
would all be too happy to see 
such an act succeed. They belong 
to Hamas, Hizbollah, Islamic 
Jihad, and those factions of the 
PLO who recently broke away 
from Arafat in reaction to the 
agreement. Arafat cannot control 
these elements posing the largest 
threat to Israel and the Western 
Worid. 

If the PLO succeeds in setting 
up a state in Judea and Samaria 
before these subversive elements 
are eliminated, there would be a 
risk strategically — political con- 
siderations aside. 

Yehuda Poch is a fourth year 
student of History and Interna- 
tional Relations specializing in 
the Middle East. He is also a 
member of the executive of the 
Jewish Action Initiative, the To- 
ronto Zionist Council, and the 
Jewish Students ' Union at U ofT. 



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MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY OPINIONS 7 



Election Issues Make Good Sound 
Bites But Boring Policy 



BY SEEMA NUNDY 

Until October 25, we will 
be bombarded by the 
media's efforts to inform 
us of candidates' promises. So 
much so that by October 25 you 
will be convinced that your 
vote will make a difference. 
And by October 26 you will be 
so sickened by party politics, 
statistics and polls that you will 
desperately await that change 
you voted for. But finally on 
October 27, like me, you will 
have resigned yourself to the 
status quo, hoping that in the 
next election the politicians will 
pay more than lip-service to 
your concerns. 

So what are the big issues 
confronting our politicians in 
the 1993 election? As a Phd 
student expecting to graduate in 
two years (a higher power 
willing and permitting), a 

I want to hear 
some concrete 
long term 
agendas and 
not just some 
vacuous 
campaign 
promises on 
the six o'clock 
news. 



fundamental issue that I want to 
sec addressed is student 
unemployment. With half of us 
unemployed last summer, what 
is going to happen when we 
graduate, enter the real world 
and look for permanent 
employment? No matter if we 
had perfect CPAs, a string of 
extracurricuiars, and did 
research with the gods of our 
respective fields (i.e., a resume 
to die for): how are we 
supposed to compete with all 
those middle managers who 
were laid off from General 
Motors and IBM way back in 
the early 1990s? 

We don't even have the 
summer job experience to 
exaggerate, or the internships 
we were promised. I want to 
hear some concrete long term 
agendas and not just some 
vacuous campaign promises on 
the six o'clock news. 

Next on my / want to 
know. ..wish list is what effect 
NAFTA will have on Canadian 
jobs. We're being told that this 
continent-wide treaty will give 
our economy that much needed 
boom. How? As it stands, there 
is not much manufacturing 
going on in this country: we're 
a nation of exporters, and raw 
materials at that. Sure we make 
some stuff, but where do you 
think the factories will go once 
NAFTA is implemented? 
They'll probably go to Mexico 
where labour is cheap and 
labour laws lax. Canada will 
become even more service- 
oriented like the United States. 
How many service jobs can a 
nation whose entire population 



equals that of a single Ameri- 
can state provide? 

Finally, v/ith increased 
economic dependence on the 
United States (thanks to the 
Free Trade Agreement, if not 
NAFTA) our already tenuous 
hold on Canadian culture will 
be weakened. As a visible 
minority, the issues of 
multiculturalism are important 
to me and I want to know how 
our cultural mosaic will be 
protected (if it needs protection) 
from the American notion of 
singularity. In these troubled 
times, it is difficult to appreci- 
ate differences and to accept 
new ideas — it's always easier 
to abide by the majority. I 
realize that the issues of 
multiculturalism are not as 
immediate as the issue of 
unemployment but the notion is 
part of our Charter of Rights 
and Freedoms and deserves to 
be addressed: it's part of being 
Canadian. It concerns me that 
multiculturalism was a 
buzzword that was heard a few 
administrations ago, but we 
don't hear much about it 
anymore. I want to know how 
our multiculturalism will be 
protected from disappearing 
into that great American abyss. 

NAFTA may ruin us and 
that's probably Mulroney's 
fault; multiculturalism may tear 
us apart and that's perhaps 
Trudeau's fault. We may never 
agree on the same solution 




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because we may never agree on 
the problem. Nevertheless, the 
glory of a democracy lies in the 
fact that every four years every 
one of us has the power to 
choose what we want fixed and 
who we want to fix it. Even if it 
takes another four years for that 
policy promise to become a 
reality. 

Seema Nundy is a graduate 
student at the Ontario Institute 
for Studies in Education (OlSE) 



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8 VARSITY FEATURES 



MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



At Play in the Fields of Queen's Park 



OUSA's history, proposals and mandate 



by simona 
chiose 



"So many people take OSAP and invest it at 
7 per cent or spend it on a stereo. The other 
problem is a lot of people take the money 
and then drop courses and still take the 
money. Everybody has two or three friends 
who do this — the Ontario Stereo Assistance 
Program . " 
Katherine Philips, 

Alma Mater Society Pres. , Queen's University 



mi« A e A exactly the words thai one would expect to 

X 116 o hear coming from a student leader, especially 
when thai leader is also president of one of the universities who is 
a member of what could prove to be one of the most influential 
student lobby groups in the history of the Canadian student 
movement. Katherine Philips, however, points to this circumstan- 
tial evidence to prove that if students are going to ask for more 



No-to-OUSA campaign is pushing for a referendum defeat, neither 
Brock nor Queen's has any noticeable opposition to OUSA, much 
less a No-to-OUSA campaign. What the three campuses have in 
common is that they all pulled out of the rival Canadian Federation 
of Students-Ontario (CFS-O) in the past three years. Western 
students voted to pull out of CFS-O last fall and the student council 
is expected to ratify their current associate member status in OUSA 
in the next two weeks. Philips says CFS-O's unwillingness to veer 
from its /ero-iuition policy stance was among the reasons for 
Queen's leaving the organization. 

Mike Zywicki is president of the Brock Students' Union, one of 
the five founding student government members of OUSA. He says 
CFS-O s tuition policy has garnered the organization little more 
than rhetorical points. 

"I believe a lot more in the manner in which OUSA goes about 
lobbying than CFS-O," says Zywicki. 

"OUSA recognizes that in the current climate you're not going 
to get zero tuition — it would be nice but it's not going to happen. 
But once you go in and say we (students) are responsible for 



first," says Philips. 

an organization not yet a year old, OUSA has received 
more play in the mainstream media and arguably, has 
gotten the govemmenl lo listen to its proposals, more than its rival 
organization, CFS-O, succeeded in its whole existence. That son of 
influence, anyway, is what Titch Dharamsi, a former SAC vice- 
president and currently advisor to OUSA, suggests the organization 
has achieved. Dharamsi, who also is an independent political 
consultant, says it was a government source thai told him how 
much more effective than CFS-O, OUSA has been. 

"When OUSA first came out with their Students for Change 
proposal, the thing took the government by storm — here was a 
realistic solution from students," he says. 

Dharamsi has been involved with OUSA since the beginning of 
the organiz.ation, and he recounts the group's history wiih what can 
only be described as parental pride. 



"I told OUSA's founding members in order to 
have an impact, they would have to market it" 



public money, they should be prepared to accept more responsibil- 
ity for their education. 

"Right now, lower income earners arc paying for us to aiiend 
university. By the year 2000 there will be one taxpayer for every 
two pensioners, we have to find a way (to fund education) so that 
demographics don't hurt the taxpayer," says Philips. 

Philips calls her approach to the undcrfunding crisis that now 
faces Canadian universities, realistic. By l(X)king at the economic 
situation as a whole. Philips, and the organiz.ation of which 
Queen's Alma Mater Society is a member, the Ontario Under- 
graduate Student Alliance (OUSA), hopes to persuade the provin- 
cial government that their solutions are well reasoned, and thus, 
economically viable. 

First Philips will have to persuade the student body at Queen's 
to approve a 95 cent levy to OUSA in a referendum to be held this 
October. A referendum to ratify Brock University's membership 
will also be held this fall. Unlike on the U of T campus where a 



funding our education so let's discuss what's reasonable for a 
student to pay, the govemment appreciates you more. It is not 
responsible for us to say 'no, no tuition increases' — that position 
does not offer any dialogue from students," Zywicki explains. 

When the provincial govemment releases its proposed maximum 
tuition increases for 1994-5 this fall it will probably become clear 
how much OUSA managed to influence provincial education 
policy. In the meantime, OUSA has received warm notes of 
support from Canada's daily newspaper as well as the Ontario 
Council of Universities (COU). OUSA, however, objects to the 
way they have been portrayed by boih. They especially resent the 
COU's reference to ihcir acceptance of tuition hikes as evidence 
that students arc prepared to support the COU's call for a 50 per 
cent tuition hike. 

"Our position has been largely misunderstood and misrepre- 
sented — changes are not supposed lo happen ihc way COU sees 
them, reform of the student aid system is crucial and has to come 



acronyms 101 

OUSA: Ontario Undergraduate Student Alli- 
ance, officially formed in November 1992. 
The group is made up of student governments 
from Queen's, Brock, Wilfrid Laurier, U of 
T, Waterloo and recently Western. 

Students for Ch2mge Proposatl: OUSA's 
platform which details the group's pro- 
posals including a thirty percent tuition 
hike coupled with matching government 
funding, more private sector funding and 
an income contingent loan repayment plan. 

ICUIP: Income contingent loan repayment 
plan. The proposal would see students pay 
back loans at rates corresponding to 
their post graduation income, so that 
students with higher incomes would pay 
back faster and at higher rates. In 
OUSA's model, loans would be forgiven 
after 15 years. 




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MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 1993 



VARSITY FEATURES 9 



"If I were the 
government and I 
wanted to get my 
agenda through I would 
look at a student 
group like OUSA. . . " 

"Last spring, Farrah (Farrah Jinha, last year's SAC President) 
called me and said SAC was trying to get a voice with the provin- 
cial government. My advice at the time was that SAC would be 
wasting its time if it tried to talk to the government on their own, 
they should see if other schools were interested. By early summer, 
schools that had pulled out of (CFS-O), had founded a roundtablc 
and discovered they had interests in common. They saw the 
problems of university underfunding as connected and so the 
solution had to be comprehensive. What they said was that the 
barriers to university accessibility were many, and tuition was only 
one of them." 

By this time, Dharamsi's name had been added to the SAC 
payroll as a professional political consultant, apparently to help 
SAC lobby the provincial government. To hear Dharamsi tell it, he 
was in charge of putting OUSA together. He readily admits that 
SAC basically paid his salary as a donation towards OUSA last 
year, an amount which SAC has not disclosed. Before hiring 
Dharamsi, however, SAC had allocated S200 towards government 
lobbying. After his hiring, that amount was increased to $10,200. 
Compared to other member student governments, who have 
donated from S1500 at Brock, to "a few thousand" at Queen's, 
SAC's contribution is quite large. This year, however, SAC is not 
donating any money, although they have said there will be a fee 
component to the referendum question. 

Regardless of what Dharamsi's salary was, he says it was a good 
investment. He says he helped to write the Students for Change 
proposal and then taught the student governments how to sell it — 
to the media, to the public, and to the provincial government. 

"I told them (OUSA's founding members) that in order to have 
an impact, they would have to market it." 

Canada' s national newspaper immediately bought the concept. 
From OUSA's inception, the Globe and Mail has supported the 
organization. Only days after OUSA's first presentation to the 
provincial government last November, the Globe congratulated the 
group for beginning a "revolution" in the way post-secondary 
school funding is seen. In the same editorial, the Globe, however, 
also suggested that undergraduates eventually pay the full cost of 
their education. And in its recent editorials, while the paper did not 
refer to the organization by name, it advocated one of the comer- 
stones of OUSA's platform — an income contingent loan repay- 
liient .system — as providing a more equitable form of university 
funding, one free of the "tremendously high default rate" of the 
current Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP). 

OUSA's reaction to this outpouring of attention has changed 
since that first Globe editorial. 

At first, Jinha said she was overwhelmed and excited by the fact 
the group was taken seriously. Now OUSA representatives spend a 
great deal of time attempting to clarify their position on tuition 
hikes and refute the idea that the group would ever accept tuition 
hikes in isolation from matched government funding, student aid 
reform and increased private sector funding. 

But Emechcic Onuoha, chair of the CFS-O, says that for all of 
OUSA's disdain of his organization's zero-tuition policy, OUSA 
has played right into the hands of government. 

"The government will make a formal partemership with anyone 
who agrees with its policies. If I were the government and I wanted 
to get my agenda through I would look at a student group like 
OUSA. Clcariy they have been taken advantage of," says Onuoha. 

Uma Sarkar, president of the Association of Arts and Science 
Students's Union (ASSU) and a member of the No-to-OUSA 
Working Group agrees. Sarkar also questions how OUSA can say 
they are only prepared to accept limited tuition hikes, when their 
Students for Change proposal clearly states that "in the long run, 
the full cost of education should be covered by ICLRP (income 
contingent loan repayment program)." 

Th^ No-to-OUSA Working Group has been making that 

same charge — that OUSA would accept students pay 
for their full tuition, instead of the current 20 percent, on posters 
around campus in preparation for the October 6 and 7 referendum. 
The charge has OUSA members enraged. 

"It's a myth that we are for full tuition. We've stated on several 
occasions that government has to pay as well as students. We don't 
want to see tuition rise at all, but it is unrealistic looking at the past 




(Nicole GrahamA/S) 



to expect that it won't," says Catherine Coleman of the Waterioo 
Students' Union. 

David Robbins, a member of the Ontario Public Interest 
Research Group (OPIRG) and the No-to-OUSA Working Group 
says Coleman's defense is typical of the response given by OUSA 
representatives when questioned about the contents of their 
platform. 

"People that arc claiming to speak for OUSA, should know their 
own document," says Robbins. 

Whether OUSA's position on tuition hikes has changed since the 
Students for Change proposal was released last November, the fact 
remains that in that proposal, 
OUSA states they are willing to 
accept a 30 per cent tuition hike 
over three years, as long as it is 
coupled with matched govern- 
ment funding, increased private 
investment and a reformed 
student aid package, including 
ICLRP. While OUSA claims 
the package, if implemented as 
a comprehensive deal, would 
increase accessibility, their 
assumptions and each of their 
points are contested by other 
student groups. 

Onuoha, from CFS-O, 
challenges OUSA's acceptance 
of the current state of university 
accessibility. 

'The beginning of an access 
for us (CFS-O) is a system of 
education that not only helps 
the students in the system, but 
gives incentives that leads those 
who are not is the system to say 
there's a place for us in this 
institution. OUSA doesn't do 
that." 

Among the main barriers to a 
university education, Onuoha 
says,'are the perceptions held 
by high school students about 
the cost of attending university 



— perceptions that cannot be changed except by a zero-tuition 
policy. Onuoha adds that simply providing loans to students unable 
to afford university is not enough. And sometimes the idea of 
graduating with a $10,000 debt load or more is enough to deter 
some high school students from even applying. If he is right, 
OUSA's income contingent loan repayment program, designed to 
lessen the burden of tuition hikes, is flawed. 



Next week: The 

t.xiigent. loans as 
Aus-tralla . 



effects of Income con- 
seen in practi-ce i.n 



Teaching the Educated to Read! 



I 



degrees for sale 

in the Students for Change document, OUSA 



I the graduates and the technologies developed at Ontario's univer- 
I sities" it should be expected to contribute to university funding. 
I While proposing "corporate educational training levies ... (where) 
' firms at a certain size must spend a percentage of their profits on 
I education" as well as increased privately funded university 
I research, OUSA states that the "autonomous pursuit of knowledge" must 

I not be impeded by more private sector involvement. 
But David Robbins, who has researched the corporatization of 
I universities for OPIRG, says OUSA cannot ask for more private funding 
I and at the same time expect that the money will not be targeted. 
I "Corporations are not going to give money for the humanities, the 
I money will be tied in some way," says Robbins. 

I Uma Sarkar, president of the Arts and Science Students' Union agrees 
I with Robbins, pointing to the Breakthrough Campaign at U of T, where 
I most of the donations have been targeted. Sarkar also questions the 
I effect corporate involvement will have on the purpose of education. 
' "Are we going to have education for employment?" she asks. 



The main cause of student drop- 
out is stress — stress over not having 
assignments finished, stress over not 
staying "caught-up" with the class, and 
stress over the realization that just 
staying "caught-up" isn't going to be 
good enough. 

1993 was the worst year in history 
for students getting jobs right out of 
college, and this next year looks even 
worse. 

It isn't always the smartest 
students who get the best grades, but it 
is always the best readers — the ones 
who can get the most out of their 
books on their own. 

Simply getting through your 
reading assignments will only give 
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courses isn't going to be good enough 
anymore. 

In fact, having a diploma or a 
degree only allows you the 
opportunities of furthering your 
education with a more 
competitive group of fellow 
graduates. 

The '90s will continue to be 
a decade filled with the most 
rapid change ever seen in history. 
Only those who are able to adapt 
to those changes will be able to 
remain competitive. 

Being able to read all your 
reading assignments and 
additional reading selections 
with increased comprehension 
and recall will be a pre-requisite 
for anything you plan to do in the 
future. 



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Students flock to cont. ed. courses 



BY Diana Tepper 
Varsity Staff 

Classes began last week for 7,000 students enrolled in U of T' s school 
of continuing studies. 

Although the school does not offer a diploma and charges more than 
similar government subsidized programs, enrolment has remained 
stable despite the shaky economic climate. 

With 25,000 students enrolling in courses each year, the school has 
an impressive student population. According to associate director of 
programs Marian Tyacke, two-thirds of the students taking courses at 
the school for continuing studies are enrolling in classes purely out of 
interest and not out of a need to upgrade. 

"Liberal studies is our flagship. Everyone else has computer 
courses but we offer a range of courses to suit any interest. For 
instance, we have a language studies program that offers courses in 29 
languages," Tyacke said. 

Soo Jung Choi, who is ciirrently in her second week of her six-week 
course in the advanced English as a second language course, was very 
impressed with the instruction at the School. 

'The U of T school for continuing studies has an excellent reputa- 
tion. The teaching is good. It focuses on listening, talking, notetalcing, 
and writing exams, things 1 will need for graduate school," she said. 

Like most students at the school. Choi already has a university 



degree. 

The school's registrar, Lorraine Nichisato. has noted that lan- 
guages, religious studies, writing and drawing classes arc doing 
especially well. 

"We have even gotten an impressive number of enrolments for the 
winter session beginning after Christmas. People in our liberal studies 
program grab a topic that interests them and sign up right away," 
Nichisato said. 

It has been hard, however, to gauge which courses will do well. For 
instance, botanical drawing and waiercolour has filled up each year, 
causing the registrar to open more classes in this area. 

"The business course in our career and organizational studies 
program are definitely more popular with people trying to upgrade 
themselves. This would explain the popularity ofour business writing, 
computers, and our second language courses like Spanish, Chinese 
and Japanese." Nichisato said. 

The sch(X)l of continuing studies also boasts an interactive learning 
centre forcomputercoursesas well as business courses in conjunction 
with private businesses. After taking a scries of courses at the school, 
some businesses like the Canadian Direct Marketing Association will 
offer certification. Nichisato noted that although there are no diplomas 
to attract people to their business courses, their numbers are still on the 
rise. 

"If we offered a piece of paper at the end of our courses. I am sure 
enrollment would increase," she said. 



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Daycare space inadequate, critics say 




Continued from p.l 

long. 

"Infant care is so incredibly expensive and scarce, sudenis who 
become parents feel paralyzed. The centre is intended to offer them a 
choice; they can leave their child at the centre for short blocks of lime 
while they attend classes," Fisher said. 

But, the centre itself is not cheap. The rates are $4.75 per hour for 
infants, and $4 for children over 18 months. 

"I think the fees are high - you have to look at who you are serving 
- the service may not be accessible to those who need it most," Fisher 
said. 

"We had no way of knowing how many students had infants and 
young children." 

Currently the centre can 
accomodate three infants in the 
morning and three in the after- 
noon. 

Supervisor Catherine 
O'Hanlcy says thai the only way 
to respond to the demand is lo 
transform 40 Sussex Ave.into an 
infant care centre and build two 
more centres to accomodate the 
older children. 

If the university took an inter- 
est - really pitched in to help the 
students - they could find some 
space," O'Hanley said. 

She is frustrated by the size 
and design of the centre. 

"It's incredibly difficult to pro- 
gramme effectively for infants 
and four year-olds who have dif- 
ferent needs, but are forced to 
share the same space." 

"You can't just slap a coat of 
paint on three rooms and say we 
have a childcare centre." 

With all its limitations the cen- 
tre at 40 Sussex Ave. might seem 
like a token gesture on the pari of 



the administration. 

But Fisher suessed that university administration was thoroughly 
supportive of the project. 

'The powers of the university decided that this was a great idea - 
they wanted to do something quick." 

But Michael Finlayson. vice-president for human resources, was 
cautious about expanding the service. 

"We'll review it in the next few months and see what the needs are, 
but its just a little bit early to go making plans." 

The committee responsible for establishing the centre will meet on 
Sept. 22 to evaluate the first weeks - "at which point I put up my hand 
and say, 'O.K. let's do it again,'" Fisher said. 




(Rodger Levesque/VS) 



Middle East settlement gets mixed reviews 



Continued from p.l 

Philosophy professor James 
Graff visited the West Bank and 
Gaza just as the accord was in the 
final stages of negotiation. He 
said the question of whether a 
peaceful co-existence could be 
established was fraught with un- 
certainty. 

"At this stage of the game